6. Change 224 Spanish pistoles to £. New York currency, and then to dolls.

Ans. £324 - 16 $812. 7. Change 224 French pistoles to £. New York currency, and then to dollars.

Ans. £313 - 12 $784. GRAMMAR.-LESSON 6.

The Potential Mood. The Potential mood is used to express a possibility, a liberty, a will, or an obligation; as: She may live. John can read. Joseph would ride. Boys should study. The helping verbs which form the potential mood, are, may, can, must, will, shall, mnight, could, would, and should. To these are applied. only four of the tenses, to wit: the present, the imperfect, the perfect, and the pluperfect. I

Obs. 1. The present tense of the Potenlial mood is formed by using the helping verbs, inay, cail, musi, will, or shall, before the given verb.

Potential Mood.--Present Time.
Singular Number.

Plural Number, 1st p. I may, can, must shall We may, can, must shall or or will walk,

will walk, 2d. “ You may, can, must, You may, can, must, shall or shall or will walk,

will walk, 3d “ He, she, or it may, can, They may, can, must, shall or

must, shall or will will walk.

walk. Solenn Style, 6c. Thou mayest, canst, must, sbalt or wilt walk.

Obs. 2. Must has no variation in its termination when used in either style.

Imperfect Time. OBs. 3. The Imperfect time of the Potential mood is formed by using, might, could, would or should before the verb. Singular Number.

Plural Number. Ist p. I might, could, would We might, could, would or or should walk,

should walk, 28 “ You might, could, would You might, could, would or or should walk,

should walk, 3d “ He, she or it, might, They might, could, would or

could, would or should walk.
should walk.

[ocr errors]

SPELLING.--LESSON 9. Iratch-et hătsh'it

hec-tor hěk'tūr hatch-way hătsh'wă hedge-hog hědjeshög hat-ter hăt'tur

hedge-row hědje'ro haunt-er håntūr

hedg-er hědj'ūr hav-ock hăy'vuk

heif-er hef'für haz-zard hāz'urd

hel-met hěl'mit head-ach hěd'āke

help-er help úr head-dress hěd'drés

help-less helpʻlēs head-er hěd'ūr

hem-lock hěm'lok head-land hěd lănd

hemp-en hěmpʻpn head-less hěd'lės.

her-bage ěr'bidje head-long hěd’long

her-bous ěr'būs head-man hed màn

her-by čr'be head-stall hěd'stă]

her-on her'ún head-stone hěd'stone hic-cough hik'kup head-y hěd'é

hid-den hid'dn health-ful hélth'ful

hig-gle hig'g! health-less hélth'lės

hil-lock hillók health-y hélth'ē

hil-ly hillē heav-en hěv'vn

hin-der hin'dur heavy hev've

hith-er bith'ùr hec-tick hěk'tik di

.. hob-by ho bé READING.--LESSON 10.

The way to make parties useful. Mary. What a charıoing party', Ma', we had last evening': I am highly pleased with such parties'.

Ma. I know of no way in which a short time may', now and then', be past more pleasing than in a circle of well informed and unaffected persons'.

Jane. But', Ma', I am sure formal companies must be very irksome!

Ma. Companies should not be formal'; if they are so, it is the fault of those who compose it'. You observed we were no ways formal yesterday'.

Jane. Oh no! because we all liked each other'; and we met for the express purpose of pleasing' and being pleased'.

Ma. Now', my daughter', you have artlessly, but correctly defined the way of making all social circles what they should be';-a source of pleasure', of information', and of general benevolence'.

Mary. But', Ma', did you notice the large pearls, so tastefully arranged in Miss Midmay's hair?

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Ma. I saw them', and admired them'; but I still more admired the gentle deportment, and unaffected manners of the beautiful wearer! I should be happy', my daughters', to have you cultivate her acquaintance', and mark her amiable behaviour'.

Mary. She told me', Ma', that her pearls came from the East Indies'.

Ma. Yes'; the seas that surround that country, yield the large oyster from which the best pearls are taken'.

REDUCTION.-LESSON 11. Exercises in the Exchange of Currencies. (8) Change £236 Sterling, to Federal money, and then to £ New-York currency.

£236 X $4.444,=$1048.784 X8-20= £419 16 6 2

(9) Change £19 - 10 Sterling, to dollars, and then to f. New England currency. Ans. $86.58 £25 - 19 - 5 - 3.

(10) Change £2565 - 10 Sterling, to dollars, and then to Georgia currency Ans. $11330.82 £2657 - 17 -1 -3. (11) Change 672 crowns to £ Sterling, and then to dolls.

Ans. £168. $745.92. (12) Change 978372 shillings Sterling, to dollars.

978372 X 22.2=$217198.58.4. (13) How many crowns worth $1.10, may be had in 364 Moidores, worth $6 each?

Ans. $1985.46 nearly. (14) A Spanish Pistole is worth 29s in New York, how many of them will equal $1236?

Ans. 3401
Obs. 1. The perfect time or tense of the polential mood is
formed by using the helping verbs, muy have, can hare, must
have, shall have, and will have, before the past participle.

Perfect Time. Potential Mood.
Singular Number.

Plural Number. 1st per, I may have walked, We shall have walked, 2d do You can have walked, You will have walked, 3d do He must have walked. They may have walked.

OBS. 2. The pluperfect tense of this mood is formed by using the helping verbs, might have, could have, should have, or would have, before the past participle.

Pluperfect Time.--Polential Mood.
Singular Number.

Plural Number. Ist per. I might have walked, We might have walked, 2d do

You might have walked, You might have walked, 3d do He, she, or it, might They might have walked:

have walked,

[merged small][ocr errors]

hot-ly hot'lē

Obs. 3. In the Solemn and Poetic styles, all the helping verbs, in the second person singular, attached to this mood, change their terminalion, except the helping verb, inust;--that has no change in any case.

SPELLING. LESSON 13. hoga-head högs'hěd hov-el hov'il hur •ry

hur're hog-sty hog'sti hoy-er hủy'ur hurt-er hurt'ur hog-wash hög'wăsh house-wife hús'wif hurt-less hŭrt'lės hol-loiv hollo huck-ster hūk'stur hus-band hūz'bănd lol-1y hällẽ

hud-dle hūd'u husk-y husk'e hol-ster hol'stūr hul-ly hulle

hus-sy hủz'zē hoin-age om'āje Jium-bird humour husbtle husotl hon-est õn'ést hum-ble üm'bl hymn-ing him’ing hon-ey bün'nē hum-bly um'ble hys-sop hiz'zup hon-our õn nữr hun ger hung'gür ill-ness iľnės hop-per hõppur hun-gry hung-grē im-age im'midje hor-rour hör'rur. hun-ter hùn'tūr in-cense in'sense hos-tile hos'til hun-tress hủn'trés in-cest în sést host-ler öst'lūr hur-ler húrlur in-come in'kům

hur-ly hur'le in-dex in'děks hot-ness hot'nės


Diving for Pearls. Mary. Come', sister', quit your work and draw near the fire'; Ma will tell us something about East India Pearls'. Ma. You form your conclusions quicle', young lady' I did

I would converse about pearls'. Miary. But', Ma', I think you meant so', though you did not say so'.

Ma. Your laudable desire to gain knowledge', induces me to gratify you!

Jane. We shall be highly gratified', Ma', and very thankful'. You said the pearl was obtained from the large oysler); pray how do they get there?

Ma. They are formed in the shelf'; but the cause that produces them in the shell is not known'.

Jane. Are the oysters casily procured?

Mr. By no means'; this species of oyster lies at the bottoni of deep water'; and the only mode of procuring them', is bv diving!

Mary. Why Ma'! diving down to the bottom of the sea! How is it done

not say

Ma. The divers', by tying stones to their bodies", sink themselves where the oysters are supposed to lie'; and when at the bottom', fill their bags with then', and are then drawn up'; they empty their bags', and immediately sink again'. Some divers will stay down a quarter of an hour'.

Jane. How surprising is the power of habit'! We could not stay five minutes'.

Ma. The oysters are thrown into a pile', and covered with sand', where the fleshy part rots'; they are then sifted"; the pearls collected', cleansed', polished and bored', and soon after appear on the flowing locks of youthful beauty!



Exercises in the Currencies. 15. A. of Boston owes B. of Philadelphia, £250 of B's currency, 7s 6d to the dollar, how many dollars must he send him to pay the debt? Thus: In s7 - 6 are 15 sixpences, in Li are 40 sixpences, and L260 X 40=10,000--15-=$666 - 66 nearly, hence multiply by forty and divide by fifteen.

16. The dollar in Georgia is worth 4s 8d, and B. of New York owes L1000 there; how many dollars must he send to pay the debt? L1000 X 20=20,000s X 12=240,000d; and 4X12+8=56d, then 240,000 --- 56=$2485.715.

17. B. of New York, owes C. of London L652 - 10, for: what number of dollars will he draw on B. at 4s 6d each?

Ans. $2900. 18. How many dollars must A. send from Boston to pay a debt of L720 in New York, where the dollar is 8s?

Ans. $1800. 19. A. of Boston was in France and borrowed 500 pistoles, for which he drew on a house in New York; how many dolls. paid the demand?

Ans. 1833.50. GRAMMAB.LESSON 16.

Exercises in Parsing. Rule 16. When verbs are coupled by conjunctions, expressed or implied, then they must have the same mood and lime. And if in the subjunctive mood, they must have the same form.

As: The child rides and walks alternately. In this sentence', the verbs vides and walks, are both in the indicative mood and present tense; and they agree, respectively, with the subject, chitd, in the third person, singutar number.

« 前へ次へ »