« 前へ次へ »
THis noble carl is descended from William Brudeneli, who Sourished in the reigns of king Henry III. and king Edwa d 1. the feat of the family being then at Doddington, in Oxfordshire, part of his euate lying at Adderbury and B'oxham, in that county; and another part of it in Northamptonshire.
Sir Thomas Brudeneli, another of the ancestors of this noble earl, in consideration of his loyalty and eminent services to king Charles I. was, by king Charles II. in the 13th year of his reign, created earl of Cardigan, three days b.-fore his majeiiy's coronation. He was buried at Deene with his ancestors, leaving iffae by Mary his wife, who died October 13, 1664, daughter of Sir Thomas Tresliarn of Rushton St. Prttr, in com. Northampton, knight, two sons, Robert wtro succeeded him; and Edmund, who died unmarried June 15, 1562, as also one daughter, lady Mary, married to John Constable, o.' Burton-Con stable, in Hulderness, viscount Dunbar, in North. Britain.
Which Robert earl of Cardigan married two wives, first. Mary, daughter of Henry Constable, viscoant Dunbar, by whom he had issue a daughter, Mary, married toWjJliam Hay, earl of Kenoule in Scotland ; he, secondly, married Anne, daughter of Thomas Rivets viscount Savage, by whom he had issue two sons, Francis lord Biudenell, and Joseph, who died in his infancy; as also three daughters, AnnaMaria, married to Francis Talbrt tarl of Shrewsbury, (Iain in a duel March 16, 166";, and by her was fither to Charles late duke of Shrewsbury; and was, Hcondly, wif- to George Rodney Bridges, of Jcnuarj I764.
Keynsham, in theedunty of Somerset, Esq; and'died April 2% J702 » Catherine, 10 CbaHes earl of Middleton in Scotland, one of the principal stewards of state for hat kingdom in 1684, in which o1 ce he served the remainder of king Charles's reign, and through the whole of that of his successor king James If. Dorothy, third daughter, was first married to Charles Fane earl of Westmoreland, and afterwards to Robert Constable, viscount Dunbar, in Scotland.
Frsncis lord Brudene'l beforerhentioned, died in the lifetime of his father, anno 1698, having married Frances, only daughter to James Saville earl of Sussex, and sister and heiress to James Saville, the last earl of Sussex of that name. She left him a widower in 169;, leaving issue two sons, and three daughters; George, late earl of Cardigan, and James; lady Mary, married to Richard lord viscount Molineux of the ■kingdom of Ireland; lady Annej married first to John lord viscount Bcllasis, of Worlaby* in com. Line, and, secondly, to Charles Lennox, duke of Richmond, by whom she had the late duke, and died in the month os December 1722; lady Fiances, married first toCharle$Livingston earl of Newburg ir. Scotland, who dying about the year 1694, left by her an only daughter, married to Charles Radcliffe, Esq; beheaded on Towerhill in 1746, brother to James earl of Derwcntwatcr.
The honourable James Brudeneli, younger son, cn the 23d of March 1715, was appointed master of the Jewel office, and, on the accession of his late majesty, was on the 9th of September 1727 continued in the faine post, which he resigned in 1730,
D being 18 Genealogical Account ofVli
being on the 4th of June the fame year constituted one of the comrhifrioners of trade and plantations; and Was one of the grooms of the bedchamber to the king; also in June 1737 was appointed gentleman of the horse to the king. He was member of parliament for Andover, and for the city of Chichester, from 1715 to the time of his decease in August 1746- He married ausan, daughter of Bartholomew Burton, of North.Luffenham, in com. Rutland-, Esq; by whom he had issue George his son and heir ; and Augustus, who died in the tenth year of his age, in March 1735, also two daughters, Carolina, and Louisa.
George, late earl of Cardigan, succeeded his grand-father, anno 1703, and took his feat in the house or peers January iz, 1707. In the reign of queen Anne, his lordship was master of her majesty's buckhounds; and January 7, 1710, was appointed cult os rotulorum of the county of Northampton, and departing this life, July J, 17J2, left issue* by his wife, the lady Elizabeth Bruce.eldcst daughter toThomas earl of Ailesoury, four Ions and two daughters. George, nowearl of Cardigan, on July 7, 1730, was married to the lady Mary Montague, youngest daughter, and now one of the coheirs of John duke of Montague, and since the decease of his grace has taken the name and arms of Montague. His lordship hath issue One son, John lord Brucencll, born at his house in Albermarle-street, on the 18th of March 173;, also three daughters, lady Elizabeth, lady Margaret, and lady Henrietta.
His lordship, on February I4,
ntague Earl ef Cardigan. British
174.2, had a grant of the offices of warden and chief-justice in eyre of all his majesty's forests, parks, chacei, and warrens beyond Trent; which he resigned in 1752, being on the 22<1 of February that year appointed constable of Windsor castle, and lieutenant of the said castle. On the 13th of March 1752, he was elected a knight-companion of the molt noble order of the garter, being at that time beyond the seas; which was the second instance upon record of a subject's being elected when abroad; and his lordship embarking at Calais to return to England, was by stormy weather drove into Ostend, and sailing from thence, arrived at Dover on the twenty-first of March, and was installed at Windsor on the 4th of June following.
Armorial Bearings,] Of Montagu andMonthcrmer quarterly two coats, the first and fourth argent, three lozenges conjoined in feso gules, within a border fable; second and third fable, a lion rampant argent, and in a canton argent, the cross of England, for Churchill.
Crejl.] On 3 wreath, gryphon's head couped, or, with wings indorsed, and beaked sable.
Supporters.'] On the dexter side a gryphon, or, beaked, winged, and four legs fable. On the sinister, a wyvern, gules, collared, or, wings expanded, gules, charged on the breast in * canton azure, St. Andrew's cross, argent.
Motto.] Spcflamur agtn'o, Try Us.
amptonshire; atBlackheath in Kent;
at Windsor castle as Constable; and
Two Remarkable Military ANECDOTES.
TO W A R D S the close of the the highest importance to the prelast century, when Maiechal sent King, then Duke, to march in Caunat invaded Piedmont, it was of time for putting Turin in a better
posture t I fag. Tuuo Military Ahtcitttt.
pofiure of defence. To this end he to Catinat, the Marechal said, I mu.1 dispatched the Count de Santena, fee this man of such extraordinary then a major, and since general, with a spirit and resolution; and allowed few hundred men, to Avigliano, an that he and his. men should march old castle about three German miles out with their swords. As Santena from Turin, which commands the passed by him, the Marechal hid, road and valley of Sousa As the "That he did indeed w;ll deserve French army, which consisted of to be hanged; but to shew him thit thirty thousand men, was for pas- he could esteem courage and braverv sing by Santena, he fired at them in an ei&my, he should dine wi;h with what little artillery he had. him that day." At table some Catinat, who was no less surprised French ostjcers upbraided Santena than provoked at this insult, sent to on account of the Duke of Savoy's the castle, threatening to hang up for.ining a league with heretics zthe commanding officer; whp re- gainst 'the molt Christian King, turned him for answer, he ihojld Santena remained silent for some never have him alive, and that till time, t'lr-at last he asked the MareIhe artillery should be brought be- chaf whether he would allow him fore the callle, no surrender was to freedom of speech? Catinat corbe expected. Catinat, now still senting, he replied, " That his mastaoie incensed, ordered a battery ter had indeed, for self-defence, lo be erected, and summoned the taken arms against the King of castle a second t'me. Santena aq- France, and had entered into an answered, that a breach must first be liance with heretic?, such as the made, which being begun, he of- Knglifli and Dutch ; nay further, fered to capitulate. Catinat sent a that his master was for dqing some-, lieutenant into the castle to fettle the thing worse, and had seat to Conarticles of capitulation ; but as a stanrinople, to. negotiate a league preliminary condition, demanded with the Turks; but hls.mostChrifibat the soldiers should be made tian Majesty had1 unluckily, been beprisoners of war, and the officers fore-hand with hjm there." Catinat hanged. Upon this Santena took laughed at the. officers who had the lieutenant into his chamber, forced this keen repartee from SanIhut the door, and conducted him tena, faying, this might teach them, between two barrels of powder, with never to intuit brave men under mis-, two lighted matches lying by. fortynes. However, Santena, by Santeca taking one of the lighted his extraqrdinary behaviour, had, matches, got upon one ol the pow- the good fortune to obtain for his der barrels, and desired the lieutenant master a suspension of arms for some to follow, hi* example; adding, days.
that since he must die, many more At the siege of Turin, in, 17C6, of the French should take a spring the French had broke into one of into the air, before all the Piedmon- tliesubterraneousgallsries belonging tese in the castle should lose their to the citadel, and th; French enlive*. The lieutenant so little re- gineer was rewarded with 200 louislished this compliment, that he beg- d'ors for discovering this pissjoc. ged of Santena to lay aside such a The French now concluded that they desperate design, promising to do should make their way into the citaail that lay in his power for obtain- del, by means of this secret paslage, ing an honourable capitulation for and accordingly posted two hundred the garrison. Upon this assurance prenadiers there. One Micha, a the commandant dismissed the lieu- Pitdmontese peasant, whohadb:en tenant, who having made his report compelled to serve ai a pioneer, *nd
J.J, 2 by