Seeing one so allied, and having such expec names of the persons who had thus voted with tancies, support the cause of the people, many him; and among them was that of Lord Alwho otherwise would have shrunk from any con thorp. What did the noble Lord do on this nexion with liberal views and measures, were occasion ? With apparent naiveté he declared induced to take that side also.

The same he had forgotten his vote on that occasion ; and frankness of manner, too, which the noble Lord very coolly stated that he should now oppose the now possesses, then equally distinguished him, motion. The noble Lord in this case had better and added weight, and even gave dignity to speak for himself. He said, his opinion. In those days Lord Althorp ad “ My honourable friend, who brought forward vocated economy, a large extension of the elec. this motion, much to my surprise, read my name tive franchise, and also vote by ballot. Now, as one of those who, upon a former occasion,

man of Lord Althorp's age, and of his voted with him in the minority on this question. sedate habits, would not, it may easily be sup I am aware that while I sat upon the other side posed, have lightly assumed an opinion, or acted of the House, motions of this kind were brought on it without careful consideration. While in forward annually ; but I certainly thought, that opposition he steadily pursued this course, and while I had never opposed, so I had never voted never led any one to believe that anything but in favour of any one of them. I always thought, the most sincere conviction influenced his whole and, I am sorry to say, I still think, that the political life. In a lucky hour, as it was thought, weight of military authority (responsibility ?) is for the people, this liberal, almost democratic so great, that it would not be prudent in the nobleman, was created Chancellor of the Exche- House to take away the power of inflicting this quer. In other words, he had now an admirable punishment entirely from the officer.” opportunity of putting into practice the princi. Now we ask the honest Lord Althorp, how he ples he had spent his life in supporting. Let it could bring himself to vote for a motion against be remembered, that Lord Althorp has a charac which his reason was in decided hostility ? He ter for great frankness, for an absence of all owns that he has always been in favour of flogdouble dealing, for doing, everything above- ging; and yet, for party purposes, it appears, he board ; and, then, let us also consider one or voted in favour of one of the annual motions two of his acts since he has come into power. against it! And all this notwithstanding, the He made, for example, a very remarkable decla noble Lord has a great fame for frank dealing, ration respecting his reason for having voted for for a sort of burly, straightforward kind of hothe repeal of the assessed taxes. He stated that nesty! We are very much inclined to believe, he had so acted to embarrass the existing Minis that if it were possible to fix such a charge ters; that his vote at that time was one of a upon Mr. Hume, we should never cease to hear series of votes to shake the then Ministry, and of it: both Whigs and Tories would unite in to obtain the co-operation of the people. In making an everlasting outcry against the outother words, this was declaring, that although he rageous inconsistency of the honourable member thought the assessed taxes good taxes, yet to for Middlesex. gain the people's favour, and thereby a chance We cannot leave this subject without a pass. of coming into power, he voted against those ing remark on the general laxity exhibited in taxes,—against his own conscience, in fact! Was the morality of public men ; we mean, be it obthis, or was it not, the proceeding of a man served, in their public capacity. Although, in deeply impressed with the necessity of truth in the very case before us, a very remarkable deviaall our dealings?---was it the behaviour of a high- tion from right principle was openly avowed, no minded political opponent! We ask again, Is it apology was deemed necessary, no explanation the behaviour that any of the educated and was given ór demanded, but the whole affair leading Radicals of the present day would imi went off quite as one of course.

Another very tate? We answer, fearlessly, it is not such a curious instance of something very similar was proceeding as they would condescend to follow : afforded by Sir John Hobhouse: he had spent we assert, that they would deem themselves de. the whole of his political life in very violent opgraded by a conduct stamped with such duplicity position to the Tory Ministry,—one of his faand meanness. It is true that these men have vourite topics of abuse was their lavish expendinot a peerage at their back; they have not fifty ture; yet he had not been six weeks in office, thousand a-year in expectancy; and glad are we before he declared, that he had learned, by his that they have not this support, if it could lead official experience, how very unfounded and unthem to imitate such unworthy courses.

just were charges of extravagance, and how very But we have not yet done with the noble difficult a thing it was to cut down the expenLord's honesty. Mr. Hume, during the last ses diture. Under such a feeling, it would have apsion, moved to abolish the punishment of fog- | peared but common justice to have openly and ging in the army and militia ; declaring, at the avowedly recanted all his former abuse; to have same time, that he expected the support of cer declared that he had been guilty of gross error tain of the gentlemen now sitting on the Trea in being opposed to the Tory Government, and sury Bench; because, when he had made a also to have acknowledged their greater fitness precisely similar motion, those persons, then in for the office which he then held, and hereupon the opposition, ardently co-operated with him. to have resigned it. But it appears that the Hereupon the member for Middlesex read the Whig discoveries in office do not reach this

of see-saw,

point. They succeed only in discovering that | Some seventy years since, the Tories were for they were formerly wrong, just so far as it would Universal Suffrage and Short Parliaments :be inconvenient in them now to have been right. simply, because they hoped thereby to obtain They do not advance beyond this. One would power, and oust the Whigs. The Whigs, for have supposed that Sir John Hobhouse, after this many years, have supported the liberal side ; and his famous discovery, could not look back upon why? because the Whigs, being out, were driven his former life without a feeling of remorse and to this shift in order to have a chance of regainshame. A few short weeks had shown him that ing power. The Whigs are now in ; and if it his career had been one long error, that his op were not that a new and dangerous element has ponents had been all the while in the right, he arisen to disturb party politics, viz. the interferegregiously in the wrong. And yet this same ence of the People, we should soon see the Tories discovery did not convince him that repa. becoming liberal, and fighting the Whigs with ration was called for. Oh, no: he still could the weapons of liberality. The People, however, claim praise from the Westminster electors, and begin now to look about for themselves; they descant on his doings in the days of opposition. will soon come to a proper estimation of this sort That is to say, those doings were to be set on

and put an end to the long-practised one side, when the recollection of them was an imposition. But while we acknowledge that noying, but to be brought forward and blazoned we are not disappointed in our expectations by forth when they might be serviceable. Just so this conduct of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, with my Lord Althorp. He rests much on his we must also allow, that the continued eulogy former conduct as a liberal in opposition; he de- bestowed on the noble Lord for his peculiar sires, and obtains great praise for his honest sup- honesty does surprise and pain us. We by no port of popular principles; and, in the next means desire to have it thought that his Lord. breath, he will composedly state, that all the ship's public morality is worse than that of his while he was in his heart the opponent of the brethren; all that we insist on is, that it is no very measures by the support of which he gained better. For the truth of this assertion, the above the whole of his popularity.

instances, selected out of many hundreds, are, The noble Lord's former support of, and pre- in our opinion, damning proof. They cannot be sent opposition to, the Ballot, is precisely in the explained away, and are in exact accordance with same spirit. The support was a mere matter of the proceedings of all his party. Why, then, party policy ; much reputation was gained by should he be singled out from among the herd of this liberality, and no danger incurred of really self-interested politicians, as deserving praise for obtaining the object for which he was apparently his straightforward and honest course? His struggling. Now, indeed, support by the noble course has not been straightforward ; it has been Lord would be very likely to lead to that result; marked by as glaring and interested inconsisand consequently, the support is not given. tency as has distinguished all or any of his col. This conduct, we acknowledge, does not surprise leagues. Let us not, then, we earnestly beseech us. The same game has been played over and of the dispensers of reputation, whoever they be, over again, by the two parties of the aristo-be farther molested by these undeserved though cracy, with precisely the same objects in view. I oft-repeated eulogies of the honest Lord Althorp.



nisters to take off the house duty, as soon as the state of When Parliament is not sitting, domestic intelligence the revenue permitted it; an intimation which will give seldom possesses much interest. Rumours of the inten- little satisfaction, after the expectation so generally entertions of Ministers in the ensuing Session are always rife; tained that the house duty would be repealed, and means but what is set down the one week as firmly resolved on, found to equalize the revenue and the expenditure. In is in general contradicted the next, as never contemplated. defending himself from an attack made on him by Bishop The speeches by members of the Ministry at public din Phillpoits, in a charge to the clergy of his diocese, Lord ners form the best means of anticipating coming politi- John Russell stated, that he was not of opinion that the cal events; but such speeches are commonly vague, or revenues of the Church of England were too large, but enigmatical, and little information is to be derived from only that they ought to be more equally distributed. We them. At a dinner given to Lord John Russell and Lord are afraid, therefore, we need not expect that any part of Ebrington at Plymouth, on the occasion of conferring the the revenues of the Church will be applied to secular pur. freedom of the borough on these noblemen, Lord J. Rus. poses, nor even to provide more effectual means of educa. sell communicated the gratifying intelligence, that at a tion. The Church Reform Bill will, in all probability, meeting of Ministers in London, it had been agreed that be such a measure as the Irish Church Act. reductions in the army should be made, and that orders At a dinner given by the electors of Manchester to their had been given to stop recruiting. This reduction, it was representatives, Mr. Poulett Thomson said, it was imposs. said, would be 8,000 men. It appears, however, that Lord ible to deny that the English Church needed reform; and John Russell's announcement was premature ; for, in that the call of the Dissenters to be relieved from contripoint of fact, no orders bave yet been given for any re buting to a church to which they did not belong, appeared duction, nor does it appear that any intention of the kind to be a just and fair demand. Public education, he reis entertained at the War Office. His Lordship also stated, marked, called perhaps more than any other subject for on the above occasion, that it was the intention of Mi-| the attention of Parliament. What he said regarding the

VOL. 1.-NO, I.


Corn Laws was far from satisfactory, and seems to india, which is always considered the most authentic indication cate that there is no intention on the part of Ministers of the comfort of the people, had produced in the quarter materially to relax the restrictions on the importation of just finished nearly L.300,000 more than the correspond.

He said that the people were entirely disagreed ing period of last year. upon this subject. This disagreement he attributed in a Post-Office REVENUE.-An Account of the amount great measure to ignorance; and he appeared to think, that of Postage collected in the nine Cities or Towns prountil that ignorance was removed, small progress towards ducing the greatest Revenue : the removal of the restrictions could be made. He ex.

183). 1832. pected from a change of system not so much cheap bread, London,

L.628,644 L.637,178 as a more steady price, and a more equal and constant Dublin,

101,329 80,610 supply of grain from the corn-growing countries. He ad. Liverpool,

70,974 70.018 vocated a fixed duty, not only with the view of prevents | Manchester,

52,320 53,499 ing fluctuations in price, but because he considered that, Edinburgh,

42,621 42,758 under such a system, there would be a steady traffic in Glasgow,

35,641 35,754 grain ; by which means the foreign grower would gradu. Bristol,

36,670 33,867 ally acquire a taste for the products of this country, which Birnringham,

29.864 28,864 could not fail to open an extensive market for our manu. Leeds,

20,963 20.315 factures. We may remark, that all these consequences United Kingdom, nett produce, 1,467,169 1,399,246 depend on the amount of fixed duty imposed; for unless CHURCH RATES.–At Maidstone and Reading, the in. it is low, we may find ourselves in a worse situation than habitants have refused to pay church-rates; and in the at present. It ought always to be kept in mind, that parish of St. Martin-in-the-Fields, London, the same reunder the present law the duty paid on wheat has scarcely solution has been adopted by the rate-payers. In Lam. exceeded on the average 6s. per quarter. Nothing will beth, numerous seizures for the rate are now being made, content the people, or ought to content them, but the but the spirit of opposition is not thereby broken. These total abolition of this most iniquitous tax.

are significant signs of the times. WARLIKE PREPARATIONS.—Great activity has for IMPRESSMENT.–Ministry seem preparing for the some time prevailed in the dock yard at Sheerness. In abolition of this inhuman practice. The Lords of the the threatening aspect of affairs in the East of Europe, Admiralty have ordered the flag-ships to enter 30 firstMinistry no doubt feel it their duty to place our navy on class boys, of the age of seventeen, for foreign service, at the most efficient footing. Whatever else may prove de. a pay of 14s. 9d. per month. They are not to continue ficient, there is no danger of our not being able to furnish in this class more than three years. Line-of-battle ships any fleet we can by any possibility require, with officers. are to enter ten; fourth and fifth rates, eight ; sixth rates

THE ROYAL Navy consists at present of 557 vessels, and sloops, six ; and all smaller vessels four, in addition carrying from 1 to 120 guns each. Of these, 166 (in to their present complements. This measure cannot fail cluding 20 Falmouth packets) are in commission; the to prove beneficial to our navy; but the outscourings of rest are building, or in ordinary. In time of peace, our jails must no longer be sent on board of men-of-war 20,000 seamen and 12,000 marines are employed. We as a punishment. have officers sufficient for all the navies in the world. THE MINISTRY.-Changes of the Ministry are talked There are 44 Admirals, of whom two are employed ; 51 of, on account of a division regarding Portuguese affairs ; Vice-Admirals, and four employed ; Rear-Admirals 64, one party is desirous of sending an army to the Queen's and five employed, besides 34 Rear-Admirals on retired assistance, and the other protesting against all interferhalf-pay,-in all, 194 Admirals for 166 ships! Of Cap There are also some members of the Government, tains, we have 783, or nearly five to each ship, besides and among them Mr. Stanley, who are greatly dissatisfied 867 Commanders, of the former, 50 are employed, of with the mode of proceeding which Earl Grey insists on the latter, 59. To these must be added 9 retired Captains, in regard to the Church. The King also, it is under. and 276 retired Commanders. There are 3155 Lieu- stood, has been prevailed to consent, with much reluctenants, about 20 to each ship, and only 369 employed ; tance, to the proposed bill for the reform of that body. of Masters 483, and 86 serving. Of Physicians 12; of LAWYERS AND ATTORNEYS.— The High Sheriffs in Surgeon3 694, besides 43 retired, and only 96 employed. various parts of England have opened courts, under the We have also 309 Assistant-Surgeons, besides Hospital act for the purpose of trying issues joined in actions Mates, &c.--in all, 1027 medical men for 166 ships, or depending in the superior courts of law, for any debt not six to each. Surgery and medicine seem considerably exceeding L.20. We are glad that the attempt has at more in demand in the Royal Navy than religion; for last been made to bring justice to every man's door; and there are only 63 Chaplains, 30 of whom are employed. we have little doubt that the jurisdiction of these courts Of Pursers we have 619, and only 90 serving. The Coast. will be gradually extended, until, like the Sheriff Courts Guard service employs 2 Captains, 50 Commanders, 300 of Scotland, they are competent for the trial of actions Lieutenants, and 2 Surgeons. Such is the British Navy involving sums of any amount. We are greatly rejoiced on the 1st January, 1834, the nineteenth year of peace. to observe that the Lord Chancellor and the Justices have Well may it be the wonder of surrounding nations ! decided that Attorneys, as well as Lawyers, are entitled would be curious to know how many there are in this to practice in them. Nothing can be more absurd than list--for many there must be—who never saw the vessel the rule enforced in the Supreme Courts of England and of an enemy. A large proportion of the men who fought Scotland, that a litigant shall not only employ an Attorand bled during the war must be long since dead. Thus ney, or agent, regularly bred to the law, to manage his it appears from the tables exhibiting the law of morta cause, but also a Barrister, or Advocate, to plead for him. lity at Carlisle, that of 10,018 men living at the age of In this manner it often happens that the pleading of a forty, more than one-fourth (2520) die in the course of cause is taken away from the Attorney who has been innineteen years ; so that a great number of those on the timately acquainted with the action from the outset, and half-pay list must be the scions of the aristocracy, the given to a barrister, who has only had an hour or two to younger sons and brothers of those who have resorted to study the case ; and the client pays double fees that his this means of making the country support those who cause may be bungled. ought to be provided for out of their own estates.

A SINECURIST.-LORD GRENVILLE.-This genuine THE REVENUE for the quarter ended on the 5th sinecurist has at last paid the debt of nature, after January, exhibits a decrease, as compared with the cor pocketing hundreds of thousands of the public money, responding quarter of last year, of L.91,547; and the for doing in reality nothing ; for of late years it has not deficiency on the whole year is L.442,494. The falling been necessary for him even to sign the nine letters of off in the quarter is more than accounted for by the de his name, except when he drew his pension and salary. crease in the direct taxes, occasioned by the reductions He has been on the State pauper-roll as Auditor of the made last session in the assessed taxes. — The deficiency Court of Exchequer, with a salary of L 4000 a-year, for in the customs during the whole year amounts half a century. Pitt made him Speaker of the House of L.612,894, being L.170,000 more than the whole de Commons, an office which he held for some time at a salary cline in the year's revenue.--The excise, an increase of of L.6000 a-year. He was then Secretary at War; and



the Whigs, on coming into office, made this Tory tool their the last season, were laid before his Lordship; from which First Lord of the Treasury, with a salary of L.6000 a. it appeared, that the damage on each of the farms was year, in addition to the sinecure office of Auditor, with equal to one-fourth of the rent. A bout half a century L4000 A-year, which he had all along held with his ago, game was not at all plentiful in Perthshire; there other offices. A difficulty, however, occurred : the law was little cover, and the low state of agriculture rendered held the offices of Lord of the Treasury, and Auditor, food scanty. But, since that period, the increased cultiva. incompatible, for the obvious reason that the Auditor tion of grain, and the introduction of turnips and of would then have to pass his own accounts; but the subo artificial grasses, furnish to the game, at all times, a servient Parliament soon solved all difficulties, by passing plentiful supply of food; while the numerous plantations an act to enable his Lordship to hold both offices. which have been formed yield them ample shelter. Weasels,

HUDDERSFIELD ELEction. In consequence of the polecats, and carrion crows, were formerly abundant, death of Captain Fenton, a new election has taken place and kept the game from increasing ; but the numerous for Huddersfield. Mr. Sadler stood on the Tory inter- gamekeepers have greatly diminished the number of the est, Mr. Blackburne on the Whig, and Captain Wood, animals and birds which prey upon game, and hence, who is a Radical, was also a candidate. From the first another cause of the increase. The broad ground which hour, the election was never doubtful; and at the close the deputation took was, that every person was entitled of the poll the numbers were, Blackburne, 234 ; Sadler, to protect his own property from injury; but that, by the 147; Wood, 108. The latter seems to have given him- present game laws, the crops of the farmer were placed sell little trouble, never having been in the town during beyond the pale of the law. The Earl of Ormelie, in his the election.

answer, admitted that it had been already made out that THE UNITÀRIANS.- Much interest has been created great injury had been sustained on many farms by the by the decision of the Vice-Chancellor, in the case of the depredations of game, and that the tenants of such farms Hewley charity. This decision deprives the Unitarians would not obtain justice unless they received a reduction of all right to the management or enjoyment of a valu- of rent to compensate them for their loss. His Lordship, able property, left by a Lady Hewley of Manchester, more however, held out little prospect of any legislative enactthan a century ago, for the support of certain “poor and ment being obtained to remedy the evil. Mr. John A. Godly preachers of Christ's Holy Gospel." The Vice- Murray, the Member for Leith, who was also present, Chancellor decided that no person who denied the divinity considered the increase of game “ a great public evil.” of the Saviour's person, and the doctrine of original sin, We hope that the proceedings of the Perthshire farmers as it is generally understood, could manage or par will have the effect of rousing the tenantry in other parts ticipate, in the benefit of Lady Hewley's charity; and the of Scotland to endeavour to obtain protection to their Unitarian trustees were therefore appointed to be re crops against the game ; for, in many counties, the depremoved. The decision, it is said, will be appealed to the dations are as great as in Perthshire. It is only by a Lord Chancellor.

general and simultaneous effort that any relief is likely BANK OF ENGLAND.-The following is an account of to be obtained. While on this subject, we may remark, the liabilities and assets of the Bank of England, on that the Court of Session has, within these few years, the 31st December, 1833 :--Liabilities,-circulation, decided that a farmer may kill rabbits on his own farm L. 18,216,000; deposits, L. 13,101,000; total, L.31,317,000. without his landlord's permission; but that Court has, Assets,_securities, L.23,576,000 ; bullion, L.9,948,000; with some inconsistency, lately found that a farmer is not total, L.33,524,000.

entitled to kill pigeons, even when eating up the seed he

has just sown. SCOTLAND.

THE Bishops.- The opening of the Burgh ConstiA PUBLIC DINNER was given to the Earl of Ormelie | tuencies, by the Burgh Reform Act, has entirely changed at Perth, by his constituents, on the 27th December. the character of the magistracy of the Scottish burghs. InNearly four hundred gentlemen sat down. The Lord stead of being as formerly the mean time-serving tools Adrocate was present, and his health was drank with of some one or other of the neighbouring aristocracy, * tremendous cheering." In returning thanks, his Lord they are now the leaders of their fellow citizens, in the ship observed, that the election contest in Perthshire had good work of improvement and reform. The Town been viewed with strong interest during its progress, from Council of Cupar in Fife, has agreed, by a large majority, the position of the county in the centre of the kingdom, to petition the legislature, for the expulsion of the Bishops and as it had always been considered the stronghold of from the House of Lords. At a numerous meeting of Toryism. Nothing was elicited during the meeting, as the inhabitants of the county of Linlithgow, at which to the future measures of the Ministry. Meetings of that stanch reformer and independent representative, Mr. this kind are apt to impress persons at a distance with Gillon of Wallhouse presided, a similar petition was the notion that the Ministry are popular in the country. | agreed to. The latter petition very properly stated, that It is not considered that when a dinner is given to the the burden imposed on the Bishops, of sitting in the eldest son of one of our greatest proprietors, there are no House of Lords, and their legal and judicial functions, scarcity of sycophants who are desirous of worshipping were incompatible with the proper discharge of their the risirg sun, without any reference to politics. During clerical duties; and that anything which interferes with the last election, the Earl of Ormelie spent probably more their important charge of the cure of souls, diminishes money than had ever been done in Scotland upon a similar their usefulness as teachers, and is injurious to the best occasion. He had numerous agents employed, in every interests of the people. This notwithstanding, we do part of the county, to canvass for him, as well as lawyers not concur in the prayer of the petition. Until a total from Edinburgh, to snpport the votes on his side, and to separation of Church and State takes place, it is good object to those of his opponent. When to those employés that the working of the State Church be seen, where it are added the Whig aristocracy who supported him, a few has free scope to display its spirit. Besides, the Bishops of their tenants, the persons who, in a provincial town, are no greater enemies of improvement than the Lords attend public dinners out of curiosity, and the shop- teinporal. They are generally men of learning and good kerpers, who think it may be advantageous for them to character; and they are Peers only for life. An effectual appear to be of the same politics as their wealthy custom reform of the House of Lords must go much deeper than ers, we have a muster-roll of those who partook of the the expulsion of the Bishops. Ormelie dinner.

Churcu PATRONAGE._ The presbyteries of Glasgow THE GAME LAWS AND THE TENANTRY.– The and Arbroath have agreed to petition Parliament for the tenantı y of Perthshire deserve the gratitude of the Scottish repeal of the act of Queen Anne, which imposed patronagriculturists, by the efforts they are making to direct age on Scotland. We have no doubt that the present public attention to the injuries sustained by the commu year will see this abomination abolished. nity from the increase of game. A deputation of the THE BANKRUPT ACT.- The Chamber of Commerce Perthshire farmers had an interview with the Earl of of Glasgow has suggested several alterations, among Ormelie on the subject at Perth, on the 4th January. others, the following, on the existing act. We conceive Valuations, by competent and in partial julges, of the them to be great improvements.

Denunciation on damage sustained on different farmas in Perthshire during letters of horning, or an act of warding, on an ex

pired charge, joined with insolvency, to be sufficient to spoke with great eloquence on the same side as Mr. create bankruptcy. Every person residing, or carrying O'Connell, who moved that he should prepare a copy of on business in Scotland to be liable to sequestration. The his admirable speech for publication. Mr. O'Connell has sheriff to have a jurisdiction in sequestrations, with a declared his intention of making his repeal motion in the direct appeal to the Inner House of the Court of Ses House of Commons on the 15th April. sion. The sheriff to preside at the elections of interim Assaults, robberies, and murders, with party and comfactor and trustee, and decide who is elected. From the bination outrages of all sorts, abound in Ireland, notwithdecision in the latter case, an appeal to the Inner House standing the boasted tranquillity said to be caused by the o be allowed. Creditors not to be personally liable for Coercion Bill. The Irish papers of the 19th December the expenses of the proceedings in a sequestration. A contain no fewer than nine government proclamations, majority of the commissioners to sign drafts by the offering rewards of from L.30 to L.100 for the detection trustee on the cash account of the estate. First dividend of crimes of the most heinous nature, committed in the to be payable in seven months from date of sequestration, counties of Mayo, Louth, Armagh, Down, Kildars, and and the second dividends within four months afterwards. Tipperary. In the neighbourhood of Cork outrages are

CHURCH ACCOMMODATIOx.-It appears from a recent assuming a party character, and at Londonderry many investigation, that in the Royalty of the city of Edin Protestants have been waylaid, and savagely beaten. To burgh, which contained 55,252 inhabitants in 1831, there such an extent have these outrages reached, that no perare thirteen established churches, eighteen clergymen, son is safe to venture even into the suburbs of the town and 15,133 sittings, of which 4,815, are unlet. The after dark. Such is the boasted tranquillity of Ireland! clergy, on the average of the last three years, have each Mr. Barrett, the proprietor of the Pilot Dublin newsreceived L.590 per annum. The highest charge for a paper, who was convicted of publishing one of Mr. sitting in any church is L.2, 2s. per annum, the lowest O'Connell's letters to the Irish people, has not yet been 1s. 6d., and the average rate varies in the different brought up for judgment. The Crown solicitor lately churches from 18s. 9d. to 53. In Paisley there is unoccu addressed a letter to him, stating that the Government has pied sittings in the different Presbyterian meeting houses not, nor ever had legalevidence to prove that Mr. O'Connell in the town for 5,943 people, exclusive of meeting houses is the author of the letter which bears his name; but of Methodists, Baptists, and the whole class of Indepen- | that if he would procure Mr. O'Connell's acknowledg. dants.

ment of the authorship, or furnish evidence sufficient to THE TURNPIKE Roads in Scotland in 1821, were convict him of having written the letter in question, the in length, 3,666 miles; the average income L.5l, and Government would abandon all further proceedings the average expenditure L.50 per mile. The debt against Mr. Barrett. To this letter an answer was writ. amounted to L.1,495,000, being equal to about eight ten, in Mr. Barrett's name, stating that Mr. O'Connell years income.

was ready to avow the authorship, provided he had a BERWICKSHIRE ELECTION.- What is the reason jury fairly selected to try him : but Mr. Barrett has filed that the electors of this large and opulent county an affidavit, swearing that he never wrote any such letter. have submitted to the election of such a representa. The statement that the authorship was ready to be tive as Sir H. P. Campbell ? What earthly qualifi. avowed by Mr. O'Connell, was, at any rate, insufficient ; cation has he for the office? The Whigs and Tories for the criminal act did not consist in writing the letter, each claimed him for their own, and we believe they but in publishing, or causing it to be published. are both right. He is a Tory in disguise, which we suspect is a correct definition of a Whig. This youth,

FRANCE. who has just attained majority, lately succeeded to a large The French Chambers were opened on the 230 Decem. estate by the death of his father, who was an open and ber. As far as reliance can be placed on Louis Philippe's undisguised Tory; and he is about to ally himself with declaration, the policy of France is still eminently paci. a family which has, in like manner, been always distin- fic : but it is well known that much activity prevails in guished for its Toryism. Does the whole county of Ber her naval arsenals, and no reduction of the army is to wick not contain a proprietor of liberal opinions ? The take place. The ministry appears to be powerfully supelection of the late Mr. Marjoribanks was triumphantly ported by the Chambers. M. Dupin, the government carried by the tenantry and feuars over the old Tory nominee, was re-elected President of the Chamber of Dearistocracy. Why were they afraid to renew the struggle ? | puties by 220 members out of 299 who were present.

DINNER TO MR. FERGUSON OF Raitu.— This Lafayette received 39 votes, Lafitte 11; hence we may dinner, at which about 160 gentlemen were present, judge that the republican party, however powerful elsewas remarkable chiefly by the declaration made by where, have little influence in the Chambers. The go. Captain Wemyss, the member for Fife, and who had also vernment also succeeded in electing three vice-presidents represented the county under the old system, that he had favourable to their party, but the election of the fourth was more applications from the old freeholders in a month, decided against ministers; M. Persil, the Advocate-Genethan he had had from the new constituency in a twelve- ral, distinguished for his prosecutions of the press, having month. The cause of this fact is easily explained. The only 98, and M. Beranger, who belongs to the juste mi. old freeholders never considered the qualifications of the lieu, 165 votes. T'he debate on the address lasted four representatives, but how they could make the most of days, and was rendered remarkable by the speech of M. their votes; and freehold qualifications were purchased Bignon, on foreign affairs. The speech was delivered in avowedly with no other object than to aid the purchaser the name, and with the unanimous approbation of the in his schemes for advancement in life. A lieutenant in committee appointed to draw up the address. He dwelt the navy, for example, purchased a vote in the county of upon the barbarous treatment of Poland by Russia, and Edinburgh, and immediately intimated to the Tories who denounced it as in contravention of the faith of treaties. were then in power, that unless he was made a captain, He alluded to the discussion of the subject in Parliament, and appointed to a ship within a twelvemonth, he would on Mr Cutlar Ferguson's motion, and to the energetic vote at the next election for the Whig candidate. He declaration against the injustice of Russia made by Lord was accordingly appointed to the command of a ship; but Palmerston on that occasion; and added that he could bidding adieu to politics, sold his vote and pocketed the have wished some equally strong declaration had been price, leaving his Tory friends to manage the next elec made by the French government. He then adverted to tion without his assistance. The reform act has put an the dangers to which Turkey was exposed, and stated, in end to all this jobbing.

order to show the perfidy of Russia, that, in 1808, the

Emperor Alexander had proposed to Napoleon to give up IRELAND.

to him Spain, Portugal, and Italy, along with Bosnia, MEETINGS for the repeal of the Union have been held Albania, the Morea, and the Greek islands, provided in many places in Ireland : that at Cork was very nume Napoleon would permit him to seize Constantinople and rous, and attended by several persons of property and the Dardanelles. Though much urged, Napoleon would high reputation. At a large meeting in Dublin, Mr. not consent to this insidious proposal. He no doubt saw Pollock, a very young man, the son of a merchant in that while Turkey would in a few years be firmly conDublin, who is a friend of Mr. Boyton, the Orange leader, solidated with the Russian Empire, and the power of

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