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point long fince determined, because from thence that language receives it is principally owing to that faculty its animated figures, its bold tranof the mind that he is able to create, sacion of phrases from one idea to and be,'as it were, a MAKER, which another, the verbum ardens, the glowis implied in his original title given ing metaphorical expression, which to him by the consent of Greece. constitutes the richness and boldness But surely there are many other of his imagery; and froin thence powers of the mind as fully essential likewise springs the readiness of en. to constitute a fine poet, and there- nobling a sentiment or description fore, in order to give the true cha- with the pomp of sublime compari-racter of any author's abilities, it ron, or friking it deeper on the fhould seem necessary to come to a mind by the aptness of wilty allusion, right understanding of what is meant Mr. Murpby supposes, that what we hy genius, and to analyse and arrange call genius, might be still more miits several qualities. . . nutely analysed; but these, he con.
Mr. Murphy then observes, that cludes, are its principal efficient qua. he may be truly said to be a Genius, lities; and in proportion as these, or who possesses the leading faculties of any of these, shall be found deficient the mind in their vigour, and can in an au:hor, so many degrees shall exercise them with warmth and spirit he be removed from the first rank upon whatever subject he chuses; and character of a writer. that the imagination must be very To bring these remarks home to quick and susceptible, in order to the late Mr. Fielding, an estimate of receive the strongest impressions him, says his Biographer, may be either from the objects of nature, juftly formed, “ by enquiring how the works of art, or the actions and far these various talents may be at. manners of men ; that the judgment 'tributed to him ; or if he failed in also must be clear and strong, to fe. any, what that faculty was, and what lect the proper parts of a story or discount he must suffer for it. But description, to dispose the various though it will appear, perhaps, that members of a work, so as to give a when he attained that period of life, lucid order to the whole, and to use - in which his mind was come to its such expression as shall not only serve full growth, he enjoyed every one to convey the intended ideas, but to of these qualifications, in great convey them forcibly, and with that ftrength and vigour ; yet, in order decorum of file, which the art of to give the true character of his tacomposition requires; that invention lents, to mark the distinguishing must also concur, that new scenery specific qualities of his genius, we may be opened to the fancy, new must look into the temper of the lights thrown upon the prospects of man, and see what byas it gave to nature, and the sphere of our ideas his understanding; for when abili. be enlarged, or a new assemblage be ties are pofsefled in an eminent deformed of them, either in the way gree by several men, it is the pecu. of fable or illustration. The power liarity of habit that must discrimi. of the mind, adds he, which exerts nate them from each other. itself in what Mr. Locke calls the " A love of imitation, continues association of ideas, must be quick, Mr. Murphy, very soon prevailed in vigorous, and warm, because i iş Mr, Fielding's mind. By imitation
Wedding Day) into the form of a no, the author was indulging his genius, vel, there is not one scene in the and solacing bimself with a bottle of piece, which, in his hands, would champain. He had by this time not have been very susceptible of or, drank pretty plentifully; and socking nament; but as they are arranged bis eye at the a&or, while streams or at present in dramatic order, there tobacco trickled down from the cor. are few of them from which the taste ner of his mouth, What's the matter, and good sense of an audience ought Garrick ? fays be, what are they hifting not, with propriety, to revolt." now? Why the scene that I begged
To these causes of our author's you to retrench ; I know it would failure in the province of the drama, not do, and they have so frightened may be added that sovereign con- me, that I shall not be able to col. tempt he always entertained for the lect myself again the whole night. understandings of the generality of Ob! d-mn'enu, replies the author, mankind. It was in vain to tell him they have found it out ; have bey? that a particular scene was danger. If we add to the foregoing re. ous on account of its coarseness, or marks an observation of his own, because it retarded the general busio namely, that he left off writing for pels with feeble efforts of wit; he the 'stage, when he ought to have doubted the discernment of his au- begun; and together with this conditors, and so thought himself se- Gider his extreme hurry and dispatch, çured by their stupidity, if not by we shall be able fully to account for his own humour and vivacity. A his not bearing a more diftinguished very remarkable instance of this dif- place in the rank of dramatic writers. position appeared, when the comedy. It is apparent, that in the frame and of the Wedding Day was put into constitution of his genius there was rehearsal. An actor, who was prin- no defect, but some faculty or other cipally concerned in the piece, and, was suffered to lie dormant, and the though young, was then, by the ad- rest of course were exerted with less vantage of happy requisites, an early efficacy; at one time we see his wit favourite of the public, told Mr. superseding all his other talents ; at Fielding he was apprehensive that another his invention runs riot, and the audience would make free with multiplies incidents and characters in him in a particular passage ; adding, a manner repugnant to all the re. that a repulse might so. Aurry his ceived laws of the drama. Generally Spirits as to disconcert him for the his judgment was very little consultrest of the night, and therefore begg, ed. And, indeed, how could it be ed that it might be omitted. “No, otherwise? When he had contracted d mn 'em, replied the bard, if the to bring on a play, or a farce, it is scene is not a good one, let them well known by many of his friends find that out.” Accordingly the play now living, that he would go home was brought on without alteration, rather late from a tavern, and would, and, just as had been foreseen, the the next morning, deliver a fcene to disapprobation of the houfe was pro- the players, written upon the papers voked at the passage before objected which had wrapped the tobacco, in to ; and the performer, alarmed and which he so much delighted. uneasy at the hisses he had met with, As it was the lot of Henry Fielding retired into the green-room, where to write always with a view to profit,
it cannot but mortify a bevevolent tions; but the severity of the pub. inind to perceive, from our author's lic, and the malice of his enemies, own' account, (for he is generally met with a noble allevation froin the honelt enough to tell the reception patronage of the late duke of Richhis pieces met with that he derived mond, John duke of Argyle, the late but small aids towards his subfittence duke of Roxborough, and many perfrom the treasurer of the playhouse. fons of diftinguithed rank and chaOne of his farces he has printed as racter; among whom may be numit was damned at the theatre royal in bered the present lord Lyttelton, Drury.lane ; and that he might be whose friendihip to our author Soft. more generous to his enemies than they ened the rigour of his misfortunes, were willing to be to him, he informs while he lived, and exerted itself tothem, in the general preface to his wards his memory, when he was no Miscellanics, that for the Wedding more, by taking pains to clear up Day, though acted fix nights, his imputations of a particular kind, profits from the house did not exceed which had been thrown out against fifty pounds. A fate not much better his character. attended him in his earlier produc . (To be continued.]
HISTORY OF SYLVIA and AMORET.
To the Authors of ibe BRITISH MAGAZINE. GenTLEMEN, Ylvia and Amoret were two sisters, obligation, which nothing but the
of great beauty and accomplish- utmost delicacy of affection in the ments, but small fortunes; they were person who confers it, can make left very young to the care of an supportable to a generous mind. aunt, who having herself been very One affair of gallantry after another ill treated by a guardian, and con- engaged him ; and he regarded the tiding in their diicretion, by her will once loved Sylvia, only as a restraint left them their own mistreffes at upon his pleasures, and an incumeighteen. They were soon after ad- brance on bis fortune. He was gay dressed, for marriage, by two gen- and entertaining abroad ; but at tlemen of great expectations, but home filent, reserved, and sometimes whose fathers were alive, whom I even churlith. shall call Philander and Biron. Amoret was one day lamenting
Philander's father died in a short the unhappiness of her lifter to Bi. time after these attachments began; ron, whose pallion by length of time he immediately married Sylvia, and had lost its fervor, and whose mind, they were for a few months as happy by a greater acquaintance with the as fincere mutual love could make corrupted part of his own sex, was them ; but too soon the native in- much less delicate and Gincere than constancy of his sex prevailed, and when their intimacy commenced ; the wretched Sylvia experienced all after expressing the highest comparthe anguish and unutterable pangs fion for her filter, he told her, he of flighted tenderness; which were was afraid the fault lay rather in inade doubly poignant by a sense of the state than in Philander ; that