these it is certain, that either Homer that those who maintain that Hefiod imitated Hesiod, or, vice versa, He was the more ancient of the two, fiod Homer. Which of them was say that his language is much more the imitator is, I believe, a difficulty antiquated than that of Homer. too hard to solve. I fall only add,

• 1 an, &c.

Surprising Inflances of Suffocation, occafioned by the nitrous Vapours of a Cellar.

From the History of the Royal Academy of Sciences.

ABaker of Chartres put into bis blood did not come out, and the I cellar, which is thirty-fix steps died on the spot. .

deep, and well vaulted, seven or The next day a countryman, who .eight fhovel-fulls of live coals out was a friend to the baker, faid, that of his oven. His son, a strong and he would bring out all the bodies lufty young man, going down with with a grappling-iron; but, for fear a candle in his hand to carry other of being taken ill without being live coals, the candle went out on able to come up again, he desired the middle of the stairs : he came to be let down into the cellar with up, and, having lighted it again, ropes, upon a wooden pulley, and went down. When he came into to be brought up again, as soon as the cellar, he cried out that he was he should cry out. He quickly almost fuffocated, and called for cried; but, as he was drawing up, help, and then was no longer heard. the rope broke, and he fell down His brother, as strong as he, went again. The rope, which broke down immediately, cried out in the pretty near the upper part of the same manner, and then left off cry- cellar, was tied again with all possiing. His wife went down after him, ble fpeed; but he came out dead. a fervant-maid followed her, and it His body being opened, the brain proved the same thing. Such a was found almost dried up; the strange accident put the whole neigh. meninges extraordinarily stretched, bourhood into a great consterna. The lungs stained with black spots, tion ; but nobody cared to go down the intestines swelled, and as large into the cellar. At last a neigh- as a man's arm, infamed and red bour, more zealous and bold than as blood; and what was most finothers, not believing that there four gular, all the muscles of the arms, persons were dead, went down to thighs, and legs, were separated from give them his hand, and help them the parts they adhered to. to come out. He cried, and was no The magistrate took cognizance. longer seen. A very lusty man, of the accident, and ordered, that who went by, asked for a grappling nobody hould go down into the iron, to bring up one of those peo- cellar, till the physicians, furgeons, ple without going down to the bot- and even masons should be consulted tom. He let down the grappling about it. The result of the coniron, and drew out the maid, who, fultation was, that the live coals, breathing the air, fetched a ligh. She which the baker had laid in the was immediately blooded, but the 'cellar, were not quite extinguished;

3 2 2


that, as there was a great deal of a lighted candle, was let down into saltpetre in all the cellars of Char. the cellar. The dog did not die, tres, the great heat had raised in neither did the candle go out, which that cellar a malignant vapour, plainly sewed that the danger was which had occafioned so many dif- over. The dead bodies were taken mal effects; and that a great quan- out, but so putrified by the water, tity of water should be thrown into that they could not be diffe&ted. the cellar to put out the fire, and They were very much swelled ; and bring down the nitrous vapour. one of them had his tongue out This was executed, and some days of his mouth, as if be had been after a dog, fastened to a board with strangled.

An Account of a remarkable DARKNESS at Detroit in America. By

Mr. J. Sterling.--From the Philosophical Tranfaclions.

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An Account of the Infe&t called the Vegetable Fly. By Dr. W. Watson:

CHE Vegetable Fly is found in ria kind, different in species from

· the island of Dominica, and those hitherto known. It produces (excepting that it has no wings) re- foboles from its sides. I called it sembles the drone both in size and therefore Clavaria Sobolifera. It colour, more than any other English grows on putrid animal bodies, as insect. In the month of May it our fungus ex pede equino from the buries itself in the earth, and begins dead horse's hoof.-The Cicuda is to vegetate. By the latter end of common in Martinique, and in its July, the tree is arrived at its full nympha state, buries itself under growth, and resembles a coral dead leaves to wait its change ; and branch; and is about three inches when the season is unfavourable, high, and bears several little pods; may perish. The feeds of the Clawhich, dropping off, become worms, varia find a proper bed on this dead and from thence flies, like the Eng- infe&t, and grow. This, continues Jish caterpillar. Such is the extra- the doctor, is the fact, and all the ordinary account, which hath been fact ; though the untaught inhabirepeatedly transmitted to England tants suppose a fly to vegetate ; and concerning this infect : Dr. Watson, though there exists a Spanish drawhowever, (or rather Dr. Hill in a ing of the plant's growing into a triletter to the former) gives a very foliate tree; and has been figured different account of its imaginary with the creature flying with the vegetation. There is in Martinique, tree upon its back, says Dr. Hill, a fungus of the clava

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Atharine the Second, by the birth, unlawfully declared heir to the W Grace of God, Empress and Imperial crown of Ruflia, but, by Sovereign of all Ruilia, &c. &c. to the decrees of Providence, he was soon all whom these presents may con. after irrevocably excluded from that cern:

high dignity, and the scepter placed When, by the Divine Will, and in in the hands of the lawful heiress compliance with the ardent and un- Elizabeth, daughter of Peter the animous desires of our faithful sub- Great, our beloved aunt of glorious jea, we ascended the throne of memory. After we had ascended the Rufiia, we were not ignorant that throne, and offered up to heaven our Ivan, son of Anthony, prince of just thanksgivings, the first object that Brunswick Wolfenburtle, and the emploved our thoughts, in confeprincess Anne of Mecklenburg, was quence of that humanity that is so na. still alive. This prince, as is well tural to us, was the unhappy lituak nown, was, immediately after his tion of that prince, who was de


throned by the Divine Providence, and officers of the garrison, in whose fihad been unfortunate since his birth, delity and integrity we could coofide. and we formed the resolution of al. These officers were captain Wlaffeiff, leviating his misfortunes, as far as and lieutenant Tschekin, who, by was poffible. We immediately made their long military fervices, which a visit to him, in order to judge of had considerably impaired their his understanding and talents, and, health, deferved a suitable recompenci, in consequence thereof, to procure and a station in which they might him an agreeable and quiet fitua- pass quietly the rest of their days. They tion to his character, and the edu- were accordingly charged with the cation he had received; but how care of the prince, and were ftri&i great was our furprize, when, be- enjoined to let none approach him. fides a defect in his utterance, that Yet all these precautions were not was uneasy to himself, and rendered sufficient to prevent an abandoned his discourse almost unintelligible to profligate from committing at Schlaf others, we observed in him a total selburg, with unparalleled wicked. privation of fense and reason ! nefs, and at the risk of his own life, Those, who accompanied us during an outrage, whose enormity inspires this interview, saw how much our horror. A second lieutenant of the heart luffered at the view of an object regiment of Smolensko, a native of fo proper to excite compaflion; they the Ukraine, named Ball Mirowitz, were also convinced that the only grand-fon of the first rebel that measure we could take, to succour followed Maffepa, and a man in the unfortunate prince, was to leave whom the perjury of his anceftors him where we found him, and to seems to have been infused with procure him all the comforts and their blood; this profligate, having conveniencies that his situation passed his days in debauchery aod · would admit of. We accordingly difipation, and being thus deprived

gave our orders for this purpofe, of all honourable means of advanthough the state he was in prevented cing his fortuné; having also loft his perceiving the marks of our hu- fight of what he owed to the law of manity, or being sensible of our at God, and of the oath of allegiance tention and care; for he knew no. he had taken to us, and knowing body, could not distinguish between prince Ivan only by name, without good and evil, nor did he know the any knowledge either of his bodily ar use that might be made of read mental qualities, took it into his head ing, to pass the time with less weari. to make use of this prince to ad. nefs and disgust; on the contrary, vance his fortune at all events, withhe fought after pleasure in objects out being restrained by a confidera. that discovered, with fuficient evi- tion of the bloody scene that fuch dence, the disorder of his imagina- an attempt was adapted to occasion. tion.

In order to execute this deteflable, To prevent therefore ill intention- dangerous, and desperate project, he ed persons from giving him any desired, during our absence in Livotrouble, or from making use of his nia, to be upon guard, out of his name or orders to difturb the public furn, in the fortress of Schuffelburg, tranquillity, we gave him a guard, where the guard is relieved every and placed abour his person two eight days, and the i5th of laft


month, about two o'clock in the of the unfortunate prince. Consimorning, he, all of a sudden, called dering also, that if they set at liberty up the main guard, formed it into a a prisoner, whom this desperate party line, and ordered the soldiers to load endeavoured to force with fuch with ball. Berenikoff, governor of violence out of their hands, they the fortress, having heard a noise, ran the risk of being punished accame out of his apartment, and ask- cording to the rigour of the laws, ed Mirowitz the reason of this dif- they atlaffinated the prince, without turbance, but received no other an. being restrained by the apprehenswer from this rebel, than a blow on fion of being put to death by a vil. , the head with the but-end of his lain reduced to despair. The mon. musket. Mirowitz having wounded ster (Mirowitz) seeing the dead body and arrested the governor, led on of the prince, was so confounded and his troop with fury, and attacked, ftruck at a light he so little expectwith fire-arms, the handful of fol- ed, that he acknowledged at that diers that guarded prince Ivan, very instant his temerity and his But he was so warmly received by guilt, and discovered his repentance those soldiers under the command to the troop, which, about an hour of the two officers mentioned above, . before, he had seduced from their that he was obliged to retire. By duty, and rendered the accomplices a particular direction of that Providence of his crime. that watches over the life of man, there Then it was, that the two officers, was that night a thick mist, which, who had nipt this rebellion in the together with the inward form and bud, joined with thie governor of situation of the fortress, had this the fortress in fecoring the person of happy effe&t, that not one individual this rebel, and in bringing back the was either killed or wounded. The soldiers to their duty. They also bad success of this first attempt fent to our privy counsellor Panin, could not engage this enemy of the under whose orders they acted, a public peace to defist from his re- relation of this event, which, thoughi bellious purpose. Driven on by unhappy, has nevertheless, under the rage and despair, he ordered a piece protection of heaven, been the occasion of cannon to be brought from one of preventing still greater calamities. of the bastions, which order was im. This senator difpatched immediately mediately executed. Captain Wlar- lieutenant-colonel Caschkin, with fief, and his lieutenant Tischekin, fufficient instructions to maintain feeing that it was imposfible to re- the public tranquillity, to prevent fist such a superior force, and con- disorder on the spot' (i. e. where the sidering the unhappy consequences affafination was committed) and fent that must ensue from the deliverance us, at the same time, a courier with of the person that was commited to a circumftantial account of the their care, and the effufion of in- whole affair. In consequence of nocent blood that must follow from this, we ordered lieutenant-general the tumults it was adapted to excite, Weymarn of the division of St. fook, after deliberating together, Petersburgh, to take the necessary the only step that they thought pro- informations upon the spor: this per to maintain the public tranquil- he has done, and has sent us, accord. lity, which was to cut short the days ingly, the-'interrogatories, deposi

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