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humours of men, or any common both, and thereby upon beats and accident : further is not to be pro humours of vulgár minds, and the vided against ; for though the be- commotions and feditions of a peoginnings of great fires are often dif- 'ple who happen to be most subjecied covered, and thereby others easily to their influence: in such cases, prevented with care ; yet some may when the flame breaks out, all that be thrown in from engines far off, can be done, is to remove, as far? and out of fight; others may fall as can be, all materials that are like from heaven; and 'is hard to de. to increase it; to employ all ways termine, whether some constellations and methods of quenching it, to reof celestial bodies, or inflammations pair the breaches and lofles it has of air from meteors or comets, may occasioned, and to bear with patience not have a powerful effect upon the what could not be avoided, or can. minds, as well as bodies of men ; not be remedied. upon the distempers and diseases of
Doliteness is one of thofe advan. any remorse of conscience, or reI tages which we never estimate proach from reason. fightly but by the inconvenience of The true effect of genuine polite. its loss. Its influence upon the man ness seems to be rather ease that Ders is constant and uniform, fo that, pleasure. The power of delighting like an equal motion, it escapes per- must be conferred by natore, and ception. The circumstances of every cannot be delivered by precept, or action are so adjufted to each other, obtained by imitation ; but thought that we do not fee where an error it be the privilege of a very sma!! could have been committed, and ra- number to raviih and to charm, ther acquiesce in its propriery, than every man may hope by rules and admire its exactness.
cautions not to give pain, and may,' But as sickness tħews us the value therefore, by the help of good-breedof ease, a little familiarity with ing enjoy the kindness of mankind, Those who were never taught to'en though he should have no claim to deavour the gratification of others, higher distinctions. but regulate their behaviour merely The universal axiom in which all by their own will, will foon evince complaisance is included; and from the neceffity of eftablished modes and which flow all the formalities which formalities to the happiness and custom has establihed in civilized quiet of common life.
' nations, is that no man hould give Wisdom and virtue are by no preference to himself. A rule fo means sufficient without the supple. comprehensive and certain, that, mental laws of good-breeding to se. perhaps, it is not eały for the mind Cure freedom from degenerating to to image an incivility, without fup. rudeness, or self efteem from swell. posing it to be broken. ng loto insolence ; and a thoufand. There are, indeed, in every place tences may be committed, and a some particular modes of the cerebouland offices neglected without monial part of good breeding, which,
being arbitrary and accidental, can paying and receiving visits, in fre. be learned only by habitude and quenting public entertainments, in conversation ; such are the forms of studying the exact measures of ceresalutation, the different gradations of mony, and in watching all the varireverence, and all the adjustments of ations of fashionable courtesy. place and precedence. These, how- They know, indeed, at what hour ever, may be often violated without they may beat the door of an acoffence, if it be sufficiently evident, quaintance, how many steps they that neither malice nor pride contri. mult attend him towards the gate, buted to the failure, but will not and what interval Mould pass before atone, however rigidly observed, for his visit is returned, but seldom exthe tumour of insolence, or petulance tend their care beyond the exterior of contempt.
and unessential parts of civility, nor I have, indeed, not found among refuse their vaniry any gratification, any part of mankind, less real and however expensive to the quiet of rational complaisance than among another. those who have passed their time in
a few weeks of each other, I succeed. cause I have embarked in, would ed to an estate of feven thoufand disgrace me ; and to go greater pounds a year.
lengths in it will almost undo me. I And now, gentlemen, both, you am engaged in a perpetual state of and your readers will call me a very warfare with the principal gentry happy man ; and to indeed I was of the country, and am cursed by I set about the regulation of my fa- my tenants and dependants for obmily with the most pleasing fatis- liging them to vote, as they are faction. The splendor of my equi- pleased to tell me, contrary to their pages, the magniñcence of my plate, consciences., the croud of servants that attended My wife and I had once pleased me, the elegance of my house and ourselves with the thought of being furniture, the grandeur of my park useful to the neighbourhood, by and gardens, the luxury of my table, dealing out our charity to the poor and the court that was every where and induftrious ; but the perpetual paid me, gave me inexpreflible.de, hurry in which we live, renders us light, so long as they were novelies; incapable of looking out for objects but they were no sooner become ha- ourselves; and the agents we truit bitual to me, than I loft all manner are either pockering our bounty, or of relish for them; and I discovered, beltowing it on the undeserving. At in a very little time, that by having night when we retire to rest, we are nothing to wish for, I had nothing venting our complaints on the to enjoy. My appetite grew palled miseries of the day, and prayiog by satiety, a perpetual croud of vifis heartily for the return of that peace, tors robbed me of all domestic en- which was the only companion of joyment, my fervants plagued, and our humblest situation, . my steward cheated me. , ,. . . When pain, sickness, and absoluta
But the curfe of greatness did not want, are out of the question, no end here. Daily experience .con- external change of circumstances vinced me that I was compelled to can render a man more lastingly Jive more for others than for myself. happy than he was before. It is te My uncle had been a great party; an ignorance of this truth that the man, and a zealous opposer of all universal diffatisfaction of maokiod Jninisterial measures ; and as his is principally to be ascribed. Care estate was the largest of any gen, is the lot of life; and he that aspires tleman's in the county, le supported to greatness in hopes of getring rid an interest in it beyond any of his of it, is like one who throws himcompetitors. My father had been self into a burning furnace to avoid greatly obliged by the court party, the fiverings of an ague. which determined me in gratitude The only satisfaction I enjoy in to declare myself on that side ; , but my present situation is, that it has the difficulties I had to encounter not pleased heaven in its wrath to were too many and too great for make me a king.. ., me : so that I have been baded and
Your's, &ic. defeated in almost every thing I
H. LÀ have undertaken. To desert the
Eulogy Eulogy of the late Mr. Shenstone.