« 前へ次へ »
lumauely learn to become cannibals; it would be less you, flog where one will!» Thus it is; you have flogged disgusting that they were brought up to devour the the Catholic, high, low, here, there and every where, ! dead, than persecute the living Schools do you call and then you wonder he is not pleased. It is true, ibal iliem? call them rather dunhills, wbere the viper of time, experience, and that weariness which allen is intolerance deposits her young, that, when their teeth even the exercise of barbarity, have taught you to flog are cut and their poison is mature, they may issue forth, a little more gently, but still you continue to lay on the lilthy and venomous, lo sting the Catholic. But are laslı, and will so continue, will perhaps the rod may be these the doctrines of the Church of England, or of wrested from your hands, and applied to the backs of churchmen? No; the most enlightened churchmen are yourselves and your posterily. of a different opinion. What say: Paley? «I perceive Ji was said by somebody in a former debate (I forget no reason why men of different religious persuasions, by whom, and am not very anxious to remember,, if should not sit upon the same benchi, deliberate in the the Catholics are emancipated, why not the Jews? JE same council, or light in the same ranks, as well as men this sentiment was dictated by compassion for the Jews, of various religious opinions, upon any controveried it might deserve attention, but as a sneer against the topic of natural history, philosophy, or ethics. Junay Catholic, what is it but the language of Shylock transbe answered that Paley was not strictly orthodox ; 1 ferred from his daughter's marriage to Catholic emanknow nothing of his orthodoxy, but who will deny that cipation ?lic was an ornament to the church, to human nature, to christianity?
Would any of the tribe of Barral bas
Should have it ratber than a Christian. I shall not dwell upon the grievance of tithes, so severely felt by the peasantry, but it may
1 presume a Catholic is a Christian, even in the opiobserve that there is an addition to the burthen, a per nion of him whose taste only can be called in question ! centage to the gatherer, whose interest it thus becomes for his preference of the Jews. to rate them as highly as possible; and we know that in It is a remark often quoted of Dr Johnson (whom I many large livings in Ireland, the ouly resideut Pro- take to be almost as good authority as the gentle apostle testants are the uithe proctor and bis family.
of intolerance, Dr Dugonan), that lie who could enterAmong many causes of irritation, too numerous for cain serious apprehensions of danger to the Church ia recapitulation, there is one in the militia not to be these umes, would have «cried fire in the deluge. passed over, I mean the existence of Orange lodges This is more than a metaphor, for a remnant of these amoost the privates : can the officers deny this ? And antediluvians appear actually to have come down to us, if such lodges do exist, do they, can they tend to pro- with fire in their mouths and water in their brains, to mote harmony ainonyst the men, who are thus indi disturbo and perplex mankind with their whimsical our vidually separated in society, although mingled in the cries. Aud as it is an infallible symptom of that disrauku? And is this general system of persecution to be tressing malady with which I conceive them to be permitted, or is it to be believed that with such a system afilicted (so any doctor will inform your Loruislips, for ilie Catholics can or ought to be contented? If they are de unhappy invalids to perceive a tiame perpelually they belie human nature; they are then, indeed, un- tlashing before their eyes, particularly when their exis worthy to be any thing but the slaves you have made are shut (as those of the persous to whom I allude bare them. The facts stated are from most respectable au- long been, it is impossible to convince these poor creathority, or I should not have dared in this place, or any tures, that the fire against which they are perpeimmily place, to hazard this avowal. If
cxaggerated, there are warning is and themselves, is nothing but an ignis plenty, as willing as I believe them to be unable, 10 fatuus of their own drivelling imaginations.
What disprove them. Should it be objected that I never was rhubarlı, seuna, or «sliit purative drug can scour in Ireland, I beg leave to observe, that it is as easy to that faucy thi'nce?»--- It is impossible : they are given know something of Ireland without having been there, over, theirs is the true its it appears with some to have beco born, bred and cherished there, aod yet remain ignorant of its best
Caput insanabile tribus Adii yris. juterests.
These are your true Protestants. Like Bayle, who pro But there are, who assert that the Catholics have cested against all sects whatsoever, so do they prolesi already been too much indulged! See (cry they, what against Catholic peritious, Protestant petitions, all re has been done : we have given theni one cutire college, dress, all the reason, humanity, policy, justice, and we allow the food and raimeni, the full enjoyment of
common sense, can urge against the delusions of their the elements, and leave to light for is as long as they absurd delirium. These are the persons who reverse have limbs and lives to offer; and yet they are uever to the fable of the mountain that brought forth a mouse, be satisfied! Generous and just declaimers! To this, they are the mice who conceive themselves in labour and to this only, illounts the whole of your arguments, withi inoutains. when stripe of their sophustry. These personages l'e- To return to the Catholics, suppose the Irish were mind me of the story of a coliu drummer, who being actually contented under their disabilities, suppose thu on called
upon in the course of duty to administer puriste capable of such a bullas voi to desire deliverance, ought ment to a friend tie I to the halberts, Wits requested to we not to wish it for ourselves? Have we nothing to tlog brigh; lor did—10 llog low, he did--to flog ia tie vain loy dicir emwcipation? What resources have been middle, de dill--high, low, down the middle, and up wintech ubat talents have been lost, by the selfish wain, but all in vain, the patient contimited liis coni- system of exclusion! You already kuow the value of plaints with the most provoking pertinacity, uutil the Irish aid; all this moment the defence of England drummer, exhausted and angry, flung down luis scourpa, intrusted to the Irish militia; at this moment, while ciclaiming, «the devil burn you, there's no pleasing the starving people are rising in the fierecness of de
spair, the Irish are faithful to their trust. But till equal jesty's ministers permit me to say a few words, not ou energy is imparted throughout by the extension of free their merits, for that would be superfluous, but on the dom, you cannot enjoy the full benefit of the strength degree of estimation in which they are held by the which you are glad to interpose between you and de- people of these realms. The esteem in which they are struction. Ireland has done much, but will do more. held has been boasted of in a triumphant tone ou a At this moment the only triumph obtained through late occasion within these walls, and a comparison inJong years of continental disaster has been achieved stituted between their conduct, and that of noble lords by an Irish general; it is true he is not a Catholic; had on this side of the house. he beea so, we should have been deprived of his exer- What portion of popularity may have fallen to the Lions; but I presume no one will assert that his religion share of my noble friends (if such I may presune to would have impaired his talents, or diminished bis pa- call them), I shall not pretend to ascertain; but that triotism, though in that case he must have conquered of his majesty's ministers it were vain to deny. It is, to in the ranks, for he never could have commanded an be sure, a little like the wind, « no one knows wbence army.
it cometh or whither it goeth,» but they feel it, they But while he is fighting the battles of the Catholics enjoy it, they boast of it. Indeed, modest and unosabroad, his noble brother has this night advocated icotatious as they are, to what part of the kingdom, their cause, with an eloquence which I shall pot depre- even the most remote, can they tlee to avoid the triciate by the humble tribute of my panegyric, whilst a umph which pursues them? If they plunge into the third of his kindred, as unlike as unequal, has been midland counties, there they will be greeted by the combating against his catholic brethren in Dublin, with manufacturers with spurned petitions in their hands, circular letters, edicts, proclamations, arrests, and dis- and those halters round their necks recently voted in persions — all the vexatious implements of petty war- their behalf, imploring blessings on the heads of those fare that could be wielded by the mercenary guerillas who so simply, yet ingeniously contrived to remove of government, clad in the rusty armour of their obso- them from their miseries in this to a better world. If Jete statutes. Your lordships will doubtless, divide new they journey on to Scotland, from Glasgow to Johnny honours between the saviour of Portugal, and the dis- Groat's, every where will they receive similar marks of penser of delegates. It is singular, indeed, to observe approbation. If they take a trip from Portpatrick to the difference between our foreign and domestic poli-onaghadee, there will they rush at once into the emcy; if Catholic Spain, faithful Portugal, or the no less braces of four Catholic millions, to whom their vote Catholic and faithful king of the one Sicily (of which, of this night is about to endear them for ever. When by the by, you have lately deprived him), stand in they return to the metropolis, if they can pass under need of succour, away goes a tleet and an army, an Temple Bar without unpleasant sensations at the sight ambassador and a subsidy, sometimes to fight pretty of the greedy niches over that ominous gateway, they hardly, generally to negotiate very badly, and always cannot escape the acclamations of the livery, and the to pay very dearly for our Popish allies. But let four more tremulous, but not less sincere applause, the blessmillions of fellow-subjects pray for relief, who fight ings, « not loud but deep» of bankrupt merchants and and pay and labour in your behalf, they must be treated doubting stock-holders. If they look to the army, as aliens, and although their « father's house has many what wreaths, not of laurel, but of night-shade, arc mansions," there is no resting-place for them. Allow preparing for the heroes of Walcheren! It is true, there me to ask, are you not fighting for the emancipation are few living deponents left to testify to their merits of Ferdinand the Seventh, who certainly is a fool, and on that occasion; but a « cloud of witnesses» are gone consequently, in all probability, a bigot; and have you above from that gallant army which they so generously more regard for a foreign sovereign than your own and piously dispatched, to recruit the « noble army of fellow-subjects, who are not fools, for they know your martyrs, interest better than you know your own; who are not What if, in the course of this triumphal career'in which bigots for they reture you good for evil; but who are they will gather as many pebbles as Caligula's army did on in worse durance than the prison of an usurper, inas- a similar triumph, the prototype of their own), they do much as the fetters of the mind are more calling than not perceive any of those memorials which a grateful those of the body.
people erect in honour of their benefactors; what alCpon the consequences of your not acceding to the though not even a sign-post will condescend to depose claims of the petitioners, I shall not expatiate; you the Saracen's head in favour of the likeness of the know them, you will feel them, and your children's conquerors of Walcheren, they will not want a picture children wben you are passed away. Adieu to that who can always have a caricature ; or regret the omisUnion so called, as « Lucus a non lucendo,» a Union sion of a statue who will so often see themselves exalted from never uniting, which, in its first operation, cave in effigy. But their popularity is not limited to the a death-blow to the independence of Ireland, and in narrow bounds of an island; there are other countries iis last may be the cause of her eternal separation from where their measures, and, above all, their conduct to this country. If it must be called a Union, it is the the Catholics, must render them pre-eminently popular union of the shark with his prey; the spoiler swallows If they are beloved here, in France they must be adored. up his victim, and thus thuy become one and indivi- There is no measure more repugnant to the designs and sible. Thus has Great Britain swallowed up the par- feelings of Bonaparte than Catholic emancipation; no liament, the constitution, the independence of Ireland, line of conduct more propitious to his projects, than and refuses to disgorge even a single privilege, although that which has been pursued, is pursuing, and, I fear, for the relief of her swollen and distempered body will be pursued, towards Ireland. What is England politic.
without Ireland, and what is Ireland without the CaAnd now, my lords, before I sit down, will his ma- tbolics? It is on the basis of your tyranny Napoleon
liopes to builui bis own. So grateful must oppression equally mindful of the deference to be paid to this of the Catholies be to his mind, that doubuess (as lie House. The petitioner states, amongst other mallet has lately permitted some renewal of intercourse) the of equal, if not greater importauce, to all who are next cariel will convey to this country cargoes of Sèvres British in their feelings, as well as blood and birth, china and blue ribands (things in great request, and of that on the 21st January, 1813, at Huddersfield, liimequal value at this moment), blue ribands of the legion self and six other persons, who, on hearing of his arof honour for Dr Duiyenan and his ministerial disciples. rival, lad waited on him merely as a testimony of reSuch is that well-carned popularity, the result of those spect, were seized by a military and civil force, and extraordinary expeditions, so expensive to ourselves, kept in close custody for several hours, subjected to and so useless to our allies; of tbose singular enquiries, gross and abusive insinuations from the commandingso exculpatory to the accused, and so dissatisfactory to officer relative to the character of the petitioner; that the people; of those paradoxical victories, so honour- he the petitioner was foally carried before a magistrate; able, as we are told, to the British name, and so destruct and not released till anexamination of liis papers proved ive to the best interests of the British nation: above that there was not only no just, but not even statutaall, such is the reward of a conduct pursued by minis- ble charge guinst him; and that notwithstanding the ters towards the Catholics.
promise and order from the presiding magistrates of a Diave to apologize to the House, who will, I trust, copy of the warrant against your petitioner, it was afpardon one, not often in the habit of intruding upon terwards withheld ou divers pretexts, and has never their indulgence, for so long attempting to engage their until this hour been granted. The names and condi. attention. My most decided opinion is, as my vote will tion of the parties will be found in the petition. To be, in favour of the motion.
the other topics touched upon in the petition, I shall ! not now advert, from a wislı not to encroach upon tlie!
time of the House; but I do most sincerely call the alDEBATE ON MAJOR CARTWRIGHT'S PETITION,
tention of your lordships to its general contenis-il is
in the cause of the parliament and people that the ! JUNE 1, 1813.
rights of this venerable freeman have been violated,
and it is, in my opinion, the highest mark of respect LORD BYRON rose and said:
that could be paid to the House, that to your justice, My Lords, the petition which I now hold for the rather than by appeal 10 any inferior court, he now purpose of presenting to the House, is one which is cominits himself. Whatever may be the fate of liis rehumbly conceive requires the particular attention of moustrance, it is some satisfaction to me, though mixed your Jordships, inasmuch as, though signed but by a with regret for the occasion, that I have this opportusingle individual, it contains statements wbich (if not nity of publicly stating the obstruction to which the disproved) demavd most serious investigation. The subject is liable, in the prosecution of the most laxful grievance of which the petitioner complains is neither and imperious of his duties, the obtaining by petition sellish nor imaginary. It is not his own only, for it rcform in parliament. I have shortly stated his comhas been, and is still felt by numbers. No one with plaint; the petitioner has more fully expressed it out these walls, nor indeed within, but may 10-morrow Your Lordships will, I hope, adopt some measure fully be made liable to the same insult and obstruction, in the to protect and redress him; and not him alone, but the discharge of an imperious duty for the restoration of the whole body of the people insulted and aggrieved in his true constitution of these realms by petitioning for re- person by the interposition of an abused civil, and unform in parliament. The petitioner, my lords, is a man lawful military force, between them and their right of whose long life has been spent in one unceasing struggle petition to their own representatives. for the liberiy of the subject, against that undue influ- His Lordship then presented the petition from Major ence which has increased, is increasing, and ought to be Cartwright, which was read, complaining of tbe eisdiminished; and, whatever difference of opinion may cumstances at Huddersfield, and of interruptions gives cxist as to his political tenets, few will be found to to the right of petitioning, in several places in the northquestion the integrity of his intentions.
ern parts of the kingdom, and which his lordship moved oppressed with years, and not exempt from the intir-should be laid on the table.
1 milies attendant on his age, but still unimpaired in la- Several Lords having spoken on the question, lent, and unshaken in spirit—« frangas non flectes ». LORD BYRON replied, that he had, from motives he has received many a wound in the combat against of duty, presented this petition to their lordships' concorruption; and the new grievance, the fresh insult of sideration. The noble Earl had contended that it was which he complains, may inflict another scar, but no not a petition, but a speech ; and that, as it contained ; dishonour. The petition is signed by Jolın Cartwright; no prayer, it should not be received. What was the and it was in bebalf of the people and parliament, in necessity of a prayer? If that word were to be used in ' the bwful pursuit of that reform in the representation its proper sense, their lordships could not expect that which is the best service to be rendered both to parlia- any man should pray to others. He bad only to say, ment and people, that he encountered the wanton out- that the petition though in some parts expressed strony rage which forms the subject matter of his petition to ly perhaps, did not contain any improper mode of adyour lordships. It is couched in firm, yet respectful dress, but was couched in respectful language towards i language-in the language of a man, not regardless of their lordships; he should therefore trust their lordships what is due to hiinseif, but, at the same time, I trust, would allow the petition to be received.
Difficile est proprie communia dicere.
HOR. Epist. ad Pison.
Cakes and Ale! Yes, by St Anne, and Ginger shall be hot in
(Horace makes this the heroic turnpike road),
And then your hero tells, whene'er you please,
What went before— by way of episode,
Reside his mistress in some soft abode,
Which serves the happy couple for a tavern
That is the usual method, but not mine
My way is to begin will the beginning;
'The regularity of my design
Forbids all wandering as the worst of sinning,
And therefore I shall open with a line
Narrating somewhat of Don Juan's father,
and also of bis mother, if you d rather.
Prince Ferdinand, Granby, Burgoyne, Keppel, Howe, Famous for oranges and women-he
Who has not seen it will be much to pity,
Cadiz perhaps, but that you soon may see:
Don Juan's parents lived beside the river,
A noble stream, and callid the Guadalquiver.
His father's name was Jose-- Don, of course,
A true hidalgo, free from
Through the most Gothic gentlemen of Spain.
Or, being mounted, e'er got down again,
Than Jose, who begot our hero, wlio
Begot--but that's to come-Well, to renew :
His mother was a learned lady, famed
For every branch of every science known-
In every christian language ever named,
With virtues equall'd by her wit alone;
She made the cleverest people quite ashamed,
And even the good with inward envy groan,
Finding themselves so very much exceeded
In their own way by all the things that she did.
Her memory was a mine: she knew by heart
All Calderon and greater part of Lopé,
She could have served liim for the prompter's copy;
And he himself obliged to shut up shop-he til for my poem (that is, for my new one);
Could never make a memory so fine as
That which adorn'd the brain of Donna Inez.
Her noblest virtue was her magnanimity,
Her serious sayinys darken'i to sublimity;
A prodigy-her morning dress was dimity,
prayer, And Greek-the alphabet, I 'm nearly sure; She read some French romances here and there,
Although lier mode of speaking was not pure : For native Spanish she liad no great care,
At least her conversation was obscure;
And said there was analogy between 'em;
But I must leave the proofs to those who ve seen 'em ;
think which way their judgments lean' em, u Tis strange-the Hebrew noun which means. Tam,' The English always use to govern d-11.
With no great love for learning, or the Icarni,
And never dream'u his lady was concern d:
To see a kingdom or a house o'erturu'd,
A great opinion of hier own good qualities;
And such indeed sie wus in her moralities;
And sometimes mixd up fancies with realities,
Oft in the wrong, and never on his guard;
Hlave moments, hours, and days, so unprepared,
And sometimes ladies hit exceeding hard,
With persons of 10 sort of education,
Grow tired of scientific conversation:
I'm a plain man, and in a single station,
any of the many could divine ;
"T was surely no concern of theirs nor mine :
l'ut if there's any thing in which I shine,
Intentions, but their treatment was not kınd;
For neither of them could I ever lind,
But that's no matter, and the worst's behind-
And mischief-making monkey from his birth;
Upon the most inquiet imp on carth:
Their senses, they at lave sent young master forth
Miss Edgeworth's novels stepping from their covers,
Or « Colebs' Wife» set out iu quest of lovers, Mority', prin personification,
Ju which not Envy's self a llaw discovers;
Of any modern female saint's comparison, | So far above the cumiog powers of hell,
Her guardian angel had given up bis garrison; Even ber minutes notions went as well
As those of the best time-piece made by Harrison. i In virtues nothing carthly could surpass her, Save thine« incomparable oil,» Macassar!?
XVI. Perfect she was, bui as perfection is
Insipid in this nauplity world of ours, "here our first parents never learu'd to kiss
Till they were rxiled from their earlier bowers. Where all was peace, and innocence, and bliss
(I wonder how they got through the twelve hours), Don Jose, like a lineal son of Eve, Went plucking vidiou4 fruit without her leave.