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She there shall dress a greener sod',
Than fancy's feet have ever trod'.
By forms unseen,' their dirge is sung';
(5) Cloth Measure.
1 of a Yard or 1 Qr.
1 Yard 3 Quarters
1 Ell Flemish, “ E. Fl. 5 Quarters
1 Ell English,
E. E. 6 Quarters
1 El French,
66 E. Fr. Note. Cloth, ribbons, tapes, &c. are bought and sold by this measure.
(6) Long Measure.
1. 4 Lines
1 Barleycorn, bc. 3 Barleycorns
in. 12 Inches
ft. 3 Feet
yd. 5. Yards,or 16 } feet i Rod, pole or perch, pc. 40 Poles
fur. & Furlongs, or 320 poles 1 Mile, 3 Miles
1 League, 60 Geo. or 69 1 Stat. M. 1 Degree,
deg. 360 Degs. or equal parts, 1 Great circle of the earth. Note. This measure is applied to whatever has length without reference to breadth.
Some other terms are occasionally applied, such as a hand, a fathom, a chain, &c.
A hand is 4 inches, and used to measure the height of horses.
A chain is 100 links long, or 66 feet, or 4 rods, and used in measuring roads and lands.
Of Parsing. For the purpose of rendering the scholar familiar with the several parts of speech, and their various qualities, properties
and relations, he should be daily exercised in Parsing. To parse any part of speech, is nothing more than to tell its.
properties, qualities and relations; and to aid the mind in this exercise, specific rules are introduced. Rule 1. The Verb must agree with its subject, (or nomina
case,) both in number and in person. Note. If yon know the number and person of the subject of the verh, then will know the number and person of ihe verb, for they should always ve the same; if they are not, theu the language is bad and must be correcteil.
Mary writes a copy. Girls read books. Birds build on trees. James is at work. The dog barks at Hugh. Ann paints a
The sun shines. The wind blows. The boys whip tops.
Obs. The first sentence is parsed thus:-Mary is a noi! proper, third person, singular number, feminine gender, and the subject of the verb writes. Writes is a verb, for it expresses the action of Mary the agent; it is of the third person, and singular number; therefore it agrees with its subject; wecording to rule 1. A is an article, and refers to the noun copy in limitation. Copy is a noun common, third person, singular number, of no gender, and is the object of the verb writes.
SPELLING.--LESSON 33. nbso-trùm ăno-sết
Ön'-wârd pěn'-tile nurs'-ling or'-ris
pěr'-ish pip'-kin os'-tent pěr'-jūre pip'-pin
păl-lid pěst'-house pit-min nūt'-shell
pit'-saw nut'-trēē păs'-time
pět'-to pit'-fall öb?-long pěl'-vis pig'-gin
plănt'-ed ob'-ole pěn'-dent pig'-nut
plăt'-ěn pěnd'-ing pil'-grìm
pimp'-ing pol-lärd READING.LESSON 34.
The Ocean. 1. The Ocean is one of the most augustly sublime objects under the whole heavens!. It is the majestic spectacle of a liquid world without a shore', and bottomless! It rolls its bellowing surge from pole to pole', and upon its glassy wave', the reflected sun beams play', while huge Lapiaihan finds quiet bed below'.
2. Anon the winds are stirred'; the mirrror's face is broken up'; the mighty deep is troubled'. Wave' rolls on wave'; surge lashes surge', until the angry flood', chafed into rage', lodges its snow white caps', with deafning roar', amid the impending clouds!
2. Of Ocean's vast amount,' the little spheric drop that hangs upon the needle's point', contains no less than thirteen thousand minor globes'. How many globules must there be then, in the immeasured ocean's length', and breadth', and depth
4. No man can count the various kines of scaly herds that lave within this watery waste'. Among them', there are many thousand of rare and curious shapes'; some of surprising qualities', and a few of amazing size'.
5. Ocean's mystic sounds I hear',
Peal of unwonted things';
The hollow music rings';-
(7) Land Measure.
yd. 360 Feet, (or 30 1 yd.) 1 Rod or perch, rd. 40 Rods, (or 14400 ft.) 1 Rood,
4 Roods, (or 57600 ft.) 1 Acre, 640 Acres
1 Mile, Note. This measure is applied to lands and wha!ever has length and breadth; hence it is properly called solid measure.
(8) Cubic Measure. 1728 Inches
make 1 Solid foot, ft. 27 Solid feet
1 Solid yard, yd.
1 Ton, T.
4 ft. high and 4 ft. 1 Cord of wood, c.
wide, Note, This measure is used when things have length, breadth and depth; and is properly called solid measure
(9) Liquid Measure. 4 Gills (gi.)
make 1 Pint, 2 Pints
make 1 Gallon, gal. 311 Gallons
1 Barrell, bbl. 2 Barrels (or 63 gal.) 1 Hogshead, Hhd. 2 Hogsheads
1 Pipe or Butt, pi. 2 Pipes, (or 252 gal.) 1 Tun,
T. Note. This measure is used in buying and selling liquors of various kinds, #ut in some places a difference is made between wine and beer measure, 282 sulid inches make a gallon of beer, but 231, make a gallon of wine.
Of Nouns and Number. Nouns are of two numbers; the singular and the plural; and the singular noun may be made plural in various ways.
1. A noun in the singular number may generally be rendered plural by the addition of s; as book, books; pin, pins, &c.
2. When the singular noun ends in ch soft, sh, ss, s, or x, then the plural is formed by adding es, as: church, churches; lash, lashes; kiss, kisses; rebus, rebuses; box, boxes; When ch is bard, s only is added, as: arch, archs.
8. When the singular ends with o, es makes it plural, as: hero, heroes; if the o, however, follows another vowel, s is added, as: folio, folios.
4. When the noun singular ends in y, and has no other vowel in the syllable, the y is changed into ies in the plural; as: fly, ffies; baby, babies; but if the last syllable has another vowel in it, then s only is added to the y, as: boy, boys; key, keys.
5. When the singular noun ends in f, or fe, it is made plural by changing these letters into ves, as: half, halves; life, lives; but nouns that end in ff have s only in the plural; as: ruft, ruffs. Obs. It may
to observe that to these general rules, a few exceptions may be found. Valley and money, are often written vallies and monies.
SPELLING.--LESSON 37. prēW-äte pūl'-vil
săb'-bit pop'-gún prěl'-ūde púr'-blind
prěs'-to púr'-lòin råg'-stone pos'-së; prith'-ee
pur'-port Tăm-pant põs'-til prob'-lēm push'-ing
rămo-part pot'-ash púb'-lish push'-pin
pud'-ding pūt’-log. răts'-bāne pot'-ling púf'-fin răb'-bi
pul-pit răb'-bin råv'-ish
ring'-let red-hot rēl'-ish rěv'-ěl roso-trùm red'-shănk ren'-nět
rūb'-ish READING-LESSON 38.
Winter. 1. Now comes stern Winter', clad in frost' and snow', to shake the naked limbs of the leafless wood'. This season is the thrifty farmers pastime'. He now feasts upon the fat things of his labour in the heat of summer', and finds content'.
2. To the poor and pallid child of want' and wo', this season comes loaded with gloom', and shrouded thick in doubt'. This is his season of trial'; a rule to gague his faith ; a call to bid him summon to his aid his stock of patience', fortitude', and hope.
3. Stretched on his bed of straw', his limbs benumbed with frost', he drinks the cup of grief. Want sits upon his brow', lcan famine marches naked through his weather beaten cot', and the bleaching storm finds ready passage to his very
couch'. Hunger wastes his cheeks'; pain racks his bones', and foul disease preys upon his vitals'Come', charity' and healio', unlock your stores', and bid the poor man live'.
4. When winter reigns high', and nature looks drear',
When the sun hid by clouds', does scarcely appear';
(10) Dry Measure.
1 Quart, 4 Quarts, (269.8 in.)
gal. 2 Galions, (8 quarts,)
1 Peck, 4 Pecks, (2150.42 in)
1 Bushel, bu. 8 Bushels
qr. 4.1 Quarters, (36 bushels) “ 1 Chaldron, ch. Note. Dry measure is used for grain, fruit, salt, roots, coal, &c.
(11) Measure of Time.
1 Hour, 1. 24 Hours
1 Natural Day, d. 7 Days
1 Week 4 Weeks
1 Monih, mo. 12 Months