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Mag. Dtscrlptkti e/Septimfus Severus:

Fifty bolls of the former, old Highland measure, are every year brought from thence to Harris and all the western islands hardly produce any thing so good of the kind. Potatoes have been introduced among that people cnly of late, and hitherto they have raised but small quantities Of them.

The only appearance of a garden in this whole land, so the natives call their principal island in their Own language, is no more than a very inconsiderable piece of ground', which is inclosed, and planted with some cabbages.

The ground oh the north-West part of the island is incomparably better, in some parts of It; than that round the village. The steward, or in other words, the petson to whom the proprietor gives the management of rhe place, prevailed with some of the people, a few years ago, to make an experiment on two or three small spots there, by turning and sowing them ; but so rank were the blades, and so weak the (talks, that the whole was laid before the were perfectly formed. From this unsuccessful experiment they dfawan argument irresistibly strong; would have it thought so, ainft all future trials of the fame d. But their real and great obagainft all improvements in ray, is the terrible inconveniof wanting the finest part of grass; which they are sensible

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'/ Arch, an J Si. Martin'; Church. 32s"

enough would be, in some measure, lost to them, were this rich ground once tilled. It is true, their cattle arc much more beneficial to the steward than to them ; as he has art old prescription right to all the miik. they yield, from the beginning of May till afrer Michaelmas; but still they are of some considerable advantage to themselves; as their wives' nnd daughters are employed in milking these cattle, in which the owners are most interested only when less1 useful.

Another mighty discouragement Is, that the steward will aiways have it- iii his power to monopolize the whole trade of this island, if one may so speak; or, in other words, to ingross every thing it produces, excepting what is necessary to keep the people alive; nor is it an easy matter to redress this grievance. So peculiarly unhappy is the place in its' situation, that the inhabitants must; 1 am afraid, to the end of time, be wholly at the "mercy of some one person, who miy swallow all the small commodities this island can! afford ; and rule the whole community with a rod of iron, unless restrained by honour, conscience, or an uncommon share of humanity. ■

This being a true state of their case, to raise up larger quantities of corn than their land now produces; or what will be necessary to support therri, would contribute very little td the happiness of the St. Kildians.

on of tbt Triumphal Arc si of Septimius Severus, and of St. M A R r 1K's Church, at Rome.

OME abounds with such an minute description os all the rem

amazing variety of magnificent plea, churches, palaces, and other,

agreeable objects, that it would curious remain* of antiquity, which?

•Jr?'«n endless task to enter into a every where engage our attehtion,

'■sum1764, Tt arris jas Mitb.di for curing sprained Foot or Hand. British!

and sill the mind with a pleasing ad- der the present surface of the ground.

On each side are represented in bas relief, the victories of this emperor;

miration. We flatter ourselves,
therefore, that our readers will not
be displeased with our intention of
presenting them, occasionally, with
views and desciiptions of thole places
which are deemed moll curious and
deserving of notice. The plate we
have annexed to this number exhi-
bits the triumphal arch of Sep imius
Severus, with the church of Sr.
Martin; desciiptions of both which
places we have here subjoined.
The triumphal arch of Scptimius

and on the inside the vaults is finely wrought with flowers, of which no two are of the fame shape. It was erected to the honour of the emperor Severus, in memory of his Parthian conquefls ; but being under great concern at the civil discords he met with on his return to Rome, he feigned himself ill of the gout, and deputed his son to triumph in his stead. The inscription on the arch

Severus stands at the foot of the is as follows, in large Roman chaCapitol, being of marble, and still rasters, viz. entire, though something funk un

IfcP.CAES. LVCIO SEPTIMIO. M. FIL. SEVERO. PIO. PERTINACI AVG. PATRI PATRIÆ. PARTHICO. ARA3ICO ET PARTHICO ADIABEN1CO. PONT1FICI MAXIMO TR1BVNIC. POTEST XI. COS. III. PROCOS. ET IMP.CÆS. M. AVRELIO.I. FIL. ANTONlNO AVG. PIO. FELICI TR1BVNIC. POTEST VI. COS. PROCOS. P. P. OPTIMIS FORTVNATISSIMISQVE. PRINC1PIBVS. OB. RRMP. RESTITVTAM. IMPER1VMQVE POPVLI ROMANI PROPAGATAM. 1NS1GN1BVS. V1RTVT1BVS EORVM DOM1 FOR1SQVE. S. P. Q. R.

St. Martin's church is part of the baths of Trajan. Under it are some pieces of the old Mosaic floor, and other remains of the ancient building. The pillars of the church are antique, taken from the baths; the

capitals seem modern; the order is Corinthian. In this church it is said the Christians had the first free exercise of their religion in Rome. In it are some fine landscapes in fresco of Caspar Pouflin.

Methods for thespet'dy Recovery of tb

'violently

ASprain (which may more properly be called a strain) whether of the foot or hand, is an accident that frequently happens, and if great, occasions a painful lameness of the part for a while, and hinders the doing of their usual business; and, therefore, the proposing 3 method which may hasten a recovery of the part strained to its natural state, 3

t Use of the Foot or Hand that has Item sprained,

doubtless will be acceptable to the public, and of service to those who may want it.

It may lead us to a right management of the part strained, if we consider the effects of a strain when it is very great, viz.

First, Such an extension of the tendons and veflcls of the muscles strained, (bat they cannot contrast themselves

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tlirmselves to their natural lengths.

Second, That the great elongation of the vessels (which deprives them of their contractile power) lessens the diameter of their cavities, obstructs the free course of the fluids through them, makes them swell and become painful and incapable of" their usuai services, or of being moved by the acts of the will, as before the accident happened. ■ These effects of violent strains may lead us to conclude, that the best remedies are those applications which may best attenuate their obstructed fluids, recover an easy circulation of them, and sufficiently contract the elongated vessels.

For these purposes I advise vinegar, the rectified spirits of wine, luch as are burnt in lamps, frktion, and motion, in the following manner, viz.

Suppose the ancle sprained.

First, Let it be fomented with vinegar, a little warm, for four or five minutes at a time, once every four hours; this will render the cir. eolation of the fluids, in the parts affected, more easy, and either pre

vent its swelling, or promote its subsiding.

Second, Let the person stand three or sour minutes at a time on both his feet in their natural posture, and sometimes move the strained foot; and sometimes, when sitting with his foot on a low stool, let him move it this way and that, as he can bear it; this will contiibute much to contract the over-stretched vissels, and to recover a due circulation of their fluids through them.

Third, Let a gentle dry friction with a warm hand be sometimes used to the part affected, which will conduce much to the same ends.

Two hours after every application of the vinegar, let the parrs affected be just wetted with rectified spirits of wine, and then gently rubbed.

By these means, persons to whom I have advised them, have recovered from the effects of very violent sprains in a few days, when others have been weeks in recovering, where different ways of management, such 2S cominu.il resting of the strained foot, and disuse <;f its motions, &c. had been recommended.

Extra 3 osa Letter from Leverpoole, May 25, concerning the Oct Acon Society.

"TPHE congregation you so much ters in Leverpoole." "These com* enquire after is well support- positions (fays the preface) are not

the hasty production of any one person, but the joint labour of several j improved by the judicious remarks of many. The society, for whose use they were drawn up, have now made them public; and hope they wiU receive many farther improvements, from the candid examination of those who have not yet perused them."—The liturgy, both as to its style and manner, seems much to be indebted so that of our Common T t 2 tray er.

td. Travellers of every denomination visit them; people who never btfjre ventured into a dissenting p!a:e of worstiip, attend their service with satisfaction, and speak of them, at least, with candour; frequently, lean tell you, with singular approbation. Their public service has been printed, under the title of, " A of Prayer, and a new Collecof Psalm:, for the Use of a Congregation of Protestant Dissen

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Prayer. It is divided info sliort collects; a first and second lesson are introduced; aud some acts of praise and thanksgiving (like our Tie Dtum) are repeated by the minister and people*. Besides, the morning and evening service, they have an occasional one, called the Third S-.rviee, Jo be used at the choice of the miniiters. The Lord's prayer is enjoined once only, at the end of each service; after which follows a psalm, and then the sermon, with the Bcr.eJiSion, which dismisses the congregation. Their prayers are obviously in the Unitarian {tile. I have been hastily turning them over, in order to give you what satisfaction I can. The Holy Ghost seems not once to be jncntioned through their several services; and the name of Jtfus Christ but sparingly : in their acts of praise indeed, they thank God for the mainfestation of his son, whom he raised up to bless mankind; to turn them from darkness to light, &c. &c. In two or three of the collects, they fonclude their petitions by offering them up in the Namt and as the Disciples of Jjsiu Christ ; and in the thanksgiving for women after childbearing, " may that life which thou hast spared, and that instant life which thou halt given, be devoted to thy obedience and service, thro' 'Jesui Christ." They have occasional

forms also, which are calculated far a variety of circumstances; yet the minister is at liberty to introduce such of his own as he may more perfectly adapt to the circumstances of the time, and his congregation, in order that the society may enjoy the advantages of free Prayer, as distinguished from those of a precom* psed Firm. At the end of the service book is added their '* new collection of Psalms in number one hundred and fifty. Each psalm has its distinct Title prefixed ; and tho' no occasional offices for fasts or festivals are to be found in their Liturgy, one of these psalms I fee is appointed for Cbristntat Day. As for the rites of Baptism and the Lord's Supper, these are administered, for the present, as among Protestant dissenters, until suitable offices are composed for them. Permit me to add, that the devotions in question are composed in a strain of such unaffected piety, in so manly and ele* vated a stile, that I shall much wonder if your rightuus metropolis, already split and shattered into so many sectaries and disputants, should not yet produce one stioot from this; new Leverpoole stock ; too rational, however, (assure yourself) to rival methodism and enthusiasm; too simple and impotent to contend with) prthodoxy and establishments."

• On the 6rst Sunday in every month, instead of the second lesson, at evening service, she commandments are appointed to be read to the congregation standing, but I do not observe that this, or any other part of their service, is blessed with a single Creed, Niccnc, Athanasian, or even Apostolic.

The Origin of Surnames, from Mr. Henderson'/ Life of William the

Conqueror.

"DEFORE the arrival of the Nor- as Godred, the Saxon word for good 'mans, men were usually named advice; and a woman was called ffom ,D?'r condition and properties, from some quality of her body, as

SweauMag. Account ofthe present King of'Prussia Z«»g- made a Free-Mason. 325

Swcansoalfe, for the whiteness of her neck; but after that period, men began to be known by their dwellings, and to have an appellation from the possessions they enjoyed; at that time the names of John, Thomas, Nicolas, Francis, Stephen, and Henry, were introduced, with others scriptural, and now in use among us. Such as had lands assigned them were called from these; thus, if Thomas had got the township of Norton, Sutton, Knowles, or

Combe, he was thenceforth called Thomas of Norton, of Sutton, or of Come; others again preferred the places in Normandy or Britany, whence they had arrived; thus if a man came from a village called Vernon, Montague, Howard, or Spencer, he transmitted to his posterity the surname of Vernon, Montague, Howard, or Spencer, to be put after their Christian names so long as any of them mould remain,

Account os the heroic Composure os the late King os Prussia, at hit Death.

KING Frederic William died wiih great firmness and devotion, after frequent conversation on governments with his son, and with his chaplains on the future slate, and the duties of a Christian on his departure out of the present, At one in the afternoon he sent for M, Euler, his first physician, to know whether his life and pains could still be of any long continuance, and whether his agony would be severe \

"It is already on you, Sire," answered M. Euler; "1 feel the pulse receding, and it beats under your elbow.—But where does it stop at last f" The doctor replying. "It will totally cease beating in about an hour, the blood making its way to the heart." The king answered with the most tranquil resignation, "God's will be done!" and about three o'clock expired. Bibliotbejuc dts sciences^

Account os the present King os Prussia being made a Free-Mason.

DEING with his father at Loo, on - a visit to the late prince of Orange, the table-talk, one day, fell on masonry; and the king having spoke disadvantageously of it, count Lippe-Buckebourg modestly took on him to vindicate it, and owned himself a free-mason. Aster the entertainment, the prince royal privately signified to him his desire of being a member of that society, and that he should like to be admitted at Brunswick, whither his father was going,

and from the great resort of strangers at the fair, the coming of the brother masons for making a lodge would be less suspected. Count Lippeapplied to baron Oberg, to procure to the order such a glorious acquisition. Every thing was planned ants transacted accordingly at Brunswick, the reception of the prince royal being performed there on the night of the 14th of August, 1738, without the king his father suspecting any thing of the matter.

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