ページの画像
PDF
[ocr errors]

READING.---LESSON 18. 4. Mary', however', had learned that most objects have a fair side, and a dark side'; and that while the one pleases the eye', the other should instruct the inind': Hence, the out side show of things, did not dazzle her senses'.

5. She naturally wished to please', and did not fail to do so'; but she often felt hurt at the trash which the older scholars poured into her ears'. While stung by their flattery, she one day wrote the following lines and left them on her desk'.

This body must die'; this frame must decay',
And the features you praise, must crumble to clay';
But the mind never dies'; releas'd from its load',

It mounts to the skies', and dwells with its God'. 6. Mary was at Pine Hill, four years'; and she always ranked with pupils much older than herself". Her whole frame was delicate', but her mind, quick and acute'; and her memory, retentive'. On her return to her father's house', she was taken ill', and her parents concluded they would travel with her.

ARITHMETIC.--LESSON 19. Obs. The second primary rule in Arithmetic is Subtraction..

Der. Subtraction teaches a method of taking a less number from a greater, and showing the difference.

The larger number is called the minuend; and the less, the subtrahend, and the difference between them, the remainder.

RULE 1. Write the larger given number first; then, the lesser given number under it, placing units under units, and tens under tens, &c. and draw a line.

2. Begin at the place of units, and take the lower figure from that which stands directly over it, and place the difference below the line, and under the lesser number.

Proof. Add the difference and lesser number together, and, if right, the amount will be equal to the greater number. Thus (1)

(2)

(3)
346 Minuend. 4325 64534 356428
234 Subtrehend. 3214 53322 135216

112 Remainder,

346 Proof. Obs. It oflen kappens that the lower figure is larger than the uper, but then it may be taken from 10, and the difference may be added to the upper figure; the amount must be placed below the line for the true remainder. One, however, must be carried

lo the next lower, left hand figure. This is called borrowing
ten, and carrying one to pay it.
Thus: (5)

(6)
(6)

(7)
(7)

(8)
625468 83215678 45678902 374345268
434685

3654789116598093 185656789

[ocr errors][graphic]
[ocr errors]

9. It would grieve me sore to wound thee's

Pain my heart to do thee harm';
Keep not buzzing thus around me';
Tease me not', for I am warm'.

10. Go and play on yonder ceiling,

Safe from every wayward storm';
Go and trust an honest feeling';
None will come to do thee harm'.

Little son of summer', go';
Prithee, do not tease me so'.
SUBTRACTION. LESSON 23.

Exercises in Subtraction. 1. B. has 56 marbles, and A. has 19; now let B. give A. 12, and which will have the most? 19+12=31, A's marbles; and 56-12=44, B's marbles; and 44-31=13.

Answer, B. has 13 the most. 2. D's basket has 107 apples in it, C's has only 39; what is the difference?

Answer, 68. 3. A. has 9612 dollars in the bank; and he drew out 201 for B. and 1147 for C.; how much has he left : Ans: 8264.

4. Columbus discovered America in 1492, and it is now 1827; how many years have elapsed ? Answer. 335.

5. John has three purses; in one he has 217 cents, in another, 169, and in the third, 511; but Mark put his money, 1059 cents, into one purse; which has the most ? ;

GRAMMAR.—-LESSON 24.

The fifth part of speech. The fifth part of speech is the adjective ;—its office is to refer to the noun or name, and express some quality or property attached to it.

Thus: Good boys, fine girls, high hills, old pens, new books, blue sky, black clouds, tall trees, round balls, ripe plums, cold days, dark nights, old houses, red cows.

Obs. 1. The adjective is generally placed before the noun, but after the article. As: a sweet apple, an old book, the Nortlo River.

OBs. 2. Sometimes the adjective is placed after the noun; as river, long, wide, and deep; a man, old, grey, and siek.

[ocr errors]
« 前へ次へ »