his friends to turn their eyes upon carriage, whereby he received a dan. the king, being persuaded that his gerous wound in his fide, which was restoration would prove less op. afterwards opened under the direcpressive than the tyrannical govern- tion of the famous Dr. Willis, ment of Cromwell. They also hoped His majesty landed at Dover on that as the king's circumstances the 25th of May, and Sir Anthony, were very narrow, and most of the together with general Monk, was princes of Europe had forsaken him, the next day sworn at Canterbury of it would not be difficult to establish the privy-council; the king wisely the presbyterian feet, and reduce the considering that those whose advice prerogatives of the crown within had already been so successful in proper limits, if they engaged to allist planning the restoration, might be in his restoration.

highly neceffary in establishing him Soon after this confederacy was on the throne of his ancestors. In formed, Cromwell paid the debt of the month of O&tober following, he nature; and the Rump parliament was appointed one of the commissiappointed Sir Anthony one of their oners for trying the regicides; and council of late, and a commiffioner three days before the coronation he for managing the affairs of their was created a baron of this kingarmy. This promotion did not how. dom, by the title of lord Athley of ever divert him from his design of Winborne St. Giles. Soon after restoring the king; and in the year he was made chancellor and under1659, he was accused before the treasurer of the 'exchequer, and on house of keeping a correspondence the death of George, duke of Albewith the king, and raising men to marle, one of the commissioners of join Sir George Booth, who was the treasury. On the 20th of known to be collecting troops for January, 1671, he was constituted his majetty's service. In consequence lord-lieutenant of Dorsetshire, and ., of this accusation he was, with many on the 23d of April 1672, created other gentlemen of rank and for- lord Cooper of Paulet in the county tune, thrown into prison; but ac- of Somerset, and earl of Shafisbury. quitted on his trial, and the Rump Sir Orlando Bridgeman resigning the afterwards intrusted him with the great seal on the 17th of November command of a regiment of horse, following, the earl of Shaftsbury was wbich was one of the first corps that constituted lord high chancellor of declared for general Monk and a England. This important office he free parliament. When the conven- executed with such prudence, cantion declared for the king, he was dour, honour, and integrity, that one of the twelve commoners fent hardly any one of his decrees were by the house to the king, with fix ever reversed. lords, to defire his majefly would When the Dutch war was under. condescend to take upon bim the confideration, he made a very regovernment of England, where he markable speech in the house of would find all possible affection, peers, in which he suggested that duty, and obedience from all his sub. the Hollanders were our greatest jects. But during Sir Anthony's enemies in point of trade, and therestay in Holland, waiting upon his fore ought to be extirpated; Delenda fovereign, he was overturned in his eft Carthago. He always advised the

king to agree with his parliaments; ing every method was taken by his and though he complied with his enemies to ruin him, he retired to majesty in his declaration for an in- Holland, where he died on the 22d dulgence to diflenters, it was only of January 1682. with design to unite all protestants His lordship inarried three wives : under one head; thinking it his the first was Margaret, daughter of duty to protect all his majesty's pro- Thomas lord Coventry, by whom he testant subjects, who only differed had no children ; the second Frances, in some points of worship. At the daughter to David earl of Exeter, by same time he promoted the test for whom he had one son named AnTendering papists incapable of en. thony, afterwards earl of Shaftsbury; joying any office or place of trust, and the third Margaret, daughter to which obliged the duke of York to William lord Spencer, by whom he throw up all bis commissions, and had no issue, who from that moment became the · Anthony his only son and succeffor chancellor's irreconcileable enemy. was born on the 15th of January 1651, Soon after the duke prevailed upon and married Dorothy daughter to the king to take the seals from the John earl of Rutland, by whom he earl of Shaftsbury, who now became had three sons and four daughters. as ftrenuous an opposer of the court, He died on the roth of November as he had been before an advocate 1599, and was succeeded by his eldfor its measures; nor could all the est fon Anthony. This nobleman offers of pofts and honours made was born on the 26th of February him by his majesty, prevail upon 1670, and rendered himself famous him to rejoin the ministerial party. by his writings, particularly a work

The king was now wholly go- entitled “ Characteristicks of men, verned by French councils, and manners, opinions, and times.. He was without a parliament for fifteen married Jane, daughter of Thomas months, during which the earl Ewer of Bushy-hall in Hertfordrhire, formed a strong party, who declared Esq; and died at Naples on the 15th for the protestant religion, and the of February 1713. intereft of England. But question. He was succeeded by his only fon ing the authority of the parliament, Anthony, the present earl of Shaftrafter so long a prorogation, he was, bury, who, on the 12th of March together with the duke of Bucking. 1725, married lady Susan Noe!, ham, the earl of Salisbury, and the fifter to Baptist earl of Gainibo. lord Wharton, committed to the rough. This lady died without issue Tower, where he continued thirteen on the 12th of March 1725, and his months.

lordhip has since married Mary seIn the year 1679, he was ap. cond daughter to lord Folkstone. pointed lord president of the coun-, Armorial Bearings.] Argent, three cil; but perlifting in his opposition bulls pafiant, sable, armed and unto the duke of York's facceeding to guled, or. the crown, and the arbitrary mea. Cref?.) On a chapeau, gules, turnfures pursued by the court, he was ed up, ermine, a bull pafiant, fable, removed from his post on the fifth gorged with a mural coronet, and of O&ober following ; when finde armed, or.

Ii: Supporters.]

- Supporters.) On the dexter lide a Chief Seats.] At Winborne St. bull sable, bis ducal collar, or. On Giles, in Dorsetfhire ; at Rockthe fuister, a talbot, azure, gorged burn-house in Hamphire ; and in as the dexter.

Margaret-street, Cavendish Square, Motro.] Love, ferve.


The HISTORY OF MOR ADDIN, Prince of Indoftan.


T HE court of the Mogul sur.' dearments had satiated him, threw

1 passes all those of Aliatic mo- out their attractives in vain ; they narchs in luxury and magnificence. could no longer lull his senses to reIts princes and great men Number pose. He found something was wantaway their lives upon the down of ing to his happiness ; and that unindolence; and the law of the holy easiness of mind, which took its rise prophet is there either disbelieved or from the desire of novelty, made neglected. Moraddin, born to hold him, in his heart, prefer the rugged the fceptre of Indoftan, though by paths of virtue to the luxury of a nature endowed with all the virtues court, where nights and days are which form the hero, by the educa- consumed in a tumultuous succession tion he received at the court of of delights, and where the mind, Delly was so much softened and hurried by a variety of pleasing obenervated, that in his youth he did jects, can find folid satisfaction ja not seem to promise even to surpass none. other monarchs distinguished by the He therefore determined to quit eminence to which fortune had raised Delly in disguise, and travel through them, and rather illustrious for their the extensive regions of Perfia, which dignity rhan conspicuous for their being then embroiled by a civil war virtues.

between Ibrahim and Muley Hafran, But it was the intention of fate who were rivals for sovereign sway, that Moraddin should reform the might, he thought, afford him an manners of the Indians; and a par- opportunity of displaying those abifion which seemed to be one of his lities and exercising that virtue which greatest faults, made him form a re- were lost to mankind, whilst his life solution which procured bim those was passed away in the pleasures and opportunities of improrement which difipations of a court. No sooner he must otherwise have wanted. So was he arrived in Persia, but he great was Moraddin's love for no- found his heart dilate with joy ; to velty, that a repetition of the same be deprived of the ease and pleasures pleasures disgusted him, and the of a seraglio, appeared to him the eager desire of some new enjoyment highest felicity, because the want of made the delights which he had so fenfual gratifications could not but often tasted, altogether insipid. Mu. be more than compensated by the fick could not charm his ear, nor full enjoyment of liberty, with which could wine exhilarate his spirits; the the forms and ceremonies of a court beauties of the seraglio, whose en- are as inconsistent as the confinement


of a dungeon. His hopes were fan- its pleasures. Unexpected success is guine, and the exultation of his too apt to beget confidence, and the mind seemed to him to be a prog- favours bestowed upon men by fornostic of success in his enterprise, tune, too frequently make them forHe did not foresee all the difficul- get its fickleness. Thus it happened ties, dangers, and disappointments with Muley Hassan and his vifir which he had to encounter, and Moraddin : they both thought their which made him afterwards more greatness established so strongly that than once repent his undertaking, nothing could shake it; they equally and wish he had never forsaken the owed their prosperity to each other, luxurious ease of the seraglio. Suc. and looked upon each other as sufficess attended him for a considerable cient vouchers for its continuance. time, and he vainly presumed that The valour and abilities of Moraddin this success would be uninterrupted, filled Muley Hassan with confidence, and that he was privileged from and confirmed him in an opinion even suffering those calamities which that his empire was fixed upon had not approached him at his first the formest foundation. He was relaunching out into the world. He cure of the fidelity of his visir, and without hesitation espoused the cause thought that the monarch who had of Muley Hassan, not so much be- such a minister to dire&t his councils, cause he thought it more just than and such a general to lead his arthat of his adversary, as because mies, could have nothing to fear there was a conformity between from his enemies. Moraddin, re. their characters, which could not cure of the favour of a prince whom fail of determining him in his fa. he had raised to sovereign sway, was vour. Muley Hassan and Moraddin fatisfied with being the next to him united, took the field against Ibra- in power, and aspired no higher. him, and defeated him in several He almost forgot that he had been battles; so that Ibrahim was con- born a prince, and that he might strained to retire to a fortress upon one day lay claim to the sceptre of the confines of the empire, and I doftan. Prosperity does not alo Muley Hassan was seated upon the ways latt; the angel of evil, who for throne of Persia. The exaltation of a long time had not visited Muley Muley Hassan was the immediate Haffan or Moraddin, after a certain consequence of that of Moraddin; time made them the objects of his and indeed he was bound in grati. wrath, and they became companions tude to raise the man to whose va. in affiliation, as they had before been lour' he was indebted for his king- partners in prosperity. Ibrahim, dom. Moraddin being become the who had a considerable party amongst visir of Muley Hassan, in that fta. the Persians, found means to corrupt tion discovered as much conduct as many of the governors of Muley he had displayed valour in the field. Hassan's garrisons; and, having le. To superintend the administration vied an army of a hundred thousand foon became easy to him : for such men, marched towards Ispahan, dewas the force of his genius, that he termined to dethrone his rival, or easily became master of the policy die in the attempt. Muley Hassan, of a court, though in his early youth being apprized too late of this reso. he had been acquainted only with lution of Ibrahim, marched against

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