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EDINBURGH

M A G A Z I NE,

JANUARY-DECEMBER,

1851.

EDINBURGH:
SUTIERLAND AND KNOX;

SIMPKIN, MARSHALL AND CO., LONDON; AND JOHN ROBERTSON, DUBLIN.

MDCCOLI.

INDEX.

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PAGE. Adventure at a Buffalo-hunt

623 Isbel's Ground . Alterations in the Poor-law

325

Jack Raven's First Murder . Ariadne, The, or the Bagman Afloat

590

Last from Delphi, The Biographical Book-making

164 Last Stage-coachman, The . Bishops and their Incomes, The

505 Law Reforms of the Session Brooke, Sir James, and the Pirates of the Eastern

Legends of Ulster. By Frances Brown :Archipelago

607

The Burning of Belfast Castle Badgets and Bunglers

180

The May-eve's Yarra . Bureaucracy and Military Systems in France and

Literature of the Day, 60, 120, 183, 253, 322, 381, Germany

1

514,578, 643, 707, Carlisle, Lord, on Pope. By T. de Quincey, Esq. 229, 311 Little Difficulty in French Literature, A . Carlisle, Lord, Pope and Mr. de Quincey

482 Louis Kossuth Cathedral Trusts and their Fulfilment

389 March Gales and the Government Caves of Æolus, a Visit to the

445 Messenger, The .

653, Chamisso and the Shadowless Man

356 Money! All the Gold and Silver in the World Church and College in Scotland

453 Monks and Martyrs Church and School in Scotland .

638 Monsieur Hyacinthe of Geneva Coal-mine Explosions

370 Mourning and Half-mourning Coal-mines, How to put in Air and put out Fire in 660 Music, Drama, and the Fine Arts

55, Coal-pit, A Peep at a, and the People in it

535

Oliver Cromwell, Speech of, on Opening Parliament County-courts and Bar Etiquette

713

Parliamentary Session of 1851 Craigallan Castle 11, 71, 134, 197, 277, 330, 398, 457, 525

Pearl Divers, The Curiosities of Cowels Interpreter

216

Philosophy of Murder, The . Decline of Pauperism

193 Pigs and Pig-worship, An Essay on Discourse on Sunday, A

435 Places I have Seen. By Peregrine:Dissolving Views of Life

560

Darrynane, Valentia, Cahirciveen Early Rising, An Essay on

494

Hever Castle. Edward Rushton

321 Playbill Reminiscences Ellendeen, The Pools of

432 Pope. By Thomas de Quincey, Esq.

Popinjay Vindicated, The Fate and the Alphabet

170 Fine Arts - British Institute, The

177 POETRY:The Pre-Raphaelites

512

Anacreon. Ode xx.
The Royal Academy

377 Anniversary of the German Revolution
726

Arthur's Seat. An Apology.
Flâneur Abroad, The

Barbarossa Ghost-seer of Tresillion .

677

Clyde, The Great Eshibition

261

Dean of Badajoz, The Hat of the Future, The .

109

Death and the Doctor Heine, his Works and Times

618, 679

Departure of Summer, The Hint to the Damb, A

551

Doctors' Commons Homeopathy, On

732

Ermengarde Impressions de Voyage .

373 Gethsemane; or, the Death of Julia Industrial Investment in Lands and Houses

575 Latona

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POETRY:-(Continued)

PAGE. REVIEWS :-(Continued)
Lay of the Briefless, A
443 Italia Militans

570
The Finale
502 Lavengro

270
May
292 Pre-Raphaelitism

626
O'Donoughoo and the Devil
168 Queens of Scotland, The

238
Saint Peter's Eve
209 Sir Reginald Mohun

308
Soul Death
397 Stones of Venice, The

286
The Temples. The Templar's Luncheon
223 Scottish Archæology

92
Thunder and Small Beer .
79 Wordsworth, Memoirs of William

368
Trolls for the Times
10, 105, 163 Scottish Cavalier of the Olden Time

744
Public Companies
63, 452, 516, 647, 712 Scottish Universities, Reform of the.

65
Quaker in Harness

Sie Sollen Ich Nicht Haben

486
85

245
Quakerism, Internal Life of .

Siege of Smithfield, The
424

668
Queen Victoria

Sketches of Irish Society
649
Sorrows of Thespis, The

600
Reaction, Its Origin and Limits

674
Recollections of Texas

Tales from the Old Dramatists. No. II.-The
210
Duchess of Malfi

24
Roundheads before Pontefract, The .

39
Temple Laundress, The

559
REVIEWS:

Tenant-right and Farming Leases

129
Carlyle's Life of Sterling

699
Triumph of Despotism

113
Chalmers, Life of Dr.

561
Charles II., Personal History of

353
Vault-house Bell, The

489
Dahomey and the Dahomans
300 | What is it all About?

43
Dreamers and Workers
304 Whig Family Compact, The

316
Eastern Travels of the Season

467 Working-man's Way in the World, 146, 224, 293, 345,
Goth and the Hun, The

495

413, 473, 542, 629, 684, 750
Hartley Coleridge.

267

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TAIT'S EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.

JANUARY, 1851.

BUREAUCRACY AND MILITARY SYSTEMS OF FRANCE AND GERMANY. Ix our two previous notices of this work, we con- government, and have more or less political liberty fined our attention to the sub-division of landed but they have no more civil liberty, and no more property, and its operation on the economical, sense or feeling of it, than when they had no con social, and political condition of the European stitutions at all. They live, act, and have their nations among which it prevails. We now pro- being under a system of interference in every ceed to investigate the second of those peculiar man's movements and doings, precisely as in features which distinguish the social structure of Austria, Prussia, and States without any constitucontinental countries from that of Great Britain, tions or political liberty. ... The reality of civi and which we have called bureaucracy: Mr. liberty in the free use of time, industry, and Laing calls it functionarism, which is, perhaps, a capital, and in the free action of the individual

, is better name. This is a difference which, even unknown to the continental man. It is amusing more than that connected with the partition of the to hear a German or a Frenchman discussing consoil, pervades the daily and domestic life of the stitutional forms of government, universal suffrage nation, and modifies its whole aspect as presented the qualifications of representatives, the equa to the eye of the passing stranger. In England rights of citizens; and, when he has settled all the civil servants of the Government are few, un- these points to his satisfaction, in a theory which connected, and unobtrusive; on the Continent they proves very clearly that we enjoy no real liberty are innumerable, omnipresent, and constitute a in England, and do not understand its first prinseparate, organised, and powerful class. In Eng- ciples, to ask him to take a jaunt with you to 'Tours land they confine themselves to absolutely neces- or Marseilles, Cologne or Leipsic. "Oh,' says he sary functions ; on the Continent they interfere in 'I must run to the bureau for our passports. every transaction and event of life. In England, must get them signed by the proper authorities a3 a general rule, a man is only reminded of their countersigned by other proper authorities, viséec existence by the annual visit of the tax-gatherer, by the proper authorities in every town we stop a unless, indeed, he has to appeal to the law, or has on our journey, in order to prevent trouble wit rendered himself amenable to it; on the Continent the police; and I must get this done before the scarcely a day passes, scarcely an operation can be bureaux are shut for the day, or we shall have t concluded, without coming into contact or collision wait till tomorrow.' To be free and independen with one or other of their number. Many of the in the sense that the common man in England i duties performed by officials on the Continent are free and independent, seems not to be a want i here performed by elected parish or municipal the mind of the continental man, even of fortun functionaries, many are left to individual discre- and education. The English traveller in Franc tion, many more are not performed at all

. With or Germany, who has gone himself to the Hotel d us a man's free-will is limited only by his neigh- Ville or the passport-office, to have his passpor bour's free-will or his neighbour's rights ; in viséed and signed, instead of leaving it to his vale France and Austria it can be exercised only sub- de place, and who has seen the crowd of trades ject to Government permission previously obtained. men, country dealers, travelling artisans, and pea Restriction is the exception here, it is the rule sants from the neighbouring villages, who have there.

Throughout the Continent a citizen cannot been at the fair, standing for hours to have thei engage in business, build a house

, or take a journey, papers examined and signed, will return with without leave; and leave is only obtained through pretty distinct idea of the difference between poli an established routine of tedious and annoying tical and civil freedom, between the mind, spirit formalities.

“ In France, Switzerland, Belgium, character, and social state of the English, and of the and the constitutional States of Germany," says Mr. continental people." Laing, people call themselves free, because they In order to make the operation of this system of enjoy more or less of the forms of representative | bureaucratic supervision and interference intelli

• Observations on the Social and Political State of the European People in 1843 and 1849; being the second series of The Notes of a Traveller.” By Samuel Laing. London: Longmans. 1850.

voL. YIII.-No. ccv.

B

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