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Art. XI. Beauties of Dwight ; or Dr. Dwight's System of Theology,
abridged: with a Sketch of his Life : a Portrait: and an original · Essay on his Writings, &c. 4 vols, 24mo. Price 12s. London. 1829. THIS work is correctly termed an Abridgement: the first 1 part of the title does not describe it. The beauties' of the American divine, in the general acceptation of the phrase, would consist of a selection of the most striking passages from his writings given at length. We confess that we should have thought this a more eligible plan, than the exhibiting of his system of divinity in this meagre analytical form. Dr. Dwight is generally very concise, and his lectures are sometimes skeletons very slightly filled up: they scarcely admit of advantageous abridgement. But there are defective parts of his system, to which we have adverted, and which, had the principle of selection been adopted, might have been omitted without detriment to the work. We are at a loss to understand the precise intention of the Editor. These skeletons do not appear to us at all eligible models for pulpit discourses, where plain persons compose the majority of the audience: the peculiar excellence of the original discourses was, their adapa . tation to the purpose of divinity lectures. To those ministers and students who cannot afford to purchase the larger work, these volumes may be acceptable. The merits and defects of the analysis will be best shewn by a short specimen.
The manner in which revelation exhibits the Divine benevolence, is the following.
« God directly asserts his character to be benevolent.
( The text is the strongest conceivable example of this assertion. Thou art good, says David, and thou dost good; and thy tender mercies are over all thy works. There is none good but one, saith Christ, that is, God.
• He recites a great variety of specimens of his goodness to india viduals and nations ; and exhibits them as being, unquestionably, acts of begevolence only.
· He explains the whole system of his dispensations, in those in. ' stańces not recorded in the Scriptures, in the same manner.
i He exhibits to us sin, as far more vile, and deserving of far more punishment; and virtue, or benevolence, as far more excellent and meritorious, than our reason would otherwise have enabled us to conceive.
He exhibits to us, that he is kind, not only to such beings as are virtuous, but to such also as are sinners ; and that this kindness in its extent and consequences is infinite.
In tbe law which he has given to mankind for the regulation of all their moral conduct, he has required no other obedience, except, their love to himself and to each other.
God requires the whole regard which he claims to be rendered to tin cnly as a benevolent God..
« In the Scriptures we are required to love, worship, and serve, that is, to exhibit our love in different forms to a God of love, and to such a God only,
. God has informed us in the Scriptures, that there is beyond the grave an immortal state of retribution ; in which whatever seems irregular in the present state will be adjusted according to the most exact dictates of benevolence and equity,
The benevolence of God is strictly infinite. • In the divine Mind every attribute is necessarily co-extended with the greatness of that mind. The benevolence of God is as truly thus extensive, as his knowledge or his power. To his love of happiness existing, to his desire of happiness as a thing to be produced, no limit can be affixed. Intense and glowing beyond degree, although perfectly serene and complacent, it furnishes the most solid foundation for the truth of that remarkable declaration in the text ; God is love; or Infinite Love is the Infinite God. • The benevolence of God cannot but be ever active.'
In the former part of the discourse, the proofs from reason, of the Divine benevolence, are exhibited in the same naked manner, as unsupported propositions. Sometimes these may seem to approach to the character of self-evident truths ; as, for instance, that God can have no possible motive to be * malevolent.' But to perceive the force and bearing of an assertion like this, a reader would need have been trained to habits of close thinking. And after all, the expressions are far from being inobjectionable.
Art. XII. Statement in Regard to the Pauperism of Glasgow, from
the Experience of the last Eight Years. By Thomas Chalmers, D. D. Minister of St. John's Church, Glasgow. 8vo. pp. 78.
Glasgow. 1823. DR. CHALMERS alludes, in the preface to this pamphlet,
to a pretty general imagination,' that he had relinquished his charge in Glasgow, because of the misgiving of his schemes for the extinction of pauperism. He has met this injurious and unfounded suspicion with substantial facts. Our readers will perhaps recollect, that Dr. Chalmers's undertaking was, on being allowed to appropriate the whole of the weekly collec. tion made at the church doors of St. John's, (at that time 4001. a-year,) to the support of the poor of that parish,- to send • Do new poor, either casual or permanent, to the Town Hos* pital. To meet the new cases, the evening collection was presumed to be sufficient; and the result bas so far justified the expectation, that, from September 1819 to June 1823, all the new applications have been met with a sum not exceeding
801. a-year, arising from this fund. During the same period, comprising three years and nine months, the number of paupers admitted on the ground of general indigence, is thirteen, at a · monthly'expense of 2. 13s. 4d., or 321. per annum. The cases of extraordinary and hopeless disease are two; one a lunatic, the other, deaf and dumb-monthly expense ll. 4s 8d. or 141. 16s. per annum. Two illegitimate children and three fa, Inilies of run-away husbands, have been admitted on the same fund-monthly expense ll. 12s. 6d., per annum 196. 10s. Total, 20 regular paupers at a monthly expense of 51. 105. 6d., . a yearly expense of 661. 6s. In the mean time, the old sessional poor, which, in October 1819, were 98, have sunk down (by deaths and dismissals) to 57 ; making, with the new cases, 77: a diminution in the total of 21. The total yearly expense of maintaining the poor of this parish, the population of which is upwards of 8000, is 3081. But this includes the Town Hospital cases, and the relief of paupers received from other parishes.
The most extraordinary circumstance connected with the success of this management, is, that it has been effected at a very inconsiderable sacrifice of time and labour on the part of the individuals in whom was vested the charge of the evening collections which were to meet the new cases. The details contained in the reports of the several deacons, printed as a note, form a mass of testimony highly deserving of attention. They shew how much may be accomplished, under any system of management, by a prudent and well-principled discharge of the office, towards reducing the expenditure, and, at the same time, promoting the best interests of the poor.
Still, while we warmly congratulate Dr. Chalmers on the success of his philanthropic experiment, we see no reason to retract the opinion, that his general deductions with regard to the Poor Laws of England are unsound, proceeding on a limited and mistaken view of the subject. The mere substitution of church collections for an assessment in this country, we should esteem no improvement. The total abolition of a parochial fund is happily too visionary a scheme to be thought of: it would be as iniquitously unjust as it is impracticable. The evil lies in the management, and this evil is not less susceptible of remedy on the English system than on the Scotch. The circumstances of the two countries are totally dissimilar, as regards not only the physical and moral habits of the population, but their resources. It is státeit that the population of Glasgow, which in 1820 was 73,796, was in 1821, 72,765, an'inconsiderable decrease, but yet, proving that the surplus population of Scotch towns more readily finds vent, than, we apprehend, is possible in England.
Axt. XIII. SELECT LITERARY INFORMATION.
A Prospectus has been issued of a new edition very considerably enlarged, of Memoirs and Correspondence of Du. plessis Mornay, relatiog to the history of the Reformation and the Civil Wars in France under Charles IX., Henry III. Henry IV., and Louis X111., from 1571 to 1625; published from the original manuscripts in the possession of the prince of Moatnsorency-Robecq, and tbe marquis de Morday; to which will be prefixed, Memoirs of her husband, written by Madame de Morvay, for the instruction of her sou. By P. R. Augius and A, D. de la Fontenelle. In 15 vols.
800. This edition will contain the mat*ter suppressed in the four volumes of
the original publication, besides a great number of unpublished letters from
Henry IV., Queen Elizabeth of Eng. iland, the Prince and Princess of Nassau,
&c. &c. The work will be published
by subscription, and will be brought out 1. two volumes at a time.
1 A Sketch of the System of Education Sat New Lanark, by Robert Dale Owen, is in the press, and will appear in a few
days. 1 Jeu Messrs J. P. Neale and J. Le Keux
intend publishing the First Number of
their Original Views of the Collegiate 1) and Parochial Churches of Great Britain, 100 the 1st of February, 1824..
In the press, and shortly will be published, in 8vo. The Plenary Inspiration
of the Holy Scriptures asserted, and In+1fidel Objections shewn to be unfounded,
by new and conclusive evidence. Ju six lectores now delivering at Albion Hall, Loudon Wall. By ibe Rev. S. Noble.
In the press, Sacred Tactics, an at tempt to develop, and to exhibit to the eye by tabular arrangements, a general rule of composition prevailing in the Holy Scriptures. By the Rev. Thomas Boys, A. M.
The Rev. Greville Ewing has in the press, a second edition of his Essay on Baptism, considerably enlarged. * Preparing for publication, in 12mo.
Poptism not Baptism, and Washing not -Burial, in Reply to Mr. Ewing's Essay 1 on Baptism; containing an address to the numerous members of pedobaptist
churches who hold antipoedobaptist sen titheats. Bj . A. Cux, A. M,
In the press, a second edition of Sabbaths at Home. By Henry March.
In the press, a Present for a Sunday School, adapted for the Capacities of little children. By a Minister of the Established Church.
A new edition of Mr. Alaric A. Watts's Poetical Sketches, with illustrations, is preparing for publication, which will inelude Gertrude de Balm, and other additional poems.
Preparing for publication, a Practical Guide to English Composition; or, a comprehensive system of English grammar, criticism, and logic; arranged and illustrated apon a new and improved plan; containing apposite principles, rules, and examples, for writing correctly and elegantly on every subject; adapted to the use of schools and of Private Students. By the Rev. Peter Smith, A. M.
In the press, and to appear early in the new year, Tales and Sketches of the West of Scotland. By Christopher Keelivine. To include a Sketch of Changes which have occurred during the last half century in that part of Scotland.
George Phillips is printing a Compendium of Algebra, with Notes and Demonstrations shewing thc Reason of every rule, designed for the use of schools, and those persons who have not the advantage of a preceptor ;' the whole arranged on a plan calculated to abridge the labour of the master, and facilitate the improvement of the pupil.
In the press, a Discourse on Prayer, explaining its nature, enforcing its importance, and unfolding the advantages which flow from it. By the Rev. John Thornton.
Early in January will be published, in 1 vol. 8vo, a Narrative of a Journey from La Guayra to Bagota, and thence to Santa Martha, performed between February and July, 1823.
In the press, Aureus, or the Adventures of a Sovereign, written by himself. In 2 vols. 12mo. ' On the 1st of February, 1824, will be published, the first part (to be continued quarterly, in parts) of the Animal Kingdom, as arranged conformably with its organization, by the Baron
Cuvier; with additional descriptions of brated Zoologist will be translated in all the species bitherto named, apd of this undertaking: but the additions will many not before noticed. The whole of be so considerable, as to give it the chathe Regne Animal of the above cele racter of an original work.
APR XIV. LIST OF WORKS RECENTLY PUBLISHED. T
THEOLOGY, Scholastic Education; or a synopsis The Doctrines of General Redempof the studies recommended to employ tion, as held by the Church of England the time and engage the attention of and by the early Dutch Arminians, exyouth; a suggestion of the most efficient hibited in their scriptural evidence, and methods of tuition ; and a notice of the ju their connection with the civil and authors wbich may be advantageously religious liberties of mankind. By Jas. used in a Scholastic Course By John Nichols. In 1 vol. 8vo. 165. Shoveller, LL. D. 8vo. 5s. 6d.
A Dictionary of all Religions, and MISCELLANEOUS.
Religious Denominations, Antient and
Molern, Jewish, Pagan, Mahometan, or The Lady of the Manor. By Mrs.
Mrs Christian : also of Ecclesiastical HisSherwood. 78. [Vul. ll. is in the press.] tory. To which are prefixed,-1. An
The History of George Desmond.' Essay on Truth, tbe Causes of Emur, Founded on Facts which occurred in the &c. by the late Rev. Andrew Poller, East Indies, and now published as a use U. on the State of the World at Christ's 3 ful caution to Young Men going out to
Appearance, by Mrs. Hannah Adams, that country. post Bvo. 78.
original editor of the work and to Eugenia ; or, the Dangers of the
which are appended, a Sketch of Mis. Worki. By Miss More, Author of “ The
sionary Geography; with practical reWelsh Cottage,” &c. 48.
flections on the whole. By T. Williams. The History of Little Lucy and her
The third London edition, with the imDhaye. By Mrs. Sherwood. 2s.6d.
provements of the fourth American Sopbja ; or, the Source and Benefit
edition, and many new articles and corof Affliction. By the Author of “ Mar
rections throughoat. 109. 6d. " garet Whyte," &e. 2s.6d.
The Works of Dr. John Owen. Vols. The Spy-glass-, or, Truths brought VII. and VIII. 128. each. Homo to the Mind's Eye. 2s. 60.
A new edition of Sanrio's Sermons, Pere la Chaise. By Mrs. Sherwood. 29. translated by the Rev. R. Robinson,
The lofant's Grave. By Mrs. Sher- Henry Hunter, D.D. and Joseph Satwood. 18. 6d.
cliffe. With additional Sermons' now Choice Pleasures for Youth: iu a
a first translated. Edited by the Rev. s. series of Letters from a father to his Burder, M.A. 6 vols. 8vo. 31. 35. Son. 12mo. 4s.
The Anti-Swedenborg. 12mo. 2s.6d..? DOB TRY.
• Lectures iliustrative of the Pilgrim's The Star in the East, and other Progress. By the Rer. D. Warr. 8vo. 8s. Poems By Josiah Conder. 19mo. 68.