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Mag. A.ceunt os the ancient Irish Barit* 239

However, we si oil that on the ex- fcctiou of a young mind that is not tinction of learning, and increase of well stayed, but detiious by sooie barbarism in this kingdom, the na- bold adventures to make proof of fire vigour of the poetic stock again himself. For being (as they all be) shot tp in a succeeding age; and brought up ideiy without awe of for want of a proper culture, was parents, without precepts of masters, again become one ot the ruling evils and without tear of offence; not l>eof the country, in the time of ing directed, nor employed in any Spenser; who gives the following course of life which may carry them animated description of their songs to virtue; will.easily be drawn to and character: "There is amongst follow such as any shell set before the Iristi a certain kind of pe pie them: for a young mind cannot called Bardes, which are to them rest. If he be not still busied in instead of poets, whose profession is some goodness, ha^ will find himself to set forth the praises or dispraises such business, as (hall soon busy ail of men in their poems or rythmes; about him. In which, if he shall the which are had in so high regard find any to praise him, and to give and estimation amongst them, that him encouragement, as those Bardes none dare displease them for fear to and Rythmers do for little reward, run into reproach through their of- or a share of a stolri cow, then waxfence, and to be made infamous in eth he most insolent and half mad the mouths of all men. For their with the love of himself, and his verses are taken up with a general own lewd deeds. And as for word* applause, and usually sung at all to set off si.ch lewdness, ir is not feasts and meetings by certain other hard for them to give a goodly and persons, whose proper function that painted fliew thereunto, borrowed is, who also receive for the fame even from the praises which are great rewards and reputation a- proper to virtue itself. As of a molt mongstihem."—"TheseIrish Bardes notorious thief and wicked out-law, are for the most part so far from in- which had lived all his life-time of firucting young men in moral disci- spoils and robberits, one of their pline, that they themselves do more Bardes in his praise will fay, that he deserve to be sharply disciplined; was none of the idle milk-fops that for they seldom use to choose unto was brought up by the fire-fide; themselves the doings of good men but that most of his days he spent for the arguments of their poems; in arms and valiant enterprises: but whomsoever they find to be that he did never eat his meat, bemost licentious of life, most bold fore he had won it with his s>vord: and lawless in his doings, most dan- that he lay not all night fluggir; j in gerous and desperate in all parts of a cabjn under his mantle; but used disobedience and rebellious dispofi- commonly to keep others waking to 'ion; him they set up and glorify in defend their lives; and did light his their rythmes, him they praise to the candle at the flames of their houses, people, and to young men make an to lead him in the darkness; that example to follow.''—Thus " evil the day wav-his night, and tiie night things being decked and attired with his day: that he-loved nttt so, be the gay attire of goodly words, may long wooing of w«n«bes to%j-jeldto easily deceive and carry aw.ay the as- him; but where he came, he rock

Artificial Waterfor writing Letters of Secrecy. British spoil of other men's voured of sweet wit and good in

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by force the love, and left but lamentation to their lovers j that his music was not the harp, nor lays of love, but the cries of people-, and the clashing of armour; and finally, that he died, not bewailed of many, but made many wail when he died, that dearly bought his death."—" I have caused divers of these poems to be translated unto me, that I might understand them; and surely, they sa

vention; but skilled not of the goodly ornaments of poetry; yet were they sprinkled with some pretty flowers of their natural device.which gave good grace and comeliness unto them; the which it is great pity to fee so abused, to the gracing of wickedness and vice, which with good usage would serve to adorn and beautify virtue."

The natural and acquired Endowments requisite for the Study of the Law, taken

from a Pamphlet lately publijbed, by a Barrister. i. A Quick conception and an easy taking accurate notes of the cafes,

• delivery.

2. A liberal education, with a good memory.'

3. A found judgment, and patience to distinguish the difference of cases.

4. Much study and close application, to obtain a thorough knowledge of the learned science or profession in all its various and complicated branches.

5. Carefully reading of the best authors and the latest reports of good authority, and endeavouring to distinguish the grounds or reasons for the various determinations.

6. Frequent attendances on the several courts of law and equity, and

arguments, and solemn judgments thereon, and placing the fame under proper heads or titles.

7. A competent knowledge of special pleading, and of the civil and crown laws, with a perfect understanding of the law of evidence, tenures, deeds, and operations thereof.

8. A general knowledge of history, and the policies of government, men, manners, and customs.

9. Great command of temper, and steadiness of mind and countenance; much courage, tempered with good manners.

10. A good constitution, great assiduity, and temperance.

An Artificial Water for 'T'AKE vitriol, finely powdered, put a little thereof into a new ink-horn, pour clean water on it, and after it has stood a little, write therewith either on vellom or paper, and the writing cannot be seen any other way, than by drawing the letter through a water, which is thus prepared: take a pint of water, put it into one ounce of powdered galls, temper it together, and

nariting Letters of Secrecy.
strain it through a cloth, put the
water into a dish that is wide enough
and draw your writing through it,
and you will read it as you do other
writings; and to make the secret
contents less liable to suspicion, you
may write on the contrary side of
the paper or parchment with black
writing ink, matters of less conse-
quence*

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A Genealogical Account os C

'T'H IS noble family i» descended from Richard Cooper, Esq; who flourished in the reign of Henry VIII. and in the year 1532, purchased the manor of Paulet in Somersetshire, from Sir Amias Paulet. This estate is still in the family,.and worth above twelve hundred pounds a year. He died the eighth of May 1566, and was succeeded by his only son John Cooper, Esq; born on the :4th of'September, 1552. He served in that parliament for the borough of Whitchurch in Hampshire, was knighted by queen Elizabeth, and died on the 24th of November,

His only son John Cooper, Esq; succeeded him, and was;'created a baronet on the 4th of July, 1622, and afterwards knighted by king jimes I. He married Anne, daughter and sole tieir of Sir Anthony Ashley of. Winborne St. Giles, in Dorsetshire, and died on the 23d of March, 163 1, and was succeeded by his eldest Ion Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper, one of the greatest statesmen in the kingdom, and who was afterwards created earl of Shaftsbury, and conititured lord high chancellor.

This great man was a student of E«;er college in Oxford, whence he was removed to Gray's-Inn, and there made a very considerable progress in the study of the laws of his country. In the year 1639, he was unanimously chosen one ot the members for Tewkesbury in Gloucestershire, and soon became a celebrated speaker, though only then about twenty-five years of age.

At the breaking out of rhe civil *ar, he raised a regiment for hi* majesty's service, being ihen hi^h

Maj 1764,

Ioper, Earl os Shaftsbury.

sheriff of Dorsetshire, and was made governor of Weymouth; but colonel VVilliam Ashburnham being appointed governor of Dorsetshire, Sir Anthony imagined his loyalty was suspected. He therefore came to London and offered his service to the parliament, who readily conferred on him a regiment of horse, together with the command of all the forces in Dorsetshire. He did not however enter into all the views of that party; for he opposed the usurpation of Cromwell with great spirit and intrepidity; so that Sir Anthony, together with about an hundred other members, were forcibly' prevented from entering the house of commons, He therefore joined in a remonstrance, drawn up with remarkable energy, in which the absolute and arbitrary power assumed by the protector was exposed, and every individual invited to oppose it. They very justly observed, that the small number of members suffered by the protector to remain in the house, could never be considered as the representatives of the people; nor were they intrusted to consent to any thing in behalf of the nation, if the rest were excluded from sitting and debating matters in the house. This had such an influence on the next convention called by the protector, that the members began to question his authority. Cromwell therefore dissolved them, and from that moment discountenanced and oppressed both the presbyterian and republican party.

This behaviour, added to the other arbitrary proceedings ot' the projector, induced Sir Anthony and ,i i nis

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