S4<3 Account of the Disci

tions, and the confession' of the villain himself, who has acknowledged bis crime.

Sensible of the enormity of this crime, and of its consequences with regard to the peace of our country, we have referred the whole affair to the consideration of our senate, which we have ordered, jointly with the Synod, to invite the three fiist classes, and the presidents of all the

very of a new Dye. British colleges, to hear the verbal relation of general Weyœarn, who has taken the proper informations, to pronounce sentence in consequence thereof, and after that sentence has been signed, to present it to us for our confirmation of the fame.

The original is signed by her
Imperial Majesty's own hand.


Account of a neiv Dye from the Berries of a Weed in South-Carolina. In a Letter from Mr. Moses Lircdo, dated at Charles-Town, September 2,1763, to Mr. Emanuel Mendez da Costa, Librarian of the Royal Society.

TN August, 1757, I observed the

mocking-bird fond of a berry, which grows on a weed called Pouck, represented to me as of a poisonous quality; the juice of this berry being a blooming crimson, I was several times inclined to try if I could ^xtract a dye from it; yet the very thoughts or its quality prevented me from proceeding, till observing these birds to void their excrement of the fame colour as the berry, on the Chinese rails in my garden, convinced me it was not of the quality represented. I therefore made a trial in the following manner:

1st. i ordered one of my negroes to gather me a pint of those berries, from which I extracted almost three quarters of a pint of juice-, and boiled it with a pint of Briltol water, one quarter of an hour.

2dly. 1 then took two pieces of flannel and numbered them 1 and 2, boiled them in a separate tin pot with alum a quarter of an hour, and rinsed them in cold water.

3dly. I then dipped the piece of flannel, No. I. into the pot where the juice was, and left it to simmer rive minutes; then took it out and

rinsed it in cold water; when, to my . surprise, I found a superior crimson dye fixed on the flannel, than the juice of the berry.

4t!ily. 1 then dipped the piece of flannel, No. 2. in the same juke, and, being desirous to clean mt hands from the staifi, which No. r. had caused, 1 ordered some limewater to be brought me, iich as we use to settle our indigo, anil found the colour of the stain change to a bright yellow. This unexpected change urged me to throw a wine' glass-full of lime-water into the pot, where the piece of flannel. No. 2. was simmering; on which, all the juice, as well as the flannel, became of a bright yellow, by which I find alum sued the crimson, and lime the yellow.

5tb.lv. Having then put a quart of fresti juice in two pint decanters, in one of which I put a small quantity of powdered alum, I laid them up: about fix weeks after, I examined them, and found the juice in the decanter which had no alum was turned black, and the other retained its colour.

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C's Kingdom of Portugal. terthquakes, on eNewmber 25.175.

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T Ifbon, a city of Estremadura, the capital of Portugal, and the royal residence, is situated on the river Tagus, about ten miles from its mouth, and seventy-eight W. of the Confines of Spain. The towri, built •n seven hills, winds with the river, from which it rises in the form of an amphitheatre, mostly with an easy ascent: it is surrounded with a Wall, on the range of which are said to be seventy-seven towers and thirty-six gates; being reckoned to contain 30,000 houses, and 200,000 inhabitants. Some of the streets in the valleys are so steep, as to be inconvenient for coaches; so that litters, with mules are generally used. Besides the cathedral, there are thirtyseven parish-churches, and forty convents for both sexes. The W. part of Lisbon is under a patriarch, by virtue of a Papal bull in 1716, Which contains twenty-one parilhes; and the E. part is under the archbishop, whose diocese contains sixteen parishes; particularly the ornaments and plate of the patriarchal cathedral are said to have cost the crown the treasure of several flotas from the Brafils. In the squaie, where stands the palace, are their bull baitings held; at which all persons of distinction, together with the populace, assemble; and here also is the Dominican church, a large structure, near which the officers of the inquisition perform the dreadful solemnity called Auto de fe; when many unhappy persons, of a different persuasion from the Romish church, are cruelly tortured. At these (hocking executions, people of rank, both ladies and gentlemen, assemble ; who are taught as it were QQobcr 1764.

if tht City c/ L IS BON;

to rejoice at the tortiiring and murdering of a poor helpless and innocent man.

In the harbour of Lisbon ships ride in eighteen fathom water; but it has two entrances difficult of access, which renders the assistance of a pilot necessary. The northern passage, called Corredor, lies between a sand-bank and the rock Cachopos, and the tower of St. Julian; the southern, called Caroeira de Alcogova, is between Cachopos and the tower of St. Lorenzo, being broader and more commodious than the other. The city, viewed from the river on the southern shore, as* fords a noble prospect, by the gradual ascent of (he buildings: nor it the prospect less agreeable from the town; the riverj which Is three miles overy being full of ships of every nation in Europe; and beyond that, a fine country, interchangeably mixed with towns and villages. No port in Europe, London and Amsterdam excepred, has a more considerable foreign trade j so that the culfom-house on the bank of the Tagus biings the king of Portugal a prodigious revertue; and here are unloaded all the goods from their American arid other settlements in Asia and Africa.'

. The plate annexed exhibits a view of the city previous to its almoil total destruction on the first of November 1755, by an earthquake and inundation; and it is not yet entirely rebuilt. It was then divided into East and West Lisbon, and situated upon the N. side of (he river Tagus, npon seven hills, some of them *ery steep, and the sides of those hills covered with handsome 4 A bouses

54* Antciott isMr. Quirt. British,

houses of the nobility and gentry, oi* 'sticks, and other ornaments, in

churches and convents; from whence the royal chapel the silver alone was

the prospects were very beautiful, valued at a million sterling. The

most of them commanding a view riches and curiosities of the palace

of great part of the city, the river, and treasury were immense in gold

and the opposite shore; the streets dust and ingots, gold and silver

on the tops and sides of the hills plate, diamonds, beautiful tapes

mostly spacious, airy, and pleasant, try, &c.

and the buildings handsome, and all Just without the W. end of the; of stone; particularly thole of the city was a nunnery of ladies, purely nobility were elegant, with large English (Scotch, Irish, or any other gardens; but in the valley the nation not admitted)' of the order houses are generally very mean, of St. Bridget, in great esteem for with lattice-windows, and the streets their charity and exemplary lives: narrow and very dirty. The form they were in high favour, and often of the city was irregular, between visited by the late queen, who alfour and five miles in length upon ways paid them the greatest regard; the banks of the river ; but not very and at the other extremity eastward broad, except in the middle, and stood the church of St. Vincent, bethere it did not much exceed a mile, hind the altar cf which was a spaOn one of the highest hills stood a cious saloon, round which, upon fine church, and a large convent of large shelves, were deposited some the Carmelite friars: on another of their kings and queens, and many stood the cattle or citadel, com- of the royal family, in coffins, or manding the town; and on a third rather large chests, covered with the cathedral; both the last, it is gold and silver stuffs; and forte supposed, built by the Moors. The whh black velvet, laced and fringetf castle is no ways remarkable but for with gold.

its size, being very large; as was At Bellem, about three miles be

the cathedral likewise, but extreme- low the city, in the church, on the

Jy heavy and clumsy without, when right side of the altar, was the body

near, but did not look amiss at a of Catherine of England, and

distance; but it was handsome, and wife of king Charhrs II. deposited

richly ornamented within, as indeed in the fame manner in a coffin of

roost of their churches were to a black velvet,

profusion, with paintings, images, Lisbon lies in lat. 38 deg. 4; min.

crosses, pixes, &c. costly vestments 25 sec. N. and long. 8 deg. 1 min.

for the priests, and dresses for the 15 fee. VV. from the meridian of

faints; many of them enriched with Paris; or 5 deg. 37 min. 15 sec.

diamonds and other precious stones; from that ot London, with a vast quantity of silver candle


TV/I Qi2'n's a gentleman whose never had the pleasure of seeing humour gives life to the con- him; many of whom, but for the versation os thousands who perhaps repetition of his wit, woald be very


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