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DESCRIPTION of the PALACE OF MARLI.

THE palace of Marli is situated it is also adorned with fine looking

1 in a beautiful valley, and glasses and pictures. In the king's near the middle of a park contigu- apartments, and those of the royal ous to that of Versailles, about twelve family, there are several beautiful miles from Paris. The valley was pieces of painting that represent the originally very marshy ground, so lieges Lewis XIV. carried on in that it became necessary to fill it up, person. in order to make the gardens be- The small pavilions are joined to longing to this palace.

one another by archés, through each Coming from St. Germain's to of which you go into a little harbour Marli, you enter first into a round made of lath work. In all those court of three hundred feet diameter, pavilions there are apartments for where stands the guard-room, and persons of quality. These contain where terminate the several courts nothing very remarkable, only that for stables, coach-houses, &c. From in each of the two last there is a this round court you see the castle globe, of which cardinal d'Estrees at the end of an avenue 1500 famade Lewis XIV. a present. They thoms in length, and ten broad, with åre eleven feet eleven inches and an a wall on each side, built in order to half in diameter, having been insupport the earth. From this ave. vented and constructed by father nue you go down into an anti-court, Coronelli. The inscriptions, by separated from the garden by iron- piliich they were dedicated to the rails, with stone-pillars at each end, king, are engraved on two plates of adorned with fine vases of the same. gilt-brass, but contain the most fulHere are two pavilions, in one of lume flatteries. There are also in which is the chapel, whose inside is these pavilions, all the instruments embellished with pilasters of the Co- necessary for affronomy and geomerinthian order. In the other is the try. guard-room, and on the ground. In the gardens there is a large floor. Above stairs are lodgings cascade ; it is properly a river, which, for several officers of distinction. falling from a very high place, forms Opposite to those two pavilions, very beautiful sheets of water. At There are two more, in which the the bottom are several balons, adorngreat nobles of the court have apart- ed with groupes, statues, &c. idents.

The side of the parterre, fronting The palace itself consists of a large the large pavilion, presents a most pasilion, or structure, standing de- extensive and beautiful prospect. tached from any thing else, as also From this parterre you go down of iwelve smaller ones, fix on each into another, which is adorned with fide; the outside of ihe great one is marble statues, and has a fine bafon adorned with paintings in fresco. in the middle, where are several The steps are embellished with his water spouts in the form of a wheat. gures of sphinxes, groupes of chile theaf. Beyond it is a large bason, dren, vases, and the like. In the furrounded with walks and grassgreat ball are sixteen pilasters, and plats. In going still further down April, 1764.

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you meet with two other basons, teen wheels turned by the current, adorned with shell-work, and groupes which set twa hundred and twentyof white marble representing rivers five pumps a going at once. By and nymphs. The water falling out this means the water is carried up of these basons form several meets, into a tower, which is fix hundred and fall into another bason below. and ten fathoms distant from the Among innumerable other pieces of river. Hence the water runs into an water is another cascade, falling from aqueduct three hundred and thirty a very steep bill into a large bason, fathoms, and from this it is conveyin the middle of which there riles ed through iron pipes of eighteen another small one of gilt metal, lup- inches bore, into the reservoirs of ported by three tritons of the fame Marli, which are three hundred and metal. Here are also two long walks fifty fathoms further; and there of fine linden-trees, which were again fupply all the water-works of brought from Holland by order of Marli and Versailles. All this has · M. de Louvois.

coft immense sums, the water being The hydraulic engine of Marli, conveyed over three or four high for raising of water, stands on the hills. river Seine. It is composed of four.

Heads of an Ad palled this Seffions for altering and amending the CYDER AR of

laf Selfions. W HEREAS by an act made in. From and after the 5th day of

V the last session of parliament, July, 1764, the time limited by the a duty of four Millings per hogshead former act for payment of the du. was granted upon all cyder and perry ties, shall be extended to fix months ; made in Great Britain, over and after the expiration of which, they above all other duties : and it was all be recovered and levied, as thereby directed, that the said duty hereby directed. hould be paid within six weeks, In lieu of the former composition, from the time of making the charge officers of excise are authorised to by the officer of excise; and all compound with private families, at makers of cyder and perry were the rate of 2 s. per head per ann. thereby authorized to compound for for each person of eight years old this duty, in respect of the cyder and upwards, in the lifts delivered and perry to be consumed in their into them. Which composition own private families: And whereas shall be renewed annually ; and it would be a great relief to the per- in case of an increase in the family fons subject to che faid duty, or to during the year, an additional lift the composition in lieu thereof, many shall be given in, and 2d. per month of whom are industrious persons, paid for every person added, during with large families, if the time for the fubfifting unexpired term of such payment of the said duty were en- year. The compositions shall be Jarged, and the composition of five applied as the duties. Other parts Thillings, authorized to be made by of the former act relating to compo. the said act, were lowered,

fitions, Mall continue in force.

Makers"

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Makers of cyder at other presses certified for, shall be verified on oath. than their own, not being com. Returns of the quantities disposed of, pounders, Thall enter their names at as aforesaid, Mall be made by the the next office of excise, ten days officers of excise to the commissioners previous to such making; together of excise, and the duties charged with the mills, and owners thereof, from the counter-parts ; 'a copy of and the cellars or storehouses for which returns shall be left with the keeping such cyder, under a penalty makers, who shall pay the duty acfor their using any unentered mill, cordingly within fix months from storehouse, &c. of 251. Officers of thence. A maker of cyder or perry excise înall have free access to the not complying with these regulafaid mills, storehouses, &c. in the tions, or being guilty of any fraud, day-time, to gauge the cyder, &c. fall forfeit 251. Certificates for and to make and report the charge, removal of cyder from the mill, leaving a copy with the maker; who shall be in force but between Sept. hall pay the duty according to such and 31 Dec. yearly. Blank certificharge.

cates and counter-parts shall be de. Proprietors of cyder mills, &c. fo livered up within ten days after, on lent out, Mall not be obliged to give penalty of 25 1. notice thereof.

The penalty of obAructing an ofWhere the compounder intends to ficer in his duty, Mall be sol. If fell or dispose of cyder, &c. immedi. any officer of excise Tall refuse or ately from the 'mill, the officer Thall wilfully negleat to leave a true copy deliver to him blank certificates and of his report in writing, or to grant counter-part for the purpose, to be a certificate for the removal of any filled up occasionally; which shall cyder or perry, upon reasonable reprotect the removal of such cyder. quest made for that purpose ; or if The counter-part shall be filled up any maker of cyder and perry auand figned, at the same time with thorised to compound, shall offer to the certificate ; and shall be return. make such composition, and if any ed to the officer, and a receipt Mall such officer, shall refuse or wilfully be given him for the certificates. neglect to accept such composition, The certificates and counter-parts he shall, for each refusal or neglect, not used, shall be produced when forfeit and pay the sum of 40 s. called for. The quantities sold, and

Process for making Sal Mirabile, by Mr. Fergus, in Piccadilly, TAKE calcined kelp, any quan- earthen dish, place it over a gentle

1 tiry, powder it in an iron mor. fire, and when hot pour in gradually. tar, put it into an earthen pan well oil of vitriol diluted, (viz. to every glazed, and pour upon it boiling pound of oil of vitriol a pint and a water, in the proportion of a quart half of water) till no effervescence to a pound'; ftir it about for a little arises, and you have gained the exact time, and either filtrate or decant point of saturation : then filtrate the clear liquor from the sediment; through paper, or let it stand to de put the clear liquor into a glazed purate, and decant the clear liquor ;

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evaporate to a pellicle, and set it by than two ounces of oil-vitriol was to crystallize. .

fufficient for the saturation. By the above process I obtained Sal mirabile may be also made. from a pound and a half of kelp, from barilia instead of kelp; but not eight ounces and a half of fal mira- fo cheap. bile ; and found that something less

The HUMOURIST. A Character from the Second Volume of the Works of Wiliam Shenstone, Esq. T o form an estimate of the be otherwise in his company. He

I proportion which one man's quashed the loudest tempeft of laugh. happiness bears to another's, we ter. whenever he entered the room, are to consider the mind that is al-' and men's features, though ever so Jotted him with as much attention much roughened, were sure to grow as the circumstances, It were super- smooth at his approach. fluous to evince, that the same ob The man had nothing vicious, or jects which one despises, are frequent. even ill-natured in his character yet Jy to another the substantial fource he was the dread of all jovial.converof admiration. The man of busi- sation; the young, the gay, found ness and the man of pleasure are to their spirits Ay before bim. Even each other mutually contemptible, the kitten and the puppy, as it were and a blue garter has less charms for by instinct, would forego their frosome than they can discover in a licks, and be still. The depression butterfly, The more candid and he occasioned was like that of a damp, fagę observer condemns neither for or vitiated air. Unconscious of any his pursuits, but for the derision he apparent cause, you found your fpiso profusely lavishes upon the dispo. rits link insensibly : and were any fition of his neighbour. He con- one to fit for the picture of ill luck, cludes, that schemes in nitely vari- it is not possible the painter could ous were at first intended for our selea a more proper person, pursuit and pleasure ; and that some Yet he did not fail to boait of a find their account in heading a cry superior Thare of reason, even for the of hounds, as much as others in the want of that very faculty, rigibility, dignity of lord-chief.justice.

with which it is supposed to be alHaving premised thus much, I ways joined. proceed to give some account of a lodeed he acquired the character character" which came within the of the most ingenious person of his sphere of my own observation county, from his meditative temper.

Not the entrance of a cathedral, Not that he had ever made any great not the sound of a palling bell, not discovery of his talents; but a few the furs of a magiftrate, nor the sa. oracular declarations, joined with a bles of a funeral were fraught with common opinion, that he was write half the solemnity of face !

ing somewhat for posterity, completa Nay, so wonderfully serious was ed his reputation. . he observed to be on all occasions, Numbers would have willingly flat it was found hardly posible to depreciated his character, had not

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