ページの画像
PDF
ePub

lives in the study of philosophy; both all the appearances in the visible exchanged the noisy tumult of the world by the powers of mechanisın, busy and the thoughtless for the calm At lait the immortal Sir Francis Batranquility of a retreat, where they con arose, dispersed the darkness, employed their time in making new placed philosophy on the firm foundiscoveries for the service of man- dation of experiments, and pointed kind. But Bacon, puhed from the out the way of pursuing Nature thro? height of honour, fell with thame all her labyrinthis by fact and obser, and reluctance. Locke acquired great varion. It is true, a philosophy of er glory by resigning, than was in this kind was not adapted to make a the power of wealth and external very sudden revolution in the repubhonour to bestow. He resigned what lic of letters ; but its progress, like he thought incompatible with the that of time, quiet, now, and sure, discharge of a greater duty. He pri- will in the end become universal. vately resigned his poft to the king, “If we stand surprized, fays the infrom whom he had received it, with. genious Mr.Mallet, at the happy im; out making the least advantage of agination of such a system, our sur. his resignation. The one was a phi- prize redoubles upon us, when we losopher and a courtier : the other reflect that he invented and methoa philosopher and a Christian. dized this system, perfected so much,

Learning had been long extin- and sketched out so much more of guished by the northern nations, it.” And what greater honour can who, like a deluge, had overspread be given to his memory, than for Europe; they restored liberty and the great Boyle, and the immortal destroyed the arts. Amidst this Newton, to build upon this plan, barbarism, a confused notion of and that all their la bours should be Aristotle's philosophy began at employed in carrying the edince to length to prevail, a philosophy big an astonishing degree of perfection. with mystery, falle and inexplicable. Mr. Locke lived in an age when At lait some great geniuses, like stars, learning made a surprizing progress, arose, among which was the re- not only in Great Britain, but nowned friar Bacon. These spread throughout all Europe. Instead of their light on several branches of attempting to improve natural and knowledge, but their rays were soon experimental philosophy, subje&s on intercepted by the clouds of igno- which fome of the greatest men the rance ; each was regarded as an ig- world ever produced, were then enmis fatuus, and philosophy fill con- gaged, he left them to investigate tinued an inexplicable mystery. These the laws of the natural world, and philosophers were treated with con- undertook a new branch of science. tempt, persecuted unjustly, loaded The pagan philosophy, with respect with ignominy, and condemned by to the powers of the mind, and the councils; their works were burnt, art of reasoning, mixed with some and often their persons imprisoned. ingeniqus subtilties, was strongly inThe world was convinced, that, if trenched in the schools; and this once that veil of obscurity which co. unnatural alliance of the Christian vered the face of nature was remove theology with the doctrine of the ed, the rash curiosity of mankind Peripaterics, had rendered the opi, would prompt them to account !ornions of Aristotle not only venerable

[ocr errors]

bet facred. Here Locke arose in vindicated the cause of the Christian defence of truth and reason, to do religion, by proving that its doctrines honour to the noblest part of our are founded on the rules of reason frame, to unfetter the soul, and to and good sense; he has fapped the teach it how to exert its powers. foundation of the deilt ; and, by With this view he made the mind of proving it reasonable, has proved it man his study, traced the manner of worthy of him who is the fountain its operations, and delivered more of intellectual light. profound truths relating to the in- I might here draw a parallel be. tellectual powers, and the conduct of tween those excellent pieces of Mr. the understanding in the acquisition Locke, entitled, Thoughts on Eduof kpowledge, than are to be met cation, and Letters on. Toleration, with in all the volumes of antiquity. his two Treatises on Government,&c. Thus, notwithstanding the strongest and several pieces of Sir Francis Bacon, opposition, he overthrew the meta- as his Essays, and several other works physical whimsies which had till that of a moral and political kind. I time made man substitute founds in might also here make some obserthe room of sense, and unintelligible vations on the last great writer's jargon for profound erudition. He history of Henry VII. which he un. laid the foundation of just criticism, dertook at the desire of king James. taught the necessary art of diftin. But it will be sufficient to say, that guilbing truth from error, and of as Locke had far greater advantages condu&ing the mind in all its en than Bacon, he had the less merit quiries.

in excelling him. Mr. Locke wrote Bacon's genius was universal, and in a learned age, which frequently his learning prodigious. Amidst the furnished him with lights to direct variety of subjects of which he has his progress; he had no prejudices treated, he bas wrote several of a to indulge, no ambition to gratify, religious kind: as a translation of no enemies to fear ; those he enthe plaims into English verse, a countered with were of a harmless confeffion of faith, several prayers, kind, and of a strength unequal to the character of a believing Chris- such a champion; while Sir Francis tian, &c.

Bacon, though a lover of truth, was On the other hand, Locke bas sometimes governed by ambition, given us, The reasonableness of and is, in his last-mentioned piece, Christianity, as delivered in the allowed to be partial. But the works scriptures; a work that may with of both, to the honour of human great justice be allowed to be one of nature, are become universal, and the best books that have appeared will continue so as long as reason since the times of the apostles. He and good sense sublift among manwrote allo a paraphrase and notes kind. on the epiftles to the Galatians,

I am, your's, &c. Corinthians, Romans, and Ephesi. ans. In both these pieces he has

R. D.

Continuciom Continuation of the Remedies extracted from Dr. Theobald's Pamphlet, called

Every Man his own Physician.

Cough.

1 Dropsy. T AKE oil of sweet almonds and Take powder of jalap, cream of

1 fyrup of balfam, of each two Tartar and Florentine Iris, of each a ounces, four ounces of barley water, quarter of an ounce, mix them; the and thirty drops of spirits Sal Vola- dose is from thirty to forty grains tile ; shake them well together, and every other day. On the intermetake two large spoonfuls when the diate days take the quantity of a cough is troublesome.

large nutmeg, every night and mornDiabetes.

ing, of the following eleduary: take Take of the shavings of fassafras two drachms of powder'd chamomile two ounces, guaicum one ounce, li. flowers, as much ginger, and half quorice root three ounces, coriander the quantity of prepared steel: make feeds, bruised, six drachms; infuse it into an electuary with two ounces them cold in one gallon of lime- of conserve of orange peels. water for two or three days. Dose half a pint three or four times in a

Fainting. day.

Apply to the noftrils and temples N. B. Lime-water is made by some spirits of sal armoniac, and give pouring twelve pints of boiling wa- a few drops in a wine glass of water ter on a pound of unsackt lime; inwardly. when it is cold it is fit for use.

[To be continued.]

A Genealogical Account of Howard, Earl of Carlisle,

T HIS noble carl derives his liam lord Howard, was knighted at

1 pedigree from William lord Whitehall in the year 1604; but Howard, second son of Thomas, the died in his father's life-time. He fecond duke of Norfolk, by Mar- married Margaret, daughter of Sir garet his second wife, daughter of John Carryl, of Harting in HampThomas lord Audeley. The faid Shire, and left iflue three fons and William lord Howard was restored two daughters. in blood by an act of parliament Sir William Howard, eldest son of passed in the first year of James I. Sir Philip Howard, succeeded his and married Elizabeth daughter to grandfather, and married Mary, Thomas, and lifter and heir of eldest daughter of William lord Eure, George lord Dacres of Gillesland, by whom he had five sons and five By her he became pofTeffed of Na- daughters. worth-castle, in Cumberland, the He was fucceeded by Charles, his antient seat of her father's family. eldest surviving ron, who was in the Sne lived with her husband fixty- year 1660 chofen member of parliathree years, and left five sons and ment for Morpeth. And having three daughters.

been highly inftrumental in the Philip Howard, eldest son of Wil. happy restoration of king Charles II. be was, in consideration of that, and and at his return was installed at his other loval fervices, advanced to Windsor as proxy of that monarch. the dignity of baron Dacres of He was afterwards made governor of Gillelland, viscount Howard of Mor- Jamaica, where he continued several peth, and earl of the city of Carlisle, years, and returned to England in by letters patent, dated the twen. the year 1680. He married Anne, tieth of April, in the thirteenth year daughter of Edward lord Howard of of Charles II.

Efcrick, by whom he had two song In the year 1663 he was fent am- and three daughters; and died on baffador to the Czar of Mufcovy; the twenty-sixth of February 1686, and the year following to the kings and was interred in the minster of of Sweden and Denmark. He was the cathedral of York, where, on a also employed in the year 1668 to monumental pillar of white marble carry the enfigns of the order of the under his effigies, is the following garter to Charles king of Sweden; inscription :

Near this place is interred,

Charles Howard, earl of Carlisle,
Viscount Morpeth, Baron Dacres of Gillefland,
Lord-lieutenant of Camberland and Westmoreland,

Vice-admiral of the coasts of Northumberland,
Cumberland, bishoprick of Durham, town and
County of Newcastle, and maritime parts adjacent ;

Governor of Jamaica, privy-counsellor
To king Charles the second, and his ambassador

Extraordinary to the Czar of Muscovy,
And the kings of Sweden and Denmark,

In the years MDCLXIII and MDCLXIV.
Whofe effigies is placed at the top of this monument.

He was not more distinguished by the

Nobility and antiquity of his family,
Then he was by the sweetness and affability

Of a natural charming temper,
Which being improved by the peculiar

Ornament of folid greatness,
Courage, justice, generosity, and a public spirit,

Made him a great blessing
To the age and nation wherein he lived.
In bugness he was fagacious and diligent,
And in war circumspect, steady, and intrepido

In counsel wise, and penetrating.
And tho' his character may secure him

A place in the annals of Fame,
Yet the filial piety of a daughter,

May be allowed to dedicate
This monumental pillar to his memory.

Obüt xxıy Feb, 1686. Ætat. 56.

He

[ocr errors]
« 前へ次へ »