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- Genealogical Account of BERKELEY, Earl of BERKELEY, CZ,

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Ralph de Somery, lord of Campville Maurice his eldest son, who fucin Gloucestershire, fix sons, and was ceeded him, delighted from his as remarkable as his father for his youth in military atchievements, piety and large donations to the and distinguished himself in several church.

tournaments. He accompanied his He was succeeded by his eldest father in most of his expeditions fon Maurice, who accompanied his against the Welsh and Scots; and father in the wars of France, and in 1312 was appointed by Edward II. attended prince Edward, fon of governor of Gloucester, and afterHenry III. in an expedition against wards in 1314 governor of the town the Welf. But siding with the ba- and castle of Berwick upon Tweed. rons against his sovereign, his lands in 1315 he was made justice of were seized; however, he was after- South Wales by the same monarch; wards pardoned. Maurice was à and in 1319, conftituted fteward of benefactor to the abbey of St. Au- the duchy of Aquitaine, by the title guftine near Bristol ; and departed of the king's beloved kinsman. But this life on April 4,1281: he had issue unfortunately joining with Thomas by Isabel his wife, Maurice, killed earl of Lancaster, and his adherents, in a tournament in his own life- and upon fpecial summons neglecttime ; Thomas, who succeeded him; ing to fubmit to the king, his castles. and Robert.

and lands were feized, and himself · Thomas, earl of Berkeley, diftin afterwards sent prisoner to Walling. guithed himself very remarkably un. ford castle, where he died May 31, der Henry Jll. Edward F and Ed. 1326. He was twice married : by ward II. in their wars with the Welih his first wife Eve, daughter of Eudo and Scots, and was highly favoured la Zouche, he had five sons and one and honoured by those three mo- daughter ; but left no iffue by his narchs. Under Edward . he was second, Mabel, daughter of Gilbert conitituted constable of England ; de Clare, earl of Gloucester. and appointed ambassador to the Thomas, the eldett son and heir, court of Rome, with William de Gey. fharing in the fate of the earl of nesburgh, D. D. about affairs in Lancaster, and his followers, in op. France, his two fons at the fame posing the power of the Spencers, time accompanying him. He was was first committed to the Tower present at the battle of Bannockf- of London, whence he made his burne, in the reign of Edward II. escape ; but, being re-raken, was where he was taken prisoner, and sent to Berkhamstead castle in Hertobliged to pay a large fine for his fordshire, and afterwards removed ransom. Like his ancestors, he was to Pevensey in Sufex: however, on a munificent patron to the religious the queen's coming from France, houses. He adhered to Thomas and landing in England with all the earl of Lancafer in his rebellious forces she could muster, he quickly actions; and died the same year regained his liberty, and had his (1340, 15, Edward II.) on July 23, castle of Berkeley delivered unto leaving issue by Jane his wife, him, of which Hugh le Despencer, daughter of William de Ferrers, the younger, had got poffeffion earl of Derby, three fons and two through his interest with Edward II. daughiers.

Afterwards, when that king was

made made prisoner by the disaffected His death was fupposed to be partly party, he was committed to the care occafioned by some wounds he reof this Thomas lord Berkeley, to be ceived at the battle of Poi&tiers, kept in his castle of Berkeley ; but which had never been properly exceptions being taken that he treat- cured. By Elizabeth his wife, daugh. ed him with too much lenity and ter 'of Hugh le Despenser, he had civility, he was commanded to de- four fons; viz. Thomas, his eldest liver him to John lord Maltravers, son and heir ; James, ancestor te and Thomas Gourney, together the present earl of Berkeley; witla with his castle ; upon which he re- two more fons and three daughters. tired to Bradley, one of his manor. • Thomas, when he succeeded his houses. Being afterwards indiated father, was but fifteen years of age. in the reign of Edward Hl. for being He served with reputation and fideacceffary to the murder of the late lity under Edward T. Richard II. king; upon his trial he was ac- and Henry IV. The latter made quitted by the jury, and also by the hiin admiral of his Aeet, from the parliament. He was very actiye in mouth of the Thames 10 the west the Scotch wars, during the reign and fouth: he was also sworn of of Edward Il. and fignalized himself his privy council in open parlia'vnder Edward Ill. in various expe- ment. He was a lover of learning, ditions, both againft the French and and an encourager of the fainous John Scors. He was present at the battle Trevisa, vicar of Berkeley, author of of Crecy; and was one of the chief several pieces ; being, as Bale writes commanders at the battle of Poic- it, a man of much learning, and exceedtiers, where the EngliMh obtained ing eloquent. He married Margaret, immortal honour; and, in the latter daughter to Gerard Warren, lord of engagement, he took so many pri. Lille, by whom he had a daughter, foners, that out of their rapfoms he and died on July 13, 1416. built Beverstone-cattle in Glou. Dying without male issue, James, cefterfhire. He conferred large en- son and heir of James de Berkeley, dowments on several religious houses, brother of the daft-mentioned earl, and founded some chantries and became his heir; and by virtue of a spe. other charitable institutions. He cial entail and fine, enjoyed the castle died on October 27, 1961, afrer and lordship of Berkeley, with other having been twice married : first, to lordships in the said fine mentioned. Margaret, fourth daughter to Roger He was twenty-three years of age at de Mortimer, earl of March, and the time o: his father's death, which widow of Robert de Vere, earl of happened on June 13, 1404, who Oxford, by whom he had four sons was knighted, and had been apand one daughter; and, secondly, pointed governor of Tretour-Castle to Catherine, daughter of Sir John in Brecknockshire, by Henry IV. Clivedon, knt. widow of Sir Peter le This earl was fummoned to parliaVere, knt, and by her had iffue four ment among the peers in the reign sons.

of Henry V. as he was also to all He left Maurice, his eldest fon by Henry Vi's parliaments. He was his first wife, his heir, who followed thrice married ; but had no issue by his father's example in works of two of his wives. By his second piety, and died on June 8, 1367. wife, who was daughter of Thomas

3 A 2 Mowbray

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