We were,
You were;

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You was,

Imperfect Time.
Singular Number.

Plural Number.
1st person I was,
3d Ve, she, or it was. They were.
Solemn and Poetic styles, 2d person singular, thou wast..

Perfect Time.
Ist per. I have been,

We have been,
2d You have been,

You have been. 3d He, she, or it has been. They have been.

Solemn and Poetic styles, 2d person singular, thou hast been.

SPELLING.LESSON 45. naph-tha năf't'hă nim-bly nim'ble nup-tial núp shal nap-les8 năples

nin-ny win'nē nurs-er nùrsóūs thap-py nắp pẽ nip-per nippúr nur-ture nŭr'tshūre nar-row năr'ro nip-ple nip'pl nus-tle nüs's! nas-ty năs'të

nit-id nit'tid nuz/zle nūz'zl neck-lace něk lāse nit-ly nit'lē ob-ject ob'jěkt nec-tar něk'tūr -noc-turn nõk'túrn oc-tant ok'tănt nith-er nit'h'ūr nod-der nod'dūr oc-tile ok'til nephrew nevũ

nod-dle nod'dl oc-tave ok'tave nerve-less něrv'lēs nod-dy nod'dē odd-le õd'lē nerv-ous něr'vūs

non-age nõn’ādje odd-ness öd'nės

non'suit non'sūte of-fal of ful nest-egg něst'ég nos-le noz'zl of-fer of für nes-tle měs's! nov-ice nõy'vis of-fice offis net-work nět' wůrk nour-ish nur'ish off-set of'sět nev-er něy'ūr

nox-ious nõks'shús off-spring of spring nib-ble nib'bl num-ber núm'búr of-ten oftěn nig-gard nig'gurd numb-ness núm'něs oft-times oft'timz nim-ble nim'bl

READING.--LESSON 46. Mary. Ma', I have been thinking that the labour of picking and cleaning cotton', must be a slow and tasteless employment'; and that it must require the time of a great many wo men! But what course does the cotton take' after it is packed for market'?

Ma. It is exported to foreign countries, and committed to the hands of the manufacturer.' Cotton constitutes an article of immense trade'; it employs a vast cash capital', and gives encouragement to many thousands of industrious menl woanen', and children."

nerv-y něry'ē

Jane. Yes'; for the raw material must be picked', carded', spun', wove and bleached', before it comes into our hand'. Ma', perhaps', will tell us something of the manufactory of this article'?

Ma. I would most cheerfully', had I the least hopes of making you understand it'. I can only say it passes through a great variety of operations'; and the machinery' by which these are effected', is more curious and beautiful than you can imagine

Mary. Machine, I suppose, means an engine'; and export implies carried out of the country'; while import, its opposite, (a word which you used just now) is to bring into a country. Thus, we export cotton',and import silks'.

Ma. You are right', my child'. It gives me pleasure to see that you attend with care to the nice meaning of terms'.

Jane. Does the machinery go by hand?

Ma. Not generally'; for the whole requires an immense power'; for the production of which', a steam engine is used'.

Mary. When we visit the factories with you', Ma', you can then explain the engine and machinery, so that we shall understand it'; we will therefore suspend our enquiries for a season'.


Reduction of Fractions. The method of Reducing Vulgar Fractions to Decimals.

Rule. 1. Add a cypher to the right of the numerator, and divide by the denominator.

2. Continue the operation while a remainder is left, or to any necessary degree of accuracy; the quotient will be the answer in decimals. Thus: (1) Reduce j of unity to a decimal.

8)3.0(.375 Ans.


60 56


Note. In this operation the numerator, 3, is regarded as a whole number, and the point placed immediately after it. The cyphers added have the places of decimals, and the pointing off accords with the rule given in the division of decimals.

(2) Reduce 4, 1, \, 4, and 3, to their respective decimals.

(3) Reduce , }, j, ], and is, to their respective decimals,

The proof of the foregoing operation is the same as in the division of whole numbers, but in pointing, follow the rule ja the multiplication of decimals. Thus: .375


3.000 Proof of the first example.

The inflection of the Neuter Verb, To Be.

Indicative Mood--Pluperfect Time.
Singular Number.

Plural Number. ist per. I had been,

We had been, -2d do You had been,

You had been, 3d do He, she, or it, had They had been.

been. Solemn and Poetic styles, 2d person, singular No. Thon hadst been.

First Future Time, Ist per. I shall be,

We shall be, 2d do You shall be,

You shall be, 3d do He, she, or it, shall They shall be.

be. Solemn and Poetic styles, 2d person, singular No. Thou shalt be.

Second Future Time. 1st per. I shall have been,

We shall have been, -20 do You will have been," You will have been, 3d do He, she, or it, will They will have been.

have been. Solemn and poetic styles, 2d per. sing. Thou wilt have been:

SPELLING.-LESSON 49. one-ness wŭn'nės pad-dle pěd'd1

par-ry păr're on-ion un'yún pad-dock păd'dúk pas-chal păs'kăl op-tic õp'tik pad-lock păd’lók pas-quin păs'kwin op-tion op'shủn pal-ace pălăs pas-sage păs'sidje os-trich os'tritsh pal-ate păllăt pass-er păs'sur oth-er út'h'ūr pal-ette păl lit pass-ing păs'ing ot-ter ot'tūr pall-mell pěl'měl pass-ion păsh'un ov-en úv'vn pam-per păm păr pass-ive passiv oX-eye oks'i

pan-cake pinkake pass-port pas pört ox-heal öks'hile pan-dict pănodelt pas-tor pasotus

The large

ox-fly õks'fli pan-el pān nil pas-ture păs'tshūre ox-lip öks'lip pan-ick Đănonik

pas-ty păs'te 0.x-stall õks'stal pan-ther păn’thur patch-er patshữa ox-tongue öks tăng pan-try pin'trẻ pat-ent păt'tent pack-age på k'aje pap-ous păp'pūs pat-ly păt'lē Pack-er Đăkoku

pap-py pap'рё pat-tine păt'tin pack-et påk'kit par-rot păr'rūt pat-tern păt'túrn pad-der păd'dūr


The Printing of Calicoes, &.c. Jane. A part of the cloth made from cotton', is appropriated to calicoes; the printing of which, I should suppose, would afford some amusement'.

Ma. Many parts of the operation is quite inviting! The small patterns are imprinted by small blocks, similar to your method of stamping letters'; but the larger', are stamped by being impressed by a roller.

Mary. How are furniture prints managed? bunches of flowers must be


difficult'. Ma. In those prints, the outlines are first made by a stamp or roller, and then the cloth is spread upon long table', on each side of which, stand the painters'; one paints the red', another, the blue'; a third, the green', and a fourth, the yellow! Some work the brown stalk', and others tint the leaves'.

Mary. I think', Jane', that employment would please you'.

Ma. The noise of the workfolks', the warmth of the room', and the smell of the paint', detract much from the pleasure of the artist'. As the calico receives the different colours', it passes along the table, till the whole piece is finished'. It is then pressed', measured', rolled upon a board', marked', and ready for market'.


Reduction of Decimals. The method of Reducing Compound Terms, to their proper

Decimal value. RULE. 1. Place the given Compound terms in a perpendicular column, with the lowest term at the top.

2. Draw a line on the left, near and parallel to the column of terms, on the left of which, and opposite to each term, place such a number, as will redace it io the next superior term.

3. Divide the upper term, and place the quotient on the right of the term below it for a dividend.

4. Continue to divide all the terms in the column in the same way, and the last quotient will be the true decimal. Thus: (1) Reduce £0 - 13 - 6 - 3 to the decimal of a £:

4 | 3.00

[blocks in formation]

.678125 Ans. (2) Reduce £0 - 19 - 9 - 2 to the decimal of a £.

Ans. .989583. (3) Reduce lbs. O 13oz 15d. to the decimal of a pound.

Ans. .8719375. (4) Reduce hhd 0 24g 24 1pt, to the decimal of a Hhd.

Ans. .390873. (5) Reduce 4mo 3w 5d 16h 37m 42 sec. to the decimal

of a year.

If we are,

Subjunctive Mood.-Present Time,

First Form.
Singular Number'.

Plural Number:
1st per. If I am,
2d do If you are,


you are, 3d do If he, she, or it is.

If they are:

Imperfect Time. 1st per. If I was,

If we were, 2d do If you was,


you were, 3d do Ifhe, she, or it was.

If they were: Second Form.--Present Tiine. 1st per. If I be,

If we be, 2d do If you be,

If you be, 3d do If he, she, or it, be.

If they be.
Imperfect Time.
If I

If we were, 2d do If you were,

If you were, 3d do If he, she, or it, were.

If they yere. Note, The other tenses of this mood, are the same as the corresponding tenses of the indicative mood, except will, is not used in the second future fire,

1st per.

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