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136. The advantages of speaking in French - in Greek, &c. 137. The moral influence of science. 138. The prospects of America. 139. Literary vanity. 140. The crusades. 141. On artificial aids to memory. 112. On Phrenology. 143. On Mesmerism. 244. On the proneness of genius to theorizing. 145. On intellectual culture. 14). On the prevalence of erroneous views of the value of metaphysical

science. 147. The contributions of the fine arts to the pleasures of the domestic

circle. 148. The prospects of a universal language. 149. On ancient and modern democracy. :50. On Aristocracy. *51. The future prospects of the United States.

XCIX.

IST OF WORKS CONSULTED IN THE PREPARATION OF

THIS VOLUME. In presenting a list of authorities which have been consulted in the pre guration of this volume, the author makes this general acknowledgmentthat, as usefulness, not originality, has been his aim, he has in some in stances

copied verbatim from the pages of those in whom he has found any thing of value subservient to his purpose; in some he has taken the llberty to alter the phraseology, and in others entirely to remodel the principles which he has found scattered throughout these authorities. The works to which he has been most largely indebted, are Booth's Principles of English Composition, Walker's Teacher's Asssistant, Newman's, Blair's, Whately's, and Jamieson's Rhetoric, and Jardine's Principles of English Composition. Other works from which he has gleaned something of value, or hints for the improvement of what he has elsewhere gathered, are as follow:

Rippingham's Rules of English_Composition; Rice's Composition; Carey's English Prosody; Roe's Elements of English Metre; Steele's Prosodia Rationalis ; Crabbe's Synonymes ; Harris's Hermes ; Pickbourne on the English Verb; D'Israeli's Curiosities of Modern Literature ; Walker's, Johnson's, Sheridan's, Richardson's, and Webster's Dictionaries ; Locke's Essay on the Understanding; Watts on the Mind; Dictionary of Quota tions ; Andrew's and Stoddard's, and Adam's Latin Grammars ; Murray's, Brown's, Felton's, Lennie's, Parker's, and Fox's English Grammars ; Hedge's Logic; Encyclopædia Americana; Dictionary of Arts and Scien ces; Towne's Analysis of Derivative Words; American First Class Book Mayo's Lessons on Objects ; Miller's Practice of English Composition Lockhart's Life of Scott ; Taylor's Elements of Thought ; Hannam's Pulpit Assistant ; Claude's Essay on the Composition of a Sermon; The London Quarterly Journal of Education; Beauties of History; The Spectator Inn's Rhetorical Class Book ; Lallemand's Artillery Service ; Beclard's Physiology ; Poole's English' Parnassus; The School and the School master; Bentley's Miscellany; Quarles' Books of Emblems; Knox's Essays Hay's Biography.

C.

INDEX OF SUBJECTS NOTICED IN THIS WORK.

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Abstracts, page 211.

Apothem, Apothegm, or Apoph.
Accent, its effect, 16.

thegm, 300.
Acute, 28 and 31. *

Argumentative, 300.
Grave, 28 and 31.

Writing, example of, in a de-
“ Circumflex, 28 and 32.

fence of Literary Studies
Acrostic, 289.

in Men of Business, 223.
Agate type, 312.

Asterisk, 28 and 32.
Affix, 35.
Affixes, Alphabetical Synopsis of, 37. Ballad, 287.
to Afilxes, 38.

Barbarism, 92.
Alexandrine verse, 232 and 236. Bathos, notes, 64 and 303.
Allegory, 131.

Beauty in Writing, 104.
Different kinds of, 132. Bernard De Rohan, Description of
Instances of, note, 132.

173.
Alliteration, 151 and 283.

Bianca Capello, 322.
Useful as an aid to Memory, Biographical Sketch, 322.
152.

Black Eyes and Blue, 287.
Remarkable instances of, 152. Blank Verse, 241.
“ Alphabetical, note, 152. Bombast, notes, 64 and 303.
Allusion, 149.

Books, Technical Terms reiating to
Ambassadors, Titles of, 190.

313.
Amphibrach, 231.

“ in Folio, Quarto, Octavo, Du
Amplification, 65 and 218.

odecimo, &c., 313.
Object of, 218.

Bookbinders' marks for folding, &c.
Anagrams, 86.

313.
Analogy, 110.

Bourgeois, 312.
the foundation of Simile, Boutes, Rimes, note, 242

Comparison, and Emblem, Bowdoin Prize Dissertation on the
note, 123.

Literary Character of Dr. Samue.
Analysis, Rhetorical, note, 306. Johnson, 381.
Anapæst, 231.

Brace, 28 and 31.
Anapæstic verses, 231.

Prackets, 27 and 30.
of what they consist, 233. Breve, 28 and 30.
Dr. Carey's remarks on their Brevier, 312.
Effect, note, 239.

Bucolics, 289.
Anticlimax, 149.

Burlesque, 297.
Antistrophe, 286.

Happy instances of, in severa
Antithesis, 125.

styles, note, 297.
4 Rules of, 126.

Burletta, 297.
" Author of Lacon's Remarks Butterfly and Humming Bird, The
on, note, 126.

an Allegory, 135.
Antonomasia, 63.
“ much used by historical writ- Cesura, proper position of, 234.

Cantata, 287.
Aphæresis, 76.

Canzonet, 287.
Apologue and Fable, 136.

Capital Letters, Rules for the Use of,
Apostrophe, 28, 30, 17, 143.

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ers, note, 65.

peculiar (as a rhetorical fig- Cards — Ceremonious, Business, and

ure) to Poetry and Oratory, Wedding, - forms of, 195, 196, 197
144.

Caret, 28 and 32.

25.

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Catachrosis, 69.

Compound Words, 35.
literal meaning of, note, 70. Conclusion, 209.
the foundation of many wit-Conference, 324.
ticisms, note, 70.

“ Subjects for, 40
Catch-word, 313,

Confirmation, 209.
Cedilla, or Cerilla, 28 and 31. Conjunction, and how av.mingu note
Charade, 139 and 288.

53.
Chesterfield, Lord, his disapprobation Connected Narrative from Scattered
of wafers, 195.

Facts, 157.
Choice of Texts, 390.

Construction of Sentences, 93.
Circumlocution, 63.

Conundrums, note, 140.
Clauses, 17.

Conversation, or Simple Dialogue, 7.
" neuter, active transitive, ac- Conversion of Poetry into Prose, 76.

tive intransitive, passive, Correction of the Press, marks used
relative, and subjunctive, by printers in, 310 and 311.
18.

Couplet, or Distich, 230.
Clearness, 94.

Critical Notice, 317.
Climax, 147.

. Discussion, Subjects for, 410.
the language of passion, note, Criticism, 318.
148.

Crotchets, 27 and 30.
and Antithesis united, note, Cut, representing the manner in
148.

which a letter should be folded,
purpose of, note, 148.

189.
College Exercises, Specimens of, 324.
" Poem, Example of a, on the Dactyle, 231.

Pleasures and Pains of the Dactylić Verse, is properly defective
Student, 336.

Anapæstic, note, 233.
Colloquy, 324.

Dash, 28 and 30.
" Example of a, 327.

Defence of Literary Studies in Men
“ Subjects for, 408.

of Business, 223.
Colon, its meaning and use, 27 and Definition, 105.
29.

Deliberative Discussion, 350.
Column, 313.

“ Subjects for, 410.
Comedy, 296.

Derivation and Composition of Words,
Comma, its meaning and use, 27 and 34.
29.

66 Modes of, 36.
Common Metre, note, 230,

Exercises in, 39.
Composition, Introduction and 300. Derivative Words, 35.
« Narrative, descriptive, didac- Description, 165.

tic, persuasive, pathetic, 6 *Effect of Figurative Language
argumentative, 300.

in, note, 177.
Directions for revising, &c., Classes of, 166.
303.

Terms appropriate for, 166.
u Rules for the mechanical ex-

Selection of Circumstances
ecution of, 304.

in, 167.
Correction of a, An Example

16 Sir Walter Scott's åccuracy
of, 307 and 308.

in, note, 167.
u of Words, 34.

of a country, canals, 168.
of a Sermon, 390.

6 of rivers, 168 and 170.
Comparison, 122.

of climate, coasts, forests
how differing from Simile and

woods, houses, level coun
from Metaphor, notes, 122.

try, mountains, 169.
under what heads it may be 66 of villages, 170.
reduced, 123.

of persons, of a sensible ob
the foundation of, 123.

ject, 171.
" when not to be used, 123. " of Mary, Queen of Scots, 172
" Rules relating to, 123.

of a beautiful woman, noto
Compound Sentences, formation of

173.
from Simple ones, 58.

of Bernard De Durban, 173.

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pote, 174.

son, 381.

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Description of a fine-looking man, | Disquisition, 341.

how it differs from a Disser
" of the elephant, 175.

tation, 341.
" of natural scenery, 175 and " Ethical, political, scientifc,
176.

and literary, 342.
4 Use of Epithets a, note, 175. " Ethical, Example of, on Tne
Descriptive, Introduction and 300.

strict application of Moral
“ Pootry, instances of, 299.

Rules to the Policy of
Dialogue (simple), 7 and 324.

States," 342.
« about dogs, 12.

Dissertation, 338.
Diction, Poetic, 77.

Example of, on “ The Causes
Didactic, Introduction and 300.

which, independently of
“ Poetry, instances of, 299.

their Merit, have contrib
Diæresis, 27, 31, and 77.

uted to elevate the Ancient
Diamond Type, 312.

Classics,” 381.
Difference, 105.

" Bowdoin Prize, on the Life
Diminution, or Liptotes, note, 142.

and Character of Dr. John
Directions, Grammatical, 88.

for the Division of a Subject, Subjects for, 414.
215.

Distich, or Couplet, 230.
" for acquiring a Good Style, Distinction, 105.
302.

Divisions of a Subject, 215.
for revising and correcting of a Sermon, 392.

Compositions, 303. Double Pica, note, 312.
“ in Letter Writing. [See Drama, 296.
Letters.]

Rules for the construction or
" for Superscriptions and Forms

the, 296.
of Address to Persons of Dramatic Composition, kinds of, 296

every Rank, note, 190. Dramatic Poetry, 294.
Discussion, 344.

Duet, note, 287.
Different kinds of, as philos- Duodecimo, 313.

ophical, literary, political,
moral, &c., 344.

Echu Verses, 243.
16 Philosophical, Example of, on Eclogue, 290.

the Expediency of making how it differs from Idyl, 290.
Authorship a Profession, Ellipsis, 28, 30, 77.
345.

Elegiac Poetry, 289.
a Literary, on “ The merits of Elegy, Gray's, written in a Country

the Histories of Hume and Church-yard, 291.
Lingard,” 349.

Elision, 76.
a Deliberative, on Liberal Emblem, rote, 122.

Principles as affecting the 66 Foundation of Simile and
Strength of Government,

Comparison, note, 123.
350.

Empire of Poetry, by Fontenelle, 133.
" Subjects for, 408 and 410. English Oration, 362.
Disputation, 355.

on Public Station, 362.
" Philosophical and Forensic, 66 The Utilitarian System;
355.

“ Cui Bono," 367.
Forensic, Example of, on the " Public Opinion,” 371.

question, " Whether Pop- 4 Valedictory, The Spirit that
ular Superstitions, or En

shouid accompany our Re
lighted Opinion, be most

publican Institutions, 374.
favorable to the growth of English Primer, note, 312.

Poetical Literature," 355. English Verse, specimens of different
" Philosophical, Example of an kinds of, 235.

on the question," Whether how divided, 231.
Intellectual Improvement “ how they terminate, 232.
be favorable to the produc- English, Language of the 61.
tions of the Imagination,” Enallage, 77
359.

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Epic, 295.

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ness, 288.

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Enigma, or Riddle, 131.

Fable and Apologue, how they differ
of the Sphinx, mote, 139. from a Tale, 136.
" of the letters H, M, and E, Farce, 296.
138, and noie, 139. Faults destructive of clearness, 94.

Feet, Poetical, 231.
Poetry, 294.

i Kinds of, 231.
“ Poem, Examples of, 295.

what kinds most frequently
Epicurean, by Thomas Moore,

used, 231.
noticed, note, 230 and 295.

" Secondary, 231.
Epigram, 288.

Figurative Language, 111 and 283.
its characteristic is precise- and Plain, difference between,

113.
Epilogue, 296.

translation of Plain into, 115
Episode, 295.

Figure, Definition of a, 111.
Epistolary Correspondence, or Letter « Etymological, Syntactical and
Writing, 183.

Rhetorical, 111.
Epitaph, 290.

Figures, as enumerated by Holmes,
“ Renarks on, note, 290.

note, 111.
Epithalamium, 289.

Use of, 112.
Epithets, 282.

“ Faults of, note, 112.
Kinds of, 283.

Folding of a Letter, 188 and 189
4 Simple and Compound, 283. “ of Notes, &c., 194.
Judícious Application of, a Folio, 313.

great beauty in Poetry, Forensic Disputation, 355.
283.

" Example of a, 355.
Epode, 286.

Subjects for, 409.
Epopea, or Epopoeia, 296.

Form of a Letter, 186.
Esquire, title of, when to be applied, Formal Letter, Example of a, 188.
191.

Formation of Compound Sentences
tissay, 329.

from Simple ones, 58.
Examples of an, on “Literat- Forms for Cards, &c., 195.

ure,” 331.
on “The Pleasures derived Generalization of a Subject, 227

from the Fine Arts by the Genus, 105.
Artist and the Common Ginevra, 81 and 84.
Spectator," 333.

Governor of State, Title by which
“The Sentiment of Loy- he is to be addressed, 190.
alty,” 334.

Grammatical Propriety, 88.
filled out from heads, outlines, Great Primer, note, 312.

or abstracts, 2i3.
Etymological Figures, 111.

Harmony, 94 and 99.
Euphemism, 63.

Rules of, 100.
Euphonic Letters, 35.

" Higher Kind of, 101.
Events, Objects and, 5.

of a Verse, how destroyed,
Evening, Invitation for, Form of, 193.

238.
Example, 209.

Heads of Departments, their Titles,
Exclamation, as a point, 28 and 29. 190.
as a rhetorical figure, 145.

or Divisions, of a Subject, in
Exercises, College, Specimens of, 324.

argumentative discussions,
Exordium, 362.

in persuasive, descriptive,
Expansion of an Idea, 21.

narrative, and didactic
Expansion of Narrative Writing, note.

writing, 216.
159.

Hemistich, 230.
Explanations and Paraphrase, 153. Heroic Measure, note, 232.
Expletives, cautions against use of, the principal Metre of the
note, 241,

English Language, nots,
Expression, Variety of, 73.

240.
Expressions, Selection of, 92. Heroic Verse, 296.
Pablc and Apologue, 136.

Heroics, Mock, 297.

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