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The variety of disputes he has his back on his general's grand had with men of letters, has brought daughter ; but, after building seats on him a thousand different attacks, and churches, and with poor relaand many of them not ill-founded. tions on my hands to maintain, He has been often reproached with finall is the residue to allift, as one his avaricious manner of printing would with, a person whom the his works, and with great justice ; greatest men of the kingdom alone fince there is scarce a piece he has thould have taken under their pawrote, but what he has sold to dif- tronage. As for me, age is come ferent book sellers incorrectly wrote: upoir me ; but I have a niece, who when the sale is pretty well over, delights in all the arts, and in some out come advertisements and letters of which she is not unexpert. If of the villainy of booksellers stealing the person you speak of, and whom his manuscripts, and promising more unquestionably you know, will accorrect editions. M. de Voliaire is cept of the most decent education certainly a writer of great vanity: with my niece, he will take a moindeed he has some reason to be ther's care of her, and I will endeavain; for, besides the friendship of vour to be a father to her; at least, monarchs and the acquaintance of the thould be no manner of expence princes and the great, he has by or charge to her own. Her trawriting gained a foriune of near two velling charges shall be defrayed io thousand pounds a year. He has Lyons, and let her be consigned to certainly been the author of several Mr. Tronchin of that city, who will very generous actions; among others, forward her to my feat; or one of his treatment of the great Corneille's her own sex shall meet her there, grand-daughter is very meritorious. with my equipage. If this fuits, I M. le Brun, secretary to the prince only wait her orders; and I hope of Condé, wrote to him, recom- Thall, to the end of my life, thank mending the remains of the family you for giving me an opportunity of of the great Corneille, the reformer, doing what should have been done the creator of the French theatre, by M. de Fontenelle. One branch and particularly a grand-daughter of the young lady's education will of that illuftrious man; at the same be, to see us sometimes act a play of time inscribing an ode to him. M. her grand-father's; and we shall set de Voltaire with pleasure embraced her to embroider the arguments of the opportunity of doing good to a Cinna and the Cid... family so eminent for genius, and I have the honour to be, &c. wrote the following letter to M. le
Voltaire was for some years an “ Had I gone about composing intimate favourite with the king of an answer in such fine verses as Prusia, to whom the king of France yours, four months would have been yielded his allegiance as a subject ; the sooneft you could have heard and at the same time the celebrated from me; I must therefore tell you, mathematician Maupertuis was in in plain prose, how much I admire that monarch's good graces. Vol. your ode, and am pleased with your taire eyed him as a rival, and left proposal. A veteran of the great no stone unturned to ruin him with Corneille Thould by no means turn the king; his attempts however
in this respect M. de Voltaire has mixed erudition which is now lo made great advances towards per-, much in fashion. He is a politifection. He cannot be accused of cian, a naturalist, a geometrician, or being a partisan to his nation; he whatever elle he pleases; but he is appears, on the contrary, to be in. always superficial, because he is not fected with a species of madness able to be deep. He could not, · somewhat like that of old men, who however, flourish as he does upon are always cxtolling the time past, these subjects, without great ingeand bitterly complaining of the pre- nuity. His taste is rather delicate seot. Voltaire is always difarisfied than just; he is an ingenious satirist, with his own country, and lavish in a bad critic, and a dabbler in the his praise of those that are a thou- abstracted sciences. Imagination is fand leagues off. As to religion, he his element, and yet, strange as it is in that respect evidently underer is, he has no invention. He is re. mined ; and he would certainly be proached with continually passing the neutral and impartial being so from one extreme to another ; now much desired for an author, but for a Philanthropist, then a Cynic; no v a little leaven of Anti-Jansenisin an excellive encomiast, then an outwhich appears somewhat too plainly rageous satiriit. In one word, Voldistinguished in his works. Voltaire taire would fain be an extraordinary has much foreign and much French man; and an extraordinary man he literature ; nor is he deficient in that most certainly is !”
ANECDOTES of CHARLES XII of Sweden.
To the Autkors of the BRITISH MAGAZINE. GentlEMEN, As you were so obliging to inert the Anecdotes I sent you of Philip of
Macedon, I have taken the liberty to transmit you the following curious and entertaining particulars relating to the famous Charles XII. of Sweden, which, as they are not commonly known, may pollibly prove new to most of your readers,
I am, your's, &c. Bridgnorth, July 1o, 1764.
Courage and inflexible constancy wound bled copiously, but our young
formed the basis of this mo- hero, without offering to cry, or narch's character. In his tenderest taking the least notice of his misforyears he gave instances of both. tune, endeavoured to conceal what When he was yet scarce seven years had happened, left his dog should old, being at dinner with the queen be brought into trouble, and wrap. his mother, intending to give a bit ped his bloody hand in the napkin, of bread to a great dog he was food The queen perceiving that he did of, this hungry animal fùapt too nor cat, asked him the reason. He greedily at the mortel, and bit his contented himself with replying, that hand in a terrible manner. The he thanked her, he was not hungry. Auguff, 1764
COMPENDIOUS HISTORY OF FRANCE. Continued. 1
THE two kings seemed to be of a Testament, and appointed over
I equally satisfied and at ease. seers to look to its execution, which Philip had considerable claims on they did not expect. Before his deRichard, on account of the succours parture he received the homage of furnished to him in his father's time; the queen dowager of England for but, upon his declaring frankly that the duchy of Guienne,which she held it would be very inconvenient for in her own right; and, to defray the him to comply with them at that expences of this prodigious armajuncture, Philip very generously ment, exposed to sale the great pafled it by. They then concluded charge of his houshold, the domain an alliance as kings, and swore per of the crown, and whatever elle petual fidelity as friends, without would fetch money. All things beconsidering that their manners were ing adjusted the two kings marched too much alike for any oaths to re- with their armies as far as Lyons; strain, or leagues to bind, them. and there Philip took the route of They were in their persons tall, the Alps, in order to embark at well-made, and robust men; active, Genoa, and Richard proceeded to brave, magnificent, free in their the coast in order to meet his fleet, discourse, and full of a sprightly which was appointed to rendezvous kind of wit, that however bordered at Marseilles, under a solemn enupon levity: their vices also were gagement to meet again in Sicily, much the same, for they were am- and to proceed from thence, in conbitious in a supreme degree, hafty junction, to the coast of Syria. . in their tempers, addicted to women, Tancred was at that time in porn avaricious, or rather greedy of mo- session of that island, with the regal ney, that they might squander; and, title; but he was held to be an inin fine, immoderately fond of praise, truder in prejudice to Constance, the and ready to run any hazard to ac- wife of the emperor Henry, with quire it. The expedition to the whom Philip was in close alliance : Holy Land appeared to these princes on the other hand, he held the an enterprize that was to cover them queen dowager Joan close prisoner, with immortal glory; and having who was king Richard's fifter, and once entertained this notion, they consequently had no great reason to could neither of them be brought to be fond of such gucits. Philip arconsider it in another light. Some rived first, and was tolerably well of the wisest men in his council la treated, and behaved civilly on his boured to undeceive Philip, and to side. When Richard arrived, he dediffuade him from going in perfon; manded that his fifter thould be prebut his mother, and the cardinal of rently sent him, and full satisfaction Rheims, out of an ambitious desire for the large legacies left to his faof governing in his absence, fru- ther by the deceased king of Sicily, strated their intention. He took, which Tancred laboured to declive. however, the precantion of limiting Upon this Richard attacked the city their authority by an instrument, to of Mellina, and was very near comwhich he gave the name and form ing to a rupture with king Philip,
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