and widow of general Charles 16, 1740, and is yet unmarried. Churchill, brother to John duke of His brother Peregrine, the youngest Marlborough, by whom he had one fon, is at present captain of a lip fon James, lord Norris, who died of war in bis majesty's navy. of the small-pox, February 25, His lordship's titles are, Earl of 1717-8. His lordship departing Abingdon, Baron Norris of Rycote, this life without other issue, on and High Steward of Abingdon and June 16, 1743, he was succeeded in Wallingford. his honours and estate by his ne. Arms.] Argent, three battering phew,

rams barways, proper, arm'd and Willoughby Bertie, the late earl, garnich'd azure ; an annulet for eldest son of the honourable James difference, Bertie, Erg; second son of James, Crefl.) On a wreath, the head the first earl of Abingdon, who was and bust of a king coup'd, proper, born November 28, 1692, and mar. crown'd ducally, and charged on the ried, in August 1727, Anna-Maria, chest with a fret, or. daughter of Sir John Collins, bart. Supporters, 1 On the dexter ride, a by whom he had iffue three sons pilgrim or friar vested in ruffet, with and seven daughters; viz. James lord his staff and pater nofter, or. On Norris, who was burnt in his bed at the finister, a savage wreath'd about Rycote; Willoughby, who succeed. the temples and middle with ivy, ed him; and Peregrine : and the proper. On each of their chests a ladies Elizabeth, Jane, Bridget, Anne, fret, or. Eleanora, Mary, and Sophia. His Motto.] Virtus ariete fortior. Virtue lordship died June 10, 1760, and stronger than a battering-ram. was succeeded by his second son, Chief Seats.) At Witham, in Berk

Willoughby, the present earl of fire ; Rycote, in Oxfordshire; LinAbingdon, who was born January coin's- Inn-Fields, London.

Account of the Life and Writings of Henry FIELDING, Esq. Extra&ted from

Mr. Murphy's Elay on his Life and Genius, prefixed to the laft Edition of bis Works. [Concluded.)

W e are now arrived at the fe- and the style, we shall find it stand

cond grand epoch of Mr. ing the test of the severest criticism. Fielding's genius, when, as Mr. In the first place, the action has that Murphy remarks, all his faculties unity, which is the boaft of the were in perfect unison, and con- great models of composition ; it fpired to produce a complete work. turns upon a single event, attended " If, says he, we consider Tom with many circumstances, and many Jones in the same light in which the fubordinate incidents, which seem, ablest critics have examined the in the progress of the work, to per. Hiad, the Æneid, and the Paradise plex, to entangle, and to involve the Loft, namely, with a view to the whole in difficulties, and lead on the fable, the manners, the sentiments, reader's imagination, with an eager

ness picture of a divine who is neglect- ever; but the warmth of imaginaful of the moral part of his charac- tion is abated ; and in his landkips ter, and oftentativusly talks of reli- or his scenes of life, Mr. Fielding is gion and grace ; the latter is a no longer the colourist he was be: Strong ridicule of those who have fore. The personages of the piece high ideas of the dignity of our na- delight too much in narrative, and ture, and of the pative beauty of their characters have not those virtue, without owning any obliga- touches of fingularity, those specific tions of conduct from religion. in differences, which are so beautifully Thort, all the characters down to marked in our author's former Partridge, and even to a maid or an works : of course the humour, hoftler at an inn, are drawn with which conlilts in happy delineations truth and humour; and indeed they of the caprices and predominant abound so much, and are so often foibles of the human mind, loses brought forward in a dramatic man- here its high flavour and relish. And ner, that every thing may be said to yet Amelia holds the same proporbe here in action; every thing has tion to Tom Jones, that the Odyssey MANNERS; and the very manners of Homer bears, in the estimation which belong to it in human life. of Longinus, to the Iliad. A fine They look, they all, they speak to vein of morality runs through the our imaginations just as they appear whole ; many of the situations are to us in the world. The Suntı: affecting and tender; the sentiments MENTS which they utter, are pecu. are delicate ; and, opon the whole, liarly annexed to their habits, par- it is the Odyssey, the moral and pafions, and ideas; which is what po. thetic work of Henry Fielding etical propriety requires; and, to While he was planning and exethe honour of the author it must be cuting this piece, it should be resaid, that, whenever he addresses us membered, that he was distracted in perfon, he is always in the in- by that multiplicity of avocations, terests of virtue and religion, and which surround a public magistrale; inspires, in a strain of moral l'e- and his conftitution, now greatly feaion, a true love of goodness and impaired and enfeebled, was labourhonour, with a just detestation of ing under attacks of the gout,which impoffure, hypocrisy, and all speci- were,' of course, leverer than ever. ous pretences to uprightness.” However, the adjsity of his mind

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Thus we have traced our author was not to be subdued. One literary in his progress to the time when the pursuit was no sooner over, than vigour of his mind was in irs full fresh game arose. A periodical pagrowth of perfection ; from this.pe- per, under the title of The Covent riod it sunk, but by flow degrees, Garden journal, by Sir Alexander into a decline: Amelia, which luc; Draucanjir, Knight, and Confer Giceeded Tom Jones in about four neral of Great Britain, was immediyears, has indeed the marks of ge. ately set on foot. It was published nius, but of a genius beginning io: twice in every week, viz. on Tuerfall into its decay. The author's day and Saturday, and cooduced lo invention in this performance does much to the entertainment of the not appear to have lost its fertility; public, for a twelvenonth together, huis judgment too beems as strong as thut it was at length felt with a


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cur author was unhappy, but not friend; a satyrist of vice and evil vicious in his nature; in his under manners, yet a lover of mankind; standing lively, yet solid; rich in an useful citizen, a polished and ininvention, yet a lover of real sci. ftrutive wit; and a magistrate zea. ence; an observer of mankind, yet lous for the order and welfare of the a' (cholar of enlarged reading; a community which he served. fpirited enemy, yet an indefatigable

Extraded from

Some Account of the Life and Writings of M. DE VOLTAIRE.

ibe Anecdotes of Literature, lately published.

m De Voltaire has long been bim from Stanislaus king of Poland,

To one of the most celebrated which gives him great encomiums writers in Europe ; and he is a fin- for his veracity and surprising intel. gular instance of an author near ligence, and avows the truth of all tourscore years of age poffefsing al- those parts of the history, which his most all the fire and vivacity of his majesty could any way be acquainted youth. The number of pieces, of with. His Efray on Universal all kinds, which have flowed from History is a most beautiful and usehis pen, is surprizing. His trage- ful performance, full of ehe justest dies have great merit ; some of them and most penetrating remarks on not inferior to those of Racine him- manners, cuttoms, and opinions. felf; his comedies possess a vein of His romances are exquisitely entertrue humour. As to his Henriade, taining, particularly Zadig; and that poem, great as its reputation whatever may be objected to the has been in France, is little read, morals of Candide, every one must and would not alone have secured allow that there is an amazing flow its author's fame. The abbé Tru- of wit, humour, ridicule, and satire, hlet ihinks it would have succeeded throughout the whole piece. The better in profe.

detached pieces and loose, efsays M. de Voltaire's historical pieces which have dropped from this lively have often been attacked on the Frenchman's pen, are entertaining, fide of truth and impartiality, and full of wit, and wrote in a spirited there has been some reason for such tyle. This aiming at being unifufpicions. His Age of Louis XIV. versal has hurt his reputation, as it is a detence of that ambitious mo- suffered some pieces to escape his narch; and that national partiality, pen unworthy of it. His explanaor rather vanity, so itrong in the tion of Sir Isaac Newton's PhiloFrench, abounds in it: however, fophy is but a triling performance. his style and manner of writing is As to his poetic pieces, many of admirable ; there is something so them are as good as the language lively and animated in this piece, would permit. In some of his odes that scarce any are more entertain- are several fine Strokes, which rise ing. His history of Charles XII, is above the French poetry; nor are equally amusing, but much more his other variety of poems without true. Prefixed to his history of their luftre; but his Maid of OrPeter the Geeat, is a long letter to leans is scandalously indecent.


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