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IVtag. Genealogical Account os

himself aster the fatigue of the storm, set out for the village where he left Lucinda, When he arrived it was towards evening, and Lucinda was gone to take a walk. Marius went up into her chamber, and finding a letter open on the table, it appeared to be an answer to a passionate billet she had writ the barber almost the moment of his departure. In the midst of that agony of foul which seized him on this occasion, Lucinda

Scot, Earl os Doncasler. 201

entered. Marius, with a sternnesi which his looks never knew before, commanded her to go to bed; shs trembled, and obeyed; but was scarcely covered with the doaths, ere with one pistol hi killed her, and with the other dispatched himself. Thus fell the unhappy Marius; thus perished the perfidious Lucinda. .. . u.

I am, your's, Sec.

D. D.

A Genealogical Account os Scot, Earl es Doncaster.

THE noble peer who now enjoys the title of earl of Doncaster, Is the great-grandson of James duke oFMorfmouth and Bucdeuch, and earl of Doncaster, natural son of ling Charles II. by Mrs. Lucy Walters, daughter of Riohard Walters, Esq. The duke of Monmouth was born in Holland, on the ninth, of April 164.9, ar|d went by the name of James Croft, till his majesty's restoration. In the year 1662, the ling sent for him over into England, and an apartment was assigned him at Whitehall. The next year his majesty created him baron of Tindale, earl of Doncaster, and duke of Monmouth, and made him a knight of the most noble order of the garter. The fame year he married the lady Anne, only daughter and heir of Francis earl of Buccleuch, one of 'he largest fortunes in Great Britain.1 Upon his marriage with this lady he assumed the name of Scot, and they *«re created duke and duchess of Buccleuch in Scotland. He was appointed master of the horse to hi» majesty in 1665, and captain of the. •'fe guards in 1668. On the death of his grace the duke of .Albeftiarle w 1669, he was constituted general fyilt 1764.

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of his majesty's forces,, lord lieutenant of the East riding of Yorkshire, governor of the town and chad J of • Hull, and chief justice in eyre .of all his irajcily's forests and chaecs south of Trent; and in 1672 he was constituted lord . high chamberlain of Scotland. - •

•The fame year he commanded the fix. thousand English and Scots who joined the French army on the fron* tiers, of Holland, and was made lieutenant-general of the forces of Lewis XIV. He was at the taking of Rhineburgh, Doesburgh, and Zutphen, and at the reduction of Utrecht, where the French king kept his court for some time. In the year 1673 he was at.the siege of Maesiricht, and commanded at the attack of the counterscarp. The town being taken, the diike. with the British forces wiihdrew, it not beingn thought consistent with the interest of England to assist the French in making an entire conquest oPrjs.U'mied.ProvjjiCff., , ,1 Tjfie^dufee v^jfle.cted chancellor of tjje. university, of Cambridge' in 1^7<M .and, as he. had formerly commanded; the forces sent to the assistance of the French against the D d Dutch, iCt Gtncalog'ualAccount of i

Dutch, he nu< a campaign under the prince of tiriinge, in the year 1678, against the French, and was at the attack of the Abby of St. Denis.

The field-conventiclers in Scotland breaking out into rebellion in the year 1679, and having assembled a very formidable force, the duke of Monmouth was sent down to suppress them; and giving the insurgents battle at Bothwell-bridge on the twenty-second of June, totally defeated them, taking a great number of prisoners, among whom were several of the murderers of the bishop of St. Andrew; and, returning to court in triumph, appeared at that time very high in the king's favour. Nor was he less in the favour of the people, on his appearing at the head of what was called the protestant party, and (hewing an uncommon zeal against those who were accused of the popisli plot; but the king falling sick, and the tluke of York being sent for over from the Netherlands, and finding the duke of Monmouth had rendered himself exceeding popular, was apprehensive of his having an eye upon the crown: he procured him therefore to be dismissed from all his places, and sent abroad; but the king recovering from his illness, thought it convenient that the duke of York should return to Flanders before the meeting of the parliament. Accordingly the duke of York resided at Brussels, and the duke of Monmouth at Utrecht. But the latter on a sudden returned from Holland without the king's leave, and arriving in London on the 27th of November, about midnight, the watch gave notice of it to the several wards. The people immediately illuminated their houses,

:ot, Earl «/*Donxaster. British rung the bells, made bonfires, ac if they had received the news of some great victory; but the duke, having left Flanders without the king's leave, did not think it proper to attend the court: and soon after his friends in London, Shaftsbury, Russel, and several other persons of distinction, presented the duke of York as a recusant, which made that prince their professed enyny. The king calling the next parliament to meet at Oxford, the duke of Monmouth, the earl of Essex, and several other lords, petitioned his majesty that the parliament might not sit at Oxford, where they suggested the houses could not act with freedom; but that he would be pleased to order them to sit at Westminster, the usual place, where they might consult and act with safety.

The king frowned on the petitioners, and gave them no answer; and the parliament accordingly met at Oxford on the twenty-first of March 1680-1, where a bill was brought in for excluding the duke of York from the crown, and securing the nation against a popish succession. Wherr this bill was ordered to be read a second time, the king came to the house, and made a speech, wherein he observed, That their beginnings were such, that lie could expect no good success from their debates, and therefore dissolved them; and a plot, called the Ryehouse plot, being discovered at this time, the earls of Shaftsbury and Essex, lord Russel, col. Sydney, and several others, were taken into custody as conspirators, and soon after the duke of Monmouth; but the king being satisfied that he was not concerned in the Ryehouse plot, granted a pardon to his grace, who thereupon went Mag. Genealogical Account os i

over to Holland, where he remained till the death of king Charles II. which happened on the sixth of February, 1684-5.

The duke of Monmouth being strongly possessed with an opinion that his mother was married to king Charles H. and that he had consequently an undoubted right to the British crown, advised with the earl of Argyle, and the rest of his friends ia Holland, on the probability of making a successful descent on the ceaft of England, and asserting his right to that throne. They were pretty unanimous as to the probability of success, the duke being so acceding popular, and the nation in general jealous of the king's design to introduce popery: but part of his friends were of opinion that things were not yet ripe;thatitwouJd be better to wait till the king had Hade some advances towards the alteration of religion, and the people's fears of popery were heightened. Others, on the contrary, insisted, that they were more likely to succeed if they made the attempt before &t king was well settled in the throne, and while the duke's interest *n so considerable in England. This debate was at last terminated in farour of an immediate descent; and the earl of Argyle immediately embarked in order to make a division in Scotland to favour the cuke's descent. Every thing being thus agreed, the duke hired a frigate of thirty, two guns, and three small tenders, one of which was detained "| Holland by the application of the knglilh minister to the slates. The ''ike, however, proceeded in hit voyage with the frigate and two tenders; and after a tedious and stormy passage, reached Lime in Dorsetshire on the eleventh of June,

ot, Earl os Doncaster. aoj

1685. His whole force, including officers, did not exceed two hundred men; but, having brought arms for five thousand more, and great numbers of the country-people joining him, his forces soon became very formidable, the militia constantly flying before him.

The duke marched from Lime a-cro/s the country to Taunton-deari in Somersetshire, where he caused himself to be proclaimed king, and set a price upon the head of James II.' as the latter had done upon that of the former, and also attainted him of high treason in the parliament then sitting. This being known to the duke, he sliled the parliament a seditious assembly in the declaration he published. After staying a little time at Taunton-dean, he advanced to Bridgwater, and continued his march towards Bath and Bristol; bot, receiving advice that a body of regular troops was in full march for the west, he thought proper to return to Bridgwater, and soon after the king's forces arrived within four ot five miles of that town, commanded by the earl of Feversliam and lord Churchill, afterwards duke of Marlborough, and encamped on Sedgmore. The duke of Monmouth being informed of their arrival, and also that the officers spent their nights in drinking, and that their outguards were very negligent ia their duty, he formed a design for surprising the camp of the royalists in the night-time; but his guides, either through ignorance or treachery, led the duke's forces so far round about, that it was broad daylight before they reached the camp of the royalists, whom they found drawn up ready to receive them. The duke's foot, however, fought very gallantly, and bid fair for vic\ D d a tory

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