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aside or destroy an engine which they cannot no tampering with the Reform Bill—no Tory long resist, or to arrest its locomotive powers so-called emendations. Pledge him to the Bal. by pretended attempts to improve its working. lot, and to Triennial Parliaments, and to Church The present duties of the people are, therefore, | Reform. Let us garrison the House of Commons courage, promptitude, union, and a wise vigilance. with staunch Reformers ; but do not stand upon The announcement of the dismissal of the Mel. trifles, nor quarrel with friends while the enemy bourne Ministry, and the call to--of all men is at the gates. Let us have elections carried living !--the Duke of Wellington, in a single day by united Reformers, not by party struggles ; fused into one mass all Whigs and Radicals, and and let him be esteemed the best man who shall Whig-Radicals and Radical-Whigs throughout the most freely sink and forget himself—bury their endless gradations, who are worth reckon his own feelings and prepossessions, and give ing upon. And no self-seeker—no trimmer himself up, heart and hand, mind and strength, no traitor is worthy of being put on the muster to the common cause. There are many shades roll
. Looking to the spirit which has pervaded of opinion, which, after a time, will harmlessly those great public meetings that have been got re-appear—but there is only one great, immeup in haste, and, as it were, by a spontaneous diate, and pressing duty-annihilate the power impulse, we may affirm that at no former period of the Anti-Reformers. Destroy our enemies in —not even during the heats of the Reform Bill the first place, that we may have leisure to settle were the people more united in their leading remaining disputes amicably with our friends. objects. Their hearts are as the heart of one Of the condition of Ireland, with a military
If our space permitted, we could produce tribunal * established in her capital, the worst hundreds of inspiriting proofs of this universal passions of party recently let loose and infuriated, unanimity. The maxim of the enemy is, divide and the country thrown into the tumults of an and govern ; that of the Reformers, unite and election in the depths of winter-of the condition conquer. Before the powerful voice of Lord of unhappy, misused, oppressed Ireland, we would Durham had reached them, a sympathetic impulse utterly despair, if we did not remember her had led the Reformers to act, as at the New.. brave spirit, and that Heaven helps those who castle dinner he magnanimously exhorted, when help themselves. The battle of ungrateful Brihe said
tain again rests in one main point upon Ireland. “May I now venture to come to what ought We hope it is under wise generalship. Who to be our rallying cries, let them be Reform, can doubt of the spirit and gallantry of the Liberty, and the Constitution.
Let us, as I
troops ? But Ireland now looks as formidable to said before, throw to the winds all dissensions the Tories as do Glasgow, Manchester, and the amongst ourselves. Let us be prepared for the great towns; and one of the renagade or trimstruggle that is coming. Let us form associa- ming London Journals throws out the idea of tions, in every town and village of the empire. quieting that country by taking the Catholic How is it that the Tories have succeeded for clergy into pay-an idea as admirable as the the moment in supplanting a Reform mini late suggestion in a Tory Magazine to organize stry? By union and combination. Let an established stipendiary press. As regards the then take a leaf out of their book. Let us press, the admirable idea is unhappily, like other shew that good feeling prevails amongst us wise Scotch suggestions, only a hundred and by determined union and combination. We fifty years behindhand; and as to what the have a great struggle coming on before us Voluntary Religionists, the English High-church-a struggle which calls upon us immediately men, and the Sons of John Knox, would think of to take up a most determined and uncompro
the Duke of WELLINGTON adding the Catholic mising position. A most powerful and Clergy to his permanent staff, we do not pretend common enemy is to be resisted ; and if they
The scheme was a favourite one, we would take my advice, I would say to the know, with Mr Pirt—it is fifty years from Reformers of every class throughout the country, original. To The Times we give the sole merit - Let us waive all speculative opinions, and of urging the launch of the tub for the whale, employ ourselves with the sole consideration and of the neat compact cabinet of seven; and how to make our force stronger and our resist to The Courier, the idea of quieting Ireland by ance more effective.'”
taking the priests into pay. How these objects may best be accomplished, it In the meanwhile let the fundholders look to is not difficult to say. The first battle-ground themselves! Lord CHANDOS, who is named as a must be the hustings—and for that instant pre- minister, has been agitating for his favourite paration is required. The Tories may well dread measure—the repeal of the malt tax. Clip the a dissolution-but it is inevitable. It is the Duke down in ways and means by one five milvery next move in their game, unless, which we lions, and let the fundholders look to themdo not anticipate, Peel should at once throw it selves. In the general scramble, down they go up in despair. Even then it will be tried by other in the first place. What defence have they but hands. The Reformers have already taken the in public confidence, peace, and order ? The first step, by holding numerous public meetings. Tories will fight in the last ditch for their luManageable committees are next to be formed. They must canvass with promptitude-pledge partisan, and Sir H. Hardinge, are to be the Lord-Lieu.
Lord Rossyln, a recreant Whig, that worst kind of every candidate, in the first instance, to permit tenant and Chief Secretary of Ireland.
crative patronage--for their well-paying church From advancing in favour with liberal men, they —for their lands and heritages; but what secu have incurred disfavour in high quarters. Their rity is there for that which exists but in national slow approximation to the liberal party has faith, and which either perishes in the first con hastened their downfal. And is it for this we vulsion, or is irreparably endamaged ? Again, are to turn upon them in the day of adversity? we say, let the fundholders look to themselves. It was clearly foreseen, that whatever was preThe Tories—and even the Ultra-Tories, who are tended about less being done, more must have much honester men-will, if pressed, venture been accomplished in the next Session of Par. the length of being generous to the nation at the liament. Of the regenerated Whig governexpense of the funds. Church Reform, Law ment, the nation was become hopeful. There was Reform, Constitutional Reform, the Dictator no possibility of misconstruing the spirit which neither understands nor values ; or, if under broke forth at the Grey Festival, and at Dunstanding, he thoroughly hates and despises them; dee and Glasgow. Every large and intelligent but though vowed to lead on the armies of the community was inviting the presence of Lord Church in this last crusade, he may not object to Durham, because all were actuated by the senreform the Jewish Commissariat, and mulct the timents which he and the liberal Ministers had suttlers.
avowed. And is it for this that the King Again we would exhort a generous oblivion has been advised to turn off so abruptly and disand cordial union among the Reformers. The courteously the Premier on whom Lord DURHAM Whigs have erred, they now feel how greviously. | had at Glasgow pronounced a high panegyric ? While they held and abused power, and dailied -and is it for this that we behold the Duke of with golden opportunities, we neither spared WELLINGTON Dictator of Great Britain ? admonition nor censure. But that time is past.
THE ANNUALS FOR 1835.
THE AMULET. In The Amulet there are two good prints, the “ Gipsy Mother,” painted by Wilkie, and a quaint picture by Eastlake, of the daughter of Lady Charlotte Bury, termed the “Lily:" The other engravings are altogether Annualish, and made for that yearly market. The 6 Lace-Maker" by Inskipp, and “Going to Service" by the same artist, are, however, sweet, natural subjects, very pleasingly and cleverly treated. The literature of the volume, as a whole, is heavy for an Annual. Ronald Herbert, the “Selfish Man,” carries the weight of metal of a good Magazine Tale. The “Gipsy Mother” is written by Mrs Hoffland, in a tender and beautiful spirit—it is a moral tale indeed. We also like the “ Baptism of the Isles.” 6. Reminiscences of Russia," and the “ Water Mole of Australia,” are, if not out of place, too long. In brief, the work, as a whole, wants lightness, relief, and variety, though it possesses separate excellencies. As a specimen of the poetry, we select the following beautiful verses by Elliott of Sheffield, though they are very far above the average merit of Annual poetry.
Tis Christmas eve !-and, from the distant town,
Her pale apprenticed son
Ere well begun.
Old Alfred watcheth calm ;
Nor chaunt the psalm.
The cottage-fire he sees ;
Shine through green trees.
In thought the sheep-boy's call-
" Thank God for all!"
In London bound, wept o'er
Her playmate more.
COME AND GONE.
By the author of " Corn-Law Rhymes." The silent moonbeams on the drifted snow
Shine cold, and pale, and blue, While through the cottage door the yule log's glow, Casts on the iced oak's trunk and grey rock's brow
A ruddy hue. The red ray and the blue, distinct and fair,
Like happy groom and bride, With azure-green, and emerald-orange, glare, Gilding the icicles from branches bare,
Lie side by side.
And Hannah at the door
O'er the white moor.
Home ! home! Behold the cottage of the moor,
That hears the sheep-boy's call !
“ Thanks God for all !”
She clasps him, heart to heart;
How soon to part.
Let us shew the reverse of the medal in the following spirited lines on “ The Bourbons” of the Three Days. They are written by the author of “ Miserrimus," and adapted to music. We are rather surprised (agreeably) to meet them in “ The Keepsake.”
Let their blood flow like water !
They have rush'd on their fate;
They shall expiate!
On thy plains is the standard of Discord unfurl'd ;
Take the sword then in hand
And extirpate the race !
They have sought to disgrace !
THE KEEPSAKE. “ The Keepsake" is the Aristocratic Annual. Its con. tributors are either lords, ladies, baronets, colonels, or M. P.'s. A few litlerateurs by profession appear among the fashionable amateurs, as a real actor may sometimes be seen at private theatricals. “ The Keepsake” is “ of outward show elaborate.” It is copiously embellished with showy, sketchy prints. It has a beautiful presentation plate, a pretty vignette, and, for a frontispiece, a fashionable lady-the Countess of Beresford--from a painting by Lawrence, an equally fashionable artist. Among the contributors are the Countess of Blessington, Mrs Norton, Mrs Abdy, the Lady Julia Lockwood, the Lady Isabella St John, Lady Emmeline Stuart Wortley, Lord Newark, Lord Morpeth, two baronets—Sir W. Somerville, and Sir Aubrey de Vere, (whose very name points him out for a romance writer,) one archdeacon Mr S, encer-sundry fashionable young ladies, and two M. Pi's—the Hon. Grantley Berkeley being the one, and Mr Bernal - a young Mr Bernal, we conjecture-the other. How could so many fine people fail to produce an elegant volume ? —None of them are very remarkable either for failure or enccess. Among the articles, our special favourites are 6 Wordly Wisdom,” by Lady Isabella St John, who wrote so charming!y in last year's “ Kepsake;" and the “ Trial of Love," by Mrs Shelley, which, though a mere sketch, indicates many a history. “ Aunt Mansfield"-though we begin to tire of equivognes off the stage—is a sprightly story, and the “ Fortm.es of Blanche Bolton" is a pleasing one, and a seasonabile relief to “ Wordly Wisdom.” To the finest engrav. in: ia the volume-100 Gipsy children as it is named, but lovely English children masquerading in a wood as Gipsies-Lady Emmeline Stuart, (who always writes exceedingly like a person of quality,) with equal-handed justice, appropriates the most indifferent verses. But to atone for this, there are many very good verses in the benki, as the “ Lament of La Valiere," by Mrs Norton. The“ Sepen Hearts of Condé,” also, is a poem interesting from its subject. During the first Revolution, the infuriated plunderers, brutalized by the Bourbon mis. government, broke into the chapel of Chantilly, where the hearts of the Condés were preserved in silver urns. They tung away the gems and kept the caskets. Twenty yeurs afterwards, on the return of the Prince of Condé, at the Restoration of the Bourbon , the hearts of his ancestors were found in preservation, and restored to their former reating-place. This is the event Miss Strickland celebrates.
My friends! cheer up—a brimming glass, A bright new year! and health to all!
Fill bumpers-neighbours, fill! Improve the moments as they pass, Seek not past troubles to recall,
Nor look for future ill.
Fill, neighbours, filla truce to care,
New days are on your track ; You're twelvemonths older than you wereBe wiser then! time flies so fast,
'Tis useless looking back. What-Farmer Jones ! as usual, full Of worldly thoughts and past events,
Low markets and short crops ; Will grumbling raise the price of wool, Or lower poor-rates, tithes, and rents,
Or ripen corn and hops ? Come, neighbour! trust to common sensePut on, to-night, a cheerful face
Be happy when you may ; "Twill be the same a century hence With landlords, parsons, and the race
Of those who toil and pay.
Good Lambert! smooth that troubled brow,
You plan for Church and State :
That cloud the patriot's fate.
Heath's Book of Brauty. Edited by the Countess
of Blessington. We regret that the tardiness of the appearance of this dazzling charmer in Scotland precludes us from doing fitting homage to its many captivations. It is a galaxy of living and of beau-ideal beauty, though probably some of the unnamed ladies are real portraits. The frontispiece, the Countess of Wilton, is the most natural portrait we have ever seen executed by Lawrence. Perhaps he could not spoil what Lady Blessington felicitously calls the “ angel-human air" of the original.
There is a very good engraving of Jane, the late Duchess of Gordon, from the well-known painting of Sir Joshua Reynolds. Some of those beautiful Helens and Ellens, Marys and Ianthes, do not, to our ungifted vision, appear to be doing what their respective poets set down for them, but the fault unquestionably rests rather in the text or the stage directions than with the fasci. nating actresses. The writers in the Book of Beauty are, in most instances, the same as in the Keepsake. Barry Cornwall has contributed a striking poem ; Leitch Ritchie and Mrs Shelley, two good tales.
The remainder of the Literary Register must sland over till next month.
Let Fortune play her slipp’ry pranks,
No pref'rence will exist
Now on the Horse Guards list.
ENGLAND. THE abrupt dissolution of the Melbourne Administra. tion, absorbs every other topic of domestic interest. This untoward event took place upon Friday, the 14th November. Lord Melbourne, who had gone to Brighton to attend the King, in consequence of the changes in the Cabinet caused by the death of Earl Spencer, which removed Lord Althorp from the office of Chancellor of the Exchequer to the Upper House, returned to London upon the 15th, charged by his Majesty with a letter to the Duke of Wellington. The Duke, until the return of Sir Robert Peel from Italy, is at once First Lord of the Treasury, Home Secretary, and Secretary for the Colonies. No office is yet fivally fixed, nor any definite arrangement made, though it is believed that no member of the late Government will accept of office under the Wellington or Peel Administration. There is a rumour that Lord Stanley, Sir James Grahame, and the Duke of Richmond, nominal Whigs, may coalesce with the Tories. The intelligence of this rash change in his Majesty's Councils has produced more surprise and indignation than dismay. Meetings were instantly held in the metropolis, and in all the great towns, to address the King. There are various and contradictory rumours about who have been the King's confidential advisers, but the subject admits of few doubts. The measure had long been premeditated; and the death of an aged nobleman afforded the pretext for its precipitation.
The determination was known in Holland and at Aberdeen before it was made public in London by the event.
After a long investigation, it turns out that the burning of the Houses of Parliament was wholly accidental.On the 24th October, the Conservatives of Gloucestershire had one of those great Tory dinners which have of late been so frequent. Lord Ellenborough was the principal orator. We notice that, since the long nights came on, there have been incendiary fires in several of the same counties in which Swing formerly played his gambols. There is also considerable discontent among the agricultural labourers, from the reduction of wages.--There has
been great loss at sea, in consequence of the high gales in the end of October and the beginning of November.
Messrs GRANT & BELL, proprietors of the True Sun, have completed their period of imprisonment for libel, under an ex officio prosecution, and been released almost about the same time that their ill-advised prosecutors were dismissed from office.
Their offence, it may be remembered, was advising passive resistance to the payment of assessed taxes ; or doing what Earl Fitz william and the brother of the Lord Chancellor had done before them with impunity. The newly emancipated gentlemen gallantly declare that they “ are prepared again to suffer in the same way whenever the cause of truth shall demand such a sacrifice.” The time may not be distant.
The Libel Law appears to be shaping itself into a more just and rational form, even without alteration. On the 20th Oct. Mr Frentice, the spirited editor of the Manchester Times, was tried at the Salford Sessions for 6 a false and malicious libel" upon a brother editor. Mr Prentice took new ground, which he had forinerly occupied with success, and was his own advocate. lie called upon the plaintiff to prove the falsehood and malice charged in the indictment ; and reminded the juy that by finding the libel proved, he was entirely taken out of their hands and left at the discretion of the Court; and that although only one farthing damages wis found by the jury a sufficient punishment, yet, if that farthing was found, the Court had power to subject him to a heavy mulct in expenses.
He farther reminded them that they must return him not guilty, unless they could swear that all the averments in the indictment were proved before them. They might also, he said, return a special verdict, declaring what they believed to be proved, and what was not proved against him. The jury, after a long consultation, returned a verdict, finding the defendant guilty of using the words charged in the indictment, but not with malicious intent, such intent not being proved. before them. The verdict was recorded as one of acquittal. This is the second case in which Mr Prentice has been
engaged, in which juries have refused to return a verdict, is allowed, even by the Tory papers, which have lately when malice was only in ferred and not proved before volleyed out scurrility and abuse upon all the public them. The example will not be lost sight of. English dinners given by the Reformers, to have been marked by juries will henceforward find no man guilty unless the perfect propriety and decorum. charges contained in the indictment are proved before A large meeting was held at Edinburgh, in the open them in open Court. It is only agreeable to sound sense air, upon Friday, the 21st, at which the Lord Provost and common justice that such charges as those, for presided, and all the magistrates were present. Whigs instance, which Dicas, the attorney, has brought against and Radicals appeared cordially together upon the hustthe London newsvenders, who have sold copies of a print, ings, as their object was in that instance the same. in which he a vers he is “ falsely, maliciously, and inju The most important resolution was for an address to his riously libelled by them,” should be compelled to prove Majesty, praying him to exclude the Duke of Wellington the averments, or that the defendant should obtain a verdict from his councils, and to admit none but men honestly of acquittal. Inferential malice is but one degree less determined lo extirpate every abuse. A similar meeting unjust than constructive treason. From this date juries was held at Leith; and such meetings have been too have conscientiously a velo on the libel law. The severity frequent to admit of separate notice. The spirit of Scotof the criminal law often forced them to strain conscience. land has always been good ; the Tory maneuvre has
At the dinner of the new Lord Mayor, (Winchester, a once more made it unanimous. He is either an iin becile Tory,) the almost obsolete toast of Church and King was or a traitor to the cause of Reform, who does not, at the revived, and given with great applause. A public dinner present crisis, adopt the sentiments of Lord Durham, and was given to the Earl of Durham at Newcastle, upon the proclaim, that in Union lies the strength of the Reformers. 19th, W. H. Ord, Esq. M.P., in the Chair. It passed off with entire unanimity of sentiment, and is, we trust,
IRELAND. indicative of the good understanding that exists among all classes of Reformers, at a crisis which peculiarly
Mr O'Connell has addressed a powerful letter to Lord demands union, combination, and energy. The speech
Durham, upon the wrongs of Ireland, and calling on him of the Earl, who has nobly thrown all personal feelings
10 render Repeal unnecessary, by governing Ireland with and animosities to the winds, and who warmly exhorted
wisdom and justice, when he shall have the power. The the Reformers to UNITE, is above all praise.
Reverend Marcus Beresford, who has lately signalized
himself by his sayings and doings, has raised an action SCOTLAND.
for libel against the Editor of the Dublin Evening Post. The Glasgow dinner to the Earl of Durham took
Let Irish juries study Mr Prentice of Manchester's true place upon the 29th October. It was celebrated in
exposition of the libel law. The Orangemen of Ireland a hall erected for the purpose, and was attended by nearly
have been as active in holding meetings of late as the 1500 gentlemen. Above 120,000 persons assembled in the
Tories of Britain. The sudden change of the ministry Green of Glasgow to welcome and congratulate the Earl,
has been even more keenly felt there than in this side of and to deliver numerous addresses voted to him. This Fes
the water. The celebrated Hamilton Rowan, long an tival has made a powerful sensation throughout all Europe.
exile, died lately at a very advanced age. He was buried By his declarations there, the Earl of Durham has fairly
in the family vault in St Mary's church Dublin, and the placed himself at the head of the liberal party, His
funeral was, though private, attended by a number declarations were for triennial parliaments, vote by
of equipages, many persons being desirous of testifying ballot, an extension of the suffrage, and free trade.
their respect for the memory of this true Irishman. Whatever else occurred is, in his own words,“ now thrown to the winds.” We hope, in the next session, to see him
FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. and Lord Brougham, side by side, confronting the hosts The French Premier, Gerard, has resigned, and the of corruption. One of the most remarkable features of cabinet was subsequently broken up by the resignation of this solemnity was the appearance made by the working the Doctrinaires in a body upon the 4th. The king took classes, and the talent displayed by their speakers and them abruptly at their word, and lost no time in appointdeputies. They seem to have left a highly favourable | ing successors. impression upon Earl Durham, who, at Newcastle, The Dutch King has opened the States-General. If referred to them in terms of great praise. Lord Durham he was as far as ever from an amicable settlement with was received with great enthusiasm throughout his jour- Belgiu!n, the change in Britain is not likely to have ney; he received ihe freedom of the towns he passed a pacific effect on his policy. The Belgian chambers through, and addresses, &c. An anti-reform dinner was have also been opened by King Leopold. The late given at Aberdeen in the same week. The ticket was intelligence from Spain and Portugal is very unsatisfacprudently made very cheap ; and the attendance, swelled tory. A dreadful hurricane arose in the island of Domiby lairds and vassals, amounted to about seven hundred. nica on the 20th and 21st September. Many of the The Duke of Gordon was chairman. A parly of four sugar plantations have been totally destroyed. The hundred Edinburgh reformers, favourable to the exten intelligence concerning the conduct of the emancipated sion of the frarchise, dined together in the Waterloo negroes in different quarters, is confused and contradic. great Hall, upon the 6th, Mr Wallace, M.P., chairman, tory, though if anything very disastrous had occurred, the Mr William Tait, croupier. This assembly of Radicals accounts would have been more particular.
TO CORRESPONDENTS. Though we have had great curiosity about the Abbé de la Mennais for four months past, or ever since the Pope addressed an evangelical letter to all Catholic prelates, denouncing him as another Huss or Wickliff, and damning for ever his Paroles d'un Croyant, as - a book of small size, but huge depravity,” we are not certain that the public of Britain are yet so much acquainted with the heretical and Radical ecclesiastic as to make them parti. cipate in our interest. The Memoir of Arago, by 0. P. Q., will appear as soon as possible. The “ fresh samples of verse" do not suit our market. The communication of our respected correspondent A. came too late for the present month. Does he remember what the Rev. Robert Hall of Leicester said of the late Bishop Watson-the Bishop of Llandaff? “Sir, he married Public Virtue in his youth, and kept quarrelling with her all the rest of his life." The saying was not inapplicable.
The conclusion of the Memoir of Sannel Taylor Coleridge, announced for this month, is delayed, owing to severe domestic distress in the family of the writer.
The “ Political History of Manchester," which is that of the local operations of the Tory faction for the last half century, is unavoidably dılayed, which we scarce regret, as the next month may produce a new chapter.
PETEN BROWN, PRINTER, 19, st JAMES' SQUARE.