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Genealogical Mcctai! pf Berkeley, Earl of Berkeley. jBrttilb,
Mowbray» duke of Norfolk, he bad two s r.s, two of whom, vizj William and Maurice, succeeded him; rind from his fourth son Thomas aredescended the Berktleys of Worcestershire and Herefn dstiire. He died at BetktleyCastle tbe latter end of November 1463, and was succeeded in hts title and estatr-by' . Wi'liam his eldest son, for whom Joing Edward II. entertained so great a regard, that'Mn the 21ft year of his rtigli he advanced him to the honour of viscount Berkeley; and soon after granted him one hundred marks per annum, payable out of the customs of the port of Bristol for life. In the first year of the reign of Richard III. he was created earl of Nottingham; but afterwards fl- rt into Brittany, to Henry ea^l of Richmond; for which, cn that p inre's accession to the throne, he was appointed earl marshal of England, wirh limitation to the heirs male of his body, and a fee of twenty piunds per annum. Henry VII. likewise advanced him afterwards tot.ie d'-gniiy of marquis of Berkeley. He wf,s twice married, hut left no jililp by eirher of his wives. He died Feb. 14, i/^t) 1.
Manrice, his brother, though the next heir, enjoyed nothing of the lionour, or little or none of the estate; for having incurred his brother's displeasure, by marrying into an inferior family, the castle of Berkeley, with the lands and lordjfhips which were annexed to that ancient barony, were fettled by the marquis on king Henry VII. and his iiTue- malf, in remainder to his own right heirs. Maurice, however, tho' disinherited, after some time recovered part of the ancient inheritance. He manied Isabel, daughter of Philip Mead, Esq; alderman; of
Bristol, by whom he had three sons, Maurice, Thomas, and Jatr.es; and died in 1506. ■
Maurice, his eldest son and successor, was created a knight of the Bath at the coronation of Henry VIII.and executed-several important conimtlfions.u.Ddcr that monarch. In the fourteenth year of Henry Vlllth's reign, he was .summoned to.pirliameist (though he had not the place of his ance(iois); hut fat according to the dat,e of that summons. He married Catherine, daughter of Sir William Berkeley of Stoke Gifford in Gloucestershire, but had no issue. He died on Spptembfr l J,, 1523, arid was succeeded by '•
Thomas, his brother and hejr, who signalized himself so very re-, markably in a battle against iheScots in 1513, that Thomas earl of Surry, the gentral, rewarded him with the honour of knighthood. Henry VIII. afterwards created him constable of Berkeley-Castle. He was twice married; by his first wife he had no children; but by his second, left issue two sorts, Thomas and Maurice. He died on January zz, 153*. 'Thomas, his eldest son and successor, was also twice tnairied. ,By his first lady, Mary, daughter of George lord Hastings,, he had no issue; but by his second, Anne, daughter of Sir John Savage, of Frodsiiam in Chelhirc, kut. he had two children; Henry his son and heir, born nine weeks and sour days after his death,and a daughternamed Elizabeth. He died at Stone, injiis journey from his house at Gloucestershire to London, on Sept. 19, 1534
By the death of Edward VI. the last male heir of Henry VII. Henry his successor regained poll'elton of Berkeley-Castle, together with all those lordships fettled on that kinp
• by Mag. Genealogical Account of Be
by WillUm, marquis of Berkeley,, before-mentioned ; and was invested with them by queen Mary besorehe arrived at full , age. Accordingly, •upon repossessing the old barony of his ancestors, he was summoned by writ of parliament in the forrth and fifth year of the reign of Philip and. Mary, 3nd there placed according to the ancient precedence. He.took. to his first wife, Catherine, third daughter of Henry Howard, earl of Surry, and by her had two sons and sour daughters. He was married, secondly, to Jane, daughter of Sir Michael Stanhope, knt. who survived him, and died Jan. 3, 1617, but by her lest no issue. He died on the 26th of Nov. 1613, aged seventynine years and four days Thomas his eldest son died in. his father's life-time on the Z2d of Nov. 161.0. On the death of queen Elizabeth he tarried the news thereof to king James in Scotland, and was made knight of the Bath at .that prince's coronation. He married Elizabeth only daughter of §ir George Cary, knt. and by her left issue George his son and heir j md a daughter named Theophila.
Henry lord Berkeley was succeeded in honour and estate by his grandson George, beforemen:ioned, »*ho was created a knight of the Bath at the creation of Charles, prince of Wales, in 1616. He married Elizabeth, second daughter and co-heir of Sir Michael Stanhope, of Sudbury in Suffolk, knt. by whom J'jc hjd issue two sons and a daughter. He dying on August 10,1658, his titles and estate devolved on his second son
George, lord Berkeley, who having greatly contributed to the happy restoration of Charles II. was for that and divers other eminent ser
keley, Earl of Berkeley. 361
vices, (as the patent sets forth) advanced to the title of viscount Dursley, as also to the degree of an earl, by the title of earl of Berkeley, and to the heirs male of his body, on the nth of September, in the 31st: year of that king's reign. He was also sworn of his majesty's privycouncil, on July 17, 1678; and, about the middle of March 1681, received an address of thanks from the governors of Sion college for his princely donation of a choice and excellent library to that college. His lordship was appointed by James II. custos rotulorum of the county of Gloucester.and was afterwards sworn of his privy council. On the accession of William and Mary,he was appointed one of theirmajesties privy-council, and also constituted custos rotulorum of the county of Surry. He married Elizabeth, one of the co-heiresses of John Mallingb^ard, Esq; by whom he bad two sons and fix daughters; and dying on October 14, 1691, in the seventy-first year of his age, was succeeded in his honours and estate by his eldest son
Charles, earl of Berkeley, who was made one of the knights of the Bath at the coronation of Charles II. and in that reign served in parliament for the city of Gloucester. On the accession of William and Mary, he was called up by writ to the house of peers, (his father then living) and took his place as baron Berkeley, of Berkeley, July 11, 1689. In the year 1699 he was appointed one of the lords justices of the kingdom of Ireland; the year following he was continued one of the lords justices, and general governor of Ireland, and was sworn of the privy T council to queen Anne; who also on June 7, 1702, appointed him conItable of her majesty's castle of Briarrcls
Brianels in the forest of Deane, and deeper of the deer and woods in the said forest, and lord lieutenant and custos rotulorum of the counties of Gloucester and Surry. He died at Berkeley-Castle on Sept. 24, 1710. By Elizabeth his wife, daughter of Baptist Noel, viscount Cambden, lie had issue four sons and rhree daughters.
Charles, lord viscount Dursley, his eldest son, dying unmarried of the small-pox, in May 1699, his honours and estate devolved on the second son James, earl of Berkeley, -who, taking to the sea-service, distinguished himself in many gallant actions, during the reign of queen Anne, taking several of the French privateers, &c. in his cruising, •before he was made an admiral. In the engagement with the French fleet off Malaga, in the Mediterranean, in 1705) he commanded the Eoyne, a fliip of 80 guns and 500 men. He served under Sir Cloudesley Shovel, at the siege of Toulon, and narrowly escaped shipwreck in his return home from that expedition. Soon after he was, for his successful services, made a rear-admiral; and on the z6th of January 1707, appointed vice-admiral of the blue. On the 9th of April 1709, being then vice-admiral of the white, and cruising off Scilly, he had an engagement with M. du Guay Frouin, commander of a French squadron, wherein he took a French man of war called the Gloire, of 44 guns and 5 12 men, retaking at the fame time her majesty's ship the Bristol of 53 guns -, but, by an unfortunate fl\ot from the enemy, the latter ship funk within two or three hours after her recapture, though his lordship preserved all the men except twenty. On the accession of George I.
his lordstiip was appointed one of the lords of his bed-chamber, and lord-lieutenant of the county of Gloucester, and city of Bristol,October 21,1714; a"° custos rotulorum December 1, following, having been removed from those places in 1711. On April 16,1717, he was sworn of the privy-council; and on March 18, 1717-18, was constituted first lordcommissioner of the admiralty, in which office he continued all the remainder of that reign ; being likewise vice-admiral of Great-Britain, and lieutenant of the admiralties thereof, and He-tenant of the navies and seas of his majesty's kingdom of Great-Britain, and five times one of the lords justices ©f Gieat Britain, whilst his majesty went to Hanover. On April 30, 1718, he was installed B knight ot the most noble order of the garter. On the 25th of September 1727, he was appointed lordlieutenant of Lincolnshire bv his late majesty; and on November 1 o, of" the fame year, was constituted lord-lieutenant of the county of Gloucester, and citie* and counties of Gloucester and Bristol, as also of the county of Surry; and likewise custos rotulorum of the counties of Gloucester and Surry. On the 17th of the fame month he was also nominated keeper of the sorest of Deane, and constable of Sr. Briancls castle; also vice-admiral of GreatBritain, and lieutenant of the admiralties thereof, and lieutenant of the navies and seas of this kingdomHe departed this life at the castle of Aubigny, a seat of the doke of Richmond's, near Rochelle in France, (where he was going for the recovery of his health) in August 1736-, and was buried at Berkeley.
His lordship married lady L,ovns: Lennox, eldest daughter of Charles
Narrative es the Seizure es the Marquis de Fratteaux.
duke of Richmond, who died of the finall-pox on January 15, 17 16 17, in the twenty-third year of her age; and by her left issue one son and one daughter.
Augustus, the late earl of Berkeley, succeeding his father in his honours and estates, was in 1737 constituted lord-lieutenant and custos rotulorum of the county of Gloucester; and, on June following, was presented to a company Hi the second regiment of foot-guards, with the rank of lieutenant colonel. On the 9th of June 17.39, he was nominated by his late majesty, one of the knights of the most ancient order of the Thistle, or St. Andrew; and in 1745 raised a- regiment to act against the rebels- in Scotland. His lordship married, May 7, 1744., Elizabeths, daughter of Henry Drax ♦f Charborough in Dorsetshire, Esq; by whom he had three sons aud five
daughters. His lordship departed this life on January 9, 1755 ; and was succeeded in his honours aud estate by his eldest son Frederic Augustus, now earl of Berkeley, who is yet a minor.
His lordstiip's titles are, earl o£ Berkeley, viscount Durstey, baron Berkeley of Berkeley Castle, Mowbray, Segrave, and Breaus of Gower. , .
Armorial Bearings.] Gules, a chevron between ten crosses pattee, si* above, and four below, argent.
Crest.] On a wreath, a mitre gules, garnished or, charged witty the paternal coat.
Supporters.] Two lions argent, the sinister having a ducal crown, and plain collar and chain, or.
Metle.]Dieu awe nous.Go A with us..
Chief Seats.] At Berkeley Castle in Gloucestershire; and at Craneford in Middlesex.
T» the Authors of the British Magazi«e.' Gentlemen,
The conversation of the public having be?n lately renewed on the infamous seizure of the Marquis de Fratteaux, in March 17;!, and several of the papers having given us a circumstantial account of the manner in which he was dragged away; suffer me to lay before your readers a little narrative of that unfortunate nobleman, and to mention fromwhat cause the execrable scheme against him was concerted and carried into execution. I am, &c. F. V.
T Ewts Matthew Bertin, Marquis esteemed through the kingdom:
de Fratteaux, knight of the mi- Our marquis's being the eldest Ktary order of St. Lewis, and for- son, was the only source of his mismerly captain of horse in the service fortunes; his father being doating•f his most Christian Majesty, was ly fond of a younger child, and dethe eldest son of M. John Bertin de termined by every method in his St. Geyran, honorary master of the power, to deprive the unhappyrequests, and couucellor of the par- Lewis of his birthright, that the Hament of Bourdeaux, and Madam succession of his estate might fall to Lucretia de St. Chamant, both of this fortunate favourite. With this families not a little honoured and purpose he omitted no opportunity 3<?4 Nan-alive us the Seizure os the MarquiiAt Fratteau*: Btitiflf
of mortifying his spirit, and break- mended Kim in the warmest manner ing his temper when a child; and imaginable to the king, and got him even when he approached to years invested with the order of St. Louis,' ot' maturity, exerted the whole ter- and complimented .with a handsome ror of his authority to force him pension for- the support of his diginto the profession of the law; nity.
■whereas he knew our marquis was The early reputation thus acquirburning with a desire of distinguish- ed by the marquis, instead of gaining ing himself in arms. The marquis him any mark of affection at home, employed several ecclesiastics in vain, almost estranged any little esteem in to subdue the obstinacy of his fa- which he had been hitherto held.— ther's determination. At last, when His father, instead of feeling the the old gentleman was going to con- transport which on such an occafine him in a loathsome dungeon sion would have swelled the bosom for refusing to comply with his or- of any other parent, on the conders, he had recourse to a mistress trary, grew more inflexible in his of whom his father was particularly resentment, and determined more fond, and begged upon his knees, than ever to root him out of every that site would interest herself in his possibility of succeeding to his estate, behalf. His application to this —He now began to give out that young woman was not fruitless; the marquis was not his son, but an /he had more goodness of heart impostor palmed upon him by the than was customary in persons of nurse, and though no child could her character, and the next time ever behave with a more resigned her lover was in the amorous mood, submission to the will of a parent refused in a peremptory manner to than the subject of the present little gratify his wishes unless he gave her history, still the only return he met an absolute assurance, that his son from his father, was a constant round Lewis mould be left for the choice of ignorant brutality, and unacof a profession entirely to his own countable revenge.—The marquis, inclinations. The old gentleman, at though remarkable to a proverb as such a crisis, could refuse nothing to a dutiful son, was guilty of one unhis charmer, and the marquis had pardonable error; he would not speedily a permission to enter himself resign his birthright to his younger a cadet in the regiment of Noailles, brother; and his father being dewhere, after fourteen months service, termined the younger brother should he was advanced to a cornetcy in succeed, resolved to establish him in Maine's, and in less than three the succeslion without any regard \3 years, promoted still farther to a the means. . ■'«
troop in Saint Jal's, though he was Twice did this worthy father then but a little turned of sixteen, make'a personal attempt on the life From the rapidity of his promotion, of-the marquis. Once he drew on ■we may easily conclude that he had him; and another time, when ill in behaved with the greatest reputation a fever, administered a dose of poiin his military capacity. This was son to him instead of the bark; this in reality the case, and M. d'Ar- last was near being fatal, and the genson, at that time prime minister, father withdrew, satisfied that the was so sensible of it, that he recont. business: was done; but the marquis,