« 前へ次へ »
Account os tbt Academy os Sciences at Rouen.
isie no time Jo write regular works any (object, yet CO thele men do easy occur Dew thoughts and lively /ics of genius, which wculd be & to the world, did not their auass preserve them. Such are the 'irks oi most of our poett, and os f best writers ancient and modern; re May form a judgment of it by the
sHteilaneous learnirg ot a Voltaue,
executed under the King's eye, and in his tasic.
"This Prir.re, being a perfect master of the true principles of architecture, and blessed with a refined taste, has, in these buildings, happily united strength and grandeur to public utility. The outward decorations arc, in some places, strikingly magnificent, in others light and pleasing; and they are of:en plain
No one can be ignorant, that great and simple, nay even rustic, if the si ■
work* hare been planned in those jsppy moment* when these Detached lingbts present themselves to the imagination, and that such of those ■*orks as are best executed, and most I&eir to procure their authors the csited suffrages of praise from their contemporaries and from posterity, •ere originally only a collection of Drtetbid Thoughts which had relation to the fame subject. By what ffifier Dim; can we call Pascal's Penjits, rnd Montesquieu's trtatise of TkSpirit of Laws? Vet are these two excellent works. Why were not ticse regular works and masterpteces? Th; reason is plain ; time was wantin? to connect these Detached ibxghti. M. I'Abbe Vart, in treating of Detached Thoughts, enlarges oo th- origin, qualitrcs, advantages, aid even the mechanism of these Thtghtt. It wili be sufficient for us 10 observe, that this discourse, wh ch *u very much applauded, inspired ill the men of fetters present with a Cefire of cultivating so easy, at.d, at At same time, so lolid a branch of
literature. M. Dornay read lately in the aca
ettny a memoir on the public buildos King Stanislaus, in Lorraine,
wd particularly the embeilifhments had bellowed on the town of
This memoir is an abridgment of » larger work, and will, of consecaeoce, scarcely bear an extract. It •W therefore be sufficient to observe, •h general, that all the designs were
tuation requires it; a tiue natural taste being supreme mistress. The proportions of the whole strike the common observer with admiration; and real judges are the more surprized, as they so se!dom sec the l.ke. Every pa'ace, every building, it varied by an imagination which is never exhausted, so great is the fund of taste within. What is most to be admired, is the ingenuity of this prince in taking every advantage of local circumstances; by this means he has made, what would to many have appeared invisible obstacles, for example, enormous rocks, conducive to the production of new and strik ng objects, such as are no where to be found in the large mar.sions with which France abounds.
"It is scarcely necessary to observe, that water comes in for its share in helping to embellish and give life to these delightful seats ; in fact, it is this which would almost induce us to imagine ourselves in the habitations of the Fairies. King Stanislaus not only gives to the water all the pleasing forms, which by hydraulics it in other places assumes, but he alto gives it all the solid appearance, which artists can give 10 (tone, metal, and glass.
"Without, the wajer assumes the forms of vases, funs, and columns, as polished and transparent as christal, preserving all the proportions of the order to which they belong.
"Whilst you are withiu, the doors and windows are suddenly closed by E liquid a6 Account of the Academy
liquid glass, as transparent as that which is made in our glass-houses; and the astonishment increases from leeing it imitated by so inconstint an element, which instantly communicates to the apartment a most res ettling coolness."
What might we not fay of the pleasing forms which it is made to assume within these enchanting saloons; but these delightful descriptions will give the most satisfaction, by referring to M. Doinay's Memorial at large.
"The most ingenious use to which this clement can be put, is introducing it into the banquttting rooms, where cve.y thing should be guy and lively, end where too many striking objects cannot be assembled, if we would wish highly to gratify every sense.
"To encourage arts, and ornament the country he governs,is not the only employment of this beneficent Prince : the monuments of his piety
f Sciences at Rouen. British
and charity are still more numerous; his fatherly bounty is extended to all; and it is not easy to conceive how far his attention and foresight have carried him, not only in applying remedies to present evils, but in guarding before-h<.nd against the many calamities to which human nature is exposed."
M. Dornay remarks, that this Prince's riches proceed from the good order in which he keeps his finances; this enables him to raise so many userul public works, which will render him for ever dear to the state he govern;, adorns, and enriches; to the arts and sciences, which he pbrtects, improves, and cul livates with success; and, in fine to human nature, of which he is thi benefactor and parent.
To judge of this memoir, by ar extract too short to set its beauties in: proper light, would not be doinj justice to its merit.
Te the Authors of the B R Gentlemen,
IN arbitrary, and more particularly in the eastern governments, Monarch: have been generally pent up, like Montezuma, in their palace;: they were permitted to see no objects but through the false medium of their minions and regentministers. Vet even there, in fpi:e of every watchful eye of the political Argus, truth sometimes has found means to steal imperceptibly by, and dart a salutary ray of light on the Imperial stave, to deliver him at once from error and from bondage. The wit cf man is fertile in inventions and subtile artifices, in order to attain the wifhed-for end. It will transform itself, with Porteus, into a thousand shapes; and, when it cannot pas. the to*er of brass, and barking centinels at the gates, it will, like Jupiter, drop through the deling in a golden
I T I * H Magazine.
shower. We read of amorous in trigues being brought to an happ issue in seraglios, by the help of nose gays, in which every figurative flow < had its appropriated and well unde: stood meaning. Conspirators cart on their treasonable correspondei cies by hieroglyphics and cyphers and pigeons have been employe successfully, as messengers to convi notice of approaching succour to b sieged citadels. Eut not to wand from the point in view, a lucl stratagem of this fort once saved . Emperor of the Turks, I think it w Mahomet the Third, from emine destruction.
This Prince had, from his infant been bred up to the downy pillow ease, and love of solitude; a taught to place his chief felicity in quiet and indulgent reign. Up
Hig. Remariai/e Story
□us system, he had retired into the
"Malt trigh'y and invincible,
"Know then, that thy prime visir, who bears tby signet always in his bosom, has prostituted it to most unworthy purposes. He has disgraced the antient counsellors of the divan, asd placed his own low implements »ad creature; in their feats. Afraid
'/Mahomet HI. 27 at leng h to shew his face amongst the Musselmen in the Imperial capital, he is suddenly tied into the CJUi.try.
"The caimaran, who in his absence has supplied his place, is still more hated and despised : a renegado, as he is, ought never to be tiusted.
*' The Tefterder has quite exhausted all the riches of thy treasury , he is confounded, and knows net where to find resources for the pressing exigencies of the state. Thy menial servants receive not duly their allotted wages. Thy veteran troops, the spahis starve for want of their dues long withheld.
"A oafhaw of three tails, one cf thy generals, has been disgraced, without a cause being afligned; it is indeed whispered, that he has refused to leap over a stick, at the insolent command of the Capi-Aga. Provoked by this outrageous proceeding, the j inizaries begin to murmur, the people gather in tumultuous crowds, and call upon thy name for redress and venpeance.
"Make haste and shew thyself to the incenlfd populace ; if thou delayest 1 dare not tell thee whit
The Sultan waked as from atrancr, and calling for his guards, flew directly to the capital. He advanced towards his janiziries, w ho were upon the very point of mutiny; when one amongst them, venerable with grey hairs, and whose face was covered all over with honourable Icars, stepped forward, amd with a firm tune of voice thus accosted him:
"Most dreadful commander of the fiiihful,
<• We the spahis and janiziries, thy obedient slaves, full of grief and disappointment to see a great part of thine empire in danger of being lost, intreat to know of thee the cause why thy greatness do1 h not remedy it. and employ the means which God hath given thi-e ? and why so nwny of the E i relels The Appeal os a North American and a West India Planter, on a very important Suhjecl, to a London Merchant, npitb bit Opinion on the fame.
28 Osdi North-Americ:
lebels, after their repeated endeavours in Asia to dethrone thee, are now advanced to such honours and dignities, as of right belong to thy most faithful officers and servants r How long wilt thou thus suffer thyself to be seduced ami blinded by the proud viz r and his bashaws, to the dishonour of thyself, and hurt of thy good subject' ?—At lenp:horen thine eyes and fee their deceit, and hcv much they amuse my power. Or feest thou our calamities, yet will not, witfk found judgmenr, trace from whence these evils come? and how these rebel upstarts, in whom thou puttest thy greatest trust, study not for thy prosit, or that of the commonweal, but only how bv all means to enrich themselves } We love and honour thec, and therefore hate the milcreants who t'^us berray thee. L.t them receive the pannhment-due
i aud Wtst-Ir.dla Trade. British
to their crimes; and may'it thou, O Sultan, iive for ever I"
At tVkrse last words an universal shout of approbation hurst forth, and ail the people e:choid with ore voice, May cur Scitan live for cv:r!
Mahomet now for the first time felt the force of truth; bis generous hear: was touched with the afRctior.atc exprefJiuns of his subjects; he delivered up to their resentment the authors of their grievances, and of his danger; he restjrcd to his confidence, end to their posts, the ancient servant* of h's predecestor Amurah, who were deservedly in. high repute for their just dealings and known moderation. He was conducted back to his seraglio with praise and joyful acclamations; and concord, discipline, ani gor:d order, were again establish.d in Constantinople.
SI R, in order to be as concise as possible, know, that aliho' most of our North American Colonies subsist by agiiculture, which in course occasions trade; therefore to vend their provisions, horses, and lumber, they have recourse to our Well India islands; where they dispose cf their cargoes, and bring in return sui;nr, rum, and molr.fses: This then fore was w ithout doubt an useful and .mutually beneficial trade': Put for these lall thirty years the number of our people in North America has immensely increased; therefore net enly infinircly more provisions aie raised, and more fish taken, but also n.ore horses, and abundantly more lumber end other productions; and the consumption of rum and molasses incicased to an ircredible decree.
On the other hand, our fellow subject, in the West Indies are confined to sir.all island:, no cne of
which (Jamaica excepted) admits of farther cultivation, therefore not able to maintain more inhabitants in order to consume our Northern productions: We have, therefore, for many years, to our great loss, expetienced, that they are by no means able to take off one fourth part of our productions, since they are often fold cheaper in the islands than the first cost; nor are they able to supply us with rum and molasses, particularly the latter.
To remedy, therefore, both those evils, we have recourse to the French* istands, where we sell our goods to a much bftter price, and buy rum and molasses at less than half the price that we pay in the English islands; where indeed a supply is not to be had: By these means our people are employed, ship-building encouraged, snd many good seamen, made: For these reasons, I believe, you cannot doubt, that our trading with the French islands is nor only.
absolutely Mig. Os ri< North-Ameiie
sbsolately necessary to ourselves, but useful in its consequences to this kingdom: But in order to form a right judgment, hear what my West India friend ha? to fay.
WEst Indian. Sir, that the inhabitants of North America have and do continue to increase, and we in the islands at a stand, is admitted: But is that a sufficient reason that the French, the natural enemies of this kingdom and its dominions, should be encouraged, snpplitd, and even have a preference from the I^prth Americans, over us who often pay dearer for fish, horses, and lumber, than they do at Martlnico, Guadaloope, &c It it, Sir, cn our northern colonies that the French islands absolutely depend for those supplies, and aie thereby enriched and rendered formidable to ns who are so near them. Their own mother country cannot supply them with any of these necessaries, which they purchase altogether with rum and molasses, and which is of co value to them; as the latter is not wanted in France, and the former ibfolutely prohibited. And as this 1 ingdom endeavours, by total prohibitions and heavy duties laid on the merchandize of France, to keep them as poor as in their power ; the fame good policy ought to be observed in regard to her plantations: I ad red there is an act subsisting which imposes a very heavy duty on rum, lugar, and :i> lasses, imported from the French islands into our Northern Colonies; but none of that is paid, a> tiie North Americans know too well how to evade that law. But, Sir, if you require' farther proof to convince you of the evil consequences of our Northern Colonies trading with the French islands, I will undertake to convince you and my antagonist by one single, but dreadful instance.
It is now sdid, by pretty good authority, that there is a scheme on soot which will be laid before the parliament, setting forth, that as the
n and West-India Traie. 29 duty on French sugar, rum, and mo. lasses is excessive, none of it is paid; therefore it is proposed to reduce it to such a one as will make the North American merchants comply with paying it, rather than incur the risque of smuggling: Thus a v^st trade will be opened to the French islands, and encouraged too, to our ruin: But please to attend, this scheme proposes that all such duties paid in North America (hall be remitted to a military chest, and be entirely appropriated to the support cf a body os troops to be kept on foot in the Colonies at their expence, and in constant pay.
Thus (if this be true) the productions of ciy enemy's sugar islands will be made as prosperous as polTibl-.-, aud become the means to render the sight cf soidiejs very familiar in these colonies, w'.iere men of that profjffion were never seen before the late war: It is then that the North Americans will have reason to repent that they ever knew the French islands, out of which fund was created to support an army to lord it over them.
I have with attention heard you both: It is ceitaimy a misfortune that our Welt India islands are neither able to supply our North American colonies with rum and molasses; nor by any means able to consume their productions; but it appears to me that the remedy our iiOrthem colonies seek is much worse than the disease: For it certainly is inconsistent with the interest of this kingdom, and more especially our islands, to intich or have any intercourse with the French plantations: Our own islands have a natural right to preference, and ought to have it: And as this is a very impprtant subject, and may soon fall ur.der consideration, I would propose that the North Americans have all possible relief. Instead therefore of partially adhering to either of you, I Hull endeavour to remove