ven be like that of Agur, "Give ful, left the current of prosperity me neither poverty nor riches.” De- fhould carry our little barks into livered from the difficulties and hard.. the eddies of pleasure, and they be Tips of the one, and unembarraffed swallowed up by the whirlpools of with the incumbrances and perplexi- vice, or beaten to pieces on the rocks ties of the other, thou wilt live in com- of despair. The merchant, animatfort and satisfaction, and thy days willed with the hopes of riches, traglide on in a pleasing ferenity. Never verses the burning lands of the Araimagine temporal things to be perma- bian wastes, to fetch the choice nent, let thioe own' mind limit their productions of the east; but what duration. Vicillitudes unexpected are all the golden treasures of Indormay turn back the wheels of profpes tan, the pearls of Ormus, or the rity; and changes sudden as the diamonds of Golconda, when comwhirlwinds of the desert, destroy all pared with the permanent riches thy pleasing hopes of a long conti- which crown the toils and suffernued succession of delights. Place ings of a christian? What person, not, therefore, thy felicity on fleet- therefore, would neglect such gloing objects, nor stretch out thine rious prospects, because a few bois hands to grasp at shadows. Build terous winds and adverse blasts may not thy joys on an aerial foundation, attend his passage ; surely he is unnor place thy hopes on the phan- deserving of such glorious treasures, toms of a waking dream. Prepare who is afraid to hazard a few mofor misfortunes, and keep thyself al. mentary and perishing, trifles, for ways ready to war with adversity, joys of such intrinsic value and'eterEvery thing in nature may be justly nal duration. Pursue now, my son, considered as an instructive lesson of thy journey in peace ; and, when by our own mortality, Life has its the favour of the Almighty thou haft Spring, its lummer, its autumn, and reached the iand of thy nativity, and its winter. Maný find a passage fittelt at ease in the habitation of from the first to the grave; but thy fathers, engrave these precepts those who survive both the summer on the table of thy memory, and and the autumn, must inevitably make them the constant subject of fall beneath the chilling blafs of thy thoughts ; for then shalt thou winter; and the frozen band of securely fread the paths of virtue, death will open for them the dreary and desire, rather than fear, the apportals of the tomb. Remember, proach of the king of terrors. Thou my son, we are all bound on a voyó halt smile at inisfortunes, and unage to eternity, and that the pass der the weighty hand of adversity, fage is difficult and full of dangers; remember with pleasure the aged let us therefore be remarkably care- inhabitant of Lebanon.

To the Authors of the BRITISH MAGAZINE.

An obscure Passage in Milton explained. Gentlemen, A Mong the few over-sights charg- ed out as extremely absurd, as well

ed on the author of Paradise as contrary to syntax. That the Loft, the following has been point- reader may form a true judgment of sweet, British the matter, I will transcribe the error of the press, than a blunder whole sentence. It is in the second or inadvertency of the author. To. book, in that beautiful episode of prove what I afert, let the words not Sin and Death, when Satan first and nought change places, alter approaches them :

the pointing, and the sentence is, in

my opinion, not only very clear, but Satan was now at hand, and from his

even the superiority of the Deity feat

[fait The monster moving, onward came as

fully acknowledged: With horrid strides : hell trembled as he strode.


Th’undaunted fiend what this might be, Th’undaunted fiend whate his might be, ad


. [cepto Admir'd, not fear'd; God and his Son

Admii'd, nought fear'd, God and his son exexcepti

wes Created thing not valued he nor shunnid. Created thing nought valued he, nor shunn di

I do not remember to have seen I believe it is needless to say that this passage thus explained. If I the latter part is the subject of this am fingular herein, I am far from cavil. The commentators (I think, obtruding my opinion as entirely all of them) say, that Milton has right : 1 only mean to ask the adjoined God and his son lo insepara- mirers of that great writer, Whether bly with created beings, that the it be not confiftent with common sense is robbed of its perspicuity. good manners, as well as the reveAddison seems clearly of this opi. rence we owe his memory, to trace a nion. for he begins his quotation thousand channels for errors which with

have crept into this divine poem,

rather than precipitately to charge God and his Son except, &c.

them on the negligence or want of Now what I would insinuate is,

judgment of the author ? that I mould rather think this an

I am, Your's, &c.

[ocr errors]

It was referred to the committee under the surface shall not appear of chemistry, with orders to make through it. what experiments should seem to It is of no great confequence to them requifite, to determine a point the farmer, or labourer, by what fo necessary to the welfare of mum- quality in the clay this falutary bers ; as many diseases are known change is effected, if they enjoy the to take their rise from putrid water. benefit arising from it.

I shall not take upon me to relate If I may venture my opinion, I the judicious steps taken by the com- think, the clay acts only as a submittee in this matter, not having stance of exceeding small particles, attended their meetings. I Mall which being diffused through the only, in general, inform you, that minute interstices between the par. the whole was confirmed by the re- ticles, of water, adhere, by their port of the committee.

chamminess, to every animal or Here is then a very easy means vegetable substance they meet with, whereby every cottager has it in his and carry them to the bottom. power constantly to use sweet aod I shall not enter here into the wholesome water.

great naval purpofes to which this It is no more than mixing with discovery may be applied, leaving water a quantity of common clay, that to the Author himself, or to fufficient to take off its transparen-, fome better pen. cy, so far as that the hand held just

I am, your’s, &e.

Account of a remarkable Decrease of the River EDEN in Cumberland.

[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

IN the night between the twenty- night, there being then sufficient

eighth and twenty-ninth of De- water to work the mill. He went to cember last, the river Eden, at Ar- the mill the next morning at fix, and mathwaite, fell at least two feet per- there was not then water enough to pendicular. The decrease of the turn the wheel round. It hath not water was so sudden, that several been known, that the river Eden trouts and young lampreys had not was ever so low at this place, by a time to save themselves, but were foot, in the dryeft fummer. The found the next morning frozen to water continued in this state till death. Of the former eye-witnesses about eleven o'clock in the morna. can speak to fifteen, of the latter two ing of the 29th, and then gradually hundred, all which were found in increased (no rain or snow falling) the extent of no more than forty till about one in the afternoon, by yards. And several dozens of young which time it had risen about a foot lampreys were easily taken up alive, perpendicular. by the hand, in the shallows. The fuddenness of the water's decrease N. B. The trouts in general were may be so far ascertained, as follows: small, the lampreys about ten inches The miller of Armathwaite-mill left or a foot long. off grinding at twelve o'clock that

[ocr errors]

An Account of the Success of the Bark of the Willow in the Cure of Agues. In a

Letter to the Right Honourable George Earl of Macclesfield, President of R. S. from the Rev. Mr. Edmund Stone, of Chipping-Norton in Oxfordshire. - From the Philofophical Transactions.

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

the fits were considerably abated, means he not only negle&ed his but did not entirely cease. Not per powders, but, meeting with bad ceiving the least ill-consequences, I weather, renewed his disemper. grew bolder with it, and in a few One fifth part was the largest and days encreased the dose to two scruindeed the only proportion of the ples, and the ague was soon re- quinquina made use of in this commoved,

position, and this only upon extraIt was then given to several others ordinary occasions : the patient was with the same success; but I found never prepared, either by vomiting, it better answered the intention, bleeding, purging, or any medicines when a dram of it was taken every of a similar intention, for the recepfour hours in the intervals of the tion of this bark, but he entered paroxysms.

upon it abruptly and immediately, I have continued to use it as a re- and it was always given in powders, medy for agues and intermitting dis- with any common vehicle, as water, orders for five years successively and tea, fmall-beer, and fuch like. This fuccefsfully. It hath been given I was done purely to ascertain its efbelieve to fifty persons, and never fects; and that I might be assured failed in the cure, except in a few the changes wrought in the patient autumnal and quartan agues, with could not be attributed to any other which the patients had been long thing: though, had there been a and reverely amiated ; these it re- due preparation, the most obftinate duced in a great degree, but did not intermittents would probably have wholly take them off; the patient, yielded to this bark without any at the ufual time for the return of foreign affistance : and, by all I his fit, felt some so:attering of his can judge from five years experience difttmper, which the inceffant repe- of it upon a number of persons, it tition of these powders could not appears to be a powerful absorbent, conquer : it seemed as if their power astringent, and febrifuge in intercould reach thus far and no farther, mitting cases, of the same nature and I did suppose that it would not and kind with the Peruvian bark, have long continued to reach so far, and to have all its properties, tho' and that the distemper would have perhaps not always in the same defoon returned with its pristine vio- gree. It seems likewise to have lence ; but I did not stay to see the this additional quality, viz. to be a issue: I added one fifth part of the safe medicine ; for I never could Peruvian bark to it, and with this perceive the least ill effect from it, small auxiliary it totally routed its though it had been always given adversary. It was found necessary without any preparation of the palikewise, in one or two obstinate tient. cales, at other times of the year, to The tree, from which this bark is mix the same quantity of that bark taken, is filed by Ray, in his Sywith it ; but there were cases where nopfis, Salix alba vulgaris, the the patient went abroad imprudent- common white Willow. Hæc omly, and caught cold, as a post-chaise nium nobis cognitarum maxima eft, boy did, who, being almost recovered et in falis crassam et proceram Arfrom an inveterate tertian ague, borem adolefcit. would follow his business, by which · It is called in these parts, by the


« 前へ次へ »