« 前へ次へ »
terior forms of religion. The authorities of Bruchsal deprived him of his living, declaring that, by his " Confession, he had pronounced his own separation. The Baron de Gemmingen, lord of the parish, with all his household, and the curé Henhöfer at the head of forty families, comprising about 220 persons, soon after publicly. separated themselves from the Church of Rome. They made a profession of their faith in the evangelical doctrines in the Baronial chapel of Steineyg; and then, as many of them as were adults, received the Holy Communion according to the rites adopted since the re-union of the Lutheran and Calvinistic churches. This affecting ceremony was celebrated in a Catholic country, in the midst of a crowd assembled from all the neighbouring places, with doors and windows open, with out the slightest interruption or disturbance a proof of the excellent temper which prevails between the two communions in the Grand Dutchy of Baden. As about half the parish of Mulhausen remained Catholies, and the new converts had of course no claim to the revenues of the livings, nor to the use of the parish church, they have for a the present joined themselves to the parish of Urbain de Pforzheim and Divine service is celebrated in the chapel of the castle of Steineyg. M. Henböfer has not at present thought it right to remain as their Pastor, on account of the umbrage it would give the Catholics. Nevertheless, he was examined as a Protestant candidate, April 1l,i 1820, and was ordained the following day. He is a pious, calm, amiable man, who has acquired surprising influence by his personal character. His publication has created a lively sensation in Alsace, i and the Catholics read it with even more eagerness than the Protestants.
From this most interesting statement, it would seem that, in the case of conversions from the Church of Rome, if the convert be a priest, re-ordination is practised by the Continental Protestant churches. Romish ordination is held valid by then English Episcopal church, though Presbyterian ordination is not. After reading such a narrative as this, one is ready to ask, Why do we hear of no such conversions from Popery int England? Is there any thing which renders the mind of an English papist less accessible than that of a foreigner of the same persuasion, to the influence of Scriptural truth?, In the case of the pastor Henhöfer, the Scriptures studied with buma. ble prayer, seem, under the influence of the Holy Spirit, to have been the only guide. In a land of Bibles like our own, . one might hope to hear of many such instances, Has the spirit of the Reformation quite spent itself in England ? Din do we know of no other means of combating popery, but legis. lative enactments ?. If popery is on the increase among us, it; it is not losing ground, and losing hold of the minds of its com taries, what are Protestants about? What would be thoughter if. Mahommedism was spreading in this country? We know En putri
.",".411.cab agoig bre
not why that should be deemed a more portentous evil, or why it should be considered as more disgraceful for Christianity and the Bible to lose ground before the Prophet and the Koran, than before the Man of Sin and his priests. We are disposed to regard the non-occurrence of secessions from the Church of Rome in this country, as one of the most alarming features of the times, In Ireland, converts are made by education and the Bible, but not among the priests, We may petition the Legislature against Popery, but it will not yield to sych weg. pons." This kind goeth not forth but by prayer" and " the « sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God."
But what is Continental Protestantism? .. ..... • Alas!' says Mr. Wilson, I see deism, infidelity, indifference, a secret contempt of religion, too wiilely prevailing even here. I observe a cold celebration of a few great festivals; but the Sabbath desecrated holiness of life too little exemplified the principles of grace, from which only it can spring, forgotten the Reformation, with its glorious truths, corrupted and obscured. I see persecution itself, the most odious part of Popery, transplanted to Protestant bodies, and an open defection from the Gospel avowed in the city which was once the praise of the churches. Thank God, things are in many places greatly improving both among Catholics and Protestants; and the opened Bible, the spirit of free inquiry after truth, the power of conscience, the intercourse of different Protestant States, the operations of various religious societies, the judgements of God which have been abroad in the earth, and above all, the Divine mercy visiting and subduing the heart, have produced a wonders ful change. And in some quarters, the purity of the Gospel has dourished without interruption or decay. But taking a view of the present state of the Continent generally, in its two great families of Catholics and Protestants, the Christian Traveller cannot but be af, fected even to depression with the prevailing degeneracy,' 1 At Lausanne,"the spirit of intolerance has lately assumed the shape of the most determined persecution. As soon as any person gives offence to the clergy, the magistrates make no scruple of banishing him at once. They allow no dissidents
from the Establishment, not a soul : a minister who is sus
pended cannot preach at all. Mr. Wilson has given a copy of an Arrêté which has recently been published at Lausanne, drawn up in the precise language which persecutors have ani. formly adopted since Louis XIV. revoked the Edict of Nantes. It is directed against the new sect called the Momiers ; that is, in fact, pious, evangelical nonconformists, who are acknowledged, says Mr. Wilson, on all hands, to be peaceable members of the Republic, unexceptionable in their moral conduct, and pious, devoted Christians. This edict forbids all private Vol. XXI. N.S.
religious meetings, and directs magistrates to dissolve such meetings by force. Every person found guilty of being present at these meetings, is to be punished with fines, imprisonments, &c. * Thus is the Inquisition of Spain transferred to Protes • tant Switzerland, and the noblest gift of the Reformation, liberty of public worship, openly violated.'.ins
And is it in Switzerland,' exclaims Mr. Wilson, Switzerland, the nurse of the Reformation, the country of Zuingle, and Ecolampadius, and Beza; Switzerland, the last refuge of religious liberty in Europe, that this has taken place? O, who can too strongly express his detestation of such intolerant and unchristian measures.... But so it is. The clergy, when they refuse to accept of Divine grace, have always been the worst of enemies to real spiritual religion, . All experience declares this, and especially the history of the sufferings of Christ our Lord.'
The open persecution at Lausanne is not, however, so afflictive a circumstance as the open denial of the Reformed Faith by the Church of Geneva. Mr. Wilson has devoted a note in reply to the laboured apology for the Pastors, contained in M. Simond's work on Switzerland, who, while he regrets the issuing of the reglement' of May, 1817, is disposed to regard it as necessary to preserve the peace of the church., But
the real question is,' remarks Mr. W., 'whether any body of ministers have a right to alter, conceal, or check the full and • fair development of the great truths of Revelation, on the
plea of preserving peace.' We shall probably have occasion to advert again to this subject in our next Number, and must, therefore, only add, that Mr. Wilson bears his testimony to the existence of much sincere and simple devotion among many individuals at Geneva, notwithstanding the general state of that fallen Church. «Mr. Wilson was much charmed with Lyon, wbich has been regularly increasing in population and commerce since the peace of 1815. Out of a population of 175,000 souls, five or
six thousand are Protestants; yet, they have only one church, · and but one service in that church. There is a Bible Society here, but it is not flourishing. : The Government now is not
favourable to the Protestants. But this is not so bad a state of things as at Paris, where Mr. Wilson found only one public service on the Sunday, for a population of nearly 30,000 Protestants. In fact, speaking generally, he says, the Sabbath is utterly lost on the Continent: it is no longer the Lord's "day, but the day of the god of this world. When it is spoken of, it is called a fête or holiday, indiscriminately with the Nativity or Assumption of the Virgin Mary. Nay, the newspapers, the theatres, &c. are actually suspended on St. Francis's day, or the Feast of the Virgin, but, on the Sunday, are regularly carried on, and more eagerly followed than, ever, The Sunday is, in short, the day for shows, amusements, dissipation, and vicious pleasures of every kind. - And what is worse than all, these things are countenanced by Englishmen. - Upon the whole, there is much that is lamentable and afs fecting, but not a little that is animating, in Mr. Wilson's account of the present state of the Continent. His work has deeply interested us, and we strongly recommend the perusal of it to our readers. We have unavoidably passed over much that is attractive and entertaining in the Author's descriptions of the exquisite scenery through which he travelled, on the banks of the Rhine, and in the recesses of the Alps; the volumes abound too with much valuable information of a gene. ral nature. Our object has led us to fix on the graver features of the work, from which we might otherwise have made more amusing selections. It is such travellers as Mr. Wilson, that we would have go forth as the representatives of English Christians : it is with such sentiments and feelings as breathe through these volumes, that we could wish,-were it not a vain hope, -that Englishmen might return. The prejudices against the Protestant doctrine and evangelical truth, which the ill conduct of Englishmen abroad have implanted or confirmed, are, Mr. Wilson says, deplorable. On the other hand, what incalculable good might English travellers diffuse, who should learn from these' volumes to connect with their own health and gratification, the promotion of higher objects, and the recommendation of the religion they profess!
abesses of trave, descrin much
Art. X. Warreniana ; with Notes, critical and explanatory, by the
Editor of a Quarterly Review. f.cap 8vo. London, 1824. W Benjoy humour, but we detest vulgarity and profaneness;
and if we cannot have one without the other, must forego the human prerogative of laughter altogether. If our readers are of the same- opinion, they will not waste their money on this book, which is only the old joke of travestie over again. In the “ Rejected Addresses,” it was amusing enough ; but it is now stale and quite unprofitable. The subject of the poems is Warren's Blacking, and of course the wit is only a thin vein, running through a thick stratum of absurdity. The mine does not pay for the working.
Art. XI. 1. The 'fract Magazinė, os Christian Miscettány Nok. I to 14. '12mo. Price id. London, 1824...
3, 1:40Tani: 2. The Gospel Tract Society. Nos. 1 to 10. 12mo. Price ld. eacha, if or 48. per hundred. London, 1823, 4. .. se susitari 3. The Teacher's Offering, or Sunday School Monthly Visiter.
Edited by the Rev. John Campbell. No. XVI. April, 1824. Price Id..
. . * 18162128 2016 4. The Children's Friend. Edited by the Rev. W. Cárus Wilson,
A.M. Vicar of Tunstall. No. IV. April, 1824. Price fd. ET 5. The Child's Companion, or Sunday Scholar's Reward. No. IV.
32mo. Price ld. (Printed for the Religious Tract Society 6. The Child's Magazine. Edited by Mrs. Sherwood, No.IV. 32mo. Price 1d. i
1 .511JIidua THE present generation certainly bids fair to be penky
I wise : we hope there is no danger of its turning out * pound foolish.' The prodigious improvements made in the moral machinery of society, the diffusion of education among all classes by means of Sunday Schools, and the conseguent over-stimulated activity of the press,-cannot be more strikingly shewn than by the multiplication of publications like these. We might have added to the list, three-penny and four-penny periodicals almost without end. We cannot but rejoice in the immense increase of that class of readers among whom such works find purchasers and readers. Knowledge cannot be made too cheap: we entertain no jealousies respecting its widest and most unrestricted diffusion. Whatever evils can arise from knowledge, find in knowledge their only antidote. If the element becomes vitiated, it is only through being compressed and confined : give it vent, and it will become pure. Religion, objectively considered, (to use a favourite phrase with our old divines,) is itself only knowledge of the highest kind, and knowledge homogeneous with every other kind. But though we are not jealous of the diffusion of knowledge, We may have reason to watch with some solicitude, the channels by which it finds its way to the mind,--the tunuels and pipes by which it is distributed. Are not we Reviewers constituted by public consent, commissioners for watching, paving, and lighting as it were the high road to knowledge? Here is, however, a new case for which the Act does not provide, a modern improvement, sprung up tike the Gas' lights, which seems to bid defiance to our vigilance, and to evade onr cognizance altogether. This Penny and Two-penny, literature, this small retail of knowledge by the stick and the pottle, does