176 Compendious H.

contents, cajoled-others, and defeated the rest. It remained to complete his revenge to humble the king of France, and with this view he excited the emperor Henry the fifth, who quickly assembled all the power of Germany; giving our, that he would burn the city of Rheims to the ground, in resentment of the excommunication pronounced against him in the council held there. Lewis took advantage of this declaration, and summoned all the vassals of the crown to send their forces to Amiens at a short day, when it clearly appeared how different a thing it was to attack the kingdom and the king of France; for, when Lewis put himself at the head of the army, it consisted of two hundred thousand men, and, on their beginning to march, the emperor abandoned his design; and, dismissing the army he had raised in Lorrain, retired into the ** heart of h're own dominions. The king, willing to make use of so irresistable a force, would have led them immediately into Normandy, in order to establish duke William, to whom he had given another wife, with a considerable territory, on the frontiers of that dilchy. His great vassals, however, told him plainly, that they would do no such thing; for that they assembled to defend the territories of France from the invasion of a foreign prince, and not to extend his power by destroying that balance which arose from the king of England's possessing Normandy, which they looked upon as necessary to their safety. On this occasion we first hear of theoriflame, which was, properly speaking, the banner of the abbey of St. Denis, being a crimson flag fixed to a gilt lance, from whence it derived its

lory of Prance. fcriiilli

name; and from its being borne, on this occasion, before the king, came in after-times to be considered as the royal standard of France. At this time, however, every abbey had its standard, and some lord who was its advoyer, or protector, who commanded their tenants and men of war, whenever, according to the strange custom of that age, they happened to' have any quarrel with their neighbours, which they were inclined to decide, as all points of controversy were then decided, by the law of arms.

The drawing together this amazing force inclined, and the death of the emperor, which happened soon after, made it necessary for, the king of England to conclude a peace, to which king Lewis was not at all averse ; so that it was quickly settled upon easy and equal terms, and, which is somewhat extraordinary, was much better observed than any treaty between these two princes had hitherto been; and yet, under pretence of assisting their allies, these monarchs, from time to lime, gave the world sufficiently to understand they were far from being reconciled. Charles earl of Flanders being assassinated by some discontented subjects, Lewis entered that country with a small army; and, having surprised the offenders, punished them as they deserved. After this the question was, how to dispose of the dignity, to which there were many pretenders, and amongst them Baldwin earl of Mons, whose grandfather had been deprived of the earldom by Robert count of Frize, and Thierry count of Alsace, who was sister's son to that count of Frize. The king set them all aside to make way so* William, the son of Robert duke of Normandy, which answered

Wag. Remarkable Antcdott os A?. Boifli. 177

ansWered two purposes; it gave the side, he directed his old ally, the

kieg a right to resume what he had bestowed upon this prince, till he could obtain for him some establish, irent, and it put it much more in bis power to support his claim to bis father's duchy than hitherto it bd ever been. Henry, on the other band, resolving at any rate to gain I'ne count of Anjou, married his only daughter, the empress dowager, to Geoffrey Plantagenet, the son of that count, though a boy; and not long after the count himself, partly at the king's persuasion, and partly from ambition, went into the Holy Land, to receive the crown of Jerusalem. Having thus secured himself from all apprehensions on that

earl of Champagne, to support
Thierry of Alsace against his ne-
phew count William, in which con-
test, however, that young prince
had the better j but, receiving a
wound in the hand, a gangrene
seized the arm, of which he died.
This gave his competitor an oppor-
tunity to make himself master of
Flanders; upon which the king re«-
ceived his homage; which
prevented Henry, who wait-
ed all this time in Normandy to fee
what turn the war would take, from
breaking openly with France. A
thing which he studiously avoided,
unless secure of some advantage.
[To be continued. 1


To the Authors of the British Magazine. Gentlbmem,

The trite observation, " That poets and povetry are generally inseparable companions," was never, perhaps, more fully exemplified than in the following anecdote of M. Boifli, a celebrated French dramatic writer. The story is affecting and well-told, and reflects great honour on the. humanity and generosity of Madam de Pompadour, from whose history it is extracted. By inserting it in your Magazine, you will doubtless please most of your readers, more especially,

Your's, &c T. W.

MBoisfi, the author of several • approved dramatic pieces, and especially of one which was deadly esteemed, called Le Francois *Umdres, {the Frenchman at London,) had n°t found himself exempt f'om the usual fate of those who rtltifate the muses. Even that spot, kid to be the least barren one of Pirnassus, the theatre, had produced 10 him little more than a scanty Muitenanre for himscif, his wise, ,WS one child. In short, misforr' want of cecenomy perhaps, ♦whatever else might be the cause, 4"/, 1764.

I cannot well say; but he was reduced to the most deplorable extremities of want.

In this condition, finking under the indignities of his fate, he ha*s% however, too much of that spirit which characterizes genius, to debase himself by mean applications or mendicant letters. He had friends, w hose kindness his need of them had not exhausted, and whom, for that very reason, he was the more averse from troubling. But Ms friends were but the mdre inexcusable, if they knew his distress, not to seve A a him

178 'Remarkablt Anecdott osM. Boiffi. British

him the pain of an application, that reason, and for the dread of However, Boissi, overcome with the being an inconvenience to him, they irksomeness of his circumstances, had never acquainted with the exembraced a resolution of taking the tremities to which they were actually shortest way out of the wood, that driven. This friend had been one of death. And in the light in which of those who had called at their he considered it, as a friendly relief apartment, and finding it shut up, from further misery, he not only naturally concluded, as others did, persuaded his wife to keep him com- that Boissi and his family were gone pany, but not to leave behind them out, or perhaps removed. Upon a boy, a child of five years old, to the reflection however, or from that mercy of a world in which they had kind of instinct with which the spirit found so little. Probably the ex- of friendship abounds, he began to ample of Richard Smith, in much apprehend that something must be the same situation, an example to much amiss with his friend, (though which Voltaire's recording it gave he could not guess what,) that he such notoriety, might have its share could neither find him at home, nor in the fatal determination. gain any intelligence about him.

This resolution now formed of Under this anxiety, he returned, to dying together, there remained no- Boissi's apartment; and whether any thing but to fix the manner of it. motion or noise from within beThe most torturous one was chosen, frayed his being at home, or whether that of hunger, not only as the most his friend began to suspect something natural consequence of their condi- of the matter, no answer being region, of which it might pass for the turned, he forced open the door, involuntary effect, but as it saved a Boissi and his wife had been so violence which neither Boiffi nor his much in earnest, that it was now wife could find in their hearts to use three days since they had taken to one another. In that solitude any sustenance; insomuch that they then of their apartment, in which were now got so far on in their way the unfortunate need so little appre- to their intended home, that one hend their being disturbed, they re- may say they touched the gates solved to wait with unshaken con- of it.

slancy the arrival of their deliverer, The friend, entered as he was though under the meagre grim form into the room where this scene of of famine. They began then, and death was going forward, found j«?solutely proceeded on their plan them already in such a situation, of starving themselves to death, with that they seemed insensible of his their child. If any called, by chance, intrusion. Boiffi and his wife had at their apartment, finding it lock- no eyes but for one another, and ed, and no answer given, it was only were not sitting, but supported from concluded that no-body was at home, falling to the ground by two chairs, Thus they had all the time they set opposite to each other, their could wish to consummate their in- hands locked together; and with tention. But what can conceive or their ghastly looks, languidly dedamp a true friend? They had one, jected; in which might be read a it seems, of a fortune not much sii- kind of rueful compassion for the perior to their own, and whom, for child that hung at the mother's . 2 knee,

Uig. History os Elv!

inee, and seemed as if looking up to her for nourishment in its natural tenacioufnefs of life. Tbisgroupe of wretchedness did not less (hock than afflict the friend. Soon collecting from circumstances the meaning of al) this, his first care was not to expostulate with BoilE or his wife, but to engage them to receive his succours, in which he found no little difficulty. Their resolution had been taken in earnest; they were now got oter the worst; and were in view of their port: the faintness which bad succeeded the almost intolerable tortures of hunger, had deadened their fense to them and to life. They might besides conceive a false shame of not going through with whatthey had thus resolved ; a kind of slur being too often imagined to attend a suicide begun and not finished, as if it supposed a failure of firmness. The friend however took the right way to reconcile them to life, by making the child join his intercession: the child, who could have none of the prejudices or reasons they might for not retracting, and who, though he had little life

a and Jacintha. i-jcy left, had still enough not to be out of love with it. The instinct however of self-preservation operating its usual effect, he held up his little hands, and, in concert with the friend, entreated his parents to consent to all their relief. Nature did not plead in vain. The friend then proceeded, helpless and unattended as they were, to procure them immediate food, with proper precaution and cordials. Nor left he them till he had seen them in a way of recovery to life, and given them all the money he had about him. And thus Boifli, by his tender care, escaped at Paris giving the second edition of the tragedy of poor Otway in London.

This story immediately took air; it reached the ears of Madam Pompadour, who instantly took him under her protection ; sent him present relief, and procured the at length fortunate Boissi the place of comptroller of the Mercure de France, of no inconsiderable income, in spite of the endeavours of her brutal brother, the Marquis de Marigny, to divert her benevolence.''


To the Authort of the Gentlemen,

NO duty is more incumbent on parents than the disposal of their children happily and advan"geoufly in marriage. Nature, re»sbn, and the public good require this; and where parents are remiss "i the performance of this necessary duty, some excuse may be pleaded for such children as assume the right of marrying agreeable to their own ""dilutions. Unfortunately, the &n

l A and JACINTHA. British Magazine.

timents of parents and children are generally widely different in the point of choice in marriage. The former are apt to value •wealth too much; the latter, too lirtle; these regard nothing but the person, those the fortune only; and both are equally in the wrong. Without love, it is impossible the marriage stare should be happy; and it is absurd to suppose those parties caA a s pable I go History »f Elvira

pable of rendering life comfortable and agreeable to each other, whose union was dictated by avaricious motives solely. Yet, on the other hand, it is certainly madness to rush headlong into want and misery with the most amiable and deserving woman living. The gentle passion of love requires ease and plenty; it cannot bear the frowns of rugged poverty; or, lhould it even possess sufficient fortitude to brave the storms of adversity, it would answer no other purpose than to aggravate unhappiriess. Jn (hort, love without money is as incapable of affording felicity, as money without love; nay, perhaps, even more so; neither alone can do it; they are two extreams equally to be avoided.

I was led into these reflections by perusing the following Spanish story, which exhibits a striking instance of the fatal error into which those parents fall, who imagine happiness to consist solely in wealth, and which I shall here subjoin for the instruction and amusement of your readers.

"In a pleasant * ilia, about fifteen leagues from Madrid, lived a lady named Louisa; blessed only with two daughters, Elvira and Jacintha; but possessed in them all that felicity which the fondest mother can receive from the best of children; an happiness (which few have hearts humane enough to relish, and fewer still the good fortune to enjoy,) unmixed with any uneasiness, but such only as resulted from a concern for their welfare, and a desire of seeing them well disposed of in the world. Their birth, fortune, and fine accomplishments would not suffer them to be long concealed. Don Alonzo, a gentleman of a noble family and large estate, address'd the eldest; very much to the satisfaction of

and Jacintha. British

Louisa, who, in the common traffick of the world, could scarce expect a match so advantageous for her daughter. Elvira (who with an tinequall'd sweetness of temper had a great share of good sense) was for delaying the affair, 'till site might have some experience of Alonzo j telling her mother, that in her opinion, riches only could never produce happiness. But Louisa's prudence over-ruled these sentiments; she hastened on the match as fast as possible, and having secured an ample provision for her daughter in case of Alorizo's death, a few days and a splendid equipage hurried her away to Madrid, very much to her mother's satisfaction, who thought herself compleatly happy, except only when (lie turned her eyes upon Jacintha, and considered she was unprovided for.

"Some little while after, a strange accident brought Don Carlos into the family; a young gentleman of fine parts, but in fortune by no means equal to Jacintha; where, being entertained with the most friendly hospitality, amidst the many hours of play and conversation, which unavoidably they pass'd together, their tempers, notions, likings and aversions corresponded so exactly, that something more than friendship insensibly stole upon them; and both with surprize found themselves engaged, before either of them had been aware of it. Each seemed to be the picture and reflection of the other; and they flattered themselves, that if ever hearts were paired in heaven, theirs were so undoubtedly, and that they came out of their Maker's hands each the other's counterpart.

Louisa was alarmed, and exerted heifvlf to save her daughter from


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