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And here we cannot help taking favour the bishop's opinion, that the notice of a mistake of the bishop animals of America are almost all of Bergen, who, in his Natural Hif different from those of Europe, tory of Norway, speaking of the Afia, and Africa. Laplanders, fays, the extremes of Another argument to prove that . heat and cold occasion the dark co- they all proceeded from one comlour of the skin. Hence it is plain, mon stock, might be taken from that he never considered the inha- some peculiarities belonging to these bitants of America, who are all of a Indians, for they have all coarse copper colour from one end of Ame- black hair, and no beards; besides, rica to the other, except the Eski- they have no hair on their breasts, meaux, we mean the native In- under their arm-pits, or on any dians, not those who are del- other parts of their bodies. We cended from a mixture of Euro- know the old story of the women peans with the original inhabitants. being employed to pluck the men's This we can affirm, partly from our beards, &c. up by the roots, which own experience, and partly from the has been handed from one author to concurring testimony of all voy- another, time out of mind; but this agers. Some have thought this pe- may be refuted by experience ; for culiar complexion owing to the air; tho' the Turks, both men and which cannot be true ; for, upon women, use a cauftic composition to examining some, who had been take off the hairs, yet it does not cloathed from their infancy, we prevent its growing again, and they found them to be the colour of are forced to repeat it as often as bright red copper Indians, who it repullulates. However, the latest have little or no clothes, have a and most sensible travellers all agree custom of daubing themselves all that this is nothing but a mere fic. over with grease, which gives them tion; as we likewife affirm from our a dusky hue, and has occasioned examination and experience. Hence some to say they were of an olive it is evident, that the climate complexion ; but this however is, only is not the cause of the pecunot natural. These Indians seem liar complexion of any people whatall to be descended from the same ever. Besides, every one may obparents; but whether they came ferve, that blacks will be blacks, let here soon after the flood, as Char- them live in what country they will, levoix thinks, or before it, as the and that the descendants of the ne. bishop of Clogher believes, we can- groes from Africa will have woolly not pretend to determine; though beads, tho' they are born in the very there is one thing which seems to middle of a temperate zone.
To the Authors of the British Magazine. GENTLEMEN, IN an excursion I lately made to ment near the altar of their church,
the Isle of Wight, during my they found a stone-arch, opon openThort stay at Newport, I was there ing of which, there appeared a cof. informed, that some years since, fin, with a plate bearing the followhaving occasion to repair the pave. inginfcription: ELIZABETH STUART.
3 R z
To the Authors of the BRITISH MAGAZINE. GENTLEMEN, The following letter was written by the famous Voltaire to Mr. Elie de
Beaumont, upon his publishing a juftly admired Memoir, in favour of the widow and children of Calas. The generosity and courage of this advocate, who first, without any view of interest, took in hand the defence of that uofortunate family, new there are men in France to whom the magnanimity of a Demosthenes and a Cicero are no less koown than their eloquence.
Your's, &c. DD.
their eyes with respect to their er- Sir, gives me almost a right to infift rors. If I had the misfortune to be upon your friendship. of their number, I should propose to You have a lady * worthy of them, on the reading only of your yourself. Accept of my respects memorial, to ask pardon of the fa. both of you, and of all those sentimily whom they have undone, and ments with which I fall be, as long to give them a pension. I hold as I live, them unworthy of their office if Caple of Ferney, SIR, they take not this course.
naar Geneva, Your humble, &c. The esteem you inspire me with, · Sept.22,1762. VOLTAIRE.
* Madam de Beaumont, already reputably known by fundry pieces, as well in prore as in verse, has very lately published a work, which does equal honour to her heart and to her pen, entitled, Letters of tbe Marquis de Roselle, in two parts, 12mo. Paris, 1764.
diverting Inflance of the Sagacity of an Elephant. From Captain Haa
. milton's Voyages.
W Hile capt. Hamilton was at decayed fruits and roots, which the
Achen, the metropolis of the inhabitants generally gave him. island of Sumatra, he observes, One morning as he was going to that he saw an elephant which had the river to be warhed, with his rider been kept there above one hundred on his back, he chanced to put his years, but by report was then three trunk in at this taylor's window, hundred years old; he was about and the taylor, instead of giving him eleven feet high, and was remarkable what he wanted, pricked him with for his extraordinary fagacity, as an his needle. The elephant seemed to instance of which he relates a comi. take no notice of the affront: but cal piece of revenge he took on a went calmly on to the river, and taylor. In the year 1692, says he, was washed; after which he troua fhip called the Dorothy, com- bled the water with one of his manded by capt. Thwaits, called at fore-feet, and then fucked up a good Achen for refreshments, and two quantity of the dirty water into his English gentlemen in that city went trunk, and palfing unconcernedly aboard to furnish themselves with along the same side of the street what European necessaries they had where the taylor's shop was, he put occasion for, and amongst other in his trunk at the window, and blew things, boughi fome Norwich stuffs his nose on the taylor with such a for cloaths ; and there being no En- force and quantity of water, that the glich taylor to be had, they employ. poor taylor and his journeymen ed a Surat, who kept a shop in the were blown off the table they workgreat market-place, and had com. ed on, almost frightened out of their monly six or ten workmen sewing in sensos ; but the English gentlemen his shop. It was the elephant's cul- had their cloaths spoiled by the eletom to reach in his trunk at doors phant's comical, but innocent reor windows as he passed along the venge. Side of the Itreet, as begging for the