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Natural HISTORY of the CóCHENEAL-FLY. THIS infect is of the torpid sort, cocheneal, is supplied with regulat
1 and performs all the neceffary walks or plots of tuna, to feed his offices of life, while it is fmall; but infects; and when he apprehends it foon grows large, and then lives the seasons are setting in, he cuts almost motionless for the remaining off some of the best furnished part of life. It is now pretty com- branches, and plants them in bis mon in Jamaica, where it is said to nursery- house, leaving the infects on have been introduced from the main the remaining part of the tree to be continent not many years ago : i collected by the proper workmen, breeds chiefly upon the prickly-pear who brush them off very carefully ; in that ifland, that particular species and gather them in small bafkers, called the tuna, on which they com- or cloths, to be dried and prepared monly breed, being very rare there. for the market ; while the omers
They are commonly found wrapt up swell and breed very copiously on in finall:ufts of delicate white down, the protected plants. But when the which yields like a cobweb; and seasons are quite over, and the weasticks pretty close to the sides of the ther again settled, these are also infeet, immediately above the legs, brushed off and fixed anew on the as if it had grown out of that part plants in the walks, where they of the body. They live chiefly upon spread and increase until the followsucculent plants, but are most com- ing crop. For in those countries the monly found upon those of the cactus rains fall chiefly at two stated sea. tribe, which generally supply them sons, and would wash away the inboth with fastenings and a defence: fedts, if they had not been gathered for which reason, the lodians, who or protected. are the only people that raise them, The dye obtained from these inpropagare large quantities of the seats formerly used to be prepared, most harmlels species of that class to by pounding them, and steeping the breed ihem upon, as it aifords a pulp in the decoction of the texuao. - better opportunity both for manag. Ja, or that of some other plants, ing and collecting them ; but their which they observed to heighten the frequent harvests, and the heavy colour. This was left to settle at raiós that fall in those countries, leisure, and afterwards made into would render all their industry, in cakes and dried for the market. But this respect, useless ; did they not of late they have found both a betalways take care to preserve and ter and a more expeditious method protect a sufficient stock of breeders; of preserving the dye, which is by which is generally done in the fol- drying the insects whole, either in lowing manner, viz.
an oveni, or upon the bakingEvery Indian who manufactures stones.
Scme Account of the Going of Mr. Harrison's Longirude Time-Keeper. SOME imperfect accounts having papers of the result of the trials of
already appeared in the news. Mr. Harriion's Longitude TimeAugust 1764
3 1 Keeper, Keeper, in a late voyage to Barba- and then sealed up in a box, with does, and is being probable that as many of the company's seals as others may follow ; it has been they chose to affix; the regulator thought proper, by way of satisfy. being also sealed up in like manner. ing, in some measure, the importu- The result of all these comparinities of his friends, till a board of fons was, that the Time piece gainlongitude shall be held, and the ed upon the regulator, for the most maiter decided upon by the honour- part, about one second a day, someable commiffioners, to give the sole times a small matter more ; it baylowing authentic and plain narra: ing, upon the last comparison, been tive of some experiments, which, found to have gained nine seconds though they will not any of them and fix tenths of a second in the fall under the notice of the com- whole eight days. millioners, as they were not enjoined After these trials, Mr. Harrison to be made by them, may yet serve took his Time-keeper alunder, in as collaterai proofs of the going of order to perfect farther that part of the Time-Piece, and how far it is it, which was concerned in counterlikely to succeed in the solution of balancing and regulating those small the grand problem of the longitude. inequalities which may arise from and abiding by his declaration of the departure from Surry-Street, till its uniform gain of one second a day, it arrival there again, after 156 days, had then gained 54 seconds, from its or 22 weeks and two days. ? .
In December 1763, Mr. John the various temperature of the air, Harrison, by a written circular invi- in respect of heat and cold ; but he tation, prevailed on twelve noble- had not time to execute his purpose men and gentlemen, of unquestion before a ship was appointed to take able abilities and integriry, to meet the machine on board, and proceed daily at his house in Red-Lion- for the island of Barbadoes, upon Square, to examine and witness to the ultimate trial for the longitude. the going of his Time Keeper (soon Mr. William Harrison, the son, to be sent to America on trial for being ordered, along with the Timethe longitude) in such manner as keeper, on board the Tartar man they fall deem most satisfactory of war, then lying in Long Reach, among themselves. Accordingly and commanded by Sir John Lind. they agreed to compare it every say, did, at the request of Mr. James day with a regulator, fixed in the Short, F. R. S. on the 13th of Fefame house, which, for thirty years bryary, come to the said Mr. Short's together, had seldom been known house, in Surry-Itreet in the Strand, to vary from the rate of mean folar and there compared the Time. sime more than about one second keeper with Mr. Short's regulator, in a month; and that the going of made by the late Mr. Graham, the faid regulator it felf mould like- which was that day adjusted to the wise be ascertained by means of an mean solar time, by a nice tranätaccurate instrument, also in the instrument; when the Time piece house, for obtaining the sun's transit was found two seconds and a half over the meridian, as often as the flower than the mean time. Imme. weather should permit.
diately after Mr. Harrison set off in The Time-keeper was thus com- a boat from Surry Stairs, with the pared with the regulator for eight Time-piece, for Long Reach. succeflive days, and immediately af- The thip, according to order, ter each comparison was wound up, proceeded to Portsmouth, whence,
after some stay, Mr. Harrison sent to the best-settled longitude he could to Mr. Short, and others of his procure before he left England. friends, a written declaration, im- The day before they made it, he porting, that he had found, by ex- declared the distance; and in con. periments, that when Fahrenheit's sequence of this declaration Sir John thermometer stands at 42, the Time failed till eleven at night, when it keeper gains three seconds in 24 proving dark, he thought proper to hours; when at 52, it gains two lay by, Mr. Harrison then declaring seconds; when at 62, one second; they were no more than eight or when at 72, it neither gains nor nine miles from the land; which acloses ; and when at 82, it loses one cordingly, at day break, they faw second a day; that nevertheless he from that distance. would not be understood that fu- June the 4th, Mr. Harrison failed ture Time-keepers will be liable to from Barbadoes, with the Timethe like difficulties in being brought keeper, on board the New Elizato perfection, since it is no difficult beth, Capt. Robert Manley, bound matter to keep a track once marked for London. July the 12th, Mr.
Harrison declared they were 50 The ship failed from Spithead, leagues to the westward of the LiMarch 28, and met with hard and zard; prefently after which they contrary gales, especially in the spoke with an outward-bound brig, Bay of Biscay, April 18, they made which proved to be sent from Lethe island of Porto Santo, North verpoole, and had yesterday taken East of Madeira, as set forth in the her departure from the Scillies (alfollowing certificate of the captain. ways allowed to be 20 leagues to
Madeira, April 19, 1764. the westward of the Lizard.) The “I do hereby certify, that yester- New Elizabeth, by the Log, found day, at four o'clock in the after- the run 53 leagues ; whereupon noon, Mr. William Harrison took Capt. Manley averred, that the two aliitudes of the sun, to ascertain Time-keeper had found the Lizard the difference of longitude, given much more exactly than the Brig's by the Time-keeper, from Portfo reckoning, though she had seen the mouth; according to which obser- Scillies but the evening before. vations, he declared to me, we were, Capt. Manley now made directly at that time, 43 miles to the east. for the Thames, and he and Mr. ward of Porto Santo. I then steered Harrison arrived in a boat at Surrya direct course for it, and at one Stairs, July the 18th, about half past o'clock this morning we saw the three in the afternoon ; when it island which exa&tly agreed with was found, upon comparing the the distance mentioned above. Time-keeper, with Mr. Short's clock, “Given under my hand, on board examined that day by the transit inhis majesty's ship the Tartar. ftrument, that allowing for the va
“ JOHN LINDSAY,” riations of the thermometer, as (peThey arrived at Barbadoes Mayiz. cified in Mr. Harrison's journal, the Mr. Harrison all along, in the voy- Time-keeper differed from the mean age, declared how far they were solár-time 15 feconds flow; but that dilant from that ifland, accordiog withoot allowing for such variations,
Remarkable Instance of the strange Effiets of OPIU M. THE people of Surat, who indulge guards in such a condition from the
themselves immoderately in the opium he knew it was their custom use of opium, pretend that ibis drug to take. " That, says the rajah, bas a strange paradoxical mixture of is a mistake,' and if there be any effects in its operation, causing at body here for whom thou hast no once a seeming heaviness of the concern, bid him pluck a flower as head, an apparent sleepiness of the foftly as he pleases out of any of eye, and yet an extraordinary watch their turbans." The governor infulness; in confirmation of which stantly ordered a person, who was they relate the following story : hear him, to do what the rajah had One of the governors of the town mentioned. The man obeyed; he receiving a visit from a Gentoo proceeded with the utmost cautin, Tajah his friend, at a garden with and approaching him who seemed out the city walls, they met with the most overcome with sleer, each their guards and attendants. snatched off the flower. The ra. As they were walking the governor jah's guard felt what was done, and took notice of the rajah's guards, without more ceremony, at one who were squatted down after their stroke 'cut off bis arm, and the rest manner, in an open guard-room, were instantly on their feet. Thus with their heads leaning on their the governor was convinced of their naked swords, and in appearance vigilance at the expence of a ser. either dozing or fast alleep. The vant, who, whether he was innogovernor observed with a smile to cent, or lo guilty as to deserve bethe rajah, that he had a very juft ing exposed to such a trial, was proopinion of his good faith, since he bably thought of no consequence would venture this interview with under that arbitrary government.
DEATH Arangely prevented... IN the history of Muscovy, pub- freeing himself from this sweet cap
lished by the ambassador Deme. tivity. A huge bear came to the trius, we read the memorable fortune same tree to eat the honey, of which of a country pealant. This man these beasts are very greedy, and de. seeking for honey, got into a hollow scending with his hinder parts foretree, where was such a plenty of it, most, the poor fellow catched hold that it sucked him up to the breast; of his loins ; the bear, terribly and being unable to get out, he had frighted, laboured with all his mighi lived two days upon honey only, and to get out, and so drew the peasant finding his voice could not be beard from his sweet prison, which utberin that solitary mood, despaired of wise had proved his grave.
Hiforical - Hiftorical A-NECDOTES..,"
"ignir 91!6 41 ni l'il 744 N the acceflion of James the abuse of Caledonian invective. His
First to the throne of Eng. infolence however was near proving land, the court fwarmed with whole fatal to him. The society of Gray's multitudes of beggarly nobility from Ind considered themselves as immethe neighbouring kingdom, who, diately concerned in for gross an because they were scotchmen, affront to one of their most respec: thought themselves fufficiently ens table members; and Mr. Hawley titled to treat the English in what. publickly threatened the life of his soever manner they pleased. The bare burtocked injurer, if he refused first act of insolence was committed to fight himis. This alarmed master on Sir Herbert Crofts, a member of majesty to the last degree, and being parliament, at the very first meeld terrified for the lifelof his favourite ing of that affembly after James's he fen't fori Mr. Hawley and the arrival in England: the day his ma: benchérs1 of: Gray's-Inn, and prea jesty opened the session, the commons vailed upon them toi accommodate being sent for, as usual, to attend in the difference without bloodthed.. the house of peers, the members : ln a little while after, however, crouded to hear what their new king another instance of Scottish opprerhad to say, and this occafioned fome fion and impudence obliged the king ķustle at the door. Sir Herbert to interpose in behalf of his scabby Crofts particularly pushing forward, and audacious, countrymen.--- One a Scorch rascal belonging to the Ramsey, a fellow, whom, like Max. guard, thrust him rudely back, and well, he had raised up from the dirt at the same time faid, Gude Mon of a bleak mountain to a peerage, Burgess, ye come not bere. Sir Her-' having some dispute at a horse race bert made a complaint to the house, with the Hon. Philip Herbert, brost but like some houfes of commons ther to the earl of Pembroke, Ramsi since, they took no notice of the fey made no more a-do, but basted: matter, and were afraid of offend him heartily with his whip, and even ing the court, if they proceeded to struck him several rimes across the the punishment of a Scotchman.. face, --Mr. Herbert, afraid of the
The next instance of Scottish au- king's resentment, never once rein. dacity was this:-Mr. Edward Haw. ' Gifted, and James, who was a paffi- ; Jey, a gentleman of the first emi- onate admirer 'of passive obedience, nence, belonging to Gray's-Inn, was so charmed with his behaviour, coming one day to court, and have that the next day he created him a ing, according to a very great knight, a baron, a viscount, and fashion then in vogue, a black ftring earl of Montgomery. in his ear, one Maxwell, a worthy Shortly after, 'another affair hap.) 1 Scot, who had been particularly fa- pened which alarmed the whole voured by the king, not liking his kingdom, and made every body look appearance, he went up in the very upon a Scotchman as a tyrant and prefence, and led. Mr. Hawley out a murderer. - Robert Creighton, by the string, loading him at the lord Sanquir, being an excellent same time with all the aukward Swordsman, had once a mind to.