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Nore. There are 13 Lunar months in one year; also 52 weeks, 1 day and 6 hours; or 365 days, 6 hours. The 6 hours are not counted untill the fourth year, which has 366 days and is called Leap year. Hence, divide the given year by 4, and if nothing is left, it is then Leap year.

Measure of Circular Motion. 60 Thirds (1) make 1 Second, 60 Seconds

1 Minute, 60 Minutes

1 Degree, 30 Degrees

1 Sign of the heavens, 12 Signs, (or 360) 1 Great Circle of the heavens. Note. This table is used in measuring circles; all of which, whether great or small, are supposed to be divided in 360 equal parts.


Nouns and Number. 6. The names of things that are weighed or measured, have no plural; for number does not attach to them, as: oil, wine, wool, &c. But when the several kinds are spoken of, then the plural is used, as: the finer wools, the better wines, the sweeter oils, &c.

7. The nouns, pains, alms, riches, optics, politics, &c. are used in the plural form; but means and news, in the singular.

8. In some nouns, the plural is formed by changing oo into ee, as: foot, feet; tooth, teeth; &c. Man becomes men; and woman, women; ox, oxen; child, children; louse, lice; mouse, mice; pevny, pence, and pennies for coin; die, dice for play, and die, dies for coining.

9. Words from the dead languages distinguish number by different terminations, as: datum, data; basis, bases; axis, ax-. es; stratum, strata.

10. Some nouns from the Latin are both singular and plural, as: hiatus, apparatus, series, species, &c.

SPELLING.-LESSON 41. sắb-bắt'h ség'-měnt

shěr'-iff sil -văn săl'-vo

self'-ish shěr'-ris sim'-plist săm lặt self'-säme

sin'-fül sănd'-ăl sēn'-nă ship-măn

sit'-ting sănd'-ěd

sér’-pěnt ship’-ping skil-fûl sănd'-ish sēr'-rāte

shop'-bôôk skit'-tish sănd'-stone sét?-yằnt shop-măn

slănt'-ing sắpid

shăg-ged shot'-frē ē slăt'-těrn sáp-ling shěll'-fish sig'-năl

slip'-shod sắt-ire shelv'-ing

slip'-slop săv' in




The Reformed Brothers. 1. In the northern part of Georgia', lived a good old man', whose name was Carter'; he had two sons'; Bylus and Beltus'. These boys were bad by nature'; and worse by education'. Their wanton cruelty and wicked conduct, bore down the spirits of their aged parents', and brought their kind mother to a premature gravel

2. This solemn call made no deep lines upon their hard and frozen hearts'; for, in a few days, the event was forgotten', and they were rioting in acts of the most glaring outrage', which the powerful arm of the law was too weak to restrain'.

3. Mr. Carter was not a man of fortune', nor was he poor'; from a small piece of ground', of the first fertility', he had drawn', by careful labour', a full supply for all the reasonable wants of his family'; for he had tilled it with great skill', and success'.

4. The loss of his wife', however, the increasing vileness of his sons', and the daily troubles into which they contrived to involve him', brought him down', and he was confined to his bed'. A temperate', frugal course of living', aided by steady habits', had secured to this man a firm constitution', and good health

5. For some days', he struggled against his malady with a few faint symptoms of success'; but, at length’, nature yielded'; the victim was secured'; death laid his icy hand upon the devoted man's head', and summoned him to the untried world of spirits.


Addition of Compound Numbers. Rule. 1. Place the given numbers of the same name, under each other, separate the columns by dots, as in Federal money, and draw a line at the foot.

2. Begin with the right hand column, and work as in addition of whole numbers.

3. Divide the amount by as many of that name, as will make one in the next greater name.

4. Set the remainder, if any, under the column added; if not, then place a cypher there.

5. Carry the quotient produced by division, to the next higher name; and in this way add all the given columns.

The Proof is the same as in addition of Federal money. NOTE. In the management of compound numbers, observe in all cases to carry from a lower to the next higher name, for as many in the lower as equals one in the higher. £ d. £ S' d.

qr. Thus: (1) 3 3 4


2 6 1 2


6 3 8 6 3

6 5 1 6 3 2

23 13 11 0

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(2) 3

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3. Add £632 77 6, 2; £47 17 8 3; £198 14 11 1; and £532 13 ng 3 and find their amount. 4. Add £2172 6 6 0; £17

3; £9 , 16 8 1, and £106 »

11 8 0, and find their amt.

Troy Weight. (1) lbs. OZ. dwt. (2) lb. OZ. 48 10



19 20

55 9 13 6

1470 11 4 17
8 3

387 3 8 5
13 9 11

10 5 7 12

dwt. gr.


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3. Add Ibs. 216 4

20; lbs. 117 10 30; lb. 1

2 1

19, and lbs. 177 en 11 7. GRAMMAR.-LESSON 44.

Exercises in Parsing.
The dog draws John's new sledge on the ice daily.

The is an article, referring to the noun dog, in limitation; dog is a noun common, third person, singular number, masculine gender, and the subject of the verb draws; draws is a verb, of The third person, singular number, and agrees with its subject according to rule 1. John's is a noun proper, third person, singular number, masculine gender, and refers to the noun sledge in possession; new is an adjective, and refers to the noun sledge in quality; sledge is a noun common, third person, singular number, of neither gender, and the object of the verb draws; on is a preposition, referring to the noun ice in relation; the, is an article referring to the noun ice in limitatation; ice is a noun common, third person, singular number, of neither gender, and in the objective case after the preposition on; daily is an adverb, and refers to the rerb draws in modification.


John sows Simon's grain in the field very evenly. Men love men's works. Boys play with the boy's ball on the green. The woman washes the girl's frocks often. John's knife cut Joseph's finger severely. The blood run fast from Joseph's finger. Water is the fishes' element, and the air is the birds' element. Time's flight is rapid.

SPELLING.-LESSON 45. slúg'-gish spig'-nă ] stănd'-ård

stúf'-fing slūť-tish spir'-it

stănd'-ing sub'-urb snăg'-ged spit'-tăl

stănd'-ish súl'-tăn snăp'-pish spit-těd

stăn'-ză súm'-mit snip'-snap splěn'-did stěl'-lěr sum'-món sõľ-id splěn'-ish

stěl'-lāte sun'-burnt sol'-věnt spring'-halt

sun'-like sõn'-nět

spring'-tide stig'-mă sun'-sēt sor'-did spur'-ling still-life sun'-shine sot-tish stăg'-gărd străp'-ping

sūr'-nāme spăv'-in stag-nent strip'-ling

súr'-plus spěnd'-thrift stăg'-nāte stūb'-běd

READING.-LESSON 46. 6. When Mr. Carter found his time was come', he sent for the boys', that he might intreat them for the last time', to leave their ways of vice' and folly,' and choose the path of peace which he had trod'; a course which had sustained him through life', and which now gave him hope in the hour of death'.

7. When the boys came in and beheld the pale face of their dying father', and the havock which disease had made', they started back', gave each other a look', and burst into tears'.

8. After the first surges of feeling were a little over', the good man reached them his hand', and', in a feeble voice', told ther he was just leaving the world'; and that he was also leaving them', sunk deep in disgrace and moral ruin'.

9. The spectacle of dissolving nature which you now behold in your dying father, calls on you to drop your sinful course of life', and prepare for the same great change'; for you must meet me at the bar of God, at which I am now about to appear'. In a few moments my pallid face will be a glass in which you may see your own'.

10. The worldly portion which I leave you', is small. I can give you my blessing', and the little spot of earth that has given me support. Of these', I make you joint and equal licirs. Do', my sons', have so much regard for me', when I

&m gono', as not to part with these', but hold them and enjoy them jointly

11. The little treasure which I have scraped together', lies buried in the vineyard', only a few inches below the ground'; but I am too far gone to show you where!. If you dig it over carefully you will soon find it'. ADDITION OF COMPOUND TERMS.LESSON 47.

Hvoirdupoise Weight.
Iw. (2) cwt. qr.


15 3 2 15 12 2 21 9 6

4 12 4 9 19 1 0 14 7
82 15


10 11 3 16 0 15

(1) T.

cwt. qr.

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3 6 Ans. 3. Add, 12T. 19 2 24 14 11; 19T. 6 2 15 8 4, and 27lbs. 12 15.

Apothecaries Weight. (1) lbs. 3 -3 (2) lbs. 3 3

qr. 8 3 2 2

16 11 77 2 19 16 2 5 1

36 6 5 1 17 12 0 2 1 72 5 6 2 15

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36 6 2 1 3. Add, 118lbs 1 5 2 15; 16lbs. 11 19; 150lbs

9 6 2 19 into one sum.

Masculine and Feminine Genders.

Some nouns that are of neither gender, are often converted to the masculine or feminine gender by a figure of speech.

1. The sun, time, vice, &c. are called masculine; and a ship, city, country, gun, watch, moon, virtue, &c. are termed feminine.*

2. The gender of some nouns is known by different words, as: man, woman; bachelor, maid; father, mother; son, daughter; king, queen; uncle, aunt; lad, lass; Mr., Mrs.; master, miss; drake, duck; buck, doe; stag, hind, &c.

3. The gender of other nouns is known by different terminations, as: abbot, abbess; actor, actress; patron, patroness; lion, lioness.

4. The gender of another class of nouns is determined by, placing before the noun, another noun, or pronoun, or an arl

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