floats upon

growth with the rise of the water', so that its summit always

the surface'. Jane. Asia produces many valuable commodities'; Teal, Coffee' Sugar,' and Rice.'

Ma. That is the country too, of rich silks' and satin'; the produce of worms of which they must keep many millions to supply the world with such vast quantities of those articles'.

Weights and Measures.-Cubic Measure.
(1) In 36 cords of wood, how many

36 X 128=4608 feet.
(2) Bring 19 tons of round timber into cubic feet.

Ans. 760 feet.
(3) Bring 14 tons of hewn timber into cubic inches.

Ans. 1209600 inches. (4) Bring 5667840 cubic inches into tons?

Ans. 82 tons. (5) Bring 4608 cubic feet into cords. Ans. 36 cords.

(6) A's wood pile is 96 feet long, 5 feet high, and 4 feetwide, how many cords?

Ans. 15 cords.
Liquid Measure.
(1) In 17 quarts, how many pints?

Ans. 34 pints.
(2) Bring 28 gallons into quarts. 28 X4=112 qts. Ans.
(3) Bring 5 hhds. into gallons. Ans. 315 gallons.
(4) Bring 110 gallons to pints. Ans. 880 pints.
(5) Bring 10080 pints into tuns.

Ans. 5 tuns. (6) Bring 8 bbls. each 31 gallons into pints.

Ans. 2016 pints.

The inflection of the regular verb walk.

Indicative Mood.
Present Tine. Imperfect Tense.
Singular Number. Singular Number.
1st per. I walk, I walked,

Past Participle 2d do You walk, You walked,

Walked. 3d do He, she, or He, she, or it walk

it walks.

Plural Number. Plural Number. 1st per. We walk, We walked, Past Participle 20 de You walk, You walked,

Walked. 3d do They walk. They walked.



Obs. 1. In the solemn and poetic styles, the second person singular, in both the above tenses, is thou;—and the second person plural, is, ye, or you.

The verb, to agree with the second person singular, changes its termination. Thus: 2d person, sing. Pres. Tense Thou walkest, or

Thou walketh. Imperfect Tense Thou walkedsl. In the third person singular, in the above styles, the verb has sometimes a different termination. Present Tense, He, she, or it walks or walketh.

Obs. 2. The above form of inflection may be applied to all verbs used in the solemn or poetic styles; but for ordinary pur" poses, I have supposed it proper to employ the form of the verb, adopted in cornmon conversation, as least perplexing to young minds.

SPELLING.-LESSON 29. earth-en ērt'h'n el-der ěl'dūr er-mine ěr'min earth-ly ērt'h'lē em-bers ěm'bŭrz er-rand ēr'rănd earth-y ért'he em-met ěm'mit

er-rour ēr'rūr eb-on ěb'ün

em-press ěm'prés es-cort ěs'kòrt ech-0 ēk'ko emp-ty ěm-të

es-say ěs'sa ec-logue èk log end-less čnd'lės es-sence és sense ed-der ěd'dūr

en-gine ěn'jin etch-ing ětsh'ing ed-dy ēd'de

en-sign ěn'sīne eth-icks ět'h'iks edg-ed ědj'éd en-trails ěn'trils

ev-er ěy'ūr edg-ing ědj'ing en-trance ě n'trănse fab-rick făbʻrik cdg-less ědj'les en-try n'tre

fac-tion făk'shún edg-tool ēdj'tool en-voy ěn'vônē

fac-tious făk'shús edg-wise ědj' wize en-vy ěn'vē fac-tor făk'tūr el-bow ěl'bo ep-ick ép'ik fac-ture făk'tshŭre


Silks, Silk Worms, Silk Insects, fc. Mary. I hope Mamma will tell us something now about the making of silks'.

Mu. The management of silk worms is pretty much the same in all parts of the world where they are kept.' They are reared in appropriate houses', placed in the centre of a mulberry plantation', and carefully watched night and day!

Jane. I should suppose it must be very amusing employment to attend them', and observe their several changes'. First a small worm coming from an egg's-growing larger! and larger', and casting its skin several times'; then a large white worm', when it ceases to eat', and begins to form its silken ball. This it fixes to a paper cone'; on the third day', iť hides from view', and on the tenth', the work is done!

Ma. At that time', the silk must be wound off', or the worin will pierce the ball in its


out'. Jane. The worm is now changed into a dark, brown grub, or chrysalis', which appears nearly lifeless'; but, at a proper time', out comes a beautiful white moth from the dark covering! This moth lays the egg for the supply of worms the next year'; flutters about in the rays of the sun, for a little while', and then dies'.

Mary. The silk is taken and manufactured into sattins', sarsenets', and ribbons'; and worn by all ranks of people throughout the civilized world'.

Ma. In Chilia, they have what they call the silk insect'; they propagate without culture', and spin their silk in long filaments which are hung to shrubs and trees'. These are collected, and worked into a kind of silk, not so handsome as the silk worm silk', but much more durable'; it washes well', and is sold at a higher price'.


Weighis and Measures-Dry Measure. (1) In 13 quarts, how many pints? 13X2=26 pts. Ans. (2) Bring 32 pecks to quarts.

Ans. 256 qts. (3) Bring 7 bushels to pecks.

Ans. 28 pks. (4) Bring 12 bushels to pints.

Ans. 768 pts. (5) Bring 480 quarts to bushels.

Ans. 15 bush. (6) Bring 24bu 1pk 2qts lpt to pints,

Ans. 1557 pts. Measure of Time. (1) Bring 30 minutes to seconds. 30 X 60=1800 sec. Ans. (2) Bring 12 hours to minutes. 12 X 60=7200 min. Ans. (3) Bring 12 years to months.

Ans. 144 mo. (4) Pring 121800 seconds into hours. Ans. 33h. 50m. (5) Bring 3d 5h 29m into minutes. Ans. 4649 min. (6) From 20 March to 19th Nov. how many days?

Ans. 261 days. GRAMMAP.LESSON 32.

Indicative Mood. Obs. The Perfect Tense or time of a verb is formed by using The helping verb, have, before the past participle, and the Plitperfect, by using had, Past time.

Perfect Time.

Pluperfect Time.
Singular Number.

Singular Number.
1st per. I have walked, I had walked,
20 do You have walked, You had walked,
3d do He, she, or it has He, she, or it had walked.

walked. Plural Number.

Plural Number. 1st per. We have walked, We had walked. 2d do You have walked, You had walked, 3d do They have walked. They had walked.

Solemn and Poetic Styles.
Thou hast walked.

Thou hadst walked,
Ye, or you have walked, Ye, or you, had walked,
He, she, or it, hath walked. He, she, or it, had walked.

SPELLING, LESSON 33. 1ad-dle făd'ai feath-er fět'h'ur fer-vour fěr'vůr tag-ot făgūt feb-rile feb'ril fes-ter fes'tūr tal-low făl'lo fel-ler fel'lūr fes-tive fěs'tiv fam-ine făm'in fel-loe fello fetch-er fetsh'ūr fan-cy făn'sē fel-low fello fet-lock fět'lók fan-gle făn'g! fel-ly fěl'le fet-ter fět'tur lang-less făng'lés fel-on fěl'ún fib-ber fib'búr fan-tasm făn'tăzm fen-cer fěn'súr fick-le fik'kl fash-ion făsh'un fen-der fen'dur. fic-tion fik'shún fas-ten făs'sn fen-ny fen'ne fic-tious fik'shữs fast-er făstur fer-ret fěr'rit fid-dle fiddl fast-ness făst něs fer-rule fěr'ril fid-dler fid'dlůr fath-om făt'h'úm fer-ry fěr'rē fidg-et fidjesit fat-ly făt'le fer-tile fěr'til

READING.–LESSON 34. The China Tallow Tree, Common Soap, &c. Mary. When speaking of the products of Asia', I was in hopes', Ma', you would say something of the Chinese Tallort tree of which the Captain spokel.

Ma. I can tell you now all that I know of it', which', by the by,'is not much'. That country is said to produce a tree called by the name which the Captain used', whose fruit is a nut, of three kernels, imbedded in a substance which answers afi the purposes of tallow'. The inhabitants use it for candles" and lamps: Mary. Can you describe the tree, Mar?

Ma. The tree is of the size of our common cherry treener its leaves are of a deep red', and its fruit resembles our brows chestnut'.

Jane. I expect candles made of such fruil', are much better, and more delicate than those made of animal fat'.

Ma. And yet the animal fat of which you speak with so little apparent approbation', is the source of all our cleanliness'.

Mary. Now, Ma, I expect you mean to rally us'. 0! I think I know what Ma means'; she is going to speak of soap'. No'; I must be wrong'; soap is not made of animal fat', for we generally use it in washing to remove the fat'. Ma, But,


I tell
that all


is made of animal fat'? This is done by boiling the fat or grease in lye'. The lye is a mixture of water, and the ashes of burnt vegetables'. A little common sall', I believe', is some times added'. It is then boiled and dried in long wooden moulds', and cut in bars for use'.


Measure of Circular Motion. 1. Bring 24 degrees to minutes. 24 X 60=1440m. Ans. 2. Bring 5 signs to minutes.

Ans. 10800m. 3. Bring 1020300 seconds into signs. Ans. 98 - 12° - 25'. 4. Bring s4 3 - 18 - 27 into seconds. Ans. 443907.

Proiniscuous Exercises in Reduction. 1. Bring 98 furlongs into miles.

Ans. m12 - 2. 2. Bring T.8 15cwt. to cwts.

Ans. 175cwt. 3. Bring 157 shillings to pounds. Ans. £ - 17.


Indicative Mood. Obs. The first future tense is formed by using the helping verbs shall and will with the present tense of the verb; and the second future by using shall have, and will have, with the past tense.

First Future Tiine.
Singular Number.

Plural Number:
I shall or will walk, We shall or will walk,
2d " You shall or will walk, You shall or will walk,
3d " He, she or it shalloor They shall or will walk.

will walk.

Ist p.

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