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484 AntcJi.i os the Sijhopi
common people, the willow, and sometimes the Dutch willow; but if it be of a foreign extraction, it hath been so long naturalized to this climate, that it thrives as well in it as if it was in its original foil. It is easily distinguished by the notable bitterness and the free running of its bark, which may be readily separated from it all the summer months whilst the sap is up. J took it from the shoots of three or four years growth, that sprung from Pollard trees, the diameters of which (hoots, at their biggest end, were from one to four or five inches: it is possible, and indeed not improbable, that this cortex, taken from larger or older shoots, or from the trunk of ,the tree itself, may be stronger ; but ] have -not had time nor opportunities to make the experiments, which ought to be made upon it. The bark I had, was gathered in the northern parts of Oxfordshire, which are chiefly of dry and gravelly nature, affording few moist or moory places for this tree to grow in; and, therefore, I suspect that its bark is not so good here as in some other parts of the kingdom. .Few vegetables are equal in every place; all have their peculiar soils, where they arrive to a greater perfection than in any other place: the best and strongest mustard feed is gathered in the county of Durham; ths finest saffron flowers are produced in some particular spots of Essex and Cambridgfshire; the best cyder-apples grow in Herefordshire, Devonshire,
Hoadley and Sherlock. British
and the adjacent counties; the roots of valerian are esteemed most medicinil, which are dug up in Oxfordshire and Gloucestershire; and theresore why may not the Corte* Salignus, or Cortex Angliranus, have in favourite foil, where it may tlourilli most, and attain to its highest perfection? It is very probable that it hath ; and perhaps it may be in the fens of Lincolnsliire, Cambridptsliire, Etsex, Kent, or some such lite situations j end though the bark, which grew in the county of Oxford, may seem in some particular cases to be a little inferior to the quinquina, yet, in other places it may equal, if not exceed it.
The powders made from this bark are at first of a light brown, tinged with a dusky yellow, and the longer they are kepr, the more they incline to a cinnamon or lateritious colour, which I believe is the cafe with the Peruvian bark and powders.
I have no other motives for publishing this valuable specific, than that it may have a fair anil full trial in all its variety of circumstances and situations, and that the world may reap the benefits accruing from ir. For these purposes I have given this lon^ and minute account of It, and which I would not have troubled your lordsliip with, was I not fully persuaded of the wonderful efficacy of this Cortex Salignus in and intermitting cases, and did I not think, that this persuasion was sufficiently supported by the manifold exptiience which I have had of it.
ANECDOTE ef the &Jk>jn Hoadley and Sherlock.
THF. bishops Hoadley and Sher- both of the fame year, »nd pus* lock were both of Catherine- of Mr. Bower, a learned Scotch^3"
Hall Cambridge, and, as I believe, When they were Freemen, M
Mag. Short Description cf the
were called to lectures in Tully's Offices. One day Hoadley performed so well, as to rective a compliment from his tutor. As they were coming away from the tutor's chamber, Sherlock, who was probably a little nettled, called out, "Ben, you have made good use of L'Estrange's tranlltaion's to-day." "No, Tom, replied Hoadley, I have it not; and 1 forgot to fend the bed-maker
Pyramids of Egypt. 485 to borrow your's, which I am told, is the only one in college." So early did the emulation between these two great men commence. This circumstance was well remembered by a moll worthy country clergyman, deceased a few years ago, who was of the fame college, and the fame standing with these illustrious prelates, and hath often told the story to the writer of this anecdote.
A Short Description of the Pyramids S/eoypt.
t~Ty H E pyramids of Egypt are reputed the most magnificent, as well as most ancient buildings in the world; and are still entire within, tho* greatly damaged on the outside. They are situated on the west side of the Nile almost opposite to Grand Cairo, near the side of the ancient Memphis. One of these pyramids, which is considerably large than the rest, and has suffered the least by time and weather, it situated at the top of a sandy rock in the desart of Lybia, and covers upwards of ten acres of ground with its base, each side of which is 682 feet. Its height is 624 feet, and its top is a square, whose sides are each of them 16 feet long, and yet composed but of five stones.
The plate annexed exhibits a view of the three principal pyramids; but there are several others dispersed
about theLybian desart, all of them, however, inferior in bulk to the former.
There are various conjectures concerning the time when, and the persons by whom they were built, and the occasion of erecting them; but none os these points, as well as whether they wer» designed for temples, sepulchral monuments, or built for astronomical observations, can at this time be determined with any degree of certainty.
It is needless to enter into a more particular description of these curious and amazing structures, as we imagine most of our readers have seen the minute descriptions given by Dr. Pococke, Mr. Salmon, and other travellers who have visited them.
In their neighbourhod is the famous Sphynx labyrinth, and subterraneous catacombs.
An Account of the Samoieds, a People of Siberia, from Isbrand Ided the Russian Ambassador to China.
rT,HESE people inhabit the icy coast of the province of Siberia, and can pretend to little more of humanity than the external shape. September 1764.
They have a very small stiare of un derltanding, and in some things resemble wolves and dogs; for they seed on all manner of dead carcasses 3 R of death; such a3 horses, asses, dogs, and cats; besides whales, sea-cows, sea-calves, &c. which are forced upon the shore by the ice: and these they never trouble their heads about dressing, but eat them all raw. Notwithstanding which, they inhabit a country which abounds with wild game, fish and flesh; but they are top lazy to be at the trouble of providing themselves with them. They have a fort of governors among them, to whom they pay tribute, who are answerable for it to the Kussian government.
^g6 Account os the Samoeids, &c. British
of animals that have died a natural together at the top, and cover them
They are shocking, disagreeable, ill-looked people, who dress much in the fame manner as the Laplanders, in skins, with the hairy side outermost. Their stature is short and squat; they have broad shoulders and faces, flat and broad noses, great blubber hanging lips, with frightful eyes like those of the lynx; their skins are brown all over, with rugged, dishevelled hair, generally as black as pitch, though here and there one has it of a red or light colour: they travel in sledges like the Laplanders, but they are of a different make: they are likewise drawn by deer with horns like a roebuck, and crooked hanging necks like a camel: in winter these animals ate as white as snows and in the summer they are grey} some call them rein-deer, but by the descriptions they are unlike in several particulars; however, they feed upon the moss which grows on the ground jn the.woods.
The hufs or tents of the Samoieds are covered with pieces of birchbark sewed t^cether, and when they Remove, as they frequently do, in all seasons of the year, they set up poles in a circle with the small ends
with bark, leaving a hole at the top for the passage of the smoke; they make the fire in the middle of the hut, round which they lie at nights, both men and women, quite naked; they lay their children in a sort of boxes, which serve for cradles, in which they lay the soft shavings of Wood.
They have little or no regard to consanguinity in their marriages, and, like other barbarous nations, are never contented with one wife. At their merry-makings, instead of singing they make a howling noise, in which they seem to imitate the cries of different kinds of beasts. However, they have some cunning fellows among them, who, by their juggling tricks, impose upon the rest. These, by ignorant or designing travellers, have been said to be very familiar with the devil, who enables them to play a thousand different pranks. But this is now no more believed than that the Laplanders are able to fell winds; a circumstance which has been seriously related by some of our sailors.
The resemblance between these different people-is so great, that it is no wonder their religion should be much the same; for they seem to pay a sort of adoration to the sun and moon, and bo* their bodies to it night and morning. They have likewise idols which hang on trees, and hum3n figures in wood, to which they shew some respect. There have been some attempts to civilize these people as well as the Laplanders, but they are so wedded to their old customs, and are so hard to be taught, that it is no easy matter to make them thorough converts to Christianity.