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versal contempt, because she had sat to Polygna- | which however only tended to restore an ancient tus, though that artist had only drawn a figure custom, and, like the others, its declamations after her, the face of which was veiled. It is produced nothing but disgust, when a letter, well known, that the inhabitants of the island of stared to have been received from one of its corCos refused to place in their city the most beauti. respondents, made its appearance. This letter, ful statue that was ever made of the goddess of which was written by a woman, rallied the prebeauty, because she was naked.

vailing fashion in so admirable a manner, that, People have declaimed in every age against for once, wit succeeded in its league with morals, nakedness, and to what purpose? Pleasantry has and nakedness and indecency were put to the always produced a much more powerful effect on rout by the shef's of ridicule. What the pulpit the female mind than the soundest arguments; could not overihrow, and the stage dared not at. the shafts of ridicule penetrate much deeper tack, the single effort of a woman accomplished than all the artillery of logic. Of this I will through the pages of the Guardian. quote an example:

In the present day it has in vain been consi. About a century ago, the same abuse had | dered possible to induce the sex to renounce this gained ground in London-1 allude to the naked | fashion, by shewing them that they sacrificed to fashion in dress but its progress appears to have it the most precious advantage; in vain physibeen much more rapid than at Paris. The fishion | cians have demonstrated the pernicious effects of at London consisted, indeed, not only in wearing nakedness upon health; in vain examples inrobes cut down very desp, but likewise in having cessantly recurring, confirm the precepts of methe petticoats extreinely short. In spite of the dical science; in vain numerous and interesting repeated declamations of philosophers and moral-victims sink beneath a destructive fashion : these ists, and, perhaps to vex those genuemen a little things only stimulate the sex to expose them. they kept visibly diminishing; from day to day selves to still greater dangers To brave death the top of the robe was observed to sink, and the for glory belongs to the courage of men; to brave bottom to rise, till at length strong apprehen- it for pleasure to the courage of women, and wosions were entertained, lest these excessive dimi-men, it must be acknowledged, are exceedingly nutions should exhibit nothing more than the courageous. I am, cestus of Venus, or rather of the girdle of our

SIR, grandinother Eve, the first of costumes men

A hearty well-wisher to your work, tioned in the records of history.

MODESTUS. The Guardian, among other journals of the Bath, Feb. 18, day, had declaimed against this innovation, Upper Crescent.

BEAUTIES OF MODERN LITERATURE.

· MRS. WEST'S LETTERS. The following Extract is from a Work, entitled Letters to a Young Lady," by Mrs. West. The high character of the Writer, and the importance of the subjects which she discusses, are sufficient apologies for the length of our Extract.

IT is a false and a dangerous assertion, that || connected daughter! Friendship, too, may reign single women at best pass their lives in a dull me in the heart of the single woman with unrivalled diocrity, removed indeed from lively griefs, but influence; and the absolute power that she posunacquainted with real enjoyment. Spinsters may sesses over her time and property gives an extenbe daughters, sisters, aunt, and friends, though sive range to her patriotic and charitable exér. they are not wives and mothers. Every one's tions. Ladies who are thus circumstanced are experience can supply instances, wherein as the proper st patronesses of public under:akings; much warmth of attachment and soliciiude of they are the natural protectors of the friendless, attention have accompanied the fraternal, as ever and the proprietors of those funds to which gehallowed the conjugal tie. How many helpless | nius and indigence have a right to apply. Desorphans have found maternal tenterness supplied | titute of nearer ties, and unfettered by primary by the attachment of an aunt! How many pa- | obligations, the whole world of benevolence Tents have perceived the joyless portion of ex- | affords a sphere for their actions, and the whole treme old age turned into the downy pillow of circle of science offers to adorn their minds. It Ispose, by the assiduous watchfulness of an un- seenis, indeed, difficult to pourtray a more en

viable being, than a single woman possessed of fiuence of drums and bells. But constant atten.. aluence, who has passed through the tempest of tion, and command of temper, will still be neyouthful passions with untainted character, un- | cessary, or he will never bend to the yoke and vitiated temper, and unfettered heart.

draw kindly. But as we unquestionably were created to be the I believe young ladies are not now apt to fall wedded mates of man, it is only in some circum- || violently in love at first sight. Except a few stances, and to some dispositions, that I would tinder-hearted nymphs, who inhabit the wood. recomiend celibacy as a state of choice; though land glades, our sex is become too mercenary, I am persuaded that a well disposed mind may! | and too dissipated, to feel an irresistible penchant, always submit to it without cousidering it a mis- | till they have obtained a side glance at the fortune. Extreme delicacy of health seems one swain's rent-roll. Or, should the lying gossip mo:ive for declining to enter the conjugil state; Fame have cheated them in this particular, their for, though passionate Love may promise that extensive acquaintance furnishes them with a his purple torch shall erer burn beside the couch number of Adonises, who can assist them to of the lovely sufferer, Hymen generally tells a break the fictitious chain which they mistook for very different story, and, carrying a fambeau gold; and thus, like patterns at the dress-maker's, to an evening pariy, vacates his seat in the sick | one beautiful figure effaces the impression that lady's chamber in favour of her nurse and apo another bad made. I shall not, therefore, here thecary. It would, indeed, be imposing too detain you with a long admonition againt young much upon a benevolent and upright heart, to ladies falling in love. The thing is just possible confine it by engigements where we are unable among a set whom nobody knows, and therefore to discharge our part of the contract; for infir nobody cares for their absurdities. It is, indeed, mity is a clog, not a help-mate. Hereditary dis. 1 upon record, that formerly love made terrible eases are another obstacle; and in some cases 1 work with the female heart, from fourteen to think they ought to be an insurmountable one, seventeen ; and as it is still supposed, that durcomprising an extension of duty to many genera ing this period the soft and pliant wax might retions. Great susceptibility of temper is an ob ceive not only a deep but a lasting impression, jection less universally acknowledged, and which fashion has copied the edifices in which it imunfortunately pr disposes the heart to enter upon inures female adolescence, from the strong fora trial for which it has incapacited it. The pre tresses where the royal race of Abyssinia are secept, that in the married state women should cluded from the world. On re-considering all the never expect too much, nor feel too keenly, can masquerade hatits which the Gods of old asnever be too deeply impressed on the ardent mind sumed in their amours, I can only think of the of youth; and can they conform to this con two dignities in which Cupid could now gain adclusion who cherish sensibility as a virtue, and, mittance to a girl of fashion : he inust either fold instead of studying the temper of others, suffer his wings into the stuffed jacket of a dancingtheir own to acquire a fastidiousness, under master, and twirl his bow and quiver into a kit; the pretence of delicacy and refinement of|| or dilate his tiny form into the magnitude of a feeling

drill-serjeant; as these are the only privileged A disposition that can vield to the desires of beings who are still allowed an opportunity of others, not only without apparent reluctanca, whispering a tender tale into the credulous car but without enduring pain; health, cheerfulness, of youth. activity, frugaliły, attention to family concerns, When a young woman contracts an attachand a relish for common domestic pleasures, are ment for a deserving object, who seems not to the qualities which a young lady should endea. return her preference, her situation is most danvour to obtain who determines to become a wife, gerous and pitiable. As the perverse (perhaps, In a majority of instances, these will put bappi. in this instance, I should rather say independness in her power; in all, they will lighten the ent) nature of man never appears more strongly, load of misery. What a fashionable education than in his determination to fly those who follow, can do towards the attainment of these requi- l) and 10 follow those who fly, every enticement sites, has been already considered. The genera- || that a love-lorn lass holds out to catch the heart lity of English girls are educated, if not for a she wished for, generally proves a scarecrow that Turkish Haram, at least for the court of imperial || terrifies the wayward animal; and as I do not France. Should they not be apprised, that the want her to have art enough to cover her adfutility of the objects on which they are taught to vances in the attractive disguise of disdain, she lay a primary stress, is commonly annihilated the must avoid “ the God of her idolatry,” as the moment their end is achieved ? When the wild most likely prelude to self contest. If circuinelephant's neck is once fast in the noose, the pur. stances will not permit her to do this without exsuer has no further occasion for the fascinating in- citing suspicion that secret partiality is the mo.

ire, she must yet rouse all her mental strength || to warn young women from aiming at conquests, and make an heroical effort for self-conquest; on the score of their personal attractions, to which will be her only alternative with a life of which neither tricir birih, connexions, educadespair. Nature certainly intended that man tion, nor situation entitle them to aspire. If the should sue, and woman coyly yield. Few who erratic pursuers of happiness would candidly have volunteered their affections ever became state their discoveries, we should probably accede happy wives ; we must never reckon on the sta to the proposition, that every one is happiest in bility of gratitude, when we put ourselves wholly the state of life to which they have been accusin the power of the obliged party.

tomed. It is certainly sufficient to discourage I have already stated, that it is needless to ad this species of fair adventurers, that not one in dress polite readers on the absolute necessity of an hundred succeeds in her efforts; but the prosprudential considerations in marriage. But pect still becomes more disheartening, if we also though the worship of Plutus seems to be the discover that few of these fortunate candidates established religion of the age, there are a few | are happy. A young woman of humble connex. dissenters still remaining, who fancy that this ions and inferior accomplishments, who is en-, pure love will supply a good every-day dinner. grafted into an honourable stock, will experience This rash conclusion is, however, more the effect mortifica ions from the fainily to which she is of ignorance, than of any real dereliction of prin allied, that can only be parried by effrontery or ciple; and proceeds from not knowing the value stupidity. She must continually feel the reof money, and not from a Spartan renuncialion straints and difficulties of her situation; she will of the comfort that it procures. For, if we exa sink under the fatigues of fashionable dissipation, mine the habits of these tender devotees, we and will find her mind fretted by fastidious refine. shall find that their wants are too numerous even ments, of which the happy simpliciiy of inartififor competence; and that it is not penury, but cial manners can form no conception. She will affluence, which must supply what they call also be conscious of improprieties, and omissions, mere necessary expences. Suppose some Jace which nothing but an early initiation into high envel ped Lydia Languish, in the height of her life would have taught her to avoid ; and even paroxysın for poor Ensign Beverly, were com. the glittering equipage, which so forcibly struck pelled to assist the family-caterer in the routine her youthful fancy, will seem but a painful conof purchasing daily provisions. Let her investi veyance, if it pass by the amusement that she gate the demands of the lax-gatherer and coal could have enjoyed, and set her down at what merchant, and even cast her eye over the items she detests. In fine, she will discover that merit of soap, candles, and chandlery. She will dis cannot successfully combat the minute scrutiny cover a great many inelegant articles to which she of envy, especially when its prying glances are never affixed either value or importance, that sharpened by unexpected prosperity; and that have operated as a constant drain upon the need luxurious enjoyments can sooner pall the taste, ful, and have really been so essential to her com than mortifications render the heart callous. I fort, that she could scarcely exist without them. have not taken into this view, the more than If she understand the rudiments of arithmetic, probable accumulation of uneasiness which may let her next employment be to subtract these es wring the heart, at that period when the fond rosentials from the Ensign's pay, and then let her mantic loser changes into the cool reflecting estimate how much will remain to be the food of husband. Richardson's Pamela is as absurd in its love.

colourings of high life, as in its portrait of the reWhat are called very splendid alliances, are as formation of a libertine. little likely to produce comfort and content, as! Let not a young woman, then, seek for conjuthe imprudent connexions that we have just con- gal happiness in a station of life that is very dissisidered. In the preceding remarks, I did not inilar to her own; or in her owo rank, without mean to interdict a connexion which admits of a competent provision to maintain those decencies the brightening prospects of successful industry, l of appearance which are its proper appendages. but was supposing a state in which industry could If she possesses delicacy of character (I should here not act (and many who write gentlemen are in l use stronger terins,) if she value lier own tem. this painful and humiliating predicament). So poral or eternal interests, or that of the unborn, with respect to disparity of fortune, I do not || by the sacred names of mother and christian, let mean to estimate it by mere weight of metal, || une require her to shrink from the advances of a when other considerations are equal. The well- known libertine; or, if she cannot avoid, let her proportioned heiress ought to enrich the depen. steadily refuse liis offers; they comprise such an dent younger brother; and the wealthy heir accumulation of misery, as no pecuniary advanshould select for his consert the unportioned || tages can counterbalance. Let not youthful in. daughter of a respectable family. It is my wish nocence sell itself to disease, inpurity, and re

morse; nor pledge her hand, where, though she || stead of investigating those defects which might must obey, she can neither love nor honour. All reconcile her to the probable separation, genegross moral errors are in the same strong sense l rally adorns her idol in the robe of perfection. insuperable objections, and surely woinen never His steady fidelity to her covers every other fault; would knowingly venture on such partners, but his fond solicitations, or high-wrought pictures from an expectation of their being able to reclaim of the felicity they are prevented from enjoying, them. Alas! how much does youthful vanity encreases her enthusiasm ; and she either believes here over-rate female power! The stubborn clay that the sun would ever shine upon them, could of man is never pliant but in early life; the their vows be once plighted, or that they should storms of contention and the pressure of business, then live in a world of their own, insensible to the giveit an impenetrability which, howeversuited 10 intervention of external niseries. the rude buffets that it is designed to endure, pre

Il “ Scarce one reflects that to the torch of lore vent its being made malleable by the soft strokes | " Perkans succeeds

Perkaps succeeds pale discord's sullen fire; of feminine influence. Whatever itself" wills to l « Few image woes which parents only prore, do, seems," in its own estination, “ wisest, vir- “When daughters sicken, or when sons expire." tuousest, discreetest, b st.” If we at:empt to

To the sure consequences of this extravagant remodel the lords of the creation, we must begin

expectation, let us add, the effect which long before they have discarded that emblem of subjec

deferred hope must have on the spirits and temtion, a petticoat.

per. Sometimes the prospect will be brightened I would advise a young woman never to select

with the view of a speedy conclusion; this will a man whom she discovers to be very deficient in

again disappear, and a final separation will seem the article of judgment ; nor even if she have

inevitable. Jealousy will perhaps intervene; but reason to form a high opinion of her own, and to

whatever form the tormenting desire wears, disbelieve that her future husband will always regard

gust and indifference of the present will increase. it with lover. Jike preference; a contingency

No one more keenly feels the force of the scripwhich is extremely improbable. The original de

tural aphorisın, “ that hope deferred inaketh the sign of marriage (mutual help and assistance) is

heart sick,” than she who surrenders her own to defeated, and an inversion in the relative situation of the sexes is always attended by a degree

the heavy pressure of protracted love :of ridicule and absurdity, which an ingenuous

Thus on her present hour rule passion preys, and delicate mind must strongly feel. Women,

Thus bright the prospect of her future days." in this instance, seem a little treacherous to their Can we picture worse bride-maids than broken own cause. I will not pretend to state how it spirits, irritable feelings, and sanguine expectahappens to be so; much less will I justify the tions? or can we, viewing human nature as it really proceeding ; but most unquestionably that very || is, suppose it probable, that all external circumrespectable (though, I fear, nut numerous) body stances conjoining with the superlative excellence of men, the Jerrys, lead a life something like of the bridegroom, can prevent those wayward that of a flying fish, who, when they are hunted ladies from hurrying the bride into some extravaout of their own natural element, are pecked at gance, before “ those shoes grow old” which by every petty wren that skims the air. Wecer carried her to the altar? Among many other reatainly ought to take these nartyrs to our renown sons which render novels dangerous to young under our protection, and, by bringing them for women is this: that they always make a long ward on all occasions as the only true heroes, attachment, which is not dissolved by death, tershow the refractory monsters who rebel against || minate in a happy marriage, whose felicity is prous, what they ought to be.

portionable to the previous embarrassments. Long-deferred attachinents, even when they | Is it possible to love twice? is a common ques. are at last crowned with fruition, often produce lion. Certainly not, with all that enthusiasm of Jitile more than a happy honey-muon. The rea preference which attends a first attachment. But son is, that romantic ideas take strong possession enthusiasm appears to be so doubtful a foundation of the mind, while hope and fear alternately act whereon to raise the massy pile of lasting esteem, upon su susceptible a passion as love. It is most that I incline to think a second choice is more certain, that difficulties and impediments rarely likely to be the result of judgment, and regufail to deepen the impression which they are ex lated by those just views which disappointment pected to eradicate; and when we feel dissatisfied and experience mutually supply.' Love, indeed, with our present lot, we always dress up the un. ) is painted blind, and so lie generally is ; but Hr. seen future in most false and flattering colours. men might be as properly exhibited looking A young woman firmly attached to a man, to || through a microscope. A woman increases her whom she sees little chance of being united, in- || chance of happiness by prevailing on those deities to change their appendages thus : applying the || chat monient resolve to indemnify ourselves, by microscope to the lover's character, and binding | future indulgence, for the restraints that we are the bandage as close as possible over the faults of || then putting upon our bad propensities; perhaps her husband. If after investigating the inerits we are hardly conscious that we are acting a pait and defects of the man who addressed her, as nar- ! foreign to our natural character. How then is a rowly as her siluation will admit, she feels con young woman to discover the feigning, which vinced that the later will not diminish her de is so justly copied from nature as probably to decided preference for the former, I give her leave ceive the actor? I would not advise her needto accompany what I call the bequest of her heart lessly to try the temper of a favoured lover; the with her hand. You see I have permitted Love power of recrimination is so great in the other to creep in at last; but with his wings so prured, || sex, that to do so, equals the folly of irritating a and his costume so deranged, that I question if lion whose den we are going to enter Let no any excepting yourself, will feel much respect | unpleasant recollections of female tyranny interfor a Cupid who is permitted to look about him, || rupt the complacence of the bridegroom on atand forbidden to fly into the regions of Utopia. taining the object of his wishes. But I am again

But let our sex be as circumspect as possible, reverting to past manners. The new code of galman, while he acts the part of a lover, wears a lantry has deprived woman of the short cmpire mask that we cannot wholly penetrate. Per which she once possessed, and compelled her to haps it is uncandid to call this insincerity. Il accommodate herself to the humours of him who When we wish to please, we almost unconsci- | pursues her with the provoking indifference of ously assume an agreeable aspect; nor do we at assured victory.

MEMOIRS OF RICHARD CUMBERLAND.

WRITTEN BY HIMSELF.

From the Memoirs of this celebrated Author, written by himself, we have deemed it incumbent upon us to make an Extract. It is his own account of the first performance of the admirable Comedy of the West Indian.

My acquaintance with Mr. Garrick had be-say-Aye, here he comes with all his colours come intimacy between the acting of The Bro-fying--.” When I asked how this was to be thers and the acceptance of the West Indian. 1done, and who was to do it, he considered a resorted to him again and again with the manu- | while and then replied-_" Why that is your script of my conicdy; I availed myself of his | look out, my friend, not mine; but if neither advice, of his remarks, and I was neither con- ' your merchant nor his clerk can do it, why, scious of doing what was wrong in me to do, nor why send in the servants, and let thein talk did any remonstrance ever reach me to apprise about him. Never let me see a hero step upon me of my error.

the stage without his trumpets of one sort or I was not indeed quite a novice to the theatre, | other." Upon this conversation it was that I enbut I was clearly innocent of knowing or be- grafted the scene above mentioned, and this was lieving myself bound by any rules or usage, in truth the only alteration of any consequence that prevented me from offering my production that the manuscript underwent in its passage to to one or the other at my own free oplion. 1 the stage. went to Mr. Garrick; I found in him what my. After we came to Hampton, where that ini. experience stood in need of, an admirable judge mitable man was to be seen in his highest st.ite of stage effect; at his suggestion I added the of animation, we began to debate upon the cast preparatory scene in the house of Stockwell, of the play. Barry was extremely desirous to before the arrival of Belcour, where his baggage play the part of the Irish Major, and Garrick was is brought in, and the domestics of the Merchant very doubtful how to decide, for Moody was are setting things in readiness for his coming

then an actor litile known and at a low salary. I This insertion I made by his advice, and I punc- took no part in the question, for I was entitled to tually remember the very instant when he said | no opinion, but I remember Garrick after long to me in his chariot on our way to Hampton, deliberation, gave his decree for Moody with con“I want something more to be announced of siderable repugnance, qualifying his preference your West Indian before you bring hiin on the of the latter with reasons, that in no respect restage, to give eclat to his entrance, and rouse | Hected on the merits of Mr. Barry--but he did the curiosity of the audience; that they may not quite see him in the whole part of O'Flaherty;

No, I; Vol. I.

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