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Description of tbt Palace ^ Marli,
THE palace of Marli is situated in a beautiful valley, and near the middle of a park contiguous to that of Versailles, about twelve miles from Paris. The valley was originally very marihy ground, so that it became necessary to fill it up, in order to make the gardens belonging to this palace.
Coming from St. Germain's to Marli, you enter first into a round court of three hundred feet diameter, where stands the guard-room, and where terminate the several courts for stables, coach-houses, &c. From this round court you fee the castle at the end of an avenue 1500 fathoms in length, and ten broad, with a wall on each side, built in order to support the earth. From this avenue yop go down into an anti-court, separated from the garden by ironrails, wirh stone-pillars at each end, adorned with fine vases of the fame. Here are two pavilions, in one of which is the chapel, whose inside is embelliflied with pilasters of the Corinthian order. In the, other is the guard-room, and on the groundfloor. Above stairs are lodgings for several officers of distinction. Opposite to those two pavilions, fhtre are two more, in which the great nobles of the court have apartments.
The palace itself consists of a large pavilion, or structure, standing detached from any thing else, as also of twelve smaller ones, six on each Me; .the outside of (he great one is adorned with paintings in fresco. The steps are embellished with fignres of sphinxes, groupes of children, vases, and the like. In the great hall are sixteen pilasters, and
it is also adorned with fine lookingglasses and pictures. In the king's apartments, and those of the royal family, there are several beautiful pieces of painting that represent the sieges Lewis XIV. carried on in person.
The small pavilions are joined to one another by arches, through e^ch of which you go into a little harbour made of lath work. In all those pavilions there are apartments for persons of quality. These contain nothing very remarkable, only that in each of the two last there is a globe, of which cardinal d'Estrees made Lewis XIV. a present. They are eleven feet eleven inches and an half in diameter, having been invented and constructed by father Coronelli. The inscriptions, by T/tiich they wete dedicated to the king, are engraved on two plates of gilt-brass, but contain the most fulsome flatteries. There are also in she fe pavilions, all the instruments necessary for astronomy and geometry.
In the gardens there is a large cascade ; it is properly a river, which, falling from a very high place, forms very beautiful sheets of water. At the bottom are several basons, adorned with groupes, statues, Sec.
The side of the parterre, fronting the large pavilion, presents a most extensive and beautiful prospect. From this parterre you go down into another, which is adorned with marble statues, and has a fine balbn in the middle, where are several water spouts in the form of a wheatsheaf. Beyond it is a large bason, surrounded with walks and grafsplats. In going still further down E e you 21 o Alterations in
you meet with two other basons, adorned with shell-work, and groupes of while marble representing rivers and nymphs. The water falling out of these basons form several sheets, and fall into another bason below. Among innumerable other pieces of •water is another cascade, falling from a very steep bill into a large bason, In the middle of which there rises another small one of gilt metal, supported by three tritons of the fame metal. Here are also two long walks of fine linden-trees, which were brought from Holland by order of M. de Louvois.
The hydraulic engine of Marli, for raising of water, stands on the river Seine. It is composed of four
si* Cyder Aa. British
teen wheels turned by the current, which set twa hundred and twentyfive pumps a going at once. By this means the water is carried up into a tower, which is six hundred and ten fathoms distant from the river. Hence the water runs into an aqueduct three hundred and thirty fathoms, and from this it is conveyed through iron pipes of eighteen inches bore, into the reservoirs of Marli, which are three hundred and fifty fathoms further; and these again supply all the water-works of Marli and Versailles. All this has cost immense sums, the water being conveyed over three or four high hills.
Headi of an A3 faffed this Sejfiont for altering and amending the Cyder. AB *f
WJ HEREAS by an act made in 'V the last session of parliament, a duty of four shillings per hogshead was granted upon all cyder and perry made in Great Britain, over and above all other duties: and it was thereby directed, that the said ditty should be paid within six weeks, from the time of making the charge by the officer of excise; and all makers of cyder and perry were thereby authorized to compound for this duty, in respect of the cyder and perry to be consumed in their own private families: And whereas it would be a great relief to the persons subject to the said duty, or to the composition in lieu thereof, many of whom are industrious persons, with large families, if the time for payment of the said duty were enlarged, and the composition of five shilling;, authorized to be made by the sdid act, were lowered.
From and after the 5 th day of July, 1764, the time limited by the former act for payment of the duties, shall be extended to six months; after the expiration of which, they shall be recovered and levied, as hereby directed.
In lieu of the former composition, officers of excise are authorised to compound with private families, at the rate of 2 s. per head per ann. for each person of eight years old and upwards, in the lists delivered into them. Which composition shall be renewed annually; and in cafe of an increase in the family during the year, an additional list shall be given in, and id. per month paid for every person added, during the subsisting unexpired term of such year. The compositions shall be applied as the duties. Other parts of the former act relating to compositions, (hall continue in force.
Mag. Process sot making Sal Mirabile. 2 r r Makers of cyder at other presses certified for, shall be verified on oath, than their own, not being com- Returns of the quantities disposed of, pounders, shall enter their names at as aforesaid, shall be made by the the next office of excise, ten days officers of excise to the commissioners previous to such making; together cf excise, and the duties charged with the mills, and owners thereof, from the counter-parts; a copy of and the cellars or storehouses for which returns shall be left with the keeping such cyder, under a penalty makers, who shall pay the duty acfor their using any unentered mill, cordingly within fix months from storehouse, &c. of 25 1. Officers of thence. A maker of cyder or perry excise shall have free access to the not complying with these regulasaid mills, storehouses, fcc. in the tions, or being guilty of any fraud, day-time, to gauge the cyder, &c. shall forfeit 25 1. Certificates for and to make and report the charge, removal of cyder from the mill, leaving a copy with the maker; who shall be in force but between 1 Sept. shall pay the duty according to such and 31 Dec. yearly. Blank certificharge. cates and counter-parts shall be deProprietors of cyder mills, Sec. so livered up within ten days after, on, lent out, (hall not be obliged to give penalty of 2; 1. notice thereof. The penalty of obstructing an ofWhere the compounder intends to ficer in his duty, shall be 501. If sell or dispose of cyder, &c. immedi- any officer of excise shall refuse or ately from the mill, the officer shall wilfully neglect to leave a true copy deliver to him blank certificates and of his report in writing, or to grant counter-part for the purpose, to be a certificate for the removal of any filled up occasionally; which shall cyder or perry, upon reasonable reprotect the removal of such cyder, quest made for that purpose; or if The counter-part shall be filled up any maker of cyder and perry auand signed, at the same time with thorised to compound, shall offer to the certificate; and shall be return- make such composition, and if any ed to the officer, and a receipt shall such officer shall refuse or wilfully be given him for the certificates, neglect to accept such composition, The certificates and counter-parts he shall, for each refusal or neglect, not used, shall be produced when forfeit and pay the sum of 4.0 s. called for. The quantities fold, and
Proctfi for making Sal Mirabile, ij Mr. Fergus, in Piccadilly.
rT,AKE calcined kelp4 any quan- earthen dish, place it over a gentle
*■ tity, powder it in an iron mor- fire, and when hot pour in gradually
taT, put it into an earthen pan well oil of vitriol diluted, (viz. to every
glazed, and pour upon it boiling pound of oil of vitriol a pint and a
water, in the proportion of a quart half of water) till no effervescence
to a pound; stir it about for a little arises, and you have gained the exact
time, and either filtrate or decant point of saturation: then filtrate
the dear liquor from the sediment; through paper, or let it stand to de*
put the clear liquor into a glazed purate, and decant the clear liquor;
E 9 2 eva212 Tht Humourist. British
evaporate to a pellicle, and set it by than two ounces of oil-vitriol was
to crystallize. sufficient for the saturation.
By the above process I obtained Sal mirabile may be also made
from a pound and a half of kelp, from barilia instead os kelp; but not
eight ounces and a half of sal mir a- so cheap, bile; and found that something less
The HUMOURIST. ACbarafitr from the Seetr.d Volume es the Warki ^William Shenstone, Esq.
TO form an estimate of the be otherwise in his company. He proportion which one man's quashed the loudest tempest ot laughhappiness bears to another's, we ter whenever he entered the room, are to consider the mind that is al- and men's features, though ever so lotted him with as much attention much roughened, were sure to grow as the circumstances. It were super- smooth ar his approach, rluous to evince, that the fame ob- The man had nothing vicious, or jests which one despises, are frequent- even ill-natured in hi< character j yet Jy to another the substantial source he was the dread of all jovial converof admiration. The man of bust- fation; the young, the gay, found ness and the man of pleasure are to their spirits fly before him. Eveneach other mutually contemptible, the kitten and the puppy, as it were and a blue garter has less charms for by instinct, would forego their frosome than they can discover in a licks, and be still. The depression butterfly, The more candid and heoccafioned was like thatof a damp, sage observer condemns neither for or vitiated air. Unconscious of any his pursuits, but for the derision he apparent cause, you sound your spiso profusely lavishes upon the dispo- rits fink insensibly: and were any sttion of his neighbour. He con- one to sit for the picture of ill luck, eludes, that schemes infinitely vari- it is not possible the painter could, ous were at first intended for our select a more proper person, pursuit and pleasure; and that some Yet he did not fail to boast of a find their account in heading a cry superior share of reason, even for the of hounchs, as much as others in the want of that very faculty, risibility, dignity of lord-chief justice. with which it is supposed to be alHaving premised thus much, I ways joined, proceed to, give some account of a Indeed he acquired the character character -which came within the of the most ingenious person" of his sphere of my own observation. county, from his meditative temper. 'Not the entrance of a cathedral, Not that he had ever made any great not the found of a pasting bell, not discovery of his talents^ but a few the furs of a magistrate, nor the fa- oracular declarations, joined with a hies of a funeral wcr« fraught with common opinion, that he was writhalf the solemnity of face! „ ing somewhat for posterity, complet
Nay, so wonderfully serious was ed his reputstion.
he observed to be on all occasions, Numbers would have willingly
tl.at.it was sound hardly possible to ^predated his character, had not
known sobriety, and reputed sense deterred theto. .
He was one day overheard at his devotions, returning his most ^eryent thanks for some particularities in his situation which the generality of mankind would have but little regarded. v"> :i-d u:.
Accept, said he, the gratitude of thy moft humble, yet ir\ost happy creature, not for silver or gold, the tinsel os mankind, but for those ami-, able peculiarities which thou hast so graciouQy interwoven both with' my fortune and completion: for t^ost treasures so well adapted, to that frame of mind thou hafraffigned me.
That the surname that' has descended to me is liable to no pun.'
That it runs chiefly upon vowels and liquids.
That I have a ptctnresque 'countenance rather than pne that is esteemed of regular features.
That there is an intermediate hill, intercepting my view of a nobleman's feat, whose ill-obtained superiority I cannot bear to recollect.,
That my estate' is over-run with brambles, resounds with cataracts, and is beautifully varied with rocks and precipices, rather th^h 'an even, cultivated sppt, fertile of corn or wine, or oil; or those kinds of productions in which the sons of men delight thfm selves.
That as thou dividest /thy bounces impartially, giving riches to one, and contempt ef riches to. another, so fhou hast given me, in the midst of po"ertyrtp, despise' thc inlplenceof; riches, and by declining all emulation that is founded upon wealth, t° maintain the dignity a,nd superiof«7 of the muses.
That I have a disposition either so elevated or so ingenious, that I can, derive to' myself amusement from the very expedients and contrivances with which rigorous necessity furnishes my invention. ■ v
That lean laugh at my own follies, foibles, and infirmities; and that I do not want infirmities to employ this disposition. ", _t
This poor gentleman caught cold one winter's night, as he was contemplating, by the side of a crystal stream, by moonshine. This after-? wards terminated in a fever that was fatal to him. Since his death I have been favoured with the inspection of his poetry, of which I preserved a catalogue for . the benefit of roy readers^ k . ■• ,. i •
On his dog, that growing corpulent, refused a crust that was of. fcred him.
To the mernory of a pair of breeches that had done him excellent service. , . - \ - •
Having lost his trusty walkingr staff, he complaineth. 'To his. mistress on her declaring that site loved parsnips better than potatoes.
On an ear-wig that crept into a nectarine that it might be swallowed by Chloe. "...
On cutting an artichoke in his garden the day that Queen Anne cut her little finger. . Epigram on a wooden peg.
Ode to the memory of the great
modern who first invented (hoc
buckles. . .