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tions of this excellent Jady, by pe- two, which are very singular in their susing a translation of her letters kind. lately published.
The comparison is not indeed enThe Italians are as proud of a tirely fair; but when I mention fome person of the fame sex': Lucretia particulars of the male author, one Gonzaga was so celebrated for the inight expect a little more elegance, eloquence of her letters, ‘and the pu- a little better orthography, a little sity of their style, that her very notes mo:e decorum, and a good deal less 10' her servants were collected and absurdity, than feem to have met in publithed. I have never read this one head, which had fien so much collection ; but one or two billets I of the world, which pretended to so have met with, sufficiently proves much literature, and which had fo that they have done her no credit by long worn one of the firit crowns in publishing pieces never intended to Europe. This perfon was the Em. be seen by any except the person peror Maximilian, grandfather of to u hom they were directed. In one Charles V. His reign was long, to her footman, the Signora Gonzaga sometimes shining; often prosperous, reprehends him for not readily obey.. very often ignominious. His fickleing dame Lucy her housekeeper, and ness, prodigality, and indigence, were in anscher addressed to the same Mrs. notorious. The Italians call him Lucy, the says, “If Livia will not Pochi-denari, or the pennylefs ; aqua. te obedient, turn up her coats and lity not more habitual to him than whip her till her flesh be black and his propensity to repair his shattered blue, and the blood runs down to fortunes by 'the most unbecoming her heels." This doubtless sounds means. He served under our Henry a little oddly in English, but may VIII. as a common soldier, at the be very elegant, when modulated by fiege of Terouenne, for a hundred the harmony of Italian liquids. crowns a day: he was bribed to the
Several worthy persons have laid attempt against Pisa, and bribed io down rules for the composition of give it over. In short, no potentate letters; but I fear it is an art which ever undertook to engage him in a nature only can teach. I remember treaty without first offering him moin one of those books, written by a ney. Yet this vagabond monarch, Geiman, there was a firict injunc. as if the annals of his reign were too tion not to mention yourself before glorious to be described by a female you had introduced the person of pen, or as if they were worthy to be your correspondent; that is, you described at all, took the pains to muft never use the monosyllable I write his own life in Dutch verse. before the pronoun you. The Itali. There was another book of his comans have stated expressions to be used position in another way, which does io different ranks of men, and know not reflect much more luftre on his exacıly when to subscribe themselves memory than his own Dutch epic ; the devoted or the most devoted this was what he called his livre Nave of ue illuftrious or moit illuf- rouge, and was a register of seveniricus person to whom they have the teen mortifications he had received honour to write. It is true, in that from Lewis XI. of France, and country itey have to clogged corre- which he in:ended to revenge the spondence with forms and civilities, first opportunity. After a variety of that they feldom make use of their shifts, breach of promises, alliances own language, but generally write and treaties, he had nearly duped to one another in French.
his vain cotemporary Henry VIII. Among many instances of beauti- with a proposal of resigning the em. ful letters from lad es, and of the pire to him, while he himself was contrary from our sex, I shall select meditating, what he thought an ac
cetion of dignity even to the im- reckon a matter of exceeding glory. perial diadem: in hort, in the latter He expresses great want of two or part of his life, Maximilian took it three hundred thousand ducats to into his head to canvas for the papal facilitate the business, which he detiara. Several methods were agita. fires may be kept very secret, cho ted to compass this object of ambiti. he does not doubt but all the world on : one, and not the least ridiculous, will know it in two or three days ; was to pretend that the patriarchal and concludes with signing himself dignity was included in the imperial; future hope. and by virtue of that definition he As a contrast to this scrap of im. really affumed the title of Pontifex perial folly, I shall present the reader Maximus, copying the pagan lords with the other letter I mentioned. of Rome on his way to the fove. It was written by the lady Anne, reignty of the Christian church. widow of the earls of Dorset and Money he knew was the sureft me. Pembroke (the life of the former of thod, but the least at his command: whom she wrote) and heiress of the it was to procure a fupply of that great house of Clifford-Cumberland, necessary ingredient that he wrote a from which, among many noble letter to his daughter Margaret, reverfions, the enjoyed the borough dutchefs. dowager of Savoy, and of Appleby. Sir Joseph Williams governess of the Netherlands. The son, secretary of state to Charles II. whole piece may be seen in the fourth wrote to name a candidate to her for volume of the letters of Lewis Xu, that borough: the brave countess, printed at Brusiels in the year 1712. with all the spirit of her ancestors, It is written in very bad old German and with all the eloquence of indeFrench, and therefore unnecessary to pendent Greece, returned this laco. Jay it before the reader; it will be nic answer. Sufficient to observe, that his impe. “ I have been bullied by an usur. rial majetty acquainis his beloved per, I have been neglected by a daughter, that he designs never to court, but I will not be dictated to frequent naked women any more; by a subject ; your man m'n't stand, but to use all his endeavours to procure the papacy, and then to turn Anne, Dorset, Pembroke, and Monte priest, and at length become a saint, gomery.” that his dear daughter may be obliged to pray to him, which he shall Your's, &c. T.W.
ADDRESS of the IRISH Parliament.
To the King's Most Excellent Majesty. The humble Address of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and the Knights,
Citizens, and Burgesses, in parliament assembled. Most Gracious Sovereign, W E your Majesty's most dutiful government, which we have been,
V and loyal subjects, the Lords upon all occasions, forward to exSpiritual and Temporal, and the press, and, we trust, have manifeftCommons of Ireland, in parliament ed by our conduct. assembled, beg leave to renew our We now think ourselves, in a very unfeigned professions of the most particular manner, called upon, to zealous and affectionate attachment make the most solemn and public deto your Majesty's royal person and clarations of our inviolable duty and
knowledge of your Excellency's can- quility, by the encrease of their trade, dear and justice, that his Majesty and encouragement of their manuwill be truly informed, that our at- factures ; by which they will be entachment to his facred person and abled effectually to fhew their duty royal house, and our zeal for the to his Majesty, by supporting his fapport of his government, have no government with honour. other bounds than those which the The Commons having so fully and narrow extent of our abilities necef- fo recently expressed their sentiments sarily prescribe.
with regard to your Excellency's adThe Commons humbly presume, ministration, have nothing to add that their loyal and dutiful behaviour upon that subject, but their most will entitle them to the continuance sincere wishes (which I have the uta of his Majesty's favour and protec- most pleasure in delivering) that tion, and they flatter themselves, that your Excellency may long continue througb your Excellency's judicious to preside over us, for the advance. and favourable representation of the ment of his Majesty's service, for ftate of this country, they shall not your own honour and satisfaction, only enjoy the blessings, but partake and for the happiness and prosperity of the advantages of the public tran- of this kingdom.
To the Authors of the BRITISH MAGAZINE.
Nos patria nostra delectat. A SI believe every true English. er, as it is complicated with the pri. n man has a love for his country, vate interest of more individuals ; I make no doubt of their being very because, though there are few that unealy to see it split and divided in- have comprehenfion sufficient to to factions and parties, at any time, discern the general advantage of the but more especially at this juncture, community, almost every man is cawhen the interest of the nation calls pable of attending to his own ; and aloud for the most inflexible unani- though not many have virtue to stand mity. It gives me great uneasiness, up in opposition to the approach of to see those party-animofities fo- general calamities, of which every mented, by the very men who ought one may hope to exempt himself to employ all their vigilance to dif- from his particular share, yet the, courage and annihilate them. Who- most fanguine are alarmed, and the ever calls to mind the clamour and most indolent awakened, at any danthe calumny, the artificial fears and ger which threatens themselves, and jealoufies, the shameful abuse and will exert their utmost power to obmisrepresentation of persons and viate or escape it. things, raised by a certain party, The offices of state are surely great upon a very popular member, a trusts, and consequently should have true friend to his country : If, I say, great and good men to discharge he has any regard for Old England, them. Each minifter, according to he maft feel great pleasure, although his separate province, is to inform mixed with some indigna:ion, to their master of the true state of afsee the wishes, the conjectures, and fairs. The heads of the law are to the endeavours of an inveterate fac- acquaint him plainly what is againt tion in some measure disappointed. law and the constitution. The heads The government is always strong of the treasury should lay before
him the taxes on the people; the Sauf. How can that be, when I difficulties of raising money without am a pudding-maker? new burthens on them; and com- Dem. Because you are bold, and mend frugality, and practise it : not wicked, and have no ties of honour, one fear mentioning the sense of the friendship, or conscience. people; not one should dare to de. Sauf. Yet I don't think myself ceive the sovereign with flattering worthy of such a post. accounts, and sycophantic descrip Dem. Not worthy! d'ye think tions; and, instead of deliberating yourself a good or a bad man? upon means to impeach and ruin Sauf. Bad enough, by all the each other, apply their genius and Góds. talents to the advancement of the Dem. That's right, for our comnational good. For were it only the monwealth wants none of your virbusiness of ministers of state to make tuous, righteous, uncorrupt men, a parade of business, confiling in Don't despise what the Gods have noise and hurry, to be complaisant decreed. enough to know what they are bid, Sauf. The oracle flatters me; and give what they are asked for, how shall I have politics enough to and all this to serve their own pri. be a minifter, and manage governvate views, Tidde-dol, the ginger- ment ? bread man, would make as good a Dem. As easy as to stuff a gut, minister as any of them all.
and manage a fausage. — Politics The reader may look on this as and sausage making are much like; too ludicrous a comparison : there you are to do only what you were fore to give some authority for it, used to do before : mix, jumble them I will quote a scence from a play of together, make a hodge podge, disAristophanes. This is a satire on one turb and confound every thing you Cleon, who, from his noisy haran- take in hand. Then as to the gues, and having neither honour practical part, if pollible, you must nor conscience, had worked himself cajole the people to swallow your into the ftate. The poet, to con. politics, as you used to do the mob duct the scenery, makes it revealed to swallow your fausages : you have to two leading men of the other par. a rare talent for this ; a false ty, that the oracle said, a maker of tongue, and a wicked cunning; and, sausages would make as good a flauij. besides a little imattering in the man as Cleon, and frould succeed him. law, you have every thing necessary They are consulting on this when to make such a politician as our rethey see the sausage-maker at work public stands in need of. in his thop, and thus accost him. I will add only a remark, that Demofthenes, Nicias, Sausage-maker.
those in Athens, at the time Aristo
phanes lived, who fought great plaDem. Hail right honourable pud ces, had need but of two things: ding-man! happy are we to see the one, firft to affect an air of populadeliverer of the republic.
rity; the other, to affirm and do Sauf. What is all this? what any thing afterwards which suited . d'ye mean by giving me these titles with their designs. From such
'Dem. Lay aside your trash and faulage-making statesmen, good Lord mind me. --You shall be a staterman deliver us. and politician to-morrow.
G. E. W.