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observe that from the year 1727, to comedy, under the authority of the the end of 1736, almost all his plays laws, made use of fictitious names and farces were written, not above to fatyrize vice and folly, however two or three having appeared since dignified by honours and employ, that time : so that he produced about ments. But the middle comedy did eighteen theatrical performances, not flourish long at Athens ; the plays and farces included, before he archness of its aim, and the poig, was quite thirty years old. No fe- pancy of its satire, soon became of lection has been made of those pieces, fensive to the officers of state: a law but they are all printed together in was made 10 prohibit those oblique this edition, that the public might strokes of wit, and the comic muse have the entire theatre of Henry was restrained from all indulgencies Fielding. For though it must be of personal fatire, however humoacknowleged that in the whole col roully drawn, under the appearance lection there are few plays likely to of imaginary characters. The same make any considerable figure on the fate attended the use of the middle Stage hereafter, yet they are worthy comedy in England ; and it is said of being preserved, being the works that the wit and humour of our of a genius, who in his wildest and modern Ariftophanes, Mr. Fielding, most inaccurate productions, yet oc- whose quarry in some of his pieces, cagionally displays the talent of a particularly the Historical Regifter, master. Though in the plan of his was higher game than in prudence pieces he is not always regular, yet he should have chofen, were princihe is often happy in his diction and pai instruments in provoking that style; and in every groupe, that he law, under which the British theatre has exhibited, there are to be seen has groaned ever since. particular delinearions that will am. In the comedy called Rape upon ply recompense the attention be- Rape, or the Coffee house Politician, we ftowed upon them. The comedy of have an admirable draught of a chathe Mifer, which he has mostly taken racter very common in this country, from Moliere, has maintained its namely, a man who is smitten with ground upon the stage ever since it an insatiable thirst for news, and conwas first performed, and has the va. cerns himself more about the balance lae of a copy from a great painter of power than of his books. The by an eminent hand. If the comedy folly of these statesinen out of place of Pasquin were restored to the stage, is there exhibited with a masterly riit would perbaps be a more favourite dicule ; and indeed in all the plays entertainment with our audiences, of our authox, however in some rethan the much admired Rehearsal; spects deficient, there are strokes of a more rational one it certainly bumour and half-length paintings, would be, as it would undoubtedly not excelled by some of the ablett be better understood.
artists. The farces written by Mr. The Pasquin of Fielding, though Fielding were almost all of them its success was considerable, never very successful, and many of them phone forth with a lustre equal to are still alled every winter with a its merit ; and yet it is a composition continuance of approbation. They that would have done honour to the were generally the production of two Athepian ftage, when the middle or three mornings, so great was his
facility in writing ; and to this day on their first appearance this addi. they bear frequent repetition, at tional merit, that they served to least as well as any other pieces of make early discoveries of that true the kind.
comic genius, which was then dawn. The mock tragedy of Tom Thumb ing forth in Mrs. Clive ; which has is replete with as fine parody as since unfolded itself to a fulness of perhaps has ever been written ; the perfection, and continues to this day Lottery, the Intriguing Chambermaid, to be one of the truest ornaments of and the Virgin Unmasked, besides the the stage. scal entertainment they afford, had , [To be continued. 1
REFLECTIONS or the Uncertainty of FRIENDSHIP. I fe has no pleasure higher or days together may be separated by
nobler than that of Friendship. the different course of their affairs ; It is painful to consider, that this and Friendship, like Love, is defublime enjoyment may be impaired ftroyed by long absence, though it or destroyed by innumerable causes, may be encreased by short interand that there is no human poslef- missions. What we have missed long fion of which the duration is less enough to want it, we value more certain.
when it is regained; but that which Many have talked, in very ex- has been loit till it is forgotten, alted language, of the perpetuity of will be found at last with little gladFriendthip, of invincible Constancy, ness, and with still less, if a substiand unalienable Kindness; and some tute has supplied the place. A man examples have been seen of men deprived of the companion to whom who have continued faithful to their he used to open his bosom, and with earliest choice, and whose affection whom he Mared the hours of leisure has predominated over changes of and merrimeat, feels the day at first fortune, and contrariety of opinion. hanging heavy on bim; his difficul.
But these instances are memora- ties oppress, and his doubts distract ble, because they are rare., The him ; he sees time come and go Friendship which is to be practised without his wonted gratification, or expected by common mortals, and all is sadness within and solitude must take it rise from mutual plea- about him. But this uneasiness nefure, and must end when the power ver lasts long, neceflity produces ceases of delighting each other, expedients, new amusements are dif.
Many accidents therefore may covered, and new conversation is ad. happen, by which the ardour of mitted. kindness will be abated, without No expectation is more frequently criininal bafeness or contemptible disappointed, than that which natuinconstancy on either part. To give rally arises in the mind, from the pleasure is not always in our power; prospect of meeting an old friend, and little does he know himself, who after long separation. We expect believes that he can be always able the attraction to be revived, and the to receive it.
coalition to be renewed; no man Those who would gladly pass their considers how much alteration time
has made in himself, and very few fire of conquest, till vanity kindles enquire what effect it has had upon into 'rage, and opposition rankles others. The first hour convinces into enmity. Against this hafty them, that the pleasure, which they mischief I know not what security have formerly enjoyed, is for ever at can be obtained ; men will be fomean end; different scenes have made times surprized into quarrels, and different impressions, the opinions of though they might both haften to both are changed, and that fimili. reconciliation, as soon as their tutude of manners and sentiment is mult had subsided, yet two minds loft, which confirmed them both in will seldom be found together, which the approbation of themselves. can at once subdue their discontent,
Friendship is often destroyed by or immediately enjoy the sweets of opposition of interest, not only by peace, without remembering the the ponderous and visible interest, wounds of the confli&. which the desire of wealth and great. Friend hip has other enemies. ness forms and maintains, but by a Suspicion is always hardening the thousand secret and night competi- cautious, and Disgust repelling the tions, scarcely known to the mind delicate. Very Nender differences opon which they operate. There will sometimes part those whom long is scarcely any man without some reciprocation of civility or benefifavourite trifle which he values above cence has united. Lonelove and greater attainments, some desire of Ranger retired into the country to petty praise which he cannot pati- enjoy the company of each other, ently suffer to be frustrated. This and returned in six weeks cold and minute ambition is sometimes croff- petulant ; Ranger's pleasure was to ed before it is known, and some walk in the fields, and Lonelove's times defeated by wanton petulance; to sit in a bower; each had complied but such atracks are seldom made with the other in his turn, and each without the loss of Friendship; for was angry that compliance had been whoever has once found the vulne. exacted. rable part will always be feared, and The most fatal disease of Friendthe resentment will burn on in se- ship is gradual decay, or dislike cret of which shame hinders the dif- hourly encreased by causes too llencovery.
der for complaint, and too numerThis, however, is a low malig- ous for removal. Those who are nity, which a wise man will obviate angry may be reconciled ; those as inconsistent with quier, and a who have been injured may receive good man will repress as contrary a recompence; but when the desire to virtue ; but human happiness is of pleasing and willingness to be Sometimes violated by some more pleased is filently diminished, the refudden trokes.
novation of Friendship is hopeless; A dispute begun in jest, upon a as, when the vital powers sink into Tubje& which a moment before was languor, there is no longer any use on both parts regarded with careless of the Physician. Indifference, is continued by the de
COMPENDIOUS HISTORY OF FRANCE. [Continued.]
AS peace was now restored, the crown to another family, if the king,
king thought it expedient to with the alliftance of pope Innoplace the crown upon the head of cent, had not prevented it, in the his eldest son Philip ; which was ac- manner that has been related. With cordingly done, with all the usual all his excellent qualities, and the folemnities, at Rheims. This being more candid of the French bistoover, he thought himself more at rians acknowlege him the beft of leisure to correct many inconveni- their kings, be had a failing, if it encies which had gradually crept may be called so, which raised a fe. into different parts of the kingdom, cret disike to him, and increased and which, in those times, could be with his years. This failing condone no other way than by force; sisted in a certain freedom of speech; and if, in these his good endeavours, bonelt, fincere, and well-meaning he met with opposition from some of himself, he despised flattery, and he the great lords, he was allisted and hated fallhood; pious, without hysupported by others : fo that, by pocrify or superstition, he treated executing the decrees of his su- very roughly such of the prelates as preme courts of justice, he rendered acted inconsistent with their chaappeals frequent, and, with an ap-. racter; obedient to the laws himself, parent zeal for the public good, ex- lis zeal for justice had led him to tended his own authority. Pope corre& such of the nobility as acted Innocent the second, finding him tyrannically, with a degree of rigour self constrained to leave Rome by that made them secret enemies to his competitor, retired into France, him and his family. But, while where he was received with great they meditated the humiliation of respect, and kept his Easter with both; Providence placed the crown great splendour at Paris. But the upon the head of the young Lewis, joy of the court was quickly turned in the fight of four hundred preinto mourning by the fall of the lates, assembled from different parts, young king Philip from his horse, the major part of the nobility, and of which he died on the third of the embassadors and deputies of reOctober, 1131. Before the close of veral foreign nations, with general the month a general council was applause. held at Rheims, in which the king By long experience the greater as well as the pope was present, and vafsals of the crown began to per: there the crown was set upon the ceive, that the king's views were head of Lewis, his eldest surviving very honourable, and that, though fon, at that time about twelve years he was very quick, he was no less of age. The suddenness of this steady in his resolutions; and there. coronation, after so unlucky an ac- fore Thibaut, count of Champagne, cident, is accounted for by an old and other great lords, reconciled hisorian, who reports, that a party themselves to him; so that all the was forming amongst the great lords arts of his rival could never detach and prelates for transferring the them again from his interest. But, in the midst of his prosperity, he fell and fixtieth of his age. With the into a languishing state of health, addition of certain qualities, the being in a manner overwhelmed French historians say he might have with fat. As his strength wore away made a better king; but, they alhe prepared for death, by setting his low, a better man never graced affairs in order; and, when he their throne : pofterity perhaps may thought it so near as to receive the think this no diminution of his chasacraments of the church, he drew racter. his fignet ring from his finger, and Lewis, at the time of bis father's put it upon that of his son, with demise, was eighteen years of age, these words : “ By this sign I inveft and, as all writers agree, was suryou with sovereign authority; but named le jeune. If this was only remember, that it is no other than to distinguish him from his father, a public employment, to which you then we ought to stile him Lewis are called by Providence, and for the younger ; but a certain writer the exercise of which you are to give tells us, that this surname was given a strict account in the world to him on his separating from his wife come.” He grew better after this, Eleanor, and giving her back the but he would never use any of the duchy of Guienne, and then it has enfigns of royal authority ; but quite another signification, and imwhenever he appeared abroad on plies that Lewis was always a young horseback, he was surrounded by man. The same troubles that pervaft crouds of people, who, by loud plexed the beginning of his father's, acclamations, testified their zeal for disturbed also the entrance of his his government, and their affection reign; that is, several of the nobi. for his person.
lity indulged themselves in great exAn accident contributed not a ceffes, which, as we have already little to the revival of the king's shewn, were no otherwise to be restrength. William the tenth, duke pressed than by force. The king of Guienne and Aquitaine, refolving therefore, having put good garrisons to make a pilgrimage to the shrine into the fortresles of his new domis of St. Jaines of Compostella, be- nions, returned to Orleans; where, queathed his extensive territories to upon his attempting to affemble his daughter Eleanor, upon condi- troops, the commons, who owed all rion that she married the young their privileges to his father's faking Lewis; and he dying in that vour, revolted : but Lewis quickly pilgrimage, the king sent his son, reduced and chastised them, as he most nobly attended, to Bourdeaux, likewise did the lords. It is re. where the marriage was celebrated marked, and it deferves to be rea with great pomp, and the young marked, that he did not follow his princess solemnly crowned queen of father's example, in being crowned France, and the young king was in- a second time. Euftace, the son of augurated as duke of Aquitaine and Stephen eart of Bologne, who had Poitiers. In the mean time Lewis feated himself in the English throne, te Grofs, unable to support the heat had done homage to Lewis the Gross
of the dog.days, died at for the duchy of Normandy; the "37 Paris, on the first of August, king, to fix him more effectually to in the thirtieth year of his reign, his interests, gave him his fifter in : May 1764.