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jesty. In respect to her union with our on the marriage and coronation of her Maaugust Sovereign, it will be deemed suffi- || jesty. cient to add, that it was not a matter of Such as are curious upon these points, mere state policy, but of preference and will find them by a reference to the perielection. His Majesty had not long filled odical works of those times; but we are the throne, before he acquainted his coun not fond of the labour of transcription, cil, in a meeting convened for the express which has little dignity, and occupies much purpose,
“that having nothing so much at space. The usual congratulatory addresses heart as the welfare and happiness of his were presented to their Majesties from people, and that to render the same stable both Houses of Parliament, the two uniand permanent to posterity, being the versities, and all the counties, cities, and first object of his reign, he had, ever since corporations in the kingdom. The grand his accession to the throne, turned his assembly of the nation prepared likewise a thoughts to the choice of a Princess, with testimony of their duty and munificence. whom he might find the solace of matri- On being formally acquainted with the mony and the comforts of domestic life: i marriage of the King, they provided for he had to announce to them, therefore, the support of her Majesty, agreeably to the with great satisfaction, that, after the most Sovereign's wishes, a jointure of 100,000/. mature reflection and fullest information, per annum, which was settled upon her by he had come to a resolution to demand in an act of the legislature, together with the marriage the Princess Charlotte of Meck-palaces of Richmond Old Park and Somer. lenburgh Strelitz, a Princess distinguished set House. by every amiable virtue and elegant en But if the joy of the nation was thus dowment, whose illustrious line had con universal upon the connection which his stantly shewn the firmest zeal in the Pro-Majesty had graciously formed, how much testant religion, and a particular attach
was it increased in the following year by ment to his Majesty's family."
the birth of an heir to his throne. The Such were nearly the precise words in hope of continuing the Protestant succeswhich his Majesty announced his royal | sion in his Majesty's fainily was now changed intention to his council, on the 8th of to a kind of certainty, and the birth of July, 1761. The negotiation commenced an heir was of itself sufficient to have estaat Strelitz, and the Earl of Har- Iblished the popularity of a Queen of Eng. court, his Majesty's Ambassador Extra-land, even had she wanted those many virordinary and Plenipotentiary, concluded tues and qualities which her Majesty is so the treaty of marriage on the 15th of well known to possess. August followiny. Preparations were im It has been the pride of her Majesty's mediately made for the reception of the life to conduct herself with a mild but Royal Bride in England. She left Meck- dignified impartiality with respect to those lenburgh on the 22d of August, and arrived, political differences with which the kingafter a tedious voyage of ten days, at Har- || dom has so frequently been agitated. Her wich, on the 6th of the following month. name has never been brought up in the Her Majesty rested one night, that of her most acrimonious controversies of party ; arrival, upon her journey, at the house of she has never been suspected of being open the Earl of Abercorn, at Witham, in Esser, to any intrigue or influence, in order to from whence she set out early the next sway the royal mind, either to the admis. morning, and arrived at the palace of st. sion of one or the rejection of another. At James's, where she was received by his Ma- || the time of the regency, the duties of jesty and the rest of the Royal Family. At | watching over the bed of our beloved So. nine upon the same evening, the marriage vereign were performed by her Majesty, in was performed by the Archbishop of Can a manner which exalted her character for terbury, in the Royal Chapol.
domestic tenderness and conjugal love in It would occupy too much room, and the eyes of all Europe. This æra was inconduce little to the pleasure and im- decd a period of great domestic sorrow to provement of our readers, were we to the Queen, and no less of public strife and detail the ceremonies which took place up-i furious party contention. But in this try
ing moment, the conduct of the Queen was and splendid accomplishments of life, her at once amiable and dignified. The care of Majesty yields to none: she is a most the King's health occupied every thought thorough mistress of music, and has a and wish ; she scarcely absented herself || chaste execution in that delightful science. from the sick chamber of her husband, and Her dancing was a theme of admiration was deaf to every overture that was made | upon her first arrival in England; and, her, as well from one party as the other. indeed, her knowledge of the fine arts colShe left to the ministers who then directed lectively, is much superior to what we the government, to pursue that line of con- | expect to find in a female of her exalted duct which gratitude, humanity, and the rank. But she is celebrated for far differlaw of the land, pointed out to them, and ent and less common merits. Her Maexpressing that her chief concern was the jesty is a pattern to her subjects for those care of the King's person and health, it sublime virtues which are not to be menwas provided that she should have been en tioned in the same sentence with the actrusted exclusively with that important complishments we have alluded to above. charge, had the regency taken place. Her character for piety, and a strict per
In both houses of parliament, at that formance of religious duties, is well known. period, the name of the Queen was always This, which forms the brightest gem of mentioned with affection and reverence; || female virtue, is most conspicuous in the and whilst the public largely participated || Queen. It distinguished her early years; in her domestic aitlictions, they did the || it fortified her mind in those days in which most ample justice to her prudence and re she was courted by all the seductive splensignation.
dour and dissipation of a court; and, as To be known only by the rare excellence || her youth passed off, it has settled into a of her domestic virtues, to be conspicuous i regular and noble fervour. If her Majesty among the matrons of a kingdom by a su has ever taken any part in the questions perior conjugal fidelity, and a more amia- | which have often divided this kingdom ble tenderness; to be at once the most ex upon matters of religion (though we know alted in rank, and no less exalted in good- | not that she ever took any), we should not ness, is the greatest pride of her present | hesitate to pronounce that her inclination Majesty. Virtues of this class are seldom was strongly in favour of the Established expected from high rank and birth; and | Church. Her Majesty has always expresswhen found in a Queen, our admiration | ed an attachment for the Clergy of this and reverences are equally excited. kingdom, and many, by the means of her
No one has ever placed a more bright, || patronage, always exercised moderately unostentatious example before the eyes of || and with great discrimination, have ascenda people. Here, where all eyes are natu ed to the highest dignities. Several works rally attracted by the power and splendour of a religious nature have likewise been of royalty, an example is presented of all patronised by the Queen, and a work those amiable and useful virtues, which the upon the Christian Religion has been regay look down upon with indifference, and cently translated from the German at her the proud with contempt. We there be-express command. hold the partner of our beloved Sovereign
It would be unnecessary to pursue this bestowing grace, whilst she improves the article further. We shall close, therefore, happiness of his exalted station: we there with expressing a wish, that as this exambehold him in his domestic retreat, and in ple, both for the high and low of these the bosom of his family; and in the uni- | kingdoms, has been bestowed by the speversal wish for the happiness of the Fathercial favour of Providence, so it is to be of his People, we feel no envy, however hoped, that the bounty which gave, will pure and refined it is, above that of our not speedily take away; and that her Macommon lot.
jesty may live long, in the enjoyment of Her Majesty's time has been chiefly oc health and prosperity, we believe to be cupied in the performance of that first of one of the most sincere and universal domestic duties, the superintendance of the prayers of all her subjects, education of her children. In the graceful
THE BEAU MONDE;
A HISTORY OF THE NEW WORLD,
When a reader is introduced to a new tend by this expression ? Not the brick or subject, he is most frequently honoured the stone houses in which these families rewith a preface: he has more reason to ex side, but the families themselves: it is in pect one when he is introduced into a new the same manner with our term, the Fine world. As we are about to do him this World; we do not mean the world itself, last favour, we will not detract from the but the inhabitants of this world. benefit, by conferring it in an imperfect Having now settled the name, we might manner. He shall have, therefore, a de- || proceed to the situation of the Beau Monde, scription of the New World.
but locality is a thing that does not belong In the first place, as to the name of this to it. The Beau Monde, like Swift's Island world, it is called the Beau Monde, or of Laputa, is for ever changing its place. Fine World, in contradistinction, and by It is now at London, now at Bath, now at way of marking its superior excellence Bristol
, now at Brighton: wherever the above this common and vulgar world which | Emperor is, say the Civilians, there is God has made; and, to confess the truth, Rome : wherever fashion resides, there is the distinction is not without reason. A the Beau Monde. certain witty, but rather blasphemous It may be a question whether this Fine (we mean to say fashionable) king, used World was known to the ancients. It has to wish that he had been consulted in the || been the boast of modern times to have creation, adding that he would have given discovered one new world, that of Amethe Maker some hints, which might have || rica, and it might infiame our vanity to improved his plan. The framers of the Natter ourselves that we have discovered Beau Monde seem to have profited by the two. But we are afraid this honour is not hints of this monarch; and the constitu- exclusively with the moderns. There are tion of their world, the fine one we are strong arguments against our exclusive acnow describing, has many considerable im- quaintance with this Beau Alonde: provements upon the old. But before || would fain get over them, but we must we proceed, we think it necessary to correct confess the passages are choaking. Let us an idea of our readers. In the term we examine them, and, with as much imparnow make use of, the Fine World, they are tiality as we can, discuss their separate not to understand what is intended by that claims to the honour of a first discovery. word in its general signification: it is | But we must premise that, as the people not to be understood as according to the of Scotland are called Britons, so those of strict definition of their geography; it is the Beau Monde are called people of not a certain portion of dust and water, of fashion; no matter, in either case, wherelight and darkness, of fire and air, blended fore. Let us now then proceed to the anand kneaded together into a round heavy cients. If we should chance to find any ball, that constitutes this Fine World: by no people of fashion amongst them, it is plain means, for this is the composition of the they must have been members of the Beau vulgar world we have just now been arraign- | Monde. Let us first turnover our Grecian ing. The term and difference are more history. Here is a strong passage in almost easily explained by an example: When our first page. The temples and statues of we speak of a very puissant or Royal Fa- ;, the gods, in the city of Athens, were, dur. mily, we say the House of Brunswick, oring one night, all defaced; the streets were the House of Stuart Now what do we in- || covered with the broken noses of the in
sulted deities, and there was no one god instance, let us see how the Romans amused Athens that had not suffered some cruel | themselves. Here is the answer to our bruise. This outrageous act was generally | wishes. attributed to Alcibiades, a young nobleman, a confirmed infidel, and a contemner of all
My Lord disdains to throw with meaner vice,
Or truck his dastard thousands on the dice; religion. It was said that, with a large
House, lands, and acres, wait his nobler call, party of other young noblemen, he had
Wife, children, mistress-faith he stakes them sallied from a tavern, and had committed
all. in a drunken frolic this impious sacrilege. What shall we say to this? Here is in
Such of our readers as are anywise fidelity, insult on religion, tavern sallies, || learned, will find the original of this in and a drunken frolic. Strong, very strong the following lines of Juvenal : presumptions indeed, that this young noble
Non loculis comi:antibus itur man was a man of fashion? But let us exa
Ad casum tabulæ, posila sed luditur arcá. mine further. For this act Alcibiades was banished; and, retiring to Sparta, was re What shall we say now? Is not this ceived at the court of Agis with every hos an example of the true Beau Monde ? C'an pitality which the place could afford. His the Clubs of Bond-street, or St. James's, easy manner, his gay wit, and a character | boast spirits of a higher soul, or a more so versatile as to take any colour, recom lofty and all-contemning enterprize? Can mended him to the highest esteem and my Lord F-, or Sir W- himself, or friendship of the King, and he repaid him my Lord C-, play with a more fashionby dehauching his wife. There is no longer | able spirit, a more heroic fortitude and any doubt; Alcibiades was certainly a man conteinpt? One more instance, and we of fashion, an infidel, an adulterer, and one || have done. Let us see their economy and betraying the confidence of his friend, and matrimonial policy. repaying the greatest benefits by the basest ingratitude.
Sone giddy profligate, half fool, half wit, We have done with the Greeks; let us
A gudgeon biting, and a gudgeon bit;
For him some practis'd pimp shall spread the now turn to the Romans. One day, in the
snare, presence of Julius Cæsar, a courtier was
And angle with his wife to catch the heir; speaking with some severity against ano
But whilst the luckless lover hugs his prize, ther; but was checked by the Dictator,
The injur'd husband opes his watchful eyes! who desired him to spare him, for be did His honour lost! Swords! No-what other not deserve such reproaches.
“ Not de
fury? serve them," exclaimed the angry cour My spark is handed over to a jury. tier; why, what think you of the man who was caught with his neighbour's wife?"
That our readers may not think we are “What do I think of him?" replied Cæ- romancing, we shall give them chapter and
verse for this in the Juvenal we have re. bar, calnıly—" why I think him a very
ferred to above. Our translation, it will careless fellow.” A very fashionable answer, and an argument of a very fashion- || be seen is liberal, but the sense remains. able opinion! Cæsar, beyond all doubt,
Cum Leno accipiat machi buna, si capiendi was the perfect man of fashion. If we want Jus nullum uxori--doctus spectare lacunar, any further proof of their acquaintance Doctus et ad calicem vigilanti stertere naso. with the Beau Monde, and their frequent exercise of its most valuable privileges, A very fashionable bargain, a very faof their modish manners, their modish shionable sleep, and every person conmorals, and the whole system of their fa cerned of the very highest ton! What do shionable life, let us search the writers of my Lord and Lady say to this? and a their own time for information. Scarcel; certain distinguished personage, what says a page but presents us with what we
he? They will certainly acknowledge seek. Let us take up their Juvenal, and these ancients to be people of the very we shall find as many men of fashion as in first circle in the mode. our own Court Calendar itself; for in We might enlarge this subject, from the
ancient authors, very inuch. Cicero, who || and we hope new; it is intended to lead was an orator of great antiquity, a parlia- | the reader through the world we have been ment man, impeached Mark Anthony, be describing, to point out his road, and asfore the Senate, of certain mal-practices | sist him in his progress through the Beau and abuses against the commonwealth of|| Monde. We shall furnish him with a chart Rome. Speaking of his contempt of all that will govern his voyage in all the vaforms and decencies, of his excesses, de- || rieties of the course. We shall begin from baucheries, gluttonies, &c. he charges him the very point of embarkation. He will with having come one day into the senate see a young country girl, with decent man. drunk, from the last night's supper, to the ners, good morals, and a careful education, annoyance of the reverend bench of grey- enter upon a fashionable course. He will beards there assembled.
see her carried through the different scenes We might, if we were inclined to any of the Beau Monde, and guided by a gay, scandalous tales, inquire if, in a neigh-seducing, artful woman of fashion.
He bouring chapel, some things of this sort will perceive, that the patroness underwere not occasionally witnessed. But we stands her work, and is competent to the shall be satisfied with our present inqui-| undertaking. She will point out examples ries.
instead of giving precepts; and presenting It appears then, from this our impartial scenes and characters, leave her young puexamination, that the Beau Monde is not pil to draw her own inferences. In one the fair boast of later discoveries, but was word, and what includes the whole art of inequally known to the ancients as to the struction, she does not teach her pupil, but moderns. We are sorry that justice has leaves her more wisely to instruct herself. wrung from us this confession; we should He sees likewise, in what this career of the hare wished, indeed, that the credit of the country girl terminates; and such of my discovery might have turned out to have young readers who are desirous of imitabeen our own; but truth and history aretion, have only to follow the same track, unfortunately against us.
to arrive at the same goal. But to the subject of the following his [To be continued in our next.] tory: Its object is somewhat extensive,
A TREATISE ON HATS;
We embarked, Lord K- and myself, we were therefore examined with great in a vessel bound to India, where, as we || curiosity. Among our floating and shipwere told, we should find frequent oppor- | wrecked company was a Speculator. Betunities of obtaining a passage to Phila- | fore we left Leghorn, calculating on the delphia. Meeting with contrary winds, we | vanity that prevails in every country, he were driven out of our course, and after | had taken on board, as a venture, a quantity being buffetted by the tempests, we were of articles, which he hoped to dispose of in at length wrecked on an unknown coast. the Indies. They consisted of robes, hats, The inhabitants flocked around us; not clothing for both sexes, and trinkets of difone of our company understood their lan- | ferent kinds. The chief of the district in guage: we could only collect from their which we were, ordered the chests to be gestures and preparations that they intend- | conveyed into a kind of hall, for the pured to send us to Po!aslos, the capital of pose of being inspected. Their contents that immense country.
were absolutely useless to a people innaWe were the first foreigners that had | biting a country favoured by Heaven, and ever landed iu that part of the empire; having scarcely any other clothing than