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BOOK PRODUCTION IN 1903
IN THE UNITED STATES
“The books of 1903” counted up 7865, a previous one, the number of new books extotal slightly in excess of that of 1902, which ceeding the new books of 1902 by 308. There was 7833. The output of the past year dif- were but slight changes in the various classes. fers so little from the harvests of the two Fiction still takes the !cad, though not numerprevious years that it suggests nothing very ically so great as in several previous years. rew in the way of comment or criticism. Law and Theology and Religion have gone The remarks applied to the quantity and down to the fourth and fifth places in our quality of the books of 1901 and 1902 could table, while Literature and Collected Works easily serve again in describing the literature, and Education have moved up to the second of the year under review. It was not a year and third positions. History and Biography of great achievements, although a year of are classes notably fuller than in any past many books. In scarcely any department of year. The other departments display few literature can a very large number of books changes. Of these books 3549, an excess of be pointed out destined to a long life. The 164 over 1902, were received at this office, low average of the year was especially notice- and 4316 had their titles gathered from copyable in fiction, which embraced few works right entries, from publishers' notes and in that created marked enthusiasm. There must, various other ways. of course, be years when the literary wave The first table which follows gives in recedes, leaving the shore bare, or strewn classes the figures, approximately, of the book with wrecks and lifeless forms. This seems production in this country in 1903, with those to have been such a year. Should we be of 1902 for comparison: surprised that it sometimes comes, when we consider the needs of the publishers, whose mills must be kept going, and whose readers'
TABLE No. 1, demands may not be ignored? The natural
CLASSES. result is overworked authors, whose inventive and working powers are necessarily limited. The year was the opportunity of the
838 959 816 644 younger and least known of our authors, but Literature and Collected Works.. 208 335 338 331
431 148 555 they generally failed to come up to the high Law
475 165 507 mark our older novelists had set for them. Juvenile..
Theology and Religion.
Physical and Mathematical Science.. 63 186 245 languages. American books in all depart- Description, Geography, Travel.
Political and Social Science ments were in the lead. The unusual number Fine Arts : Illus, Gift Books
Useful Arts... of works on sociology seems to be a reflec
Works of Reference tion of the unsettled conditions of the times,
Domestic and Rural.
Humor and Satire.
5485 2 348 5793/2012 able works.
7833 7865 The Publishers Weekly put on record during 1903 through its "Weekly Record of New Publications” 7865 books. Included in The second table attempts to show the numthis total are the many new editions of stand- ber of books manufactured in the United ard works and issues of series. These new States in 1903—first, those by American aueditions counted 2072 hooks. The new books thors; second, those by English or other forcounted 5793, making together the total of eign authors made in this country according 7863. While we only recorded in 1903 32 to the demands of copyright law, and third, more books than in 1902, when the total for the books in English imported bound or in the year was 7833, our tables show it was sheets, these three classes comprising the really a greater publication year than the book production of the United States in 1903.
401 233 280 420 941 451 42 247 541 423 57
45 250 149 421 25 293 207 92 257 97 272
25 239 32 234 12 173 44 163 13 109 56 105
15 I14 17 86
IO 101 74 20 95 8 51 ΙΟ 65 50 4 70 4
BOOK PRODUCTION IN 1903.
The first and second classes are almost all copyright books. This table, like the former, scarcely claims to be exactly correct, as it is impossible always to trace the history of a work, from its author to its final publication. The table shows 5621 books by American authors against 5210 of 1902; 1356 books by English or other foreign authors, (made here,) against 1578 of 1902, and 888 books or sheets imported, against 1045 of 1902. The reprints were, as usual, the largest in Fiction, amounting to 396 books, far less, however, than in 1902, when 818 English or other foreign novels were reprinted. The very evident fact illustrated by the figures is the greater number of books by American authors published than in 1902 in every class.
The great decrease in all the more serious departments of literature, as well as in some of the very lightest ones, such as Sports and Amusements, Humor and Satire, as exhibited by the figures in both tables, is a curious and unexplainable condition of our book production. Scientific and profoundly philosophical writings are as conspicuous through their absence as are the simply amusing books.
396 239 99
2 72 51 48 116 126
87 135 57
3 83 27 75 80 47
REPORT OF THE REGISTER OF COPYRIGHTS FOR 1903
The copyright business for the calendar Certificates, 26,286 at 50 cents
13,143.00 year 1903, according to the report of Thor- Copies of record, 2510 at 50
cents each. vald Solberg, Register of Copyrights,' is the
1,108.00 largest in any one year in the history of the Search fees.
39.00 Copyright Office. Not only is the amount of Total fees for the year..
$70,230.50 the net fees larger, but also the number of FEES EARNED AND APPROPRIATIONS FOR SERVICE, COPY. entries and the number of articles deposited.
RIGHT OFFICE, FOR THE SIX FISCAL YEARS, JULY
1, 1897, TO JUNE 30, 1903. The total number of entries approached the 100,000 mark, the exact number being July 1, 1897, to June 30, 1898.
$55,926.50 99,436. In addition to these titles entered, it July 1, 1899to June 30, 1900.
July 1, 1898, to June 30, 1899.
65,206.00 was necessary to carry over for entry Jan- July 1, 1900, to June 30, 1901.
63,687.50 July 1, 1901, to June 30, 1902.
64,687.00 uary 2, 1904, titles received in November and July 1, 1902, to June 30, 1903.
68,874.50 December, to the number of 1307, because the Total for 6 years.
$376,648.50 articles bore notice of copyright containing
Unfinished and pending business July 1, the date of claim of 1904. Actually, there 1897, to June 30, 1903, inclusive, six fore, 100.743 titles were received for registra
$490.08 tion in the year 1903.
Expended. The total fees received and applied for the July 1, 1897, to June 30, 1898. $36,440.00 $34,320.31
July 1, 1898, to June 30, 1899. 36,440.00 36,030.97 year 1903 amounted to $70,230.50.
July 1, 1899, to June 30, 1900. 40,400.00
50,115.05 The new year, 1904, also promises to be July 1, 1900, to June 30, 1901.
57,890.00 56,714.23 large, the entries made on the first legal day, July 1, 1902, to June 30, 1903. 66,750.00 66,708.80 (January 2,) numbering 4031, at applied fees Total for 6 years.
$289,000.00 $282,665.06 for this one day amounting to $2186.
$376,648.50 The number of articles deposited during Expenditure for service.
282,665.06 the year 1903 also exceeds the number in any Excess of fees over expenditure for
$93,983.44 previous year, amounting to 180,527 articles.
The appropriations for 1901, 1902 and 1903
include the sum of $14,040 to be used in Fees applied Jan. 1 to Dec. 31,
bringing up the arrears of work prior to July
$70,230.501, 1897, which amount should therefore be Titles: Foreign, 9939 at $1.00.. $9,939.00 United States, 89,497 at
deducted from the total sum for appropria44,748.50
tions for service as not properly a charge