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20 Military ASliont csthe
by his good natural parts and long practice, had acquired such a skill in it, as to be made a corporal of the pioneers: he was then working at that place with about twenty men, in order to complete a mine; but hearing the French busy over his head, securing themselves in the fjallcry, it irnmedia'ely occurred to him, that his work was now become useless, the enemy being faffed of a place which would be of infinite detriment to the besieged ; he was also convinced that it would cost him his life to hinder it. his mine having no francisson with which he might spring it with less danger. Th.rewas no time for deliberation: he therefore immediately 'formed
Prince es Brunswick. Britifh
this brave resolution: to save his companions, he ordered them immediately to withdraw out of the mine, and fiie a musket as a signal, uln:n t,hcy were in a place of safety, adding, that they should go and acquaint his Majesty, that Micha implored a subsistence for his wife and children. Up >n heaving the signal, he immediately set sire 10 the mine, and sacrificed his own life, and blew up. the two hundred French grenadiers into the air. I (hail leave the action to the consideration of the reader; only adding, that the King not only provided for his widow and children, but settled a perpetual annuity of six hundred livres a year on Micha/s descendants.
Some Account as the Military ASions cf toe Hereditary Prince of Brunswick.
WHEN the Hanoverians resumed their arms, in consequence of the infraction, on the part of the French, of the convention of Clcster Seven,PrinceFerdinand of Erunswick, brother to the reigning Duke of that title, was appointed commander in chief of the army of the King of Great Britain. In this army the Hereditary Prince entered into action in his twenty-third year, and distinguished himself in many engagements.
tcb. 23, 1758. His Serene Highness stormed the town of Hoya, capital of the county of that name, and obliged the French commandant, Count de Chabot, to surrender the place by capitulation,' aster a loss On the part of the latter of 670 men, June 23. At ihc battle of Crevelt,' in which the French army, under ti e Count dv Clermont, was entirely :outed, the Hereditary Prince, at the head of two battalions of grej .idieis, made an attack on the Fremh, who were in a neighbourng wood, and maintained a fire lor 1*0 lours and an hall without cea
sing, till the enemy were thrown into confusion, and entirely defeated. It was in this battle that Count Gisors, only son of Marshal Belleisle, was mortally wounded. He was son-in law to the Duke of Nivernois, the late French Minister at this court.
July 29. He d:flodged the French from Bruggcn, and took possession of the town.
Aug. 3. He attacked a strong French post at Wachtcmlonk, and drove the enemy away with the loss of only two grenadiers.
April 1, 1759. He took possession of Meiningtn, and made two battalions of the Cologn troops prisoners. He reached V/afungen the fame day, took it, and made prisoners the battalion of Nigel. He likewise obliged Count d' \rberg, who was coming to its relief, to retire.
5. He repulied a body of Austrians from Smalkaldeu and Thuringia.
July 28. He dislodged the French from Lubelte.
August 1. He made an attack on 8000 French at Thornhauscn, una-r
M. de Mag.
Military Aclitns of the Prince cf Brunswick.
M. de Brissac, whom he routed, aod look five pieces of cannon, and near :o^o prisoners.
17. He dislodged a French corps ondcr M. d'Armentieres from Wosshagen.
Sept. 2. He surprised a party of French at Nedcr Weimar, took two cannon, anu several prisoners, without any loss.
Ne-v. 30. He attached a tody of French at Fulda, under the Duke of Wurtetnberg, cut several of them to pieces, and took the rest, with two cannon, and two colours, and the baggage.
Dec- 25. He arrived with his troooj at Chemnitz, in Saxony, and Jan. 12, 1760, Was at Freyberg wi:h the King of Prussia. Having continued a little time in Saxony, he left that electorate, and, with hii army,
Feb. 16, Passed the frontiers of Thuringia.
Jan.- 28. He arrived in Hesse, after several successful skirmishes.
July to. He engaged 10,000 French at Corbach; but being inferior in men and artillery, it became necessary to mr.ke a retreat, which was accomplished with some loss. In this action he received a flight wound in his shoulder.
16. He gave battle to the French under-Gen. Glaubitz, at Emfilorff, mi took two battalions, and the commander, prisoners.
21. He retook Dlllenburg, and made the garrisou prisoners.
Aug. 1. In the battle of Warburg he attacked and forced the enemy's flank, and drove them to the town.
5. He made an attack in the night upon Ziegenbcrg, and brought off forty officers and 300 men. . ■Sept. 30 He passed the Rhine^af ter having scoured the country, and taken Rtes and Emmcrick.
Oa. 16. He attacked M. de Castrier, and wa3 engaged from five in tbe morning till nine at night, but was obliged to retire. His High
ness received a flight wound in his, leg, and his horse was killed under him.
March 2, 1761. He dislodged the French from Budingen.
May zo. He routed several French advanced polis it Wcscl, &c.
July lo the defeat of the
French at Hohenover, his Highness was present, and formed part of the right wing.
20. He had a smart skirmish with the French; in which his brother, Prince Albert Henry, received a wound, of which he died, on the 8th of August, at Ham.
Ne-v. 13. He routed a large French detachment of cavalry under M. de Closen, near Katlenbourg.
April 19, 1762. He took the castle of Areneberg, the garrison of which, consisting os nine officers and 231 men, commanded by M. Muret, surrendered at discretion.
June 24. He was present at the battle of Grabenstein, when the French were defeated with the loss of near 5000 men.
July 24. He arrived at Mark, near Ham, after dislodging some French detachments from Osnabrug, andharafli.ig the Prince of Conde in hi* march.
Aug. 2;. Being on a march with some light troop* near Frankfort on the Main, he fell in with the main body of the French, and lost 30 men and three cannon.
31. He engaged Count Stainville, near Fried berg, in which, after a brave resistance, he was unsuccessfol, and received a musket-ball in his side, which made a deep perforation. He was conveyed successively to Homberg, Fritzlar, and Munden, at which last place the wound was opened. This operation, being very painful, was succeed-d by a fever, occasioned by the working of a splinter; but in about three weeks he was declared to be out of danger. His Highness was attended by Dr. Worloff; the King's physician; and
%ii ^ Account os the House ^Brunswick. British,
was visited, during this confinement, hereditary Prince ofBrunswick-Wolby his father the reigning Duke. fenbuttle-Bevern, to whom the PrinThis was the last action in which iefs Augusta of this kingdom is now the hereditary Prince was engaged; espoused, is- the eldest son of the as in less than three months after present reigning Duke of that dothis event hostilities ceased. minion, by the Princess Piiilippina Prince Frederick, the next brother Charlotta, second sister to the King to the hereditary prince, has of Prussia, and is in the 29th year of likewise distinguished himself in his age, being born the 9 th of OctomiHtary life. This Prince, after ber 1735. He has two brothers and the surrender of Wolsenbuttle to five filters now living, viz. Prince Prjrrce Xavier of Saxony, in Octo- Frederick Augustus, aged 23,8 Iieuber 1761, marched with general tenant-general, and Prince WilLuckner to the relief of Brunswick liam Adolph us, aged 18, a colonel, which was then besieged by the both in his Prussian Majesty's serFrench. His Highness, while the vice; aqd the Princesses Sophia general marched to Peina, attack- Carolina Maria, aged 26; Anne ed the enemy in their entrenchments, Amalia, aged 24: Elizabeth Chrisforced them, made above 200 pri- tina Ulrica, aged 17; Frederica soners, and took possession of the. Wilhelmina, aged fifteen; and Autown ; in consequence of which sue- gusta Dorothea, aged fourteen. A cess Wolsenbuttle was likewise third brother, Prince Albert Henry, evacuated in a few days. He had who would now have been coining ■ likewise the command at the invest- of age, was (lain on the 20th of July iug the town of Cassel in 1762, and 1761. in a skirmish with a body of in some succeeding expeditions; and French. There were more chiVwas present with his elder brother at ■ dren, who died in their infancy. Grabenflein. He was now in his The reigning Duke has three bratwenty-third year. thers and six sisters, uncles and aunts.
The hereditary Prince, after his to the hereditary Prince;.
recovery, went to the head quar- 1. Anthony Ulric, bqrn 1714,
sets of the army, at Neuhaus, near who married a daughter of the late
Padcrborn, and on Christmas-day Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerir,,
arrived at Brunswick. The follow- and has three sons and two daugh
ing summer he went iO Aix la Cha- ters.
pelle to drink the waters; but be- 2. Lewis Ernest, born 1718, Fielding dissuaded from them, on account Marshal in the Dutch service, and of the coldness of the season, he ar- Governor of Bois le Due. He is the rived at tlie Hague about the middle guardian of the young Prince of cf June, wheie he continued for Orange, and was formely Duke of some days at the palace of his uncle Courland.
Prince Lewis. He then went back 3. PrinceFerdinand of Brunswick, to Aix, and staid there three weeks; born 1721, late commander in chief and after visiting the Spa, and some of the allied army in Germany, other places, returned to Brunswick, His Most Serene Highness is likewhere he continued till his depar- wise Governor of Magdebourg, and ture for England, at the close ot the a Knight of the Garter, year 1703. 4- Elizabetha Christina, born . , TT , 1715, the present Queen consort of An account of the House of Prussia
BRUNSWICK. Louisa ArneI;a( ^ lrt>
HIS Most Serene Highness Princess Dowager Royal of Prussia.
Chailes William Ferdinand, 6. Sophia Aatonictta, born 1724,
espoused to the reigning Prince of Sire Saalfeld, bother in-law to the Mirgrave of Anspach, who was lady on a visit to this court.
7. Christina Charlotta Louisa, bra 1726.
3. Theresa Natalia, born 1728, ;Canoness of the Protestant abbey rfHervorden.
9. Juliana Maria, born 1729, the jrtlent Queen consort of Denmark.
Prince Augustus William of Bevtra, a Prussian fidd officer; Prince
Francis Otho; succeeded 1559) by
his brother Henry; succeeded, 159S, by his
Julius Ernest ; succeeded 1636, by
his brother Aaguftos; succeeded, 1666, by his
Rodolph Augustus; succeeded, 1704,
by his brother Anthony Ulric; succeeded, 1714, by
Augustus William; succeeded, 1731»
by his brother Lewis Rodolph; succeeded, 1735,
by his first cousin Ferdinand Albert; succeeded, 1738,
by his son Charles, the present Duke, father
of the hereditary Prince.
Frederick George of Bevern, canon of Lubeck; and Prince Frederick Charles of Bevern, in the Prussian and Danish service, are cousins to the reigning Duke.
The house of Brunswick is divided into two branches, BrunfwickWolfenbuttle, and Brunswick Lunenburg. The founder of both these lines was Ernest the Confessor, who first introduced the reformation into his dominions, and was succeeded, in 15 46, by
William; succeeded by his son Ernest ; succeeded, 1611, by his brother
Christian; succeeded, 1633, by his brother
Augustus; succeeded, 1636, by his brother
Frederick; succeeded, 1648, by his nephew
Christian Lewis; succeeded, 166,', by his brother
George William, Elector of Hanover; succeeded, 1705, by his nephew and son-in-law
George I. of Great Britain ; succeeded, 1726, by his son
George If. succeeded, 1760, by his grandson
George III. brother to Augusta, Princess of Brunswick.
Recapitulation of the principal Events in the Tear 1763.
93. 6,1762. Ts^HE ifland os Manilla, in the East-Indies, takenbythe X forces of his Britannick Majesty.
15,(1762.) The magazine in fort Elizabeth, at Goree, blew up, and did considerable damage.
Nov. 29, (1762.) His Majesty's (hip Marlborough foundered in her passage from the Harannah to England.
Dee. 3. ^762 } The Portuguese colony of St. Sacrament, in South America, surrendered to the Spaniards,
13. (1762.) His Majesty's ship Temple foundered in her passage from the Havanoah to En gland.
'Jan. 1 j. Sir George Pococke arrived at Plymouth in hit Majesty's, ftip Nanwr, from the tronquest of the Havannah.
Ic... Pr.in.co, 24 "Recapitulation ofthe remarkable Event! in the Year 1763. British
15. Prince Charles of Mecklenburtjh arrived at Plymouth from Lisbon. Feb. 10. The Definitive Treaty of Peace signed at Paris.
15. The Treaty of peace between the Couns of Vienna, Dresden, and Berlin, was signed at Huberisburg.
23. Tie embarkation of the British forces, who hid served in Germany, Was
begun at Williamstadt. March !. The Ratifications of the Treaty between the Courts of Vienna;
Dresden, and Berlin, were exchanged at Hubertsburg. 2. The San Genaro, os 64. guns, taken at the Havaftnah, was lost near
10. The Ratifications of the Definitive Treaty between the Courts of London,
Versailles, Madrid, and Lisbon, were exchanged at Paris. 22. The Peace proclaimed at London.
30. The King of Prussia arrived at Berlin.
31. Marco Foscarini, Doge ot Venice, died.
April 7. The Earl &. Bute retired from public business. 13. The Duke of Bedford arrived in London.
16. Prince Clement of Saxony elected Prince Bishop of Freysingen.
19. Alvise Mocenigo elected Doge of Venice.
20. Count d'Outremont elected Prince Bishop of Liege.
May$. A General Thanksgiving for the conclusion os the peace observed.
6. Mr. Wilkes, who had been seized by a warrant of the Secretaries of State (on suspicion of being the author of the North Briton) and sent ro the Tower, set at liberty, after a long hearing before LA Chief Just. Pratt.
June^. John, Count o'Ostein, Eieclor of Mentz, died at Memz.
81. The King of Prcflia arrived at Potsdam, from the tour of his dominions.
Aug. 6. The Franks quarter of Smyrna was consumed by fire.
17. The queen was delivered of Prince Frederick. S'pt. 7. Prince George of Holstein K^il died.
0<9. 5. The King of Poland, Elector of Saxony, died at Dresden.
Nov. 7. The Turkish Ambassador nude his entry into Berlin.
Dec. 17. The Elector of Saxony, ion of the late Elector, died at Dresden.
Acadtmy of Sciences, Belles Let Ires, and Arts, at Rouen.
AT a late public meeting of the heart judges of vice and virtue, is
above academy, M. duB^ui- precisely of rhe same nature, and is
hy read a discourle, intitled, An rendered ^ersectand corrupted by the
ejjhy oh the reciprocal influence of man same means; whcnCo it fellow:, that
Hers on taste, and tafli in manners, in a Coruption of manners mull oecssi
wbich, utter having proved, that on a corruption of talle, and a, cor
tafle, by «hich we judge of the fine ruption of taste must, in its turn,
arts, is a lively impression antecedent biing on a corruption of manners;
to reflection, which nature bestows a conclusion equally true in specula
on us, which an attentive and ratio- tion and praline,
nal study of the ptnciples ot science M. L'Abbe Yart read a discourse
renders perfect, and which opini- on Detached Thoughts, There are
on corrupts ; he made it evident, many men of genius, fays he, and
that the imprcfiion, by which the who have a taste for literature, who