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Magt. Description os the City of Florence,
you may then conceive the anxitty I knew. Good heaven! to what lengths m ly we be carried by palTion thus inflamed! it made me, who, in the tenor of my life, have no other crimes to accuse myself of than such human frailty is stldom free from,
a villain. If you have a degree of patience beyond the rest of mankind, summon it to hear that I was the cursed cause of your misfortunes; that by my means your barns were burnt, and you and Sylvia reduced to poverty. Can you now pardon the man who ha^ thus injured you? You nuilf, you shall foigive; you will not deny me that, which withheld, would imbiner my last moments, and give me greater pain than any thing besides on this side the grave."
Paltmoii, who was greatly moved at whar he heard, tcld him that he forgave him tvery injury, and would never recollect him as a man whom he had reason to dill;ke. "You are too, too good, he replied; why did 1 make Ib deserving a man wretched ) But I knew not your virtues— Here is my will, I have no family whom I can injure by repairing an injury, and have therefore here made my heir: this is the only me^od by which I can palliate my nine. May you be blessed by this addition to your fortune ; but that/ i is needless to the man who was poverty. The world will nayt enquire into the reasons of gjfonduct with respect to you, and perhaps, for want of knowing the truth, will explain it to the disad
vantage of your honour. Conceal not then the real inducement; conceal not then from mankind the greatest error of my life, but tell them at the same time, that it sprung from the instigation of jealousy ; and not to blame too severely, 'till they have left, like me, disappointment in their fondest hopes."
They parted in the tendercst manner imaginable, and the unhappy man soon «fter died with the most perftct serenity and calmness. Palemon hastened to his Sylvia; he found her employed in prepaiing for bis return. She welcomed him with a look more expressive of joy than language can be, and enquired into the business whith occasioned his absence. He explained to her the whole affair; he clasped her to his breast, and together they offered thanks to Providence, which had made their calamities the occasion of happier fortune than they could ever have otherways expected. The morn no longer divides them fiotri each other; they live as happy as the conditions of humanity can permit, and have this only to implore,' that they may never be long divided, but like two lamps which have long burnt together, they may burn together out.
Whenever they relafe the story of their lives, they never omit to inforce this truth, that resignation to the will of heaven can soften adversity, and that relief is often nearest when we least expect it.
1 am, your's, &c.
A Short Description os tit City os FLORENCE. pHE city of Florence lies in a nutes north latitude, thirty si* miles frijiiful valley on the river Ar- to the east-ward of Pisa, and about no, in forty-three degrees forty mi- as many to the north-ward of Sienna,
'' 3 c itid
374 Vtsiriptlon ts the
ami afi hundred anj twenty north of Rome; in a most desirable situation, encompassed with beautiful hiils on three fide?, full of villages, country-seats, gardens, groves and woods of olives riling gradually, till 'hey join the highest mountains of the Apennine; and towards the welt, lies that rich valley watered by the river Arno, which extends as (ar as Pisa, abounding in corn, wine, and oil, and all manner of delicious fruits. The town is of a round form, about six miles in circumference, encompassed with walls and other fortifications, and defended by three citadels. The river Arno divides it in two parts, which have a communication by four bridges, of which two, the old and the new, are admired for their structure. The streets are strait and well paved, in imitation of. the old Roman highways, with great flat stones, larger than our common pavement-stones, but much thicker, which are so hollowed in their joinings, that the horses find fastening for their feet. There are a great many statues and fountains in the streets, and we meet with agreeable objects, which way soever we turn our eyes. Their private buildings are tall and fair, their palaces numerous and exquisitely contrived, their churches but little inferior to those of Rome, and there are no less than seventeen spacious squares; insomuch that this city has obtained the title of Florence the Fair, which all travellers agree it well deserves. Jn two things only they think it defective; the first, that they have no glass in their windows, but their finest palaces are often disgraced with tattered paper; and in the second place, the streets and courts in their palaces, are too narrow for the loftiness of their build
Zity cf Florence. Eiitish
ings; which are objections made to many other towns of Italy; and the only answer we meet with is, that neither plass nor wide streets are convenient in so warm a climate: as it is, one side of the streets always calls a shade upon the ether; and by their paper windows, they avoid the scorching heat of the sun, whose lays would be contracted and heightened by the crown glass used here, as by a burning-glass.
The town is supposed to contain eight thousand house5, which at seven to a house, makes the number of inhabitants to amount to fitly fix thousand ; an hundred and fifty colls giate and parochial church.«, ninety monalleries and nunneries, two and twenty hospitals, of which that for orphan! maintains nine hundred persons; eighteen halls belonging to merchants and tradesmen, and an huiidrtd aud sixty publick statues, besides what ate found in palaces.
The principal trade of this city, besides wine, oil, fruits, and other produce of the country, consists in wrought silks, gold and silver stuffs, and some say they have a woollen manufacture: (but this last must be inconsiderable.) The nobility and gentry do not think it beneath them to apply themselves to trade; and the Great Duke himself is said to be one of the most considerable merchants in Europe: nay, the gentrysell their own wines by resale out of doors, though not in their honses, and even hang out a broken flask for a sign at their court-gates. Their customers come no furrher than the cellar-window however, where they take and return the flasks to the butler, without disturbing the hon fe; at the fame time they look upon it as a great disparagement, to educate
their Mctg. Literary
their children in the profession of physick: so various are the notions of honour in different countries, jihyfick. being esteemed with us otic of the melt creditable professions, and on the contrary, a retale trade of liquors the most ignominious.
A'. B- We have omitted entering into a minute description of the Great
Iritlligtna. . 37 •
Duke's palace, the famous gallery, the cathedral, Sec. as we purpose embellishing some future Number; of our Magazine, with elegant views and circumstantial descriptions of the principal and most curious buildings with which this famous city abounds.
WE are informed from Rome, that a new description os the Vatican is publishing in that city; the first volume of which has already appeared, and contains an account of the Basilick os St. Peter, of the various principles, rules, and orders, of architecture, that are observed in that sublime and majestic!; structure; and a circumstantial description of the paintings and statues with which it is ad.irned, There is in this first volume a particular account of the famous dome or cupola of. that noble edifice, which Ibme years ago leaned on one side, and seemed almost ready to fall. This defect, which has been well repaired, was considered, by sjnie, as owing to the void space occasioned by the stair cases made by the chevalier Bernini in tlie great pilasters that support the dome. But it has been 'emonstrated, that the pressure ot" the cupola against its counterforts has been the only occasion of the defect in question. There are three learned dissertations published on this subject by the fathers Jacquier, La Sueur, and Boscovich, who may be justly reckoned among the most eminent mathematicians of this age.
They write from Venice, that a Ttry important discovery hath been
lately made at Udine, the capital of Fritiii, a province of that republic, concern'ng the cure of the hydrophobia by means of vinegar. This discovery is said to have been made by accident. A poor man, lying under the frightful tortures of the hydrophobia, was cured with some draughts of vinegar given him by mistake instead of another potion. A physician of Padua, called Count Leonissa, got intelligence of this event at Udine, and tried the fame remedy upon a patient that was brought to the Paduan hospital, administering him a pound of vinegar in the morning, another at noon, and a third at sun-sct; and the man was speedily and perfectly cured.
There U in the press at Rome, a new treatise on musick, written by the celebrated Tartini; in which he maintains, that the prefection of music depends upon a thorough knowledge of diatonicks; which have not been explained in any treatise on music, either ancient or modern: and that the imperfection of modern music is owing to the mystery the Greeks made of the diatonic science, which was their invention. M. Tartini thinks he has unfolded this mystery. His treatise is learned and ingenious; it con3 C z tains os harmony, and that throw a remarkable light on the music of the sntient Greeks.
J76 Aeecunt of New Bock, Pamphlets, &c. Eiitish
tains several new ideas that may question may be in Latin, French, contribute much to the perfection or German ; and they arc to be ad
The Academy of Sciences and Belles Lettres lately eretied at M.inlieim, proposes the following question for the year 1764; What was the origin of the Comes PaUtinus under the Roman emperors I And what was his office and condition under the Merovingian and Carlian kings until the division of the t'rench monarchy into east and west? And at what time were' the
dressed to M. Lamey, perpetual secretary to the academy.
The celebrated work of the late abbe Venuti. comprehending a description of Rome ; as also the lon£expected edition of Corncille, by Mr. Voltaire, are just imported.
Letters from Switzerland assure us, that the ingenious Mr. Gesner, whose genius for pastoral poetry is justly celebrated, has published a new Poem upon the Origin of Navigation, in three Cantos. The fable that serves as the ground work of
domains of the crow n affixed to that this new production, is remarkable dignity? The desire of examining for its simplicity, and furnishes, at
into the history and natural productions of the palatinate seems indeed to have determined the elector to this establisliment. The object of the academy is civil and natural
the fame time, the most affecting scenes that can well be imagined. A variety of rural landscapes composed with the most elegant taste, and finished with the richest colour
Jiistory in general, with every thing ing, embellish this sweet and pathe
Cleanthes ar.d Semanthe. A Dramatic His- despicable, and the plan altogether is incon tory. By the Author of Leonora, a volt, fistent and absurd. limo. Pr. 6s. Davis.
Superior to the common run of novels.
The Budget, 4/0. Pr. is. Almon.
It wouM be imprudent in us to decide uy*>n the merits of this pamphlet, which will be viewed in a favourable rr unfavourable light, as the reader is prejudiced for or against the party whose cause it espouses.
The WaUet, &c. 410. Pr. M. «d. Williams and Vernor. A spirited answer to the preceding pamphlet.
The Oxford Sausage, tzmo. Pr. Is. Fletcher.
Not badly seasoned, upon the whole i though the ingredients are rather stale.
The History cfMisi Oakley, St-s. Is. Bladon. Pleasing, harmless, and not uninteresting.
Hervey'i Meditations ar.d Contemplations, attetrpt/d in Blank Verse, aster the n-.anntr of Dr. Young, by T. Newcombe, M. A. limo. i volt. 5s. Davh and Reymers. Poetical and harmonious.
The Nan: en Etrgy. 410. 6d. Dodsley.
An Fpithalamium on the Marriage of Lord
Fulsome and indelicate. Miss Whateley'j Poms, Zvo. 4s. Dodsley, Haimless and amusing, with no inconsiderable share os poetical merit.
Dr. Leland'/ Dissertations on the Principles of EJj'ay on Gratitude. By Dr. Watkinson. ivo.
The Farewell. A Poem. By C. Churchill. 4fs. Pr. Is. 6d. Kearsley. Eheu! Quantum mutatus ab illo!
The Cap ttr.d Staff, (sfe. 4J0. Pr. is. 6d. Gibson.
Superior to the Farewell.
Adventures of Charles Careless, Esq; 2 Skis. tzmo. Pr. 6s. Fletcher.
The incidents which compose the narrative of this gentleman's life are ttite and
Pr. is. Baldwin.
A Gcr.-ral History cs ttr World, &c. Vols. I.
Y.ntic.Vs general History of the late War. 5 ids. S10. Pr. ll. 5s. Dilly.
A literal compilation from news papers and political pamphlets. Very tame and very frigid.
The Life of William the Conqueror. By A. Henderson, lime. Pr. Is. 6d. Henderson.
A stupid injudicious compilation.
The unavoidable Length to vjbicb several of our Articles in this Number have extended, has prevented us from presenting our Readers with so great a Variety at usual, and obliged us to postpone several valuable Articles. We flatter ourselves, however, toe frail be able to satisfy all
our Correspondents next Month. We are sorry vie can't oblige A. B. but his Verses are too
personal to gain admittance in our Magazine. Nevertheless, we assure him toe Jba'l always thankfully receive any Pieces of genrrai Entertainment or Information with which he shall think
proper to savour us. The Subject of S, B's Letter is too abstruse to afford any Amusement
to the Generality of our Readers,