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highest-but every village has “ its set,” round which is room together. They take a room, put in their joint drawn a magic circle; and dear and seductive are the furniture ; (one bed answers for both ;) the lady cooks; secret and undefinable, and frequently unattainable, a common menage and a common purse are established, charms of those within the circle to those without it. and the couple's affection usually endures at least as long You never heard in England of a clergyman's daughter as their lease. People so living, though the one calls seduced by a baker's son-of a baker's daughter seduced himself Mr. Thomas, and the other Mademoiselle Clare, by a chimney sweeper's boy.
are married à la St. Jacques, and their union is considered The gay attorney seduces the baker's daughter ; the in every way reputable by their friends and neighbours clergyman's only child runs away with the Honourable during the time of its continuance. Augustus
heir, or younger brother to the The proportion of illegitimate to legitimate children heir, of the great house where the races are given to the in the department of the Seine, as given by M. Chabrol, neighbourhood. When the Italian woman takes a lover, would be one to two : add to this proportion the children she indulges a desperate passion; when the English. born in marriage and illegitimately begotten! woman takes a lover, it is frequently to gratify a restlesss The hospitals of the “ Enfans trouvés," which under longing after rank ; when a Frenchwoman takes a lover, their present regulations, are nothing less than a human it is most commonly to get an agreeable and interesting sacrifice to sensual indulgence, remove the only check companion. As Italy is the land of turbulent emotion that in a country without religion can exist to illicit -as England is the land of aristocratic pretensions
intercourse. There is, then, far more libertinage in France is, par excellence, the land of conversation; and France than in any other civilized country in Europe ; an assiduous courtship is very frequently a series of bon. but it leads less than in other countries to further demots. It is very possibly the kind of gentle elegance pravity. Not being considered a crime, incontinence which pervades these relations, that makes the French so does not bring down the mind to the level of crime. It peculially indulgent to them; you hear of none of the is looked upon, in fact, as merely a matter of taste; and fatal effects of jealous indignation—of the husband or the very few people, in forming their opinion of the character lover poignarded in the dim-lit street; you hear of no of a woman, would even take her virtue into considera. damages and no elopements; the honour of the marriage tion. Great, indeed, are the evils of this, but it also has bed is never brought before your eyes in the clear, and its advantages : in England, where honour, probity, and comprehensive, and unmistakeable shape of £20,000. charity are nothing to the woman in whom chastity is You see a very well-dressed gentleman particularly civil not found,- to lier who has committed one error there is and attentive to a very well-dressed lady. If you call of no hope,—and six months frequently separate the honest a morning, you find him sitting by her work-table; if girl of respectable parents and good prospects from the she stay at home of an evening for the “ migraine,” you abandoned prostitute, associated with thieves, and whipped find him seated by her sofa ; if you meet her in the world in Bridewell for her disorders. you find him talking with her husband; a stranger, or a provincial, says, “ Pray, what relation is Monsieur The truth of this last allegation, is strikingly to Madame ?" He is told quietly, “ Monsieur confirmed by the recent discussions in Parliais Madame 's lover." This gallantry, which
ment upon the poor law. We have of late years is nothing more or less than a great sociability, a great love of company and conversation, pervades every class of
had volume upon volume, committee upon compersons, and produces consequences, no doubt, which a mittee, on the subject of the classification of offen. love of conversation can hardly justify.
ders, prison discipline, and secondary punishIt is not easy to perceive in what this tie dif ments; yet, strange to tell, in this humane and fers from that recognised in Italy ; and we can Christian country, in debating on the bastardy not, therefore, help suspecting that, in this, as clause of the Poor's Bill, it never once seems to in other instances, Mr. Bulwer has sometimes have occurred to any one of our enlightened formed his opinion rather from the exception Senators, our upright and righteous Judges, or than the rule. It is, moreover, at complete va our pious and reverend Prelates, (the Bishop of riance with his subsequent sections on the do London included,) that there should be the mestic condition of the women, and on female slightest distinction made between the 'unfortuinfluences. What follows,-if Mr. Bulwer really nate and really modest girl, seduced into a first means to represent it a fair picture of one portion offence, and the abandoned mother of half-a-doof French society,—is yet more extraordinary zen bastards, by as many different fathers, who, and appalling. From a very different estimate of like Sergeant Kite's heroine, Marry! is rethe importance and necessity of great wealth to solved to have her teeming-time, if there be well-being to that made in Britain, marriage is a man left in the parish.” And this is equal more general among the better orders of Paris, law ! than of London. There are, in short, fewer The marriages of St. Jacques common among genteel old maids,—yet we are informed that, the lower orders, or gallantry, in what Mr. A vast variety of single ladies, without fortune, still
Bulwer calls its sober, modern, republican forms, remain, who are usually guilty of the indiscretion of a without having any distinct name among us, Jover, even though they have no husband 10 deceive.
bears, we fear, a larger proportion in London to Many of these cannot be called s-mp-s in our sense of
similar unions in Paris than he has calculated. things, and are honest women in their own. They take unto themselves an affection, to which they remain toler. In the police reports of our metropolis we are ably faithful, as long as it is understood that the liaison continually meeting with the man or the woman continues. The quiet young banker, the quiet young with whom the delinquent “ cobabited,” which stockbroker, the quiet young lawyer, live until they are
is our vague insular term for such alliances, rich enough to marry in some connexion of this descrip. tion. Sanctioned by custom, these left-handed marriages
And these temporary unions are even more are to be found, with a certain respectability appertaining disreputable than the hand-fastings of Paris, as to them, in all walks of life. The working classes have one or both of the parties is generally married, their somewhat famous “ mariages de St. Jacques," with this moral difference, however, in our own which among themselves are highly respectable. The
favour, that the English parties may conceive working man, and the lady who takes in washing, or who makes linen, find cheaper and more comfortable
themselves forced to submit to painfuland degrad. (for the French havo their idea of comfort) to take a ing circumstances, which, to the French, are
matter of convenience, choice, and preference-speculative republicanism. The Whig aristocracy or, at all events, of vory slight concernment. of England are proverbially the haughtiest of
Mr. Bulwer falls into the ancient and vulgar their order. If the profession of an admiration error of denying the existence or possibility of for equal rights and equal laws, united with the the "true-love,"—the heart-in-heart serious love desire of titled distinctions, are incompatible in of Old England—being found in France. We the same mind, save in the vain man, then are admit that he might have looked in vain for the there many Englishmen found quite as vain as passion always so beautifully depicted by the the men of France. English poets, though not always found in con We acquit the French, then, of monopolizing. nexion with English marriages, under the influ. this contemptible peculiarity of vanity ; but ence of “Sacron's old widow," Pompadour, or confess to something in what follows, though it de Barry, or even in the court of Napoleon ; | is the heavier charge. but so might he in that of Charles II., or George A successful prince, then, may always, in France, be a IV., and in the aristocratic society of London, despotic one ; but wo to the unfortunate prince who as in that of Paris. We apprehend, then, that
would imitate his example! In England there is usually
a sympathy with the sinking cause--and after it has Mr. Bulwer has, in this instance, fallen into the
reached a certain mark there is almost sure to be an ebb common mistake of judging of a nation from the
in our displeasure. In France it is quite the reverse worst specimens of its privileged orders. Cupid, the 'grand homme'-if you succeed :—you are a 'scelerat,' he may depend on it, is a citizen of the world a 'coquin,' a 'parjure,' every thing that is atrocious, if
you are guilty of-.misfortune. It is not that the French your only true cosmopolitan; and, whatever
are in private an ill-natured or an ungrateful people, garb he may be forced to trick himself out in,
but their vanity cannot endure being on the losing side, he is essentially the same character on the and they take all pains to convince themselves that they Boulevards, as in Kensington Gardens, or the are called upon to quit it. the Regent's Park.
Even this unmanly, odious, and cur-like The chapter on French Vanity, gives our quality is not peculiar to the French. It beauthor scope for numerous illustrative anecdotes. | longs, in some degree, to the timid and selfish But French vanity has its fair side. In its of the middle order in every state ; but those exhibition in the following extract, Mr. Bulwer Englishmen alone,—the People,—whom their has surely misnamed vanity, what in Ameri- poverty, and capacity for manual labour, render can, a Swiss, or a Pole, would be termed national independent and fearless, claim the proud disspirit, love of glory-nay, patriotism itself. tinction of becoming keener in their generous French vanity, Mr. Bulwer alleges, contains a power
sympathies, and more steadfast in their adher. which many more lofty and serious qualities would ence to a good cause sinking, and to an innocent fail to supply. With that vanity is combined a capa individual overwhelmed with misfortune. How bility for great things ; a magnificence of design and a
many instances of this does our recent history daringness of execution, rare amongst the pale and frigid
afford. The feelings of the people are always nations of the north. In that vanity is security to France ; for in that vanity is_union. That vanity it is right. which concentrates and connects a people different in Vanity leads the old gentlemen of France to their manners, different in their origin, different in their make serious love to the ancient ladies of their climate, different even in their language. That vanity it acquaintance, and to amuse themselves with a one heart and one pulse. Go into any part of France, flirtation, exactly as our ancientry do with a pool some districts of Brittany perhaps excepted, and let any
at commerce, or a rubber at whist; and Mr. body of persons be assembled ! Address them to sooth or Bulwer relates an illustrative anecdote of such to excite! Say “Vive la liberte !" there are times when old beaux, which, we apprehend, bears rather you will not be listened to—“ Vive le roi ! - vive la
upon the individual than the class. charte !-vive la republique !" these are all rallying cries which will now be hissed, and now applauded : but cry
“ Just see that old man with a bald head, one “ Vive la France" _« Vive la belle France, songez que
dark tooth, and a light limp from the gout ! vous etes Français !” and almost before the words are That old gentleman said to a lady of my acout of your mouth, your voice will be drowned with quaintance the other day, 'I am very unhappy, cheers, and a circulating and sympathetic thrill will have
madam, what is to be done in society, I am sure rushed through the breast, and brought tears into the eyes
I do not know! I am a man of honour. I see of every one of your audience. If you were to say to an Englishman, “Give me up your property, and give me those young creatures,' (pointing out two or up your liberty, and give me up your life, for the sake three of the prettiest women in the room,) 'I of England ;" he would say, “ Stop a little ! what is
see those young creatures, the tears in their England to me without my property, and my liberty, and my life ?-my liberty, my property, and my life, are
eyes,-pierced to the heart by a gentle glance England to me all the world over."-Not so the French I say to myself, si je me lance,—the mischief man : talk to him of France; tell him what you wish is is done ; but I retire ; I can't help pitying those for the interest and the glory of France, and he will let beautiful flowers which a soft indiscretion might you erect scaffolds, and send his children to the guillotine for ever tarnish ; I can't help feeling pity for and the battle he will stop in the highest fever of free
them, madam ; I am a man of honour; but what dom to bow to the most terrible dictatorship, and stick the red cap of democratism on the triumvirate tyranny
distresses me is to find that everybody has not of Robespierre, Couthon, and St. Just. There is nothing the same pity that I have.' The old gentleman you may not do with him under the charm of those spoke with perfect sincerity." irresistible words_“ Francais, soyes Francais !"
If the greybeard hero was perfectly sincere, Our author need not have travelled to France
this only proves that he was a doting idiot, a to find the admiration of titles united with character not confined to France, though sexa
genarian lady-killers may be of more frequent the influence of the women, ever powerful in occurrence in that gallant region than in England. France, and not less so, we imagine, now that it In short, we must hint, that Mr. Bulwer draws is transferred from the boudoirs of court in. many of his sweeping conclusions from narrow trigantes and royal mistresses, and diffused and very insufficient premises. A Frenchman around to the fire-side of every elector and Na. who should assert that it was common for rich tional Guardsman in the kingdom. individuals in England to make their testaments Monsieur de Talleyrand comes from America, in want from any whim or vagary, might cite the in
of employment; he finds it in the salon of Madame de stance of the man who resolved to choose for his
Stael. Bonaparte, born for a military career, commenced
it under the gentle auspices of Madame de Beauharnais. heir the first person that crossed London
Even Louis the Eighteenth himself, that fat, and aged, Bridge—but this would surely be a very unfair and clever monarch, bestowed more pains on writing his representation of the manner in which wills are pretty little billets-doux, than he had ever given to the usually made in this country. We also appre
dictation of the Charta. hend that the system of having fine houses,
“ In 1815, after the return of the King," says a late
author, “ the drawing-rooms of Paris had all the life horses, and equipages, and of giving fine dinners
and brilliancy which distinguished them in the old re. and wines, merely as “ Advertisements,” is, with gime. It is hardly possible to conceive the ridiculous, every other means employed in commercial com and oftentimes cruel sayings which were circulated in petition, fully as well understood in London as
these pure and elegant saloons. The Princesse de la Tre.
mouille, Mesdames d'Escars, de Rohan, and De Duras in Paris. What is it that covers the cabins of
were the principal ladies at this time, who ruled in the our steamers with gilding and looking-glasses ; | Faubourg St. Germain. With them you found the noble makes show-booths of coffee-houses, and dandies youth of the old families in France; the Generals of the of post-boys, and palaces of gin-shops,—but
allied armies ; the young women exalted in their ideas of this principle of “ Advertising," which he attri
loyalty and loyal devotion ; the more elderly ladies, ce
lebrated in that witty and courtly clique for the quickbutes solely to the French.
ness of their repartees, and the graces of their conversa. We have no space for " Gaiety” and “ Fri tion; the higher functionaries of the Tuileries; the prevolity,” nor yet for“ Wit," sections which, with lates and peers of France-and it was amidst the busithe great fund of materials that French litera
ness of whist, and the amorous whisperings of intrigue,
that these personages discussed the means to bring back ture affords, might easily have been made more
the olden monarchy, and to restore the reign of religion. rich and sparkling ; nor shall we follow our au
The women of the Revolution, Madame Ro. thor through the recent political changes of France : though his notices of the First Revolu- losopher, were equally, and far more nobly dis
land, its heroine, and Madame de Stael, its phia tion, of the Directory, and the Consular Govern
tinguished. ment, present great temptation, after all that
Who was the enemy most dreaded by the Mountain ? has been said upon these memorable epochs. The
Who was the rival that disputed empire with Napoleon ? remarkable change which took place in France Madame Roland and Madame de Staël. These two wo. between the period of the Restoration and the men-alone, without fortune, without protection, save Revolution of the Barricades, Mr. Bulwer that of their own talent-boldly vindicated the power
of the mind, before its two most terrible adversaries, and acutely pronounces to be the true Revolution
have triumphed with posterity even over the guillotine it was one of manners, opinions, men.
and the sword. There is an energy, a desire for action, a not refrain from this extract :
taste and capacity for business, among the females of In three years (from 1817 to 1820,) the elementary France, the more remarkable— from the elegance, the schools from 856,212, advanced to have 1,063,919 scho grace, the taste for pleasure and amusement with which lars; and the number of persons receiving instruction at this sterner nature is combined. these institutions within the period contained between Observe !—from the very moment that women were 1816 and 1826, has been computed at five millions and a admitted into society in France, they have claimed their half. Schools of arts, agriculture, and the sciences, were share in public affairs. formed throughout the kingdom ; and, borne along on
We rather think, however, that Mr. Bulwer this mighty rush of new opinions, came a new and more noble philosophy—a new, a more rich, a more glowing,
over-rates or, more correctly, misunderstands the a more mascu ine, a more stirring, and energetic lite.
true influence of the women in France. The The spirit and intellect of the country received real power of European women in public affairs, a fresh birth, and at the same time a fresh race was will soon be exactly commensurate with that born ;-a race that had neither the ideas, the wants, nor
communicated to the men. Give John a certhe history of its predecessors. This was the real rerolụtion. Within the last thir.
tain direct control in affairs, and it will go hard teeu years a population of twelve millions and a half had if Joan does not enjoy her share, and the bal. been added to “ Young France," a population of ten lot be found no protection against her. French millions belonging to “ Old France” had gone down to
women have, also, since the time of the Revoluthe tomb. In 1828 the electors belonging to the new “ regime" were 25,089, to the ancient regime 15,021.
tion, formed, if not a constituent part, yet alThus the two generations were in presence ; the one pub.
ways interested witnesses of the business done lished the ordonnances, and the other raised the barri in the National Assemblies, cades.
Most ungallantly does Mr. Bulwer contrast The present political state of France, on which his fair countrywomen with the ladies of France. Mr. Bulwer dwells at considerable length, gives But the gentlemen of Glasgow, Edinburgh, and us no definite idea even of his own notions re Birmingham, have been erecting galleries to acgarding it ; though for the evolvement of future commodate the ladies at their political dinners ; events, he prepares us by that part of the work their political education is fairly begun; nor which treats of the “ Predominating Influences” should we be surprised if the gallantry of Lord in operation upon French society. And, first, | Althorp, Mr. Hume consenting, betrayed him
into a ladies' gallery in the new House of Com the persons and the pursuits that most attract their atmons. Meanwhile, Mr. Bulwer is thus severe :
tention. Educated, besides, not with the idea that they
are to catch a husband, but that they are to have How is it possible that an English woman, such as we a husband, as a matter of course, caught for them ordinarily find the English women of London society
-a husband whom they are not obliged to seduce how is it possible that such a woman should possess the
by any forced and false expressions of affection—but to slightest influence over a man three degrees removed from
take quietly from their friends, as a friend,--they occupy dandyism and the Guards? What are her objects of
themselves at once with this husband's interests, with interest, but the most trumpery and insignificant? What
this husband's occupations, and never imagine that they are her topics of conversation, but the most ridiculous and are to share his confidence, but on the ground that they insipid ? Not only does she lower down her mind to the understand his pursuits-whoever be their lover, their level of the emptiest-pated of the male creatures that she
husband is their companion. meets, but she actually persuades herself, and is actually I was talking one evening with the master of the persuaded, that it is charming and feminine, &c. to do so.
house where I had been dining, on some subject of trade She will talk to you about hunting and shooting—that is
and politics, which I engaged in unwillingly, in the idea not unfeminine :-oh no! But politics, the higher path
that it was not very likely to interest the lady. I was cf literature, the stir and action of life, in which all men soon rather astonished, I confess, to find her enter into worth anything, and from whom she could borrow any the conversation, with a knowledge of detail and a right real influence, are plunged—of these she knows nothing, perception of general principles, which I did not expect. thinks nothing-in these she is not interested at all; and “ How do you think,” said she to me, when I afterwards only wonders that an intellectual being can have any
expressed my surprise, “that I could meet my husband other ambition than to get what she calls good invita.
every evening at dinner, if I were not able to talk on the tions to the stupidest, and hottest, and dullest of the topics on which he has been employed in the morning ?" stupid, hot, and dull drawing-rooms of London. There
An English tine lady would have settled the question very are uf course reasons for all this ; and I agree with a late differently, by affirming as an undeniable proposition, work in asserting one of these reasons to be the practice
that politics and such stuff were great bores, and that a which all England insists upon, as so innocent, so virtu
man, to be agreeable, must talk of balls, and operas, and
dress. ous, so modest, so disinterested, viz." bringing out,". as it is called a young woman at sixteen, who is ushered
But it is not only in high society, and in good society, into a vast variety of crowded rooms, with this injunc
in the “salon" and in the “ boudoir,” that you find the tion :-" There, go; hunt about and get a good," which
female in France take an important position. It is the means a rich “ husband."
same in the comptoir, in the café, and at the shop. She This command, for Miss is greatly bored with Papa
is there also the great personage, keeps the accounts, and Mamma, and the country-house, and the country par.
keeps the money, regulates and superintends the business. son, is very readily obeyed. Away she starts—dances with Such are the women of France! The laws and habits this man, sighs to that; and, as her education has not of a constitutional government will in a certain degree been neglected, she ventures, perhaps, at the first onset,
affect their character — will in a certain degree diminish to give vent to a few of those ideas which her governess,
their influence ; but that character is too long confirmed, or her reading, or the solitude of her early life, has given
that influence is too widely spread for the legislation birth to. Wo upon her! The rich young man who has
which affects them on the one hand, not to be affected by such a fine property in shire, and who is really so
them on the other; and it would take a revolution more very good-looking, and so very well dressed, opens his
terrible than any we have yet seen, to keep the Deputy at eyes, shrugs up his shoulders, turns pale, turns red, and
the Chamber after six o'clock in the evening, and to looks very stupid and very confused, and at the first op
bring his wife to the conviction that she was not a fit portunity glides away, muttering to an acquaintance, “I
companion for him after dinner. Still, undoubtedly, say, what a d-d blue that girl is.” Never mind, my
there has been a change, not as much in the habits of do. good young lady! In a second season, you will be as
mestic as in the habits of political life; and though the hus. simple and as silly as your chaperon can desire. Do but
band and the lover are still under feminine sway, the state go on-a constant succession of balls, and parties, and
is at all events comparatively free from female caprice. listless conversations, will soon make you all the most
in connexion with the condition of women in plotting mother can desire-and all I regret is, that when France, we must notice another singular stateyou have at last succeeded in the wearisome aim of your
ment, on which we presume to give no opinion, youth, when you have fixed the fate of some wealthy,
however unhesitating our judgment may be of and perhaps titled booby, a constant habit of dulness will have been generated from the stupidity that was necessary
the cruelty and absurdity so lately sanctioned to secure him.
by the British Legislature, when, in the face of Of late years this misfortune has been increasing ; be reason, humanity, and religion, it confounded cause, of late years, fortune and rank have been more en
every degree of female guilt in a common shame tirely separated from talent and education ; to such a degree, indeed, has it increased, that no man, after his rea
and punishment-from the first transgression of son has burst its leading-strir.gs, ever now exposes him. a young, deluded girl, to the hardened prostiself to the insufferable ennni of general society.
tution of the most abandoned female. In France In England, then, the persons who are engaged in
there is, it appears, room for repentance, and those pursuits which give public influence, fiy, as from a pestilence, what is called a life of pleasure, and which,
an encouragement to regain the right path, which instead of being a relaxation to a set of thinking and ac
is probably carried too far, since it is more we tive human creatures, has become a business to a class of
fear the result of indifference to the offence, persons who have neither thought nor capability for ac than kindness for the offender. tion.
There is a remarkable female phenomonon in France, When a woman comes into the world in France, she which contrasts itself with what occurs in almost every comes into the world with no pursuit that distracts her
other country. In England, it is a melancholy fact, that from its general objects. Her own position is fixed. She many of the miserable creatures who at midnight parade is married, not sold, as the English people believe-not the streets, and whose only joy is purchased for a penny at sold in any degree more than an English young lady is Mr. Thomson's gin-shop, have fallen, perchance, but a sold—though she has not been seen panting from party few months since, from situations of comfort, honesty, to party in quest of a buyer.
and respectability. In France, the woman who begins Young women, then, come into society in France with with the most disgusting occupation on the Boulevards, a fixed position there, and are generally interested in the usually contrives, year after year, to ascend one subjects of general interest to the world. The persons step after another into a more creditable position. and the pursuits that they find most distinguished are The hope and the desire to rise never forsake her; not
withstanding her vanity, and her desire for dress, and her passion for pleasure, she husbands her unhappy earn. ings. There is a kind of virtue and order mingling with her extravagance and vice which form part of her profession. The aged mother, or the little sister, is never forgotten. She has not that first horror of depravity which is found amongst our chaster females; but she falls not at once, nor does she ever fall lower than necessity obliges her. Without education, she contrives to pick up a certain train of thought, a finesse, and a justness of ideas—a thorough knowledge of life and of character,—and, what perhaps is most surprising of all, a tact, a delicacy, and elegance of manners, which it is perfectly marvellous that she should have preserved, -much more that she should have collected from the wretchedness and filth which her life has been dragged through. In the lowest state of infamy and misery, she cherishes and displays feelings you would have thought incompatible with such a state ; and as one has wept over the virtues and the frailties of the dear, and the beautiful, and imaginary Manon l'Escaut, so there are real heroines in Vidocq, whom our sympathy and our affection accompany to the galleys.
Our last extract shall be the following truly admirable observations upon female education.
It is not so much the female mind that wants cultivat. ing, it is the female character that wants exalting. The doctrine may be unpopular; but what you have to do cannot be done merely by the elegancies of literature or the speculations of science. The education which you must give, to be useful, must be moral : must be an education that will give a chivalric love-such love as women are prone to feel-not for the romantic depravities of life-not for the mawkish devilry and romance of a
bourgeois Byron ; but for what is great and noble in lifefor the noble heroism of a Farcy, for the political integ. rity of a Beranger.
The sex most capable of rewarding public virtue, should be taught to honour and admire public virtue should be taught to admire public virtue as it was for. merly taught to admire accomplished rice ; should be taught to feel for the patriot what it feels for the soldier, and what too often it feels for the roué. The female mind should be hardened and strengthened by logical notions of right, as well as filled with the fanciful theories which a smattering of letters and philosophy inspires.
I fear this can hardly be done by laws; much towards it, however, might be done by a Court patronizing merit, and honouring principle ; much towards it might be done by a Government, which, extending by its nature into every position and relation of society, has an opportunity in every village of distinguishing merit and rewarding virtue.
We conclude this article with the feeling that we may be supposed to have done Mr. Bulwer some injustice, or at least to have given him scanty approbation. Yet the blame does not rest with us, but upon the title he has assumed for his laboure. He has certainly not written France, Social, Literary, and Political, nor anything approaching so stupendous an undertaking ; but he has produced a lively, agreeable book, upon that great kingdom, which we have perused with much pleasure, and heartily commend to our readers.
THE PAST, THE PRESENT,—THE FUTURE.
Respice! Aspice! Prospice! The Past,—the Present_and the Future :these The nearer gleams through Memory's reflex pale ;Are Time's three portions ; and Eternity's
Dark is the distant Future ; while the near Can be no greater. Strange is, their division :
Takes the prismatic tints of hope and fear.
Our sires possessed the Past—its state was theirs; Each with each making union and collision. They were, or are, or will be, each the same;
Our children are the Future's destined heirs : And each the other, in their order, name,
While between either range ourselves are thrown, And being. Yêt two of these are infinite :
The waste forgotten, and the waste unknown :
So are the twain, a lifeless void to us-
The ante-natal, and the posthumous ;
Shedding alike their deep impervious gloom,
Before the cradle and behind the tomb.
But the immediate Present-which doth dwell
On its own instant indivisible-
The speck of time, incapable of pauseGone, even in its coming,—subtle shade,
It was what will be, and will be what was, Whose advent by no art of man is stayed,
Yet ever is,-a filling, emptying, sea; Nor its departure speeded ; that small space,
Through which the ver of Futurity Whose point the Future and the Past efface
Exhaustless rolls into the broad and deep In the same instant. It will be the Past,
Gulf of the Past, with never-tiring sweep. And it hath been the Fuuure ; yet doth last,
How strange, that what is nothing should be all The unchanged, always changing, Present ; still
Continual time, a timeless interval Blending the boundaries of was and will
A viewless atom, slipping from the sense, The Isthmian* now of each Eternity,
An orb of undescribed circumference. Trining the has-been, being, and to-be ;
Forbear the enlarging thought,
nor urge a theme, The bridge of either EVER, single-arched,
Which He alone can reach— the Power Supreme, O'er whose short span the ceaseless Past hath marched
Within the glance of whose all.seeing eye, From the quick Fulure, which its track pursues,
The Past, the Present, and the Future lie,O'ertakes, impels, effaces, and renews.
A tri-une point in one eternity.
Yet hence a seasonable lesson may
Be then our net with present wisdom cast,
• 0, Life! Thou weak-built Isthmus, that dost proudly rise,
To catch the Future, ere it be the Past !
E. L. L. S.