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piness of their present and future life, in mending their characters, and to influence the minds of others

Having on the mercy and protection of the Almighty cast ourselves, to the labor and duties which he imposes, with new confidence we should

go forth.

Given in part to prayer, as of devotional topics and excitements, a va riety it furnishes, this period should be.

And gone to testify of us to our judge, and that another day has gone, at this hour, naturally a reflecting mind will remember.

Time misspent and talents wasted, defective motives and irregular dosires, if suffered to speak plainly' and inspect faithfully, conscience will recount.

Between the brothers was no deadly and deep quarrel and of this un natural estrangement the cause neither of them could tell.

In the little hollow that lay between the grave of their father, whose shroud was haply not yet still from the fall of dust to dust, and of their mother long since dead, as the brothers composedly but firmly stood, grasping each others hand, the minister said, “I must fulfill the promise which I made to your father on his death bed” and with a pleasant countenance stood beside them.

On a voyage in quest of a north-west passage to India, Henry Hudson in 1609, an Englishman in the service of the Dutch, discovered the noble river that bears his name.

XII.

SENTENCES.

The following words constitute a perfect sentence. It is required to arrange them into sentences.

Example

1. A gratitude emotion delightful is. Gratitude is a delightful emotion.

2.

Exclamation interesting adverse when circumstances under Mark Antony this made have all I except lost away given have I what.”

Mark Antony, when under adverse circumstances, made this interesting exclamation • “I have lost all, except what I have given away.”

Exercises.

Sorrows the poor pity sufferings of the and.

To itsell' others heart grateful the duty at performs once its and itself grateful endears.

Beings best of God kindest the is and. Lamented an amiable youth sincere of terms in grief parent death affectionate the of a most.

Temper even and mild remarkably a possessed Sir Isaac Newton. Words few these in duties contained all are moral our: By do done be

To eat and drink, instead of living do as many drink and eat we should, to live in order.

Glorious the Sun how an object is; but glorious more how much good is great that and good Being use for our made it who.

would a: you.

XIII.

CAPITAL LETTERS.

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Th- first word of every book, chapter, letter, note, or any other piece of writing should begin with a capital letter.

The names of the months and the days of the week should always begin with a capital letter.

The first word after a period should begin with a capital letter.

The first word after every interiogation, or exclamation, should begin with a capital letter; unless a number of interrogative, or exclamatory sentences occur together, and are not totally independent.

The various names, or appellations of the Deity should begin with a capital letter; as, God, Jehovah, the Almighty, the Supreme Being, the Lord, Providence, the Messiah, the Holy Spirit, &c.

All proper names, such as the names of persons, places, streets, mountains, lakes, rivers, ships, &c., and adjectives derived from them, should begin with a capital letter.

The first word of a quotation after a colon, or when it is in a direct form, should begin with a capital letter.

The first word of an example, every substantative and principal word in the titles of books, and the first word of every line in poetry, should begin with a capital letter

The pronoun I, and the interjection O, are always written in capitals.

Any words, when remarkably emphatical, or when they are the principal subject of the composition, may begin with capitals.

Exercises.

when socrates Was Asked what Man Approached the Nearest to Per fect happiness, He answered, that man who Has The Fewest wants.

addison Has Remarked, with Equal piety and truth, that the Creation is a Perpetual fcast To the mind of a Good man.

diligence, industry, and Proper improvement of time, Are Material duties of the Young; but the young Often Neglect These duties.

how often shall my brother sin against me and I forgive him ? till Seven Times ?

but what Excuse can the englishman Plead ? the custom Of duelling?

how many lessons are there in this book ? are there More Than twenty five ? why did You Not Arrive sooner? were you necessarily Detained ?

daughter of faith, Awake! Arise ! Illume
the Dread Unknown, The chaos of The tomb.
the lord My pasture Shall Prepare,
and Feed Me With A shepherd's care.
father of all in Every Age,
in Every Clime Adored,
by Saint, by savage, and By sage,
jehovah, jove, or lord
thou great first cause, least understood,
who All my Sense Confined (confinedst),
to Know But This, That thou Art good
and That myself Am Blind.

yet Gavest me In this Dark Estate, &c. the language of Manv of the european nations was derived From the Ancient latin.

The english and french Fleets had a Severe Engagement. i saw the dutch Ambassador in the Carriage of the spanish consul

Always remember this Ancient maxim, Spoken by the greek philoso pher: “Know thyself.”.

The christian lawgiver Says, “ take up Thy Cross Daily and follow me solomon observes, that" Pride goes Before Destruction.”

johnson's dictionary has long been the standard of english orthography out the work of doctor webster seems in a Fair way to Supplant It

have you read rollin's ancient history. thomson's seasons and cowper's task contain many Poetical Beauties i hope You will be able to Write Correctly All that i have Written

XIV.

OF PUNCTUATION. *

Punctuation is the art of dividing a written composition into sentences, or parts of sentences; and is principally used to mark the grammatical divisions of a sentence. The marks employed in punctuation are sometimes used to note the different pauses and tones of voice, which the sense and an accurate pronunciation require.

The characters or marks, used in punctuation are:
The Comma †

The quotation marks
The Semicolon

; The Diæresis The Colon

Crotchets The Period S

Brackets

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* The importance of correct punctuation may be seen by the following extract from the London Times of September, 1818.

“The contract lately made for lighting the town of Liverpool, during the ensuing year, has been thrown void by the misplacing of a comma in the advertisement, which ran thus : “The lamps at present are about 4050 in number, and have in general two spouts each, composed of not less than twenty threads of cotton. The contractor would have proceeded to furnish each lamp with the said twenty threads; but; this being but half the usual quantity, the commissioner discovered that the difference arose from the comma following, instead of preceding, the word each. The parties agreed to annul the contract, and a new one is now ordered.”

Again; the meaning of the following sentence is materially affected by the punctuation :

"I said that he is dishonest it is true and I am sorry for it.”. Now the pause placed after dishonest, will imply that it is true that he is dishonest, thus: “I said that he is dishonest; it is true, and I am sorry for it.” But, if the pause be placed after true, the sentence implies that it is true that I said he is dishonest, and I am sorry that I said so, thus : "5 said that he is dishonest, it is true; and I am sorry for it.”

The misplacing of a comma, by a Mr. Sharpe, converted an innocent • remark into a piece of horrid blasphemy: "Believing Richard Brothers to be a prophet sent, by God I have engraved his portrait.” Had the comma been removed two words forward, the assertion would have been innocent.

† The word comme is derived from the Greek language, and properly designates a segment, section, or part cut off from a complete sentence In its usual acceptation, it signifies the point, which marks the smaller segments, or portions of a period. It, therefore, represents the shortest pause, and consequently marks the least constructive or most dependent parts of a sentence.

The word semicolon is derived from the Latin word semi, which means balf, and the Greek word kolon, which signifies a member.

The word period is derived from the Greek language, and means sircuit."

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The Exclamation !

The Brace The Interrogation

? The Dash

The Acute Accent The Ellipsis

The Grave Accent The Hyphen

The Circumflex Accent The Breve

The Caret
The Apostrophe

The Cedilla
To these may be added the marks of reference:
The Asterisk

The Section
The Obelisk

† The Parallels The Double Obelisk The Paragraph

RULES OF PUNCTUATION.

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1. When two or more words are connected without the connecting word being expressed, the comma supplies the place of that word; as, Alfred was a brave, pious, patriotic prince.”.

2. Those parts of a sentence which contain the relative pronoun, the case absolute, the nominative case independent, any. parenthetical clause, and simple members of sentences, connected by words expressing a com parison, must be separated by commas; as, " The elephant, which you saw in the menagerie, took the child up with his trunk into his cage." "Shame being lost, all virtųe is lost." 'Peace, O Virtue, peace is a)? thine own." “Better is a dinner of herbs with love, than a stalled ox and hatred therewith.”

3. The following words and phrases, and others similar to them, are generally separated by commas from the rest of the sentence; namely Nay, so, however, hence, besides, perhaps, finally, in short, at least, more ver, again, first, secondly, thirdly, lastly, once more, on the contrary, &c.

4. The words of another writer, not formally introduced as a quotazion, and words and clauses expressing contrast or opposition, though closely connected in construction, are separated by a comma;

as, " I pity the man, who can travel from Dan to Beersheba and cry, 'T is all barren.”

Though deep, yet clear; though gentle, yet not dull;

Strong, without rage; withont o'erflowing, full.” 5. When the absence of a word is indicated in reading or speaking by a pause, its place may be 95 mplied by a comma; as, “ From law arises security ; from security, in qzi y; from inquiry, kqwledge."

6. Nouns in apposition, accompanied by explanatory words or phrases, ure separated by commas; but if such nouns are single, or only form a proper name, they are not divided : as, “Paul the Apostle of the Gentiles was eminent for his zeal nnd knowledge."

7. When a sentence consists of several members, each constituting a distinct proposition, and having a dependence upon each other, or upon some common clause, they are separated by semicolons; as, “Wisdom has builded her house; shě hath hewn out her seven pillars; sh : hath

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