Mag. Melancholy Hi/ltry B^Eumclos. • 337

acri.ne—but sure it was no crime been, we have no right to usurp the

of mine. He swore by all things office of heaven,

sacred, that he loved me, and that These were arguments which at

as soon as his circumstances should length prevailed upon him, and

make it prudent, he would bind me changed his resolution to ask satis

to him by the sacred tie of mar- faction, int>> that of sending him the

riage.—Good heavens! what vil- followine letter,

hiny resided in his breast, deaf to 'Villain,

every entreaty, forgetful of every 'If I were not restrained by sevov?—But alas! 1 ramble—That « veral motives from demanding the villain who last accompanied my « satisfaction which custom has aubrother hither, regardless of the hos- 'thorised for baseness similar to pitality he found from you, forget- * thine, I should before now have sal of the friendship which my bro- « met thee with that intent, ther bore him, was the base destroyer « But though thou wert insensible of my innocence. The distraction « to friendship, hospitality, huma1 felt upon finding that his promises « nity and religion, 1 cannot be deaf of marriage were made only to fact- «to the entreaties of those parents litate his designs, together with my * whom thou hast made wretched, pregnancy, have at length brought « I shall therefore leave thee to the me to the grave. 'slings of thy own conscience, a 'Young as I am, it has now no • punishment of infinitely greater terrors for me; where else indeed « severify than my fvord could poslicould I hide my head, where find a « bly inflict,'

refoge from reproach and pain i From the moment that Lucius

Adieu, my best of parents, detest heard the .melancholy effects of his

not the memory of your wretched cruelty, the lonely hour to him was

daughter, but pardon the offence always an age of torture, and to dis

which heaven, I am assured, has sipate reflection his only method to

forgiven. Adieu till we meet again • avoid anxiety,

in the regions of bliss, where pain In consequence of this, he was

and anxiety never some. engaged in perpetual riot and de

The situation of the unhappy pa- bauchery, amidst the dissolute and

rents, upon the discovery of this abandoned, and purchased momen

letter, is scarcely to be conceived, tary ease by adding to the number

When the brother heard it, he was of his crimes,

transported even to madness, and A quarrel arose one evening at a

with difficulty restrained by his im- house of infamy, where his adversary

ploring father from seeking the au- happened to be the favourite of the

thor of their misery. Who knows, girl on whose account it began. A

said the tender parent, but his pass or two had been made, and

sword may be successful; for it is Lucius would in all probability have

not here that villainy is always pu- conquered, if the girl, observing

nished at- it deserves; do not then this, and rustling upon him at the

run (he hazard of adding to the fame instant, had not disabled him

measure of our woes, and of sending from preserving his guard, whilst:

thy parents childless to the grave, his ungenerous adversary ran him

Besides, my son, base as he has through the body.



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DireSiom for gathering and frefervi

AL L kinds of summer fruit must be gathered in a morning, or else they will eat slat.

Cherries should be full ripe before they are gathered, which may be known by their colour; for the reddest sorts will be changed on the fides ne;:t the fun to a very deep colour, almost black: and those of the paler kinds will be quite red on the fun side.

In getting them from the trees their stalks (hould be nipt off from the branches by the thumb and forefinger; for pulling breaks off the buds that might produce branches or blossoms the next year.

When plums are ripe they will quit their stalks easily, if you give them the least twist.

Peaches and nectarines are much the best when they are ripe enough to fall from the healthy branches of their own accord, and never ought to be gathered too early.

If apricots, in growing, do not touch each other they seldom drop off the tree before they are too ripe for most palates; nay, sometimes their upper end will become rotten before they naturally quit the stalk:

ng Summer and Winter FRUITS.

they are generally deemed in the greatest perfection when the part next the fun becomes a little soft, or the end begins to open. It is an old, and a very good custom, to gather a fig when there is a drop of water hangs at the end, for that is a certain sign of its being ripe; but there arc some sorts that are subject to burst, and never have a drop, but when the small end quite to the stalk is become nearly of the fame colour as the large end; then it is certainly ripe.

Grapes seldom rot upon the vines by being too ripe, and those appearing the most transparent are always the ripest; but all berries on the fame bunch are seldom ripe alike, especially of some sorts; and therefore, before they are brought to the table, the small, unripe, and rotten berries must be picked off.

Some of these bunches may, by the methods before directed, be kept eatable till Christmas, but these should be gathered from the vines before they are touched by the frosts; and after they are picked as before directed, pack them in small jars, between layers of wood-ashes hhg. DirefJions for gathering

sifted fine, instead of moss.

All such pears as would come to .rraturity on the trees are better gathered three or four days before they are ripe, otherwise they will eat meally; and several kinds will rot at the cores before they will fall spontaneously from the trees.

Some kinds, when they are fullgrown, will fall from the trees before they are ripe; these may properly be oiled winter and autumn pears; and when the healthy ones of these kinds begin to fall, it is a certain sign they wnnt gathering, which ought to be done when the fruit is quite dry ; but they are seldom all ready for gathering at the same time; and this may be easily known by moving the fruit gently upward, and those that do not quit their studs ought to be left upon the trees soii;e time longer, for what are gathered by greater force are subject to shrivel, and are not well-flavoured.

As pears are the best fruit the winter months afford, they are worthy of the greatest care in preserving; and, if rightly ordered, may be kept fit for use till the next season will furnish us with a new supply, which may be easily done if the following directions are carefully observed.

After the pears are gathered, lay them on heaps in the fruitery, and cover them with woollen cloths; this will cause them to perspire, which will be received by the cloths. No time can be limited for their continuance in the couch, for some require more than others; Dut, when thegicartst sweat is over, 11 is then proper to take them out, and rub the/n one by one with dry linen cloths: after-this the autumn kinds must be divided, every fort

and preserving Fruits. "339 into two parcels, the largest from the smallest, for ii is a pity that one of the latter should damage the former by rotting amongst them; then lay them in single layers, and not one upon another, whereby the ripest may be more easily distinguished, and taken for use first, without .andling the others; and when any are rotten, they must be picked out as soon as discovered, otherwise they will decay those that touch them.

After winter pears have been couched, dried, and divided as the former, the best of them must be divided a second time, that one half of the largest may be kept longer than the others, which is to be done by the following method, viz. get a large quantity of moss well dried, and a number of earthen jars sufficient to hold the fruit, then place a layer of moss, and another of pears till the jars are full, and stop them up with plugs as close as you pollibly can; which done, cover them with sand a foot thick or more 0:1 every side, and let them be opened one by one as they are wanted for use; if a few do happen to rot, the moss will receive their moisture, and prevent them from injuring the others.

Such as are designed to be used first after they have been couched, may be laid upon a boarded floor or shelves in the fruitery, where they ought to be kept dry by opening the windows in fine days; but in rain or frosty weather the windows must be kept close stops, to prevent the air from having any effect upon the fruit, and if the weather continues severe, they must be covered with straw and cloths.

The properest rooms for fruit are those with windows on the south in them, or are next to some stove or other room where one is commonly kept, which ought to be both in frosty and rainy weather; for it pears are not kept dry, they are apt to rot, and will likewise taste musty.

3^.0 Rtcipefor curing the Ttotb Ach. British

side, and that can either have a fire decay, or to bring them to use early,

Such sorts of apples as are designed for the table, must "be ordered in every respect as pears ; but those for baking, &c. may be laid in large heaps, only observing to move them sometimes, and pick out those that are rotten. Walnuts may be preserved by the same means that grapes are, after they are cleansed from their husks and rubbed quite dry; as also small nuts and filberds, saving that these two sorts last mentioned need nothing to pack them in but their own husks.

Quinces may remain upon the trees till the end of Odtober, and are generally used soon after gathering; but they may be preserved from rotting till February, if it be desired, by the same method as pears and apples are kept.

AW. If the plugs beforementioned have rosin melted over them, it will cause the fruit to keep better; and where there is conveniency of doing it, I would advise to have the jars placed in a deep cellar.

Medlars ought not to be gathered till the end of October, and then they have a very austere taste; yet, •when they are become rotten, are valued by many; and to cause their

they may be laid in whe3t-bran, made moist with fair water, to cause a fermentation.

They ought to be laid in a box or tub, with a covering of moist bran in the bottom-; after that a single layer of fruit, but not to touch each other, and upon them lay a covering of bran, an inch thick; after that, five or six layers of each may be laid alternately, but there must be a covering of bran at the top, and as it becomes drier, there must be more water poured upon them; by this means they will be in perfection in fourteen days time; but if they be laid thin upon dry strsiv they will remain sound for two months. For to keep them the longer in eating, I would advise to have three fourths remain dry till others begin to> be fit for use, then lay a part to ferment as before, and before this last parcel is consumed, those laid dry will begin to decay naturally.

Though currants are a common fruit, yet they arc liked at table in some families, and may be preserved good upon the trees till November and December, admit they are planted against a wall: by only nailing two thicknesses of garden-mats over them in a dry clay, when they are ripe, it prevents 'heir withering by the fun's heat; and if ih; au'mn be dry, a little water gi-en to the roots will be of service.

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Account os the List and Writingt os Henry Fielding, Esq. ExtraStd from Mr. Murphy'* Essay on his Life and Genius, prefixed to the last Edition os bit Workt.

MR. Fielding had not been long upon the actions of a man, whose a wri'er for the stage, when imprudencies have led him into difhe married Miss Craddock, a beauty siculties: for when orce it is the from Salisbury. About that time fashion to condemn n character in his mother dying, a moderate estate the gross, few are willing to distinat Stower in Dorsetstiire devolved to guish between the impulses of nehim. To that place he retired with cefiiry, and the inclinations of the his wife, on whom he doated, with heart. Sensible of the disagreeable a resolution to bid adieu to all the situation he had now reduced himfollies and intemperanries to which self to, our author immediately dehe had addicted himself in the ca- termined to exert his best endeavours reer of a town-life. But unfortu- to recover, what he had wantonly nately a kind of family-pride here thrown away, a decent competence; gained an ascendant over him, and and being then about thirty years of he began immediately to vie in age, he betook himself to the study splendor with the neighbouring of the law. The friendstiips he met country squires. With an estate not with in the course of his studies, and much above two hundred pounds a indeed through the remainder of his year, and his wife's fortune, which life, from the gentlemen of that did not exceed fifteen hundred profession in general, and particupounds, he encumbered himself with larly from so.r.e, who have since a large retinue of servants, all clad risen to be the first ornaments of the in costly yellow liveries. For their law, will, for ever do honour to his master's honour, these people could memory. His application, while he not descend so low as to be careful was a student in the Temple, wa« in thtir apparel, but in a month or remarkably intense; and though it two were unfit to be seen; the happened that the early taste he had squire's dignity required that they taken of pleasure would occasionally stiould be new equipped; and his return upon him, and conspire with chief pleasure consisting in society his spirits and vivacity to carry him and convivial mirth, hospitality into the wild enjoyments of the threw open his doors, and, in Iese town, yet it was particular in him than three years, entertainments, that amidst all his dissipations, nohoands arid horses entirely devoured thing could suppress the thirst he a little patrimony, which, had it had for knowledge, and the delight been managed with occonomy, might he felt in reading; and this prehave secured to him a state of hide- vailed in him to such a degree, that pendence for the rest of his life; he had been frequently known, by and. with independence, a thing still bis intimates, to retire late at night more valuable, a character free from from a tavern to his chambers, and those interpretations, which the fe- there read, aud make extracts from ferity of mankind generally puts the inoit abstruse authors, for sc

(Continued from our last, page 194.)

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