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COMPENDIOUS HISTORY OF FRANCE. Continued. 1
Reaties made by force, or with abandoned their camp and their I no just intention, seldom fub. baggage, and dispersed to their refift long. Richard had prevailed spedive homes. There followed upon the emperor, and the most upon this a negotiation, which came considerable princes in Germany, to to nothing, because Philip insisted threaten Philip with an invasion, if upon an indemnity for those who he did not surrender all the places had taken arms against Richard, to he had taken. Upon which the which he would not confent. Philip king, confidering this as a declara- being again in the field, the Engtion of war, invaded Normandy, lish monarch laboured all that was and besieged Verneuil; and, as soon in his power to bring him to a batas he had the news, Richard passed tle ; and, at length, finding him with an army, and a fleet of 'upé in the neighbourhood of Vendosme, wards of a hundred fail, from Engá encamped fo near that it could not land, and debarked at Barfleur, well be avoided, Philip made use of from whence he marched with great an artifice, which failed him : be rapidity to give Philip battle. His fent a meffage to Richard, that, if he brother John, who saw himself now remained on the same ground, he at his mercy, resolved, if he could, would give him battle; to which to recover his favour, and if pofli. the king of England returned for ble his confidence. The method answer, that he would find him he took was singular, as well as per ready, and that if he failed he would fidious." He invited the French come the next day and attack him. officers at Evreux to an entertain- The design of the king of France ment, and, when they had drank was to retire, which Richard peneplentifully, caused them to be cut trated, and began to advance as soon to pieces, to the number of three as the messenger returned, attacked hundred, and placed their heads and routed the army on their march, upon stakes along the wall; which and took the French chancery which so far had its effect, as it convinced then attended the king; so that, by the king his brother that a recon- this unlucky accident, all the titles ciliation would never be in his of the crown fell into the possession power. Philip no sooner received of Richard, to the irreparable loss of this news, than, leaving his camp the French nation. Philip, not. in the night with a choice body of withstanding, made an irruption, troops, he marched with such expe- not long after, into Normandy, with dition, that he ealily surprized Ev- success; and though the pope's lereux, put all the English he found gate made great efforts to briog to the sword, with most of the in- about a treaty, yet they produced habitants, and burnt the place to only a truce, which lasted but a little the ground. His 'revenge cost him time, which was owing to a chimerivery dear: his army, not being in cal project of the emperor, who, the secret of the expedition, finding with the affiftance of king Richard, the king gone, and having intelli- proposed to render the realm of gence that Richard was very near, France a fief of the empire. Upon September, 1764.
this Richard recommenced hoftili. his alliance, by suggesting that it ties, which were now carried on with was the only way to recover the rich unusual fury on both sides. In a country of Artois, which, in virtue little time, however, both kings per- of bis fiul, marriage, Philip had reInceived that watting their annexed to the crown. By the fe
95. country, and destroying their treaties, and by receiving all who people, must necessarily turn to their were aggrieved, or thought themmutual loss, without rendering either selves aggrieved, by Philip, he caufof them great ; and, therefore, in ed him to be attacked on every aide, the month of November, they con- and brought him into, very great cluded a truce, and the next year, a difficulties. Pbilip, however, brought decilive peace, upon equal terms; himself into greater ; for, giving a
by which the princess Alice recover- loqle to his relentment, and relying ·ed her liberty; and fuon after upour upon that good fortune abich his
ed the count of Ponthieu, afier be therto had attended him in his exing the source of so much discord ploits, he exposed himself, like a and bloodshed between the two na- young man, without any cobfideraLions.
erin. tion of the pumbers he attacked, or The peace of Louviers, as it was was antacked by ; which, tbough called, from the place where it was not fatal to himself, proved exceede made, seemed to promise a lasting ingly fo to the best of his troops, tranquility to the dominions, of ibe, and, 19 the nobility most attached 10 two kings; notwithĞtanding which his person, Hearing hat Arras it was broke in fix months. Philip was besieged by the count of Flandpretended to take offence at king ecs, he turned his whole forces on Richard's having cilpoflified one of that fide, and natched against him his vaffals, and razed his foruress; with a very numerous army. The and, without making any applica-. count, knowing his inferiority, raistion for redress, renewed the war byed the fiege, and retired : the king, besieging Aumale. Richard was hurried by his pasions, followed him very soon in the field, and hottilities till he found himself so entangled in were carried on for some time with a country full of marshes, dykes, a variety of success. The English and inclosures, that he was unable monarch, whom experience had to advance, or to procure provisions taught caution, and his frequent for his army. In these circumstances mistakes address, managed his af- he was constrained to treat with the fairs at this time in a way very dif- count, and, by fair promises, proferent from what he had hitherto cured his leave to retire. Upon this done. He detached the count of Paldwin became a mediator between 'Thoulouse from the party of king the two kings, and laboured aslidaPhilip, by giving him his fifter Joan oully to make peace. His good inin marriage, the widow of William, tention was not followed by the fucking of Sicily; he brought over the cels that he expected, and all that Bretons to his interest, by infinuat- it produced was a truce for a year, ing to the young duke Arthur, or when the war broke cut again wish rather to his ministers, that he might greater fury than ever, till at length render hiin his fucceffor; and he pope Innocent the third interposing, engaged Baldwin earl of Flanders in the two kings consented to a truce
time says was but ill received in Flanders, who charged him with France, where they were by no breaking his word, had deserted him, means edified with the pontiff's in. and taken part with the king of termeddling in their affairs in such a England. At length the old queen manner, and more especially by dowager devised an expedient, which pretending to regulate the succes- proved satisfactory to Philip. She fion.
proposed, that his son and heir-apOn the death of his brother, John parent Lewis should espouse Blanch, mounted the throne of England, the daughter of Alonso, king of and took poffeffion likewise of his Caftile, and the niece of king John; French dominions, in prejudice to who, in case he died without heirs, his nephew Arthur, who, at the be. was to entail the succession to his ginning, however, claimed only An- estates in France on the issue of that jou, Maine, and Touraine.' The marriage, and in the mean time was old queen dowager Eleanor was still to make a ceffion of the county of living; and, by doing homage for Evreux in Normandy, with the Vexin Guienne, prevented that country and other territories, the rights of from becoming the seat of war. She which had been long contested, to fided with her son against her grand- the king. These terms once acceptson, out of pique to his mother ed, the old queen went into Constance, who was, like herself, a Spain to fetch the princefs, 1200. princess of very high spirit. Philip, who was to be the feal of this treaty; under colour of protecting Arthur, and the marriage being celebrated in invaded Normandy, which John came Normandy, Arthur, whose cause was in person to defend; however, from in some measure abandoned, did the fickleness of his nature, he grew homage to his uncle for the duchy desirous of making peace at any rate; of Bretagne : and thus for the preand Philip no sooner perceived this, sent, not without a great mixture of than he fet accommodation at too injustice, tranquility was reitored. high a price even for John to pur
(To be coniinued.] chase, notwithstanding the count of
To the Authors of the BRITISH MAGAZINE, GENTLEMEN, I have taken the liberty to transmit you the following translation of the
Origin of the Salic Law, extracted from the Abbe Velly's History of France, lately published. . As it is curious, and traces the origia of that famous law, so well known in this kingdom by the bloody disputes it occasioned between the crowns of England and France, in a more clear and distinct manner, than I ever remember to have met with before, I flatter myself it will not prove unacceptable to your readers. I am your's, &c.
Honorius reigned in the west, and Rhine, under Pharamond, and pil
Theodofius the Younger in the laged the city of Treves. It was caft, when the Franks crossed the about the year 420, when, being
lifted up on a shield, he was shewn and the preservation of peace and to the whole army, and acknowledg- unity among the several members ed the nation's chief. This was all of the state. Of the seventy.one the inauguration of our ancient articles which it contains, only one kings.
relates to inheritances, and the words To Pharamond is generally at- are, In the Salic Lands no part of the tributed the institution of the fa- inheritance is to go to Females : it bemous law called the Salic, either longs wholly and solely to the Males. from the surname of the prince who It appears that all we have of this published it, or Salogast's name who law is an extract from a larger code; moved it, or from the word Salic. and this is proved by citations from bame, the place where the heads of the Salic Law itself, and certain forms the nation met to digest it. Others which are not found in our remains will have it to be so pamed, as hav- of that celebrated ordinance. The ing been made for the falic lands. fagacious glossographer Ducange These were noble fiefs which our first speaks of two sorts of Salic laws, kings used to bestow on the Salians, one subsisting in the times of pagathat is, the great lords of their Sale. nism, and composed by Wisogast, Boor court, without any other tenure fogaft, Salogaft, and Woldogast, the than military service : and for this four chiefs of the nation the other, a reason, such fiefs were not to descend correction of the former, by Christian to women, as by nature unfit for princes, in that published by Du such a tenure. Some, again, derive Tillet, Pithou, Lindembrock, and the origin of this word from the the great lawyer Bignon, who has Salians, a tribe of Franks that fettled added very learned and judicious in Gaul in the reign of Julian, who notes. Du Haillon, but on grounds is said to have given them lands on known only to himself, boldly avers condition of their personal service in it to be merely a contrivance of war. He even passed the conditions Philip the Tall, to exclude from the into a law, which the new con- throne Joan of France, daughter of querors acquiefced in, and called it Lewis X. He must surely have forSalic, from the name of their former gotten how minutely that question countrymen.
was discussed in an assembly of the This law is commonly thought to grandees of the realm, when they concern only the succession to the unanimously adjudged the crown to crown, or the Salian lands; but this Philip, to the exclusion of that is a two-fold mistake. It was not princess ; lo persuaded were they of instituted for the disposal of the ths existence of a Salic law, and that crown, nor purely for settling the the kingdom of France was Şalic rights of private persons to feudal land. Soon after arose a like conlands; it is a collection of ordi- teit, and the decision was the same, pances for all articles. It prescribes The right of Edward Ill. king of punishments for theft, for setting England, did not appear better places on fire, for sorcery, and acts founded than that of princess Joan, of violence; it lays down political a daughter of France. Philip earl of rules for behaviour, for public go. Valois was generally acknowledged vernment, methods of procedure, the legal fucceffor of Charles the