426 Theophrastus's Cbara,

disgrace one Mr. Turner, a very eminent fencing-master, in bis profession, but in the attempt had one of his eyes thrust but* This young nobleman going afterwards toFrance, the king asked upon his appearance at court, how he had lost bis eye; Sanquir answered. With a sword; upon which the king further demanded—Diet the man live? This question funk so deep into the mind of this hot-headed lord, that upon his return to England, the firit thing be did was to pistol the unhappy Mr. Turner.—The nation was in an absolute fury, and James thought proper to deliver him up to justice, upon which he was tried in the king's bench, and executed before Westminster-Hall Gate, the 29th of

Ur *f a Sordid Miser. British May, 1613. —The king however abandoned Sanquir, rather out of resentment to that nobleman himself, than out of any regard to justice, or compliment to the English: for while he was in France, somebody saying in the presence of the French monarch, that James was a perfect Solomon, that prince severely replied, / heft be is not David the Fidler'j Son, alluding to the received opinion, that David Rizzio, the musician, was his father: Sanquir being present where this was said, and making no answer, James took a pique against him, and that induced him to let the laws take their proper course upon his murdering Mr. Turner.

Iht Charailer of a Sordid Miser, parapbraftically translated from the celebrated Theophrastus.

*T* HIS sort of avarice is a pajjion for saving money, •without any regard to common decency. A man of this temper, though his tenants pay him their rent duly every month, \Vill teaze them for the odd farthing that remained at their last reckoning. If he makes an entertainment, he knows to a single glass how much wine has been called for. When all the guests lay their respective offerings on Diana's altar, the goddess may easily discover which is his by the quantity. Whatever you buy for him, though you gave but half the value, he shakes his head at the sight of it; and is afraid you have betrayed your trust, and been too hard upon him. Every pot and pipkin, that is broken in the family, is deducted out of his servants wages. If his wife has loll but a little piece of brase money, the beds

are pulled down, the blankets shaken, the coffers removed, the whole furniture examined, and the house turned inside out. If he sells any thing, he takes particular care that the purchaser may be a loser by him. He indites the man that defrauds his garden of a single fig, wears out any part of his fields by crossing over them, or presumes to rob his orchard, even of a wind-fall, tho* it be but a pear or a plumb. He visits his grounds every day to fee if the fences are good; if the hedges stand in the fame place they did; or a strayed hen has laid au egg, or hatched a chicken underneath them. He exacts forbearance-money from his debtors for every minute beyond the payment, and heaps interest upon interest. When he entertains his friends, he multiplies into 4 dozen dishes what another would

Mag. Case of a Girl horn

serve up in one. When he is hungry, he goes to the cook's-slicp; but finding every thing too dear for him, returns to his house with as good an appetite as he left it; he is continually inculcating to his wife one precept, never to lend any thing; an end es a candle, fays he, an handful es fall or catmtal, a sprig of rosemary, and tbt like, amount to a great deal if money at the year'i end. His pockets are mouldy; his keys eaten up with

without a Texgul. 427 rust ; and his coat too short for him; a small phial of oil anoints him for life. He makes the barber shave him to the quick, that it may be the longer before he has occasion for him again; he takes off his shoes in the middle of the day, that they may not wear out too soon, and is very importunate with the Fuller, to put earth enough upon his coat, that it may never be spotted any more. >

CASE of a Girl born •without a Tongue, in 1718. From Southwell's Medical Essays, &c.

A/T De Juflieu informed the academy that he had seen at Lisbon a girl of about 15, who had been born without a tongue. He examined her very attentively. In the place of the tongue was a fleshy substance, which he sound was able to contract and dilate itself, of course it had all the muscles of the tongue. The places where the tongue should be, remained plump and full, as if the tongue had been in being. He examined afterwards how she performed the several functions of the tongue. First as to speech : fl;e pronounced several word* so distinctly, that had he not known she wanted the tongue,, he cculd not .discover by her speech that she wanted it. Sne, however, pronounced the letters C, F, G, L, N, K, S, T, X, Z, with more difficulty than the other consonants. When file pronounces them, (lie inclines her head forward, drawing back the chin as it were to the larinx, in order to raise it in a line wi-h her teeth.

The srej-n J 'unction of the tongue, the taste, (he had as exquisite as .my body. She told M. de jiifiru. that she found an agreeable taste in those

dry sweet-meats he had given her. 3dly. Mastication (he performed with difficulty. The above fleshy substance was not long enough to gather and keep the food under the teeth. She was here obliged to use the maxilla inferior, which through habit she could either approach or remove from under the superior, as she wanted to bring the morsel she would grind under the upper jaw. She sometimes uses her finger for the fame purpose. 4'hly. Deglutition must needs be difficult to herThe tongue naturally forms itself into a kind of a hollow, somewhat like a spoon, by which means it gathers every atom in the mouth, and protrudes them into the pharinx; but here nature and use from her infancy have in some measure supplied this want of a tongue. The muscles attached to the above fleshy substance raise themselves up, forming at the (ame time a kind of rimSj which in some fort acting the part ofatongi"-, protrude the aliments, into the pharinx, she observing to incline her-litad forward, which facilitates- their descent. Those, together with the.laliul muscles, help


4?«; ^- .Description ^Turks'. Island. BritilS

Her by their contraction to spit out There was this difference, the root

wliatfls in her mouth.1 r1 of the boy's tongue was bifurcated,

TVs!1 Roland, surgeon at Saumur, and pretty apparent, whereas the

has a cafe pretty nearly the fame. A root of the above girl's was round;

Boy, nine years old, lost his tongue and small. This boy also could

by a'mortification that ensued an speak, and perform the other func

ulcer he had after the small pox. tions of the tongue, like this girl.

Description of Tu R K s Isl And, lately st'iTud by the French.

'T'Urks Island, otherwise called paces of the sea;. and near the west Salt Tortuga, (so named, says end of the Ifland, on the south fide, Dampier, to distinguish it from the is a small harbour with a lirtle Dry-Tortugas near Cape Florida,, stream of fresh water. This end of and likewise from another Isle of the the Island is also full of low shrubbey same name near Hispaniola) is pretty trees, but the east-end is destitute large, but uninhabited, and abounds of any production of that kind, bein fa! t. It lies in latitude 10 de^. ing quite rocky and barren, and 55 min. north, being about 14 yielding nothing but a coarse fort of leagues distant from the north west grafs. There are some goats on the of Margarita, and 17 or 18 from Island, though not in great nnmCape Blanco on the Spanish main. bers. The turtle, or tortoise, of It is reckoned among the Antilles which there is such plenty here tint Islands. The east end of Tortuga they have given nsme to the Isle, is rugged, and full of naked, broken' come up the sandy bays, where they rocks, which stretch out to some bury their eggs on the (hire, leavdistance into the sea. But at the ing them to be hatched afterwards south-east part is a pretty good road by the heat of the fun. These likefbr shipping, which is much fre- wife employ some vessels yearly in* cjuented in peaceable times, parti- the catching, which come thither cularly about the months of May, fiom the Bermudas and other places. June, July, and August, by vessels Dampier fays, that there is no good that go thither to lade wiih salt, riding; for shipping any where round For the better accommodation of the Island, excepting in the road these vessels, at the east-end is a near the Salt Pond, or in the small large salt pond, within two hundred harbour above mentioned.


T)Hilip the Second, walking one day alone in the cloifiers of the convent of the Escurial, an honest tradesman, seeing the door open, went in. Transported with admiration at the fine paintings with which that house is adorned, he ad

dressed himself to the king, whoirf he took for one of the servants of the convent, and desired him to sliew him the paintings,and explain the subjects of them. Philip, «hhf all the humility and conde-scensi«rf of a jay. brother, conductsd I.ini ilir;ju -a Anecdote t/ Casimir II. King cf Poland

Mag. Antcdoti ^Casimir

through the apartments, and gave him all the satisfaction he could desire. At parting, the stranger took him by the hand, and squeezing it affectionately, said, " I am much obliged to you, friend: [ live at St. Martin's, and my name is Michael Bombis: If you should chance to

II. 'King cf Poland. - 329

come my way, and call upon me, you will find a glass of good wine at your service." "And my name, said the pretended servant, is Philip the Second, and if you will call upon me at Madrid, I will give you a glass of as good."

Description os TRAJA

AGreeable to our promise in a former number, we have presented our readers with another view taken from the city of Rome, exhibiting the magnificent pillar erected by the emperor Trajan. The description of this noble monument, of antiquity is as follows:

The Columna Trajanais an hundred and twenty foot high, besides the pedestal, which is twelve: It is composed of twenty-four entire pieces of while marble, hollow within, and set one upon another, with little windows to let in the light, and .is ascended up an hundred and twenty-three steps. It is adorned with bas-reliefs, ascending in a spiral line from the base to the chapiter, representing the wars and memorable actions of this prince; and .served also as a mausoleum for his

N's PILLAR at Rome.

ashes, which were placed in a golden, urn on the top of it, for Trajan never lived to fee tbis pillar, dying of the flux as he returned from his Parthian ex-pedition. The statue of St. Peter of brass gilt, was afterwards placed on the top of this pillar in "the room of the urn by pope Sixtus V. The pedestal, which was buried in the ground, was laid open again by pope Paul III. on which is the following inscription; IMP. CAESARI DIVI NERVAE F. NERVAE TRAIANO AVGVSTO GERMANICO DACICO PONT. MAXIMO TR1B. POT. XVII. IMP. VI. COS. VI. P. P. ADDECLARANDVM QVANTAE ALTITVDINIS MONS ET LOCVS TANT1S OPERIBVS SIT EGESTVS." '''

.TTT'Hile Casimir was prince of »* * Sandomir, he won at play all


»he money of one of his nobility, who, incensed at his ill fortune, struck the prince a blow on the ear, in the heat of passion. He fled immediately from justice; but being pursed and overtaken, he was condemned to lose his head; but the generous Calimir determined otherwise. "I am not surprised, said he, 4lI"J. «76,4

at the gentleman's conduct; for not having it in his power to revenge himself on fortune, no wonder he should attack her favourite." After which he revoked the sentence, returned the nobleman his money, and declared that he alone was faulty, as he encouraged by his example a pernicious practice, that might terminate in the ruin of hundred* of

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rilSTORY */ CLERIMONT end ARABELLA. Te lit jfutbors us the British Magazine.


I believe there is no subject more pleasing to the female part of your readers, than that of /w, tliey being generally more susceptible of that passion than the men; and as I apprehend your Magazine is calculated for the entertainment of the fair, as well as for the instruction of the men, I flatter myself the following little history will meet with your approbation, and not prove disagreeable to them. Tho' it may carry the appearance of a novel, I will venture to assure you there is no incident through the whole, but what is truth. By inserting it you will greatly oblige, Gentlemen, Your's, Sec.

Lincoln, Augujl It), 1764. S. W.

/T* H E first impressions that love makes on us are the strongest, nor- can they be removed by the commands of parents, interest, or prudence: how unhappy then are those ladies, who, for the alliance of families, titles, or private view?, are torn from the arms of those they Jove, toi be married by mercenary fathers to those they can scarce endure. Clerimonr, a gentleman of fortune, loved a lady, beautiful, young, and rich. The lady had an equal passion for Clerimont; their lovea seemed so much the more happy, because it was approved of by their parents, who designed to marry them. Arabella, for such was the lady's name, looked on Clerimont as her husband, and gave herself therefore a liberty to indulge a passion which she thought it her duty to increase: Clerimont was as fond of his Arabella, and flattered himself with the greatest happiness, in living with a woman whose love was mutual. While the writings for the marriage were drawing, the «oung lady went to one of the theatres to fee a favourite play; in the middle of the first act, Clranthes, a

young nobleman of the first rank, came into the fame box where Arabella fat; her mien, her charms, and her wit, raised in him a sudden passion he knew not how to account for: he gaz'd, he sigh'd, he lov'd. When the play was over, he conducted her through the crowd to her chair, and was agreeably surprized when he saw her servant, to find it the livery of a gentleman he was very well acquainted with. The next morning he waited on Arabella's father, and enquired after his new charmer; and as soon as he beard it was his daughter, he nude proposals of marrying of her. The old gentleman, when he had recovered from his surprize, and found the young nobleman serious in his demand, thought the match too advantageous not to be made up as soon as possible. They agreed to have her jointure fettled that afternoon, the writings signed, and the marriage consummated the next morning. Clean thes would fiiin have seen the lady; but her father said it was not so proper, 'till he hsd acquainted her with his intentions. Cleantbes hurried to his lawyer to


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