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DESCRIPTION of the CHURCH of St. Peter's at Rome. THIS noble and magnificent his model is now in the Vatican pa
1 ltructure, which for the har- lace: it is so large, that a person mony of its architecture, finepess and may enter into several parts of it, great variety of carved and giltasubik'After his death, the design was al. pictures, ftatues, &c. may juftly claim tered by Raphael Urbin, Sangallo, the pre-eminence over all other and others; it was brought to the buildings of the same kind in the form of the Greek cross by Michael world, stands on the site of Caligu. Angelo, prolonged afterwards to the la's Circus, and was first dedicared form of the Latin cross by the Cheby Constantine the Great, to the yalier Fontana, Carlo Maderna, and Twelve Apostles; but in 1550 it was others, who still continued the order of entirely rebuilt : for pope Julius II. M.Angelo.Théchurch itselfis722 feet began it on Bramante Lazari's plan; long, and 86 broad; the breadth of his fucceffor Paul III. continued it the front is 400 feet, and the whole on that of Michael Angelo, and it height from the floor to the top of was finished under the papacy of the crofs that stands over the ball Julius V. so that it was the work of is 432 feet. By the print we have one bundred years, and cost forty annexed, it is easy to be seen after millions of crowns in building, be what manner it is built ; and that, fides the daily repairs and decora- for its general form, our St. Paul's tions that are making to it. agrees pretty much with it. Indeed,
Bramante made the first design ; it were to be wished, that our's had May 1764
fuch an approach as that has, than tal, disposed in a very agreeable which nothing can be more grand 'manner. They say that under this or magnificent.
altar are deposited half the bodies of Before the church is a magnifi- St. Peter and St. Paul, and that the cent and spacious Piazza, in the other half of them is elsewhere ; middle of which stands an obelisk either at the old church of St. Paul of granate or black marble, brought without the city, or that of St. John from Egypt, and reared at an im- Lateran. Upwards of a hundred mense expence in the papacy of lamps are continually burning beSixtus V. by Domenico Fontana. fore this depositum, which is encomIt is 80 feet high, and stands on a pafled with a marble balustrade. pedestal of thirty more, and on the . The great cupola is all wrought top is a brass gilt cross.
in Mofaic, as are the four Angels The upper end of the church immediately under it. Within the stands to the west. There is no se- cupola itself are the twelve Apostles paration of that part for a choir, as in several compartiments, which fill is in St. Paul's, and other Cathedrals the first great circle that goes round among us. A side chapel is appro- the cupola : above them Angels in priated to that purpose there; so the same manner; and at the top of that at first entrance there is a spa- a lantern which rises above the cucious open view, continued quite to pola, is represented the Deity, as the further end of the church ; an old man with his arms extended, where, aloft, against the wall, is performed in Mofaic also. In the placed the chair of St. Peter, fup- four angles ander, are represented ported by the four doctors of the the four Evangelifts. The fide cu· Latin church, St. Jerom, St. Au- polas are also wrought in Mofaic:
gustin, St. Ambrose, and St. Gre- the church itself is incrusted with gory; and a glory above, with An- marble, gels, &c. all of copper, a most costly It would be endless to enter into and noble ornament. But the real particulars of the statues, paintings, chair of St. Peter is pretended to be Mosaics, and basso-relievos, which within that exposed to public view, every part of it abounds with, toge
The ornaments of this chair alone ther with the noble fepulchral moare said to have cost 107,551 Ro- numents of several popes, and that man crowns, at gs. and 6d. value of Christina queen of Sweden ; al} each, . .
adorned with curious sculpture, The pavilion of the great altar, The body of that queen, however, which stands under the cupola, is is deposited within a plain tomb in accounted the finest ornament in a grotta, under the church, though the whole work: there is something her monument be above. in it very uncommon and very mag- There is one thing very remark. nificent. It is supported by four able among the basso relievoes on wreathed pillars of Corinthian brass, the brazen gates, at the entrance. which was taken by pope , Urban There are some figures of heathen VIII, from off the Portico of the story intermixed with the foliage : Pantheon; they are adorned with Ganymede and the Eagle, Jupiter festoons and foliage of the same me. and Leda, &c. Perhaps these have
tempted to regulate any little article posed a walk in the park--women of his dress.-At Jaft, Gentlemen, truly were pretty companions to the mystery was unravelled, I over- dangle with in public :- If I menheard him one day talking to an in- tioned a game at cards, fools only timate friend of his about the follies had recourse to diversions of that of the fair sex, declaring, that the kind. In short, let me start what I very best were a most contemptible would, either the meanness of my pack of creatures, much below the understanding, or the greatnefs of notice of a man of understanding;— his own, was sure of defeating all my. " for my part (says he) I suppose views, and nothing was happy enough myself as happily married as any body to merit his approbation but what of my acquaintance, but still a wife immediately proceeded from himself. is no more than a woman; and as - For this last twelvemonth, Mr. such, tho' a necessary animal, she is Highmore has commenced bon viconsequently below the regard of a vant, and fat till three or four o'clock man of common speculation." every morning with a select party of
Having thus discovered the occa.' friends, who are eminent in the world fion of Mr. Highmore's indifference, for their literary abilities. As it is a I resolved to render myself as worthy fundamental principle with these exof his attention as I could, by con- traordinary gentlemen, never to part, verfing on the most important sub- while they are able to fit together, jects I was able: for this purpofe I irregularity and intemperance have would occasionally cite a passage from so impaired the constitution of my our celebrated writers, and deliver my poor Mr. Highmore, that I am teropinion on hiftorical events, poetical rified to death at the bare supposicompoñtion, and such other parts of tion of the consequences.-His emliterature as I thought would be most ployment all day is to recover from agreeable to the temper I saw him the excesses of the preceding evenin.—But alas, instead of finding his ing, and his business all night to humour abated by this folicitude to provide an indifpofition for the next please, I had the misfortune to see it day. visibly epcreased : -- If I quoted a For God's sake, Gentlemen, fay passage from any author, he fmiled; something about those men of sense -If I pretended to judge, he titter- who look upon women to be idiots, ed—But if I was infolent enough to and yet are guilty of actions that differ from the minuteft opinion of would make the meanest of us ashamhis, he either Alew out of the house, ed.- Is this superiority of under. or politely laughed in my face. standing, upon which the generality Every casual impropriety of accent of your fex fo highly pique themhe was sure to ridicule, and those selves, to be pleaded as an eternal little grammatical inaccuracies which excuse for indiscretions and errors, women cannot always ayoid, were and no allowance to be made for the an everlasting subject of contempt. - little failings of the poor women, tho Pailing in my endeavours here, I at we are treated continually as fools ? tempted to engage him in a va I could say a great deal on this Tiety of amusements, but in vain. - subject, but fearing to trespass too If I proposed the play--women only much upon your leisure, I shall take diverted his attention from the busi- my leave, And am, your's, &c. . ness of the performance ;-If I pro