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BOOK PRODUCTION IN 1903.
A. APPLICATIONS ACTED UPON AND TITLES FILED AND
uary 4, 1904.
upon the current work of the office, leaving month for illustration; during November, the excess of fees earned over appropriations 1903, a month having 24 working days, the used for service, $108,023.44 for the six years. bulk of the certificates for 2 dates were
No exact statement can be made of the mailed within three days; for 14 dates within other expenditures on behalf of the Copyright four days; for 6 dates within five days, and Office. They include the cost of stationery for 2 dates within six days; but in the case and other supplies, ($881.05,) record books, of 3 dates certificates for certain classes recirculars, and blank forms supplied by the quired seven days before mailing, and on Government Printing Office, and the printing November 28 the periodical entries were so of the "Catalogue of Title Entries" of copy- numerous that nine days were required to right articles, amounting to 5067 octavo pages clear the certificates of that class. It should in 1903.
be remembered that the month included five
Sundays and one holiday, Thanksgiving Day. COPYRIGHT ENTRIES, CALENDAR YEAR 1903.
The average time, therefore, may be said to Class A, Books: (a) Books (volumes) and painphlets...
be about five days, although the certificates (b) Booklets, leaflets, cir
for 16 out of the 24 total days were mailed culars, cards.
4,568 within four days. The total entries for (c) Newspaper and maga. zine articles.
the month were 7352; the largest number on
any one day, 624, and the smallest number on Total Class A.... 26,278 any one day, 149. B. Periodicals (numbers).
21,401 C. Musical compositions.
At this date 4 P.M. January 6, all entries D. Dramatic compositions..
for the calendar year ending December 31 E. Maps and charts.
1,655 have been made and recorded; certificates F. Engravings, cuts, and prints.
5,747 G. Chromos and lithographs.
made, revised and mailed, and all the entries
2,492 H. Photographs...
have been indexed, the index cards for the 1. Fine arts: Paintings, drawings, and
year numbering 163,226. The deposited arsculpture...9
ticles have been credited to December 31 in Total entries for the year...... 99,436 all classes, and in some classes to later dates, The largest number of entries made in any while some of the January entries have been one day during the calendar year was on
made as shown by the detailed statement folJanuary 2, 1903, when 3427 titles were regis- lowing. tered. The smallest number of entries was on July 14, 1903, when 123 titles were recorded. The fees for December, 1903, were
Class A. Books, to No. 76,291, January 4, 1904. the largest in amount for any month of De
B. Periodicals, to No. 67,038, January 4, 1904.
C. Musical compositions, to No. 62,337, Jan. cember in the history of the Copyright Office, amounting to $7441. This notwithstanding
D. Dramatic compositions, to No. 4463, January the fact that it was necessary, owing to claim
E. Maps and charts, to No. 5056, January 2, of copyright being printed 1904, to carry over 1307 titles.
F. Engravings, cuts, and prints, to No. 17,745,
January 2, 1904.
G. Chromos and lithographs, to No. 6370, Jan. Class A. Bocks: (a) Books (volumes) and
uary 2, 1904.
H. Photographs, to No. 40,637. January 2, 1904. pamphlets...
I. Original works of art, to No. 9240, January (b) Booklets, leaflets, circulars, cards.
3,689 (c) Newspaper and maga.
From January 2 to 6, 1904, inclusive, 5632 zine contributions. 6,993 titles have been received for registration. B. Periodicals (numbers).
21,626 C. Musical compositions.
4557 of these have been numbered and 1045
20,342 D. Dramatic compositions.
1,065 recorded. E. Maps and charts...
1,654 F. Engravings, cuts, and prints.
5,361 B. RECORDING OF TITLES, ASSIGNMENTS, ETC. G. Chromos and lithographs.
2,206 H. Photographs...
All of the above titles are recorded to De14,333
cember 31, 1903, inclusive.
88,476 Certificates for all entries to January 2, Total copies of each article. 176,952
1904, have been written and mailed. 1. Photographs of works of art, one
Assignments: 970 received, January 1 to copy cách...
3,575 December 31, 1903, and 770 recorded. From Total number of articles...... 180,527
one firm 200 documents await recording. The increase in the 1:umber of articles deposited over the articles received during the
The titles are indexed, (all classes,) to calendar year 1902 is 7293.
December 31, 1903, and classes D, E, F, G COPYRIGHT OFFICE WORK.
and I are indexed to January 2, 1904. The
entries are indexed on cards by names of The current work of the Copyright Office proprietors and titles. The total catalogue is now kept as nearly up to date as is pos- | cards for the calendar year 1903 number 163,sible in an office where the daily business is 226, and these are added to the general alphaso fluctuating.
betical index, now containing more than The question is frequently asked how soon
1,020,000 cards. it is possible to obtain a certificate after an application has been filed. The great variance
"CATALOGUE OF TITLE ENTRIES.” in the number of titles filed per day leads to Four quarterly volumes of 13 numbers each considerable unavoidable corresponding va- were published, containing 5067 pages of ocriance in the time of mailing the certificate or tavo print. notice. Taking, however, a fairly normal The volumes of the "Catalogue of Title
C. INDEX AND CATALOGUE.
BOOK PRODUCTION IN 1903.
Entries” now printed are as follows: July 1,
D. ARTICLES DEPOSITED.
cember 30, 1903.
cember 31, 1903.
Class A. Books: (c) Periodical contributions, to De
cember 31, 1903. B. Periodicals, to December 31, 1903, and part
ly to January 6, 1904. C. Musical compositions, to December 31, 1903. D. Dramatic compositions, to December 31,
1903. E. Maps and charts, to December 31, 1903. F. Engravings, cuts, and prints, to December
28, 1903 G. Chromos and lithographs, to December 23,
1903 H. Photographs, to December 28, 1903. I. Photographs of works of art, to December
1902; but there is an increase in recorded misThe total number of books recorded by the cellaneous of about five hundred, and most of London Publishers' Circular in 1903, as shown these are pamphlets at a few pence each ; while by the analytical table reprinted below, is there were about three hundred sixpenny nov
els during the year, most of them, of course, 1902. 1903 "new editions,” not new books. The total of
fiction is about a hundred more than in the previous year. Theology, educational, politics and commerce are up in number, arts
and sciences and law are down; history and Theology, Sermons, Biblical, etc..... 567 81 639 63 biography, voyages and travels, about the Educational, Classical, and Philologi
68 650 98
same; medicine, year-books, belles-lettres, and Novels, Tales, and Juvenile Works
1743 727 1859 801 Law, Jurisprudence, etc....
poetry and the drama slightly up.
The number of books published in France search...
during 1903, according to the records of History, Biography, etc...
480 Poetry and the Drama
Bibliographie de la France, was 12,264, or 65 Year Books and Serials in Volumes.. Medicine, Surgery, etc.
more than in 1902. In 1902, by the way, book
84 187 Belles Lettres, Essays, Monographs,
production in France had reached an unusual
44 284 Miscellaneous, including Pamphlets,
ly low level, being, in fact, upwards of 800 not Sermons
352 147 687 219
titles less than in the ten preceding years. Totals
5839 1542 6699 1682 The number of musical compositions recorded
in 1903 was 6824, or 105 more than were re8381
corded in 1902, and the number of engrav
ings, lithographs and photographs recorded about a hundred below 1899 and 1898, four in 1903 was 950, or 107 more than were rehundred below 1897, and a thousand above corded in 1902.
34 91 88
THE WORLD'S OUTPUT OF BOOKS
From an article on "The Literary Production
Newsof the World," by A. Growoll, managing edi
and peritor of The Publishers' Weekly, in The Inde
Year, pamphlets. Year, odicals. pendent for November 19, 1903, we take the United States.
...1902 7,833 1900 21,000 following figures showing the yearly output
1891 7.700 1899 1,000
Great Britain. as it has been compiled for the larger coun
. 1902 7,381 1902 4,943
Austro-Hungary.. .1899 5,000 1901 tries. Where blanks take the place of figures | Holland..
...1901 2,837 1898 the information gained was not in any sense Belgium..
. 1901 2,688 1899 trustworthy:
1901 News Sweden
.1900 1,683 1896 350 Books
..1900 1,500 1902 1,005
. 1901 1,249 1896 230 Year. pamphlets. Year. odicals. Spain and Portugal...1897 1,200 1900 1,430 Germany. ...1902 26,906 1902 8,049 Turkey.....
..1890 940 1892
..1899 21,255 1899 978) Argentine Republic. ...1886 716 1886
1900 450 France. 1902 I 2,199 1901 6,681 Canada
449 1893 900 Italy.. ..1900 9,975 1900 2,757
980 956 320
BOOK PRODUCTION IN 1903.
Otlet also estimates that since the introducBooks
tion of printing the following percentage of and
and periYear. pamphlets. Year. odicals.
different classifications of subject matter has
held good : Egypt....
25.42 African countries.
20.46 Australia. 1903 1,000 Applied Science..
1897 89 Theology, Religion, Speculation.
1902 28 Miscellaneous and Bibliography. Ecuador.
1894 38 Philology and Languages.. Finland. 1901 203 Natural Sciences.
1892 1 2 Servia
As detailed statistics are only available for Siberia......
24 single countries, this must also be looked
upon as an approximate estimate. In point of 132,376 58,794 number of output, Germany and German AusIt is so difficult to get at the statistics of tria collectively yearly lead the world. Then literary production year by year that it stands follow France, Italy, England, the United to reason that an estimate of the entire liter- States and the Netherlands. In speaking of ary production of the world to the present day classification and comparative mental value can only be relative, and largely a matter of of publications, Russia and the Oriental counexpert opinion.
tries are not taken into present consideration. Paul Otlet, the Secretary of the Brussels
In creative works England leads the world, International Bibliographic Institute, esti- having by far the largest output of novels, mates the number of printed books since the romances and works of pure imagination. In invention of printing to January, 1900, at Germany educational works, theological works 12,163,000 separate works, and the number of and books for the young predominate. The periodicals at between 15 and 18 millions. largest number of historical works appear in The Publishers' Weekly in an article on
France, and Italy leads in religious publica“The Fallacy of Book Statistics” (January tions. The largest number of books published 11, 1902), pointed out how almost in possible in the United States fall in the department of it is to even gauge the entire book production fiction, but works of fiction are generally dupliof the earth. And even if the figures could be cated in the English and American statistics, arrived at they would give us no accurate pic as novels of merit written in the English ture of the mental activity of authors and language almost invariably appear on both writers.
sides of the Atlantic. Peygnot and Otlet have estimated the num- According to Professor Otlet it
may ber of books to 1898. For the following roughly estimated that at the present rate of years Otlet adopts 200,000 as a yearly average. publication the average of books produced to This seems rather high, and the figures of the every million inhabitants stands as follows in table, which would make 150,000 per year a
the most highly civilized countries of the good average, seem more reliable. This would world: give the following schedule:
i German Empire.
2 France.... 1436-1536.
4 Belgium.. 1636-1736.
5 Italy.. 1736-1822...
7 Norway. 1887-1898.
8 Great Britain. 1899..
It seems safe to say that books number 150,000
about two-thirds and newspapers about one
12,713,000 third of the entire literary production of the To the year 1904, therefore, 11pward of 12) world. Of course, in the quantity of manumillion of separate works have appeared in facture the periodicals far outnumber the book the world, which figures, however, include production. As far back as 1882 a calculation new editions and translations.
was made of the percentage of periodicals
1900. 1901. 1902.. 1903..
BOOK PRODUCTION IN 1903.
according to the languages in which they ap- 10 Italy.
78 peared, which resulted as follows:
11 Russia. Per cent.
12 India. English...
48 13 Japan. German.
1.1 Egypt.. French.
The vast literary production of the world Spanish. Italian...
has naturally led to the growth of various Other languages...
manufactures that have made important Professor Otlet made his estimate of the changes in the economic conditions of many average of periodicals to a million inhabitants countries. The manufacture of paper has bein 1898 as follows:
come an industry of enormous importance, as i United States..
510 has also the manufacture of type and the 2 Switzerland.
various inventions that have taken the place 3 Belgium.. 4 Holland.
of type. The manufacture of books and peri
184 5 Germany.
161 odicals, their sale and circulation, employ France...
156 great armies of men and women, and certainly 7 Great Britain.
in material ways the world is benefited by its 8 Austria.
98 9 Chile.
fabulous book production.
BEST-SELLING BOOKS OF 1903
The Bookman in its January issue sum
Grey cloak, The. MacGrath, H. $1.50. marizes its lists of the best-selling six books
(Aug., Sept., Oct., 259.)
Bobbs-M. which it tabulates monthly during the year Filigree ball. Green, Anna K. $1.50. (June, in order of demand from reports received
July, Aug., 243.)
Bobbs-M. from leading booksellers throughout the coun
Main chance. The. Nicholson, M. $1.50. try, from which we quote below the titles of
(Sept., Nov., 145.)
Bobbs-M. the books and the number of points scored Two Van Revels. Tarkington, Booth. $1.50. each month:
McClure, P. Lady Rose's daughter. Ward, Mrs. M. A. Glengarry school days. Gordon, C: w: $1.50-$5. (May, June, July, Aug., Sept., Wanted-a chaperon. Ford, Leicester. $2.
$1.25. (Feb., Mar., 117.)
Dodd, M. & Co. Gordon Keith. Page, T: N. $1.50. (Aug.,
Darrel of the Blessed Isles. Bacheller, I. Sept., Oct., Nov., 788.)
Scribner. Pit, The. Norris, F. $1.50. (Mar., April
, Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm. Wiggin, Mrs. $1.50. (July, 73.)
Lothrop. May, 726.)
K. D. $1.25. (Dec., 69.) Houghton, M. & Co. Lovey Mary. Hegan, Alice C. $1. (June,
Lightning conductor. Williamson, C. N. July, Aug., 669.)
Century. Virginian, The. Wister, 0. $1.50. (Jan., old sweetheart of mine. Riley, J: W. $2.
$1.50. (Oct., 66.)
Holt. Feb., Mar., April, 601.)
Bobbs-M. Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch. Hegan, | Adventures of Gerard. Doyle, A. Conan. Alice C. $1. (Jan., Feb., Mar., April, 591.)
$1.50. (Dec., 61.)
McClure, P. Century. Under dog, The. F. Hopkinson Smith. $1.50. Mettle of the pasture. Allen, Ja. L. $1.50.
Scribner. (Sept., Oct., Nov., 532.) Macmillan.
Sherrods, The. McCutcheon, G: B. $1.50. Letters of a self-made merchant to his son.
Dodd, M. & Co. Lorimer, G: H. $1.50. (Jan., Mar., April,
Conjuror's house. White, S. E. $1.25. May, 389.)
McClure, P. One woman, The. Dixon, T:, ir. $1.50. Wee Macgreegor. Bell, Ja. J. $1. (July, (Oct., Nov., Dec., 349.) Doubleday, P.
Harper Little shepherd of kingdom come. Fox, J.
, jr. Cecilia. Crawford, F. M. $1.50. (Jan., 55.) $1.50. (Nov., Dec., 349.) Scribner.
Macmillan. Blue flower. Van Dyke, Henry J. $1.50. Circle, The. Thurston, K. C. $1.50. (May, (Jan., Feb., Mar., 340.)
Dodd, M. & Co. Under the rose. Isham, F: S. $1.50. (May, Leopard's spots. Dixon, T:, jr. $1.50 June, July, 283.)
Doubleday, P. Call of the wild. London, Jack. $1.50. Spenders. Wilson, H. L. $1.50. (April, 34.) (Oct., Nov., Dec., 272.) Macmillan.
Lothrop. BOOK PRODUCTION IN 1903.
THE BEST-SELLING TEN ENGLISH NOVELS OF 1903 The Pall Mall Gazette's popular vote as to Quiller Couch's "Hetty Wesley,” 33; Beatrice the best-selling ten novels issued in 1903 has Harraden’s “Katherine Frensham, 32; E. F. resulted in giving Henry Seton Merriman's Benson's "Relentless City,” 30. "Barlasch of the Guard” a percentage of 81, Two deductions are made from the voting : Mrs. Humphry Ward's "Lady Rose's Daugh- Firstly, that the public are tired of the probter" a percentage of 65, F. Marion Crawford's lem novel and also the serious work dealing "Heart of Rome,” 51; Whiteing's "Yellow | adequately with serious social questions. SecVan," 50; Stanley Weyman's “The Long ondly, illustrations play a prominent part in Night,” 44; Frank Danby's “Pigs in Clover," successful works. 44; Ellen Fowler's "Place and Power,” 37;
THE GOVERNMENT'S BEST-SELLING BOOKS ACCORDING to the Washington correspond- | primarily for free distribution, but which so ent of the New York Evening Post, the many thousand people wanted so badly that honor of turning out the "six best-selling they were actually willing to pay for them. books” in the government's diverse assort- | As human nature is constituted, the prosperment remains pretty continuously with the ous farmer will hesitate much longer before Department of Agriculture, although some paying fifty cents for a really valuable govnoteworthy outgiving of another branch of ernment book which his neighbor, by writing the government may occasionally break into early to the Hon. Mr. So-and-So, secured for the favored list. The report of L. C. Ferrell, nothing, than overpaying seven dollars in inthe superintendent of documents, who con- stalments for a morocco-bound and illustrated ducts the great bookstore which the govern- manual of
nette. It may be depended ment has maintained since 1895, gives the fol- upon that the people who bought these publilowing list of publications which enjoyed the cations really wanted them, and the reason for largest sale: Department yearbooks, 3358; / wanting them is usually plain enough. ... special report on diseases of the horse, 1300; “Something like 5000 titles are for sale "at special report on diseases of cattle, 1004; cost,” but the government's method of figurbulletin on ginseng, 3557 ; bulletin on the ing up the cost would bankrupt a commercial honey bee, 2135; chemical bulletin No. 46, publisher. All these books, it is argued, 1636; bulletin on chemical composition of would have been issued anyhow, even if sales American food materials, 1330; bulletin on were never thought of. Therefore the comtimber, 1809; primer of forestry, Part 1., position and making of the plates—among a 1066. ...
publisher's largest items—are not figured in "Almost ridiculously small as these figures the cost. at all. There are no royalties or are by comparison with those blazoned forth commissions, and the purchaser really pays in private publishers' announcements, they only the bare cost of paper, binding and pressare probably a very much more trustworthy work. The bulky yearbooks, for instance, are indication of popular interest. The govern- sold at from fifty to eighty cents; the live ment reports and bulletins are, in the first stock books already referred to—which, by a place, entirely unadvertised, and it is to no- bookseller's standards, would certainly retail body's interest to invest any one of them with at several dollars-are listed at sixty-five a fictitious importance. Furthermore, it must cents, and the bulletins usually cost from five be remembered that all these are books issued to fifteen cents each.”