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is to say, of all the known world, places, guarded by hideous dragons, exclusive of all others : exchanging and other moniters of terrifying the rich commodities of the Indies, forms. The love of gold triumphed to which they were the sole naviga. over their fears : for Auguftus, tors, for those of the North and who founded the imperial power ac Welt. Solomon, the wiselt of all Rome, had resolved upon the conthe fons of men, esteemed this traffic quest of the Arabian peninsula; partnext to the favour of the God of ly, because it would infallibly open Wisdom, the brightest gem in his to him all the oriental commerce ; diadem ; and drew such immense and also suppress the pirates, who, treasures from the oriental com-, from the Asiatic side of the Red-sea, merce, as rendered bis nation and infested the Roman navigation. His government the admiration of the attempt failed, as did several cher molt distant kingdoms. Under the weak efforts, in a state very little empire of the Persians, the Pheni. favourable to trade or discoveries ; cians conducted their trading fleets that of the Roman republic chang.' into the Eastern ocean : and when ed into a military and despotic go. the despotic governinent of that vernment. Titus and Vefpafian had people had chaсed commerce from no better success. Their last effort Phenicia, Alexandria became then was that of Trojan, whore Pule mo. the mart and emporium of all the tive was to possess himself of the Indian merchandize. Alexander, the riches of the Indies with which Ara. Conqueror of Asia, in founding this bia then abounded. city, intended to establish this com. After Constantine had trandated merce; a proje&, after the conquest the seat of the empire to Byzantium, of the world, still worthy of Alexan. the Eastern-trade fill · fubfifted. der. The Prolemies, his successors Alexandria continued to be the prinin the Egyptian monarchy, reaped cipal emporium. Seleucia of Syria the fraits of a design, which adds so was the route of the more inland much to the glory of that heroic commerce; and the barbarians that prince; and the wealth which this dwelt on the bleak borders of the comnierce poured into Egypt, and Euxine, felt the charms of the wealth which by means of this city it con- which the East poured into the tinued for ages after, at once the Greek empire through this sea. cause of its prosperity and ruin, At last, this commerce shared the drew thither the Romans, ambi- fate of the provinces through which tious to poffefs, which brought along it flowed. The military genius of with it so much treasure, and so vast the Arab princes, the succeffors of a maritime power.
Mahommed, extinguished for some We may judge how dearly the an- time the spirit of traffic. Fury and cients valued this traffic, from the barbarity seemed to be let loose, to labour they used to seize it, and to lay waite and confound every thing deter or hinder all other nations upon the face of the earth. No from attempting it. The Romans sooner had the grandson of that were told by the Arabians, that monarch, who tore Afric from the these precious commodities were no descendants of Mabommed, founded where to be fouod except in fruitful Cairo, and protected merchants,
then did the rich Aow of eastern with a view, we believe, to set col. wealth return to its ancient chan- Caillaud's services in India in a just Del; and the new built city become light; which fome circumstances renat once the chief mart of the western dered then necessary. It asligns the world, and the seat of a new em- reasons for deposing lord Clive's Na. pirs.
bob, as are given by Mr. Holwell. The Venetians and Genoese raised Mr. Caillaud commanded the comthemselves on the ruins of the pany's troops that were employed Greek empire; and profiting by the by Mr. Vanhittart when that Nageneral confusion, seized part of its bob was removed ; and a detail is dismembered dominions. They fuc- here given of what passed on that ceeded at the same to the trade of occasion. the Indies, the commodities whereof they distributed all over the North, The Supplement 10 the Narrative of an infinite fource of wealth and what passed in Bengal in 1760, dir. power to those states.
covers more of the late transactions Whilst these poffefled the wealth than any piece that has yet appearof this traffic in Europe, the Arabians ed : nevertheless, it supposes the were the fole merchants in the com- reader to be acquainted with things modities of the East. This was the which he has had no opportunity of Situation of the Eastern commerce, learning from the public papers. It wben the Poruguese nation discover will easily appear on which side it is ed a new route in the Indies through written. the ocean, which gave them the role “Let us now (says the author) pofseflion of the riches of the East candidly reflect on the condition of for ages afterwards.
the company's trade in India, the I was persuaded those few re- original of its establishment, and the marks on the original of commerce limits of its warrantable exercise (for in general, and that carried on in it never was unbounded) and the the eaftern parts of the globe, could encroachments made by the comBot be improperly placed at the head pany's servants, which must ever be of an account of the changes and distinguished from the rights of the Giftarbances that have lately hap- company, that were acquired by pened in the East Indies, and publish- purchase. ed by persons nearly interested in “The freedom of importing and these transactions, and consequently exporting, clear of duties, was purcapable of relating the whole with chased by the company from the accuracy and precision.
Mogul: care was at the same time
taken to prevent the country-governNew Publications relative to the ment from being injured by frauds East-Indies.
and false pretences of the company's
servants ; repeated instructions have THE Narrative of what hapened been sent to the servants of the 1 in Bengal in 1760, is a re- company, to avoid every occasion of publication of a small piece printed umbrage, to restrain them elves about two or three years ago. It within the bounds of their phirwas not exposed to sale, but put in- maund (or grant) and not to comto the hands of particular persons, municate their privileges, or afford